Juvenile Justice Act inadequate in dealing with juveniles under-16

Source: TOI What is the news? The Indore bench of the Madhya Pradesh High Court has observed that the present law (Juvenile Justice Act) dealing with children aged below 16 in heinous-crime cases as juvenile offenders is “totally inadequate and ill equipped”. Background Court made the observations on June 25 while dismissing a criminal revision… Continue reading Juvenile Justice Act inadequate in dealing with juveniles under-16

Repeal draft Cinematograph Bill: film fraternity writes to I&B ministry

Source: Indian Express  What is the News? The Film Fraternity has written a letter to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting(I&B) to withdraw the Draft Cinematograph (Amendment) Bill, 2021. About the Draft Cinematograph (Amendment) Bill 2021. The Draft Cinematograph (Amendment) Bill 2021 makes an amendment to the Cinematograph Act,1952. The bill gives the union government… Continue reading Repeal draft Cinematograph Bill: film fraternity writes to I&B ministry

Indian Vessels Act, 2021

Introduced: Lok Sabha (22nd Jul 2021) Passed: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Present status: Received the assent of the President on the 11th August, 2021 About Indian Vessels Act, 2021: Indian Vessels bill, 2021 seeks to replace the Inland Vessels Act, 1917. The bill aims to regulate the safety, security and registration of inland vessels.… Continue reading Indian Vessels Act, 2021

Model Tenancy Act: Need and Challenges – Explained, pointwise.

Introduction The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the Model Tenancy Act and circulated it to all States/Union Territories. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs had earlier released the draft guidelines in July 2019. The Act aims to bridge the trust deficit between tenants and landlords by clearly delineating their obligations.… Continue reading Model Tenancy Act: Need and Challenges – Explained, pointwise.

Model Tenancy Act

Introduced: The Bill was introduced as a Government Bill (Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs) Present Status: Model Act is enacted and circulated to States Aim of the Act: To create a vibrant, sustainable, and inclusive rental housing market in the country. It will address the issue of homelessness by creating adequate rental housing stock… Continue reading Model Tenancy Act

Impact of New FCRA Rules on Relief Work of NGOs – Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The second wave of Pandemic has struck the country very hard. There has been an enormous rise in Covid-19 cases reaching around 4 lakh/day. This necessitates active participation from all the stakeholders including NGOs. However, NGOs are not able to contribute much due to the stringent conditions imposed on them by the Foreign Contribution… Continue reading Impact of New FCRA Rules on Relief Work of NGOs – Explained, Pointwise

FCRA Amendments are Crippling Work of NGOs

What is the News? The FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Amendment) Act, 2020 has affected the work of many NGOs. They are facing difficulties in receiving foreign funds. FCRA Amendment Act, 2020: The amendment has made it compulsory for the NGOs to open an exclusive Bank account with the State Bank of India in New Delhi… Continue reading FCRA Amendments are Crippling Work of NGOs

The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021

Introduced: Lok Sabha (15th Mar 2021) Passed: Lok Sabha passed GNCTD Bill (22nd Mar 2021) Passed: Rajya Sabha passed GNCTD Bill (24th Mar 2021) Present Status: Assent granted. Converted to an Act About GNCTD Amendment Act 2021 Objectives: Define the responsibilities of the elected government and the Lt. Governor (LG) Create a harmonious relationship between… Continue reading The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021

The National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions (NCAHP) Bill, 2020

Introduced: Rajya Sabha (15th Sep 2020) Passed: Rajya Sabha (16th Mar 2021) Passed: Lok Sabha (24th Mar 2021) Present Status: Assent granted. Converted to an Act. About National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions [NCAHP] Bill, 2020  Objective: The Bill seeks to regulate and standardize the education and practice of allied and healthcare professionals. Ministry: Health… Continue reading The National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions (NCAHP) Bill, 2020

Issues in the MTP Amendment Bill

Synopsis: The Medical Termination of Pregnancy or MTP Amendment bill is a step forward in recognising the rights of women. But it is not a giant leap. Introduction: The 1971 Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act aims to reduce the maternal mortality ratio due to unsafe abortions in India. The amendments made a few significant… Continue reading Issues in the MTP Amendment Bill

IBC Amendment Ordinance 2021 Allows “Pre-Pack Insolvency Resolution”

What is the news? The President of India promulgates the IBC Amendment Ordinance 2021. It allows the use of Pre-Pack insolvency resolution. About Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2021: IBC Amendment Ordinance 2021 amends the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. The Amendment allows the use of Pre-Packaged insolvency resolution as an alternative resolution mechanism… Continue reading IBC Amendment Ordinance 2021 Allows “Pre-Pack Insolvency Resolution”

Promulgation of “Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021”

