About Black-and-orange Flycatcher(Ficedula nigrorufa) and Nilgiri Flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus)
These are tiny, brightly-colored flycatcher bird. These are monotypic species endemic to the southern Western Ghats and confined to higher elevations.
IUCN Red List: Both the flycatchers are listed as “Least concern”.
- BOF prefers the leaf-litter, understorey of shola forests, especially among the stunted evergreen forest patches in the sky islands of Western Ghats.
- The NIF is also found above 600 m elevation but more frequently above 1200 m.
Black-and-orange Flycatcher: The male is distinctly black headed with black wings. The female has the black replaced by dark brown and has a light eye-ring.
The Nilgiri Flycatcher: It is dark steely indigo blue with some violet-blue on the forehead and darker lores. The female is duller with dark brown on the upperparts and dark grey below.
It was formerly referred to as the Nilgiri verditer flycatcher because of its similarity to the verditer flycatcher.
Note: Verditer is a winter migrant to the Nilgiris, which, however, has distinct dark lores and a lighter shade of blue.
Food Habits– In addition to typical “flycatching,” both flycatchers forage on the ground and in dense undergrowth.
Threats-The study has found that these two species could suffer a loss of 31% and 46% of their range respectively by 2050 due to climate change.
Moreover, about 75% of the currently suitable areas of both these species lie outside the protected area network in the Western Ghats.