Nobel for work on ‘click chemistry’ and quantum mechanics

Source: The post is based on the following articles“Nobel Prize 2022: Making chemistry click” published in Indian Express on 6th October 2022. “Nobel for work on ‘click chemistry’ and quantum mechanics” published in The Hindu on 6th October 2022. What is the News? Carolyn Bertozzi and Barry Sharpless of the United States and Morten Meldal… Continue reading Nobel for work on ‘click chemistry’ and quantum mechanics

NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill is against the spirit of Federalism.

Synopsis: The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 gives more powers to the Lieutenant governor(LG). Further, It is against the principle of representative democracy. Evolution of The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) act 1991 India follows Parliamentary democracy with a cabinet form of government. This is a basic structure of the Indian… Continue reading NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill is against the spirit of Federalism.

What is new land law for Jammu and Kashmir?[infographic] | 28th Oct., 2020

Centre notifies new Jammu and Kashmir land law that omits ‘permanent resident’ as criteria. Before the repeal of Article 370 and Article 35-A in August last year, non-residents could not buy any immovable property in Jammu and Kashmir. As per section 96 of the J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019, the Centre has the powers to repeal… Continue reading What is new land law for Jammu and Kashmir?[infographic] | 28th Oct., 2020

7 PM |Putting neighbors first| 21st February 2020

Context: India’s Neighbourhood first policy. More in news: Sri Lankan Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa visited India in early Februaury. It was his first foreign trip since his appointment as prime minister in late November 2019. Neighbourhood first policy: It is part of India’s foreign policy that actively focuses on improving ties with India’s immediate neighbours. The… Continue reading 7 PM |Putting neighbors first| 21st February 2020

7 PM |Trading with America: On proposed India – USA trade Agreement| 20th February 2020

Context: India-US trade relations. More in news: President Donald Trump is set to make his maiden visit to India on February 24-25, 2020.  India – US Trade Relations: The US is now India’s second largest trading partner and largest export destination, with India having a small trade surplus of around $20 billion. The US is… Continue reading 7 PM |Trading with America: On proposed India – USA trade Agreement| 20th February 2020

7 PM |Powering the health-care engine with innovation|19th February 2020

Context: Mainstreaming innovation in health care system in India. Ayushman Bharat: Ayushman Bharat, a flagship scheme of Goverment of India was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC). This initiative has been designed on the lines as to meet SDG and its underlining commitment,… Continue reading 7 PM |Powering the health-care engine with innovation|19th February 2020

7 PM |Finally, gender parity in the Indian Army|18th February 2020

Context: SC ruling in favour of permanent commission to women officers. More in news: The Supreme Court recently ordered the government to grant permanent commission to women officers in the Army’s noncombat support units on par with their male counterparts should they wish to continue with it after completing their short-service commission. Women in Army:… Continue reading 7 PM |Finally, gender parity in the Indian Army|18th February 2020

7 PM |Disentangling politics and crime|14th February 2020

Context: SC verdict on criminialisation of politics. More in news: A two Judge Bench of Supreme Court recently delivered a Judgment on the contempt petitions regarding the criminalisation of politics in India.  Criminalisation of politics in India: Criminalization of politics means the rising participation of criminals and people facing criminal charges in politics. The term indicates… Continue reading 7 PM |Disentangling politics and crime|14th February 2020

7 PM |Nutrition and the Budget’s fine print|13th February 2020

Context: Tackling nutritional problems in India. More in news: Government Allocating Rs 35,600 Crore For Nutrition-Related Programmes in Budget 2020. Malnutrition: Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition addresses 3 broad groups of conditions: Under-nutrition, which includes wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age) and… Continue reading 7 PM |Nutrition and the Budget’s fine print|13th February 2020

7 PM |Reservations as a right: On SC judgment on reservations in promotions|11th February 2020

Context: Reservation in appointments and promotion. More in news: A Supreme Court judgement last week overturned a 2012 Uttarakhand High Court verdict, and ruled that reservations and promotion quotas are not a fundamental right. Reservation: Reservation in India is provided as a form of affirmative action acting as a positive discrimination, which means reserving access… Continue reading 7 PM |Reservations as a right: On SC judgment on reservations in promotions|11th February 2020

7PM |Seeking a more progressive abortion law|10th February 2020

Context: Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 More in News: The Union Cabinet has approved the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.  Background: The Indian Penal Code, enacted in 1860 based on British law, declared induced abortion illegal (Section 312), describing it as intentionally ‘causing… Continue reading 7PM |Seeking a more progressive abortion law|10th February 2020

