The Union Cabinet has approved the introduction
of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019. The Bill had been passed by the last
Lok Sabha but lapsed after dissolution of the House.
The objectives of the bill are to: a) ensure
effective regulation of surrogacy, b) prohibit commercial surrogacy and c) allow
ethical altruistic surrogacy to the needy infertile Indian couples on fulfilment
The bill also prohibits exploitation of
surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.
The Bill proposes to regulate surrogacy in India
by establishing a National Surrogacy Board at the central level and state
surrogacy boards and appropriate authorities in the state and Union Territories
The 228th report of the Commission of India has
recommended prohibiting commercial surrogacy and allowing altruistic surrogacy
by enacting suitable legislation.
Surrogacy is the practice whereby one woman
carries the child for another with the intention that the child should be
handed over after birth
Altruistic surrogacy involves an arrangement
where the couple does not pay the surrogate mother any compensation other than
the medical and insurance expenses related to the pregnancy
Commercial surrogacy includes compensation (in
cash or kind) paid to the surrogate mother, which exceeds the reasonable
medical expenses associated with the pregnancy