The Union Cabinet has cleared Agriculture Export Policy, 2018 which is in line with Prime Minister’s commitment to double farmers’ income by 2022.
- Aim of the policy: The policy seeks to harness the export potential of Indian agriculture, through suitable policy instruments, to make India global power in agriculture and raise farmers’ income
- To increase India’s agricultural exports to $60 billion by 2022 from the current $37 billion and reach $100 billion after few years, with a stable trade policy regime
- To diversify the export basket, destinations and boost high value and value added agricultural exports including focus on perishables.
- To promote novel, indigenous, organic, ethnic, traditional and non-traditional Agri products exports.
- Focus on export centric clusters for integrated Commodity Focus Value Chain and Infrastructure Development.
- To provide an institutional mechanism for pursuing market access, tackling barriers and deal with sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues.
- To strive to double India’s share in world agri exports by integrating with global value chain at the earliest.
- Enable farmers to get benefit of export opportunities in overseas market.
- Elements of Agriculture Export Policy: The recommendations in the Agriculture Export Policy have been organised in two categories – Strategic and Operational
|Strategic||Policy Measures||a) Stable Trade Policy Regime|
b) Reforms in APMC Act and streamlining of Mandi fee
c) Liberalising Land Leasing norms
|Infrastructure and Logistics Boost||● Involves pre-harvest and post-harvest handling facilities, storage & distribution, processing facilities, roads and world class exit point infrastructure at ports facilitating swift trade.|
|Holistic approach to boost Exports||● Coordinated approach by all Ministries|
|Greater involvement of State Governments in Agri Exports||a) Identification of a nodal State Department / Agency for promotion of agriculture export|
b) Inclusion on agricultural exports in the State Export Policy
c) Infrastructure and Logistics to facilitate agricultural exports
d) Institutional Mechanism at State level and cluster level to support exports
|Operational||Focus on Clusters||a) Identify suitable production clusters |
b) Conduct farmer registrations
c) Digitization of land records
d) Promote Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO)
e) Should be implemented in partnership with private exporters
f) Creation of a corpus for export oriented horticultural production through development of clusters.
|Promoting Value added exports||a) Product development for indigenous commodities and value addition|
b) Promote Value added Organic exports
c) Promotion of R&D activities for new product Development for the upcoming markets
|Marketing and promotion of “Brand India”||● constituting separate funds dedicated to organic, value added, ethnic, GI and branded products.|
|Attract private investments into production and processing|
|Establishment of strong quality regimen||a) strong R&D, new varieties, state of the art lab and a lab networking process for effective accreditation and monitoring.|
b) Establish and maintain single supply chain and standards for domestic and export market
|Self-sufficiency and export centric production||● export oriented production aimed at self-sufficiency and exports.|
|Research & Development||a) Public-private partnership in agriculture R&D|
b) innovations in packaging, improving shelf life of products and greater R & D in developing products to suit the demand of importing countries
|Miscellaneous||● Creation of Agri-start-up fund|