7 PM |Course correction for the Speaker’s office|6th February 2020

Context: SC ruling on the office of Speaker. More in news: Recently, the Supreme Court of India while adjudicating upon the matter relating to the disqualification of MLAs in the Manipur Legislative Assembly under the Tenth Schedule in Keisham Meghachandra Singh vs. the Hon’ble Speaker Manipur Legislative Assembly & Ors. made a significant suggestion. The Issue: The… Continue reading 7 PM |Course correction for the Speaker’s office|6th February 2020

7 PM |Urban India must prepare for the climate crisis|5th February 2020

Context: Urban India and mitigating the climate crisis. More in news: Australia’s recent bout of bushfires, sparked by an extended drought, has devastated its local flora and fauna. Indonesia’s capital Jakarta witnessed record-breaking flooding with unseasonal rainfall, displacing tens of thousands.  Recent events signaling towards climate crisis: In 2018 Kerala witnessed heavy flooding, combined with… Continue reading 7 PM |Urban India must prepare for the climate crisis|5th February 2020

7 PM |A workmanlike account: on Budget 2020-21 |3rd February 2020

Context: Key highlights of the Union Budget 2020-2021. More in news: Finance Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman unveiled a series of far-reaching reforms, aimed at energizing the Indian economy through a combination of short-term, medium-term, and long term measures in the first union budget of the third decade of 21st century. Status of Indian Economy: Economic… Continue reading 7 PM |A workmanlike account: on Budget 2020-21 |3rd February 2020

7 PM |The ugly truth about India’s adherence to the FRBM Act|31st January 2020

Context: FRBM Act. More in news: Fiscal deficit has become a key factor to watch out for in every Budget presentation. It is considered the most important marker of a government’s financial health. Budget: The word ‘budget’ has not been used in the Constitution of India. Rather Article 112 of the Constitution of India mentions the… Continue reading 7 PM |The ugly truth about India’s adherence to the FRBM Act|31st January 2020

7 PM |China has responded promptly, but its efforts may have come a bit too late: On novel Coronavirus|30th January 2020

Context: Coronavirus. More in news: On 31 December 2019, WHO was alerted to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. The virus did not match any other known virus. This raised concern because when a virus is new, we do not know how it affects people. One week later, on 7… Continue reading 7 PM |China has responded promptly, but its efforts may have come a bit too late: On novel Coronavirus|30th January 2020

7 PM |India’s prison system needs urgent reform|29th January 2020

Context: Prison Reforms. More in News: Recently, the ministry of home affairs released the Prison Statistics India (PSI) 2018 report. Prison Statistics India: Prison Statistics India is the latest in the series of annual statistical reports being brought out by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). NCRB was established in 1986 with a mandate to empower Indian… Continue reading 7 PM |India’s prison system needs urgent reform|29th January 2020

7 PM |A case of wholehearted biotechnology adoption: On GM crop|28th January 2020

Context: Bt Cotton in India. More in news: Hundreds of farmers gathered in Hiwri village of Yavatmal district in Maharashtra on January 5, 2020 in their attempt to prove the unapproved variety of cotton (HTBt) gave higher yields at a more reasonable cost as compared to the approved [insect-resistant] variety (Bt cotton). The Supreme Court… Continue reading 7 PM |A case of wholehearted biotechnology adoption: On GM crop|28th January 2020

7 PM |The final frontier: Bolsonaro’s Republic Day visit should spur strategic bilateral ties and open doors to Latin America|25th January 2020

Context: India-Brazil Relations. More in news: President Jair Bolsonaro to be the chief guest in Republic Day celebrations of 2020. India – Brazil Relations: India and Brazil share a very close and multifaceted relationship at bilateral level as well as in plurilateral fora such as BRICS, BASIC, G-20, G-4, IBSA, International Solar Alliance, Biofuture Platform and in the… Continue reading 7 PM |The final frontier: Bolsonaro’s Republic Day visit should spur strategic bilateral ties and open doors to Latin America|25th January 2020

7 PM |Will the Budget suspend the FRBM’s fiscal deficit goals?|24th January 2020

Context: Upcoming budget and the fiscal deficit. More in news: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is set to present her second Union Budget on February 1, 2020. The fiscal deficit for FY20 and its roadmap for FY21 could be heading towards a recalibration with the February Budget slated to hint at the targeted 3 percent fiscal… Continue reading 7 PM |Will the Budget suspend the FRBM’s fiscal deficit goals?|24th January 2020