Promulgated: On 4th April 2021 Ministry: Law and Justice About the Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021: Purpose of the Ordinance:  It dissolves at least eight existing appellate tribunals. Now, High Courts and certain other bodies will be the appellate bodies under 9 acts. Further, it also amends the Finance Act 2017. Key Provisions of the Tribunals… Continue reading Promulgation of “Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021”

Right To Education Act still has some arbitrariness

Synopsis: The Right To Education Act evolved so much in the past. But there is still some arbitrariness in the RTE Act. Introduction: Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act or RTE Act is a horizontally enforceable Fundamental Right. That is, the Right is enforceable against the State and Individuals. But the Right To Education Act… Continue reading Right To Education Act still has some arbitrariness

Health Ministry Releases “National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021”

What is the News? The caretakers of patients with ‘rare diseases’ are not satisfied with the National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021. The Union Health Ministry recently released the policy. Rare Diseases: WHO defines a rare disease as a lifelong disease or disorder that often highly weakens an individual. It has a prevalence of 1… Continue reading Health Ministry Releases “National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021”

Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill, 2020 – Associated Issues

Synopsis – The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2020  Continues to ignore Pregnant person’s rights. Introduction- Recently, The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2020  passed in the upper house by voice vote. The bill seeks to amend the MTP Act, 1971. It provides for enhancing the upper gestation limit from 20 to 24 weeks for… Continue reading Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill, 2020 – Associated Issues

The NCT of Delhi Act, 2021 Enhances Cooperative Federalism

Synopsis: The accusation made on the Government regarding the passage of the Government of the NCT  of Delhi Act 2021  is groundless. Background of the NCT of Delhi Bill Last week, both Houses of Parliament voted in favor of the amendments to the Government of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi Act. Many criticized… Continue reading The NCT of Delhi Act, 2021 Enhances Cooperative Federalism

SC Issues Directions for “Accident Information Report”

What is the News? The Supreme Court issues directions to police, Motor Accidents Claims Tribunals(MACTs), and insurance companies regarding accident information reports. The aim of the directions is to make the compensation process to victims more smooth and claimant-friendly. What was the case? The Insurance company Bajaj Allianz filed a writ petition in the Supreme… Continue reading SC Issues Directions for “Accident Information Report”

Bihar Assembly Passed the “Bihar Special Armed Police Bill 2021”

What is the News? Bihar State Assembly has passed the Bihar Special Armed Police Bill, 2021. About Bihar Special Armed Police Bill, 2021 The mandate of the bill is to maintain public order, combat extremism. Further, the bill ensures better protection and security of specific establishments. For this, the Bill proposes setting up a Special… Continue reading Bihar Assembly Passed the “Bihar Special Armed Police Bill 2021”

MTP Bill 2021 is not progressive enough

Synopsis: The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021 MTP Bill  aims to improve women’s reproductive rights. But it will restrict women’s bodily autonomy if implemented. Introduction: The Lok Sabha passed the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021. Now the bill is in the Rajya Sabha. The Rajya Sabha has to maintain caution in passing… Continue reading MTP Bill 2021 is not progressive enough

Concerns with the Insurance (Amendment) Bill, 2021

Synopsis:The Insurance (Amendment) Bill, 2021 has few important concerns. But the move is a welcome step to the Insurance sector. Introduction: The Lok Sabha has passed the Insurance (Amendment) Bill, 2021. The Bill had earlier been cleared by the Rajya Sabha also. Now it only requires the presidential assent to become a law. About the… Continue reading Concerns with the Insurance (Amendment) Bill, 2021

NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill is against the spirit of Federalism.

Synopsis: The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 gives more powers to the Lieutenant governor(LG). Further, It is against the principle of representative democracy. Evolution of The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) act 1991 India follows Parliamentary democracy with a cabinet form of government. This is a basic structure of the Indian… Continue reading NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill is against the spirit of Federalism.

Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021- Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passed the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Bill,2021. The MMDR Bill 2021 seeks to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957. This bill is expected to be the watershed moment in the development of mines and minerals in India.  In this article,… Continue reading Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021- Explained, Pointwise

GNCT of Delhi Amendment Bill 2021 and Supreme Court’s Verdict

Synopsis: GNCT of Delhi Amendment Bill 2021 appears to go against the idea of representative government. Introduction  The Centre’s Bill is trying to amend the law that relates to the governance of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The bill claims that its aim is to implement the Supreme Court judgments on Delhi’s governance structure.… Continue reading GNCT of Delhi Amendment Bill 2021 and Supreme Court’s Verdict

Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Act, 2021

Introduced: The Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 15.03.2021 as a Government Bill (Ministry of Mines). Present Status: The Bill was passed in both the Houses and received President’s assent on 28.03.2021. The Act seeks to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957. This act regulates the mining sector in India. Salient… Continue reading Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Act, 2021

The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021- Explained, Pointwise

Introduction The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 or the NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021 got introduced in Lok Sabha. It amends certain provisions related to the distribution of powers and responsibilities among the L-G (Lieutenant Governor) and the Delhi legislative assembly. The issue of power tussle between the L-G… Continue reading The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021- Explained, Pointwise

Issue of Consent in POCSO Act

Synopsis: The Madras High Court quashed a case of aggravated sexual assault of a minor under the POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) Act. The High Court also mentioned the need to amend the POCSO act. The case and ruling  Madras HC was hearing a case of aggravated penetrative sexual assault under the POCSO… Continue reading Issue of Consent in POCSO Act

National Institutes of Food Technology Bill, 2019

Introduced: Rajya Sabha (13th Feb 2019) Passed: Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. About National Institutes of Food Technology Bill, 2019 Ministry: Food Processing Industries What does the bill provide? The bill declares two institutes of food technology, entrepreneurship, and management as institutions of national importance. These are: National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management,… Continue reading National Institutes of Food Technology Bill, 2019

National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws Second (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Introduced: Rajya Sabha (8th Feb 2021) Passed: Rajya Sabha (9th Feb 2021) Passed: Lok Sabha (10th March 2021) Present status: Received assent on 12th Mar 2021 and converted to Act. About National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws Second (Amendment) Bill, 2020: Ministry: Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation The bill amends the National Capital Territory of… Continue reading National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws Second (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Status of Unlawful Activities Prevention Act(UAPA) in 2019

What is the News? The Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) informed Lok Sabha about the number of cases registered under the Unlawful Activities [Prevention] Act(UAPA) in 2019. Key Data Provided by MHA on cases under UAPA: Persons arrested under UAPA: In 1226 cases around 1948 persons were arrested under UAPA across the country in 2019. This… Continue reading Status of Unlawful Activities Prevention Act(UAPA) in 2019

Clarification on IT Rules, 2021 for OTT Platforms

What is the News? The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting clarifies certain aspects of IT Rules, 2021 for OTT platforms. It clarified that there will be no government nominee in the self-regulatory body. What is the issue? The Central government notified Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021. These rules broadly… Continue reading Clarification on IT Rules, 2021 for OTT Platforms

New IT Rules for Social Media and OTT platforms – Explained Pointwise

Introduction The Government of India has released the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. It aims to regulate social media, digital news media, and Over-The-Top (OTT) content providers. The rules were jointly announced by the Minister for Information Technology and the Minister for Information and Broadcasting. Despite being praised… Continue reading New IT Rules for Social Media and OTT platforms – Explained Pointwise

Govt announces new social media rules to curb its misuse

What is the news? The Government of India has released the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021. It aims to regulate social media, digital news media and over-the-top (OTT) content providers. Key Provisions of the Rules: Social media companies and redressal: The government wants social media companies to have… Continue reading Govt announces new social media rules to curb its misuse

Why Sedition law needs a relook?

Synopsis: Recent charges of sedition against individuals have brought back focus to seditions law. The oppression of dissenters is more dangerous for society. It creates more division in society compared to seditious acts.  Introduction  In Kedar Nath Singh v. State of Bihar (1962), the Supreme Court defended the constitutional validity of sedition. It noted that… Continue reading Why Sedition law needs a relook?

Amendments proposed to the Juvenile Justice Act – Explained pointwise

Table of contents: Who is Juvenile in India? Salient provisions of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015 What are the issues with the present Act? What are the Proposed amendments by the Ministry of WCD? Suggestions to improve the implementation of Act Recently Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to amend… Continue reading Amendments proposed to the Juvenile Justice Act – Explained pointwise

“Vishaka Guidelines” and “The Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act 2013”

What is the News? A Delhi court has acquitted a former journalist in a defamation case filed by former Union minister. In this case, a journalist initially made allegations of sexual harassment against the former Union Minister. In turn, a criminal defamation case was filed in Delhi High Court against the journalist by Union Minister.… Continue reading “Vishaka Guidelines” and “The Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act 2013”

Issues in Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Source: The Hindu Syllabus: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Synopsis: The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2020 (MTP Bill) does not confer women with rights over their own bodies. Background Recently termination of pregnancy was legalised up to the 14th week of pregnancy by… Continue reading Issues in Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021

Introduced: Lok Sabha (2nd March 2020) Passed: Lok Sabha (17th March 2020) Passed: Rajya Sabha (16th March 2021) Present status: Received assent on 25th Mar 2021 and converted to act Ministry: Health and Family Welfare Table of contents: What is the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act 1971? Need for the Amendment Salient provisions of… Continue reading Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021

Low conviction rate under “Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act” (UAPA)