7 PM |Police reforms: UP government introduces police commissionerate system|23rd January 2020

Context: Police Commissioner System. More in news: Recently, the Uttar Pradesh Cabinet has approved the commissionerate system of policing for state capital Lucknow, and Noida. Police System in India: The primary role of police forces is to uphold and enforce laws, investigate crimes and ensure security for people in the country.  Under the 7th Schedule… Continue reading 7 PM |Police reforms: UP government introduces police commissionerate system|23rd January 2020

7 PM |India and EU have accomplished much. There is more to be done|21st January 2020

Context: India and EU relations. More in news: Prime Minister Narendra Modi is likely to visit Brussels in March for the next India-European Union summit.  European Union: The European Union is a group of 28 countries that operate as a cohesive economic and political block. The Treaty of Maastricht was signed in 1992 that laid the foundations… Continue reading 7 PM |India and EU have accomplished much. There is more to be done|21st January 2020

7 PM |Why ‘Make in India’ has failed|20th January 2020

Context: ‘Make in India’ initiative Make in India: The Make in India initiative was launched by Prime Minister in September 2014 as part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives. Devised to transform India into a global design and manufacturing hub, Make in India was a response to a critical situation.  The campaign aims to… Continue reading 7 PM |Why ‘Make in India’ has failed|20th January 2020

7 PM |Preventing mob lynching|17th January 2020

Context: Mob Lynching in India. Mob Lynching: In 2018, the Supreme Court described lynching as a “horrendous act of mobocracy”. As per the various bills introduced by states, ‘lynching’ means any act or series of acts of violence or aiding, abetting or attempting an act of violence, whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on… Continue reading 7 PM |Preventing mob lynching|17th January 2020

7 PM |Will strained Centre-state ties make 2020 a year of Constitutional crises?|16th January 2020

Context: Centre-State relations and the recent move by Kerala government against CAA. More in News: The state of Kerala has approached the Supreme Court challenging the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 thereby becoming the first State to challenge the contentious law made by the central government. The petition: Kerala filed a plea as an original suit… Continue reading 7 PM |Will strained Centre-state ties make 2020 a year of Constitutional crises?|16th January 2020

7 PM |Chalk, and cheese in private vs. government schools|15th January 2020

Context: Findings of the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2019. More in news: Pratham, a well-known Non-Profit Organization has released the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2019. What is ASER? ASER stands for Annual Status of Education Report. This is an annual survey that aims to provide reliable annual estimates of children’s schooling… Continue reading 7 PM |Chalk, and cheese in private vs. government schools|15th January 2020

7 PM |The value of the SC’s Kashmir order| 13th January 2020

Context: Supreme Court verdict on internet shutdown in Kashmir. More in news: Internet services in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) are shut since the abrogation of Article 370 on August 5 last year Recently, the Supreme Court gave a judgement in response to petitions filed against the Internet shutdown and curbing of other civil liberties in the Jammu… Continue reading 7 PM |The value of the SC’s Kashmir order| 13th January 2020

7 PM |CDS and the path to jointmanship| 10th January 2020

Context: The creation of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). More in news: PM Modi announced the creation of India’s Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) post last Independence Day from the Red Fort, New Delhi. The outgoing Indian army chief, General Bipin Rawat, assumed the four-star post on December 31, 2019. Chief of Defence Staff (CDS):… Continue reading 7 PM |CDS and the path to jointmanship| 10th January 2020

7 PM |From the brink of war: on U.S.-Iran conflict| 9th January 2020

Context: US – Iran Conflict. More in news: Iran’s top military commander, Gen Qasem Soleimani, is killed by a US drone strike in Iraq. In retaliation, Iran on Wednesday launched ballistic missile attacks at American troops in two military bases in Iraq. Timeline of US – Iran conflict: 1979: The US and Iran are at… Continue reading 7 PM |From the brink of war: on U.S.-Iran conflict| 9th January 2020

7 PM |Amidst a tragedy, an opportunity: On India – Australia Relationship| 8th January 2020

Context: India – Australia relations. More in news: Record-breaking temperatures and months of severe drought have fuelled a series of massive bushfires across Australia. As a consequence of the bushfires, the debate on global warming, climate change and fossil fuels is going to intensify, the two economies should focus towards cleaner energy. Australia’s Bushfire: Although… Continue reading 7 PM |Amidst a tragedy, an opportunity: On India – Australia Relationship| 8th January 2020