What is the news? Union Home Ministry has informed Rajya Sabha about the cases registered under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act and Sedition(Section-124A). Cases under UAPA: Between 2016 and 2019, the total number of the persons arrested and convicted in the country under UAPA were 5,922 and 132 respectively. This means only 2.2 % of… Continue reading Low conviction rate under “Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act” (UAPA)

Centre’s Powers under “Section 69A of IT Act”

What is the News? The Government of India has asked Twitter to follow Indian laws. The government has also expressed disappointment over partial compliance with its orders. What was the issue? The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology(MeitY) ordered Twitter to block several Twitter accounts for posing a threat to law and order. The order… Continue reading Centre’s Powers under “Section 69A of IT Act”

law on draping National Flag over body of a deceased

What is the News? Police in Uttar Pradesh has booked few persons under The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971. They had allegedly draped the body of their relative in the national flag after his death. Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act,1971: This act penalises the desecration of or insults to the… Continue reading law on draping National Flag over body of a deceased

DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019

Introduced: Lok Sabha (8th July 2019) Present status: Standing Committee gave its report on 3rd Feb 2021 Ministry: Science and Technology and Earth Sciences Need for such DNA Technology Bill in India: First, countries having such legislation like the USA, have proved a significant increase in conviction rate. According to NCRB, India’s conviction rate is… Continue reading DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019

Govt. releases new guidelines for banks under “Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act”

What is the News? Union Home Ministry has announced new guidelines for banks, under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act. These guidelines are related to the donations received by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and associations. What are the new FCRA guidelines? The donations received in Indian rupees by the NGOs and associations from any foreign source should… Continue reading Govt. releases new guidelines for banks under “Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act”

The POCSO Act and associated issues

Bombay High Court in Satheesh vs State of Maharastra case acquitted a man of sexual charges under the POCSO ( Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) act. The court cited the stringent Mandatory Minimum Sentence provision in the POCSO act and punished the person based on the IPC section 354 (Outraging the modesty of women).… Continue reading The POCSO Act and associated issues

What is the POCSO Act?

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act) enacted in 2012. The Act was formulated to effectively address sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and pornography. In 2019, The Act has been amended. The amendment contains provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences, provides security and dignified childhood for a child. … Continue reading What is the POCSO Act?

Ensuring accountability in the new Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020

Synopsis: the consumer protection rules will not guarantee better power supply quality without strong accountability provisions.  Background  Many states in India are not able to provide a quality supply of electricity, specifically to rural and small consumers.  To resolve this issue, recently, the Union Ministry of Power has promulgated the Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020. The rules provide the consumer with the rights… Continue reading Ensuring accountability in the new Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020

RERA 2016 protects the interest of Homebuyers 

Synopsis: As compared to RERA 2013 act, the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA) 2016 was successful in empowering the home buyers. This has reduced the incidence of unfair trade practices in the real estate sector.  How RERA 2016 act was better than RERA 2013 act?  The RERA 2013 act had the following issues;  It did… Continue reading RERA 2016 protects the interest of Homebuyers 

Flawed understanding of triple talaq law is leading to its misuse

Synopsis– Faulty understanding of the triple talaq law i.e., Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act of 2019, as well as the Islamic law on divorce is leading to misuse of the act.  Introduction-  In the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act of 2019, a Supreme Court Bench led by Justice D Y Chandrachud observed that mother-in-law of the second respondent… Continue reading Flawed understanding of triple talaq law is leading to its misuse

Issue of privacy and Personal Data Protection Bill 2019

Synopsis– Present data-based technological development and Personal Data Protection Bill 2019 presents a unique challenge to the privacy of individuals.   Introduction Personal Data Protection Bill 2019   – By Puttaswamy v India (2017) case, privacy was established as a fundamental right. In other cases, MP Sharma v. Satish Chandra (1954) and Kharak Singh v. Uttar Pradesh (1962), as well, Privacy rights were upheld by SC.   However,… Continue reading Issue of privacy and Personal Data Protection Bill 2019

Shakti Act 2020 concerns

Context – The Maharashtra Shakti Bill, 2020, and the Special Court and Machinery for Implementation of Maharashtra Shakti Criminal Law, 2020 have been criticized by prominent women’s rights advocates for being “draconian. More in news- The two interconnected bills are the Maharashtra Shakti Criminal Law (Maharashtra Amendment) Act 2020 and the Special Court and Machinery for Implementation of Maharashtra Shakti Criminal Law… Continue reading Shakti Act 2020 concerns

Will Farm laws reduce Farmers income?

Context: The present farm laws alter the bargaining landscape in favour of the corporate players to the detriment of the farmers. What is current issue with farm laws? The three recently enacted farm laws assented have led to a showdown between the peasantry and the Union government. No consultation undertaken by the central government at… Continue reading Will Farm laws reduce Farmers income?