7 PM |What carbon numbers mean for climate target: On release of Forest Survey of India Report| 4th January 2020

Context: The recent India State of Forest Report (ISFR) and the carbon stocks in Indian Forests. More in news: India State of Forest Report 2019 has been prepared by Forest Survey of India (FSI). Union Minister Prakash Javadekar on December 30, 2019, released a report depicting forest cover in India. India State of Forest Report… Continue reading 7 PM |What carbon numbers mean for climate target: On release of Forest Survey of India Report| 4th January 2020

7 PM |The new worry of depleting diplomatic capital| 3rd January 2020

Context: Depleting diplomatic capital post the recent events that took place in India. More in news: India has reached out to countries across all geographical regions to share its perspective on the Citizenship Amendment Act and the National Register of Citizens and emphasised that they are internal matters. Diplomatic Capital: Diplomatic capital refers to the trust, goodwill, and… Continue reading 7 PM |The new worry of depleting diplomatic capital| 3rd January 2020

7 PM | A tall plan: On Centre’s Rs. 102 lakh crore infrastructure push | 2nd January 2020

Context: Report of the task force on National Infrastructure Pipeline for 2019-2025. More in news: India plans to invest about ₹102 lakh crore in the infrastructure sector in the next five years to achieve the GDP target of $5 trillion by 2024-25 Infrastructure: Infrastructure sector is a key driver for the Indian economy. The sector is… Continue reading 7 PM | A tall plan: On Centre’s Rs. 102 lakh crore infrastructure push | 2nd January 2020

7 PM | Governance Index: On the study of States on governance | 30th December 2019

Context: Good governance Index and its findings. More in news: ‘Good Governance Index’ has been launched by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, on the occasion of Good Governance Day. Good Governance:  According to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), governance means “the process of decision-making and… Continue reading 7 PM | Governance Index: On the study of States on governance | 30th December 2019

7 PM | Why this winter is extra cold| 28th December 2019

Context: Cold wave in Northern India. More in news: India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued warning of cold day to severe cold day conditions in many pockets are very likely over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. Dense fog is very likely to engulf Uttar Pradesh, some pockets over Punjab and Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and also… Continue reading 7 PM | Why this winter is extra cold| 28th December 2019

7 PM | Disrupting the gender-blind political discourse in India | 27th December 2019

Context: Women Empowerment and how democracy can facilitate the process of empowerment. More in news: In the recently released Global Gap Index report 2020, India slipped to the 112th rank from its 108th position in the 2018. Women Empowement: Women Empowerment refers to complete emancipation of women from socio-economic shackles of dependency and deprivations. Often made synonymous to… Continue reading 7 PM | Disrupting the gender-blind political discourse in India | 27th December 2019

7 PM | Safeguarding constitutional morality | 24th December 2019

Context: Consitutional morality and the debate around it. Constitutional morality: Constitutional morality means adherence to the core principles of the constitutional democracy. In Dr. Ambedkar’s perspective, Constitutional morality would mean an effective coordination between conflicting interests of different people and the administrative cooperation to resolve the amicably without any confrontation amongst the various groups working for the… Continue reading 7 PM | Safeguarding constitutional morality | 24th December 2019

7 PM | Ironing out the wrinkles in trade disputes adjudication | 23rd December 2019

Context: WTO’s appellate body is no longer functional. More in news: WTO’s appellate body becomes dysfunctional from 10th December. World Trade Organization (WTO): The World Trade Organization came into being in 1995. One of the youngest of the international organizations, the WTO is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established… Continue reading 7 PM | Ironing out the wrinkles in trade disputes adjudication | 23rd December 2019

7 PM | Inaccurate diagnosis, draconian remedy : On Black Money | 20th December 2019

Context: Black money and related laws. Black Money: There is no official definition of black money in economic theory, with several different terms such as parallel economy, black money, black incomes, unaccounted economy, illegal economy and irregular economy all being used more or less synonymously. The simplest definition of black money could possibly be money… Continue reading 7 PM | Inaccurate diagnosis, draconian remedy : On Black Money | 20th December 2019

7 PM | In numbers and dimensions, the global refugee crisis | 19th December 2019

Context: Global Refugee Crisis. More in news: The first Global Refugee Forum (GRF), a two-day gathering of United Nations member states held in Geneva, Switzerland on 17th and 18th december. Who is a refugee? A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or violence. A… Continue reading 7 PM | In numbers and dimensions, the global refugee crisis | 19th December 2019

7 PM | Bearing the brunt of slack laws: On labour laws in India | 18th December 2019

Context: Labour laws in India. More in news: A huge fire engulfed a residential-cum-production unit in a congested part of Delhi on December 8, killing over 40 people. Labour Laws: Labour law also known as employment law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the legal rights of, and restrictions on,… Continue reading 7 PM | Bearing the brunt of slack laws: On labour laws in India | 18th December 2019

7 PM | Climate of inaction: On UN climate change conference | 17th December 2019

Context: Outcome of UNFCCC’s COP25 held at Madrid, Spain. More in news: The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) conference was held from 2 to 13 December 2019 in Madrid, Spain. Despite extending the meeting for 2 days, the outcome is disappointing. UNFCCC: The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994. The 197… Continue reading 7 PM | Climate of inaction: On UN climate change conference | 17th December 2019

7 PM | Why you don’t love immigrants as much as you claim: CAB effect on India’s diplomatic relations| 16th December 2019

Context: Effects of passage of of Citizenship Amendment Bill on the diplomatic relations. More in news: The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha on 9th December and passed on the same day. The bill also got passed in Rajya Sabha on 11th December. Citizenship in India: In India, citizenship is regulated by… Continue reading 7 PM | Why you don’t love immigrants as much as you claim: CAB effect on India’s diplomatic relations| 16th December 2019

7 PM | Not many lessons learnt from water planning failures| 14th December 2019

Context: Managing water crisis in India. Water scarcity: Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within a region. It already affects every continent and around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year. Water scarcity involves water stress, water… Continue reading 7 PM | Not many lessons learnt from water planning failures| 14th December 2019

7 PM | More equal care: Gender gap in Healthcare services| 12th December 2019

Context: Ayushman Bharat Scheme and Gender gap in healthcare services. Global gender gap report: It is published annually by the world economic forum since 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time. Global gender gap index is a part of this which measures gender equality across four… Continue reading 7 PM | More equal care: Gender gap in Healthcare services| 12th December 2019

7 PM |Inequality and its discontents| 10th December 2019

Context: Human Development Report 2019 and its findings. More in news: Human Development Report 2019 has been released recently. The report is titled, “Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: Inequalities in human development in the 21st century”. India climbed one spot to 129 in the latest human development released by UNDP. Human development report: Human… Continue reading 7 PM |Inequality and its discontents| 10th December 2019

7 PM | An Asian engine driven by India and China| 9th December 2019

Context: Role of India and China in new world order. Asia: The Asian continent, home to sixty per cent of humanity, high economic growth rates and a burgeoning middle class and markets. The Asian landmass straddles the Indo-Pacific. Asia is increasingly being defined in the broader geographical context of the Pacific and Indian Oceans through… Continue reading 7 PM | An Asian engine driven by India and China| 9th December 2019

7 PM | Taking it personally: Data Protection Bill| 7th December 2019

Context: The Personal Data Protection Bill. More in news: The Personal Data Protection Bill could be introduced in either house of the Parliament in the current Winter Session which will conclude on December 13. Personal Data: According to the Justice B. N. Srikrishna committee of experts on a Data Protection Framework for India, “personal data… Continue reading 7 PM | Taking it personally: Data Protection Bill| 7th December 2019

7 PM I A potential seedbed for private profits I December 6th, 2019

Context: Seed regulation in India and the draft Seed Bill 2019. More in news: The Seeds Bill 2019, likely to be tabled in the ongoing winter session of Parliament. Regulation of Seeds in India: Currently, the sale and distribution of seeds in India is regulated by the Seeds Act 1966 ensuring better quality of seeds is… Continue reading 7 PM I A potential seedbed for private profits I December 6th, 2019

7 PM I Govt policy on funding political parties bad news for democracy I December 4th, 2019

What is the ‘electoral bond’? The Finance Bill, 2017, introduced “electoral bonds” that are interest free bearer bonds. It is an instrument that is used to donate money to political parties. The parties involved will probably be a donor, the political party and the RBI which acts as the intermediary. On January 29, 2018 government… Continue reading 7 PM I Govt policy on funding political parties bad news for democracy I December 4th, 2019