Prudent Approach towards the Downward Trajectory of Second Wave

Synopsis: India has witnessed a decline in Covid-19 cases since the last month, thereby indicating a downward trajectory of the second wave. It presents an opportunity to effectively prepare for the upcoming third wave through universal vaccination and accommodative reforms. Background: The second wave of pandemic left a more brutal impact on India than the… Continue reading Prudent Approach towards the Downward Trajectory of Second Wave

Mitigating the third wave requires a focus on DOTS

Synopsis: India is witnessing a softening of the second wave. Nonetheless, the anticipation of the 3rd wave is quite high. Therefore, it is imperative for India to focus on reducing the reproduction number (R). This in turn calls for focusing on its determinants i.e. DOTS for Mitigating the third wave Background: India witnessed a brutal… Continue reading Mitigating the third wave requires a focus on DOTS

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – June 9th, 2021

Good Morning dear reader We are posting Today’s Must Read Current Affairs Articles below: About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers several newspapers such as The Hindu, Indian Express, Livemint, etc. This saves… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – June 9th, 2021

Global studies on “vulnerability of animals to Covid-19”

What is the news? A lion at Chennai’s Vandalur Zoo has died of suspected coronavirus infection. Similarly, a tiger died at Jharkhand’s Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park after suffering from fever. This sparked the debate regarding the study of the vulnerability of animals to Covid-19. Mechanism of Coronavirus Infection: The coronavirus initiates infection using the spike… Continue reading Global studies on “vulnerability of animals to Covid-19”

“Revised Vaccine Procurement Policy” allows central procurement of vaccines

What is the News? The government of India has announced a revised Vaccine Procurement Policy and also several relief measures to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic. About Revised Vaccine Procurement Policy: The Central Government will go back to a system of centralised procurement of vaccines against COVID-19. Under this, the central government will now buy 75%… Continue reading “Revised Vaccine Procurement Policy” allows central procurement of vaccines

“One Nation One Standard Mission” and “Research Designs & Standards Organization”

What is the News? Indian Railways Research Design & Standards Organization(RDSO) has become the nation’s first institution to be declared as Standard Developing Organization(SDO) under the “One Nation One Standard” mission. About One Nation One Standard Mission: One Nation One Standard was first conceived in 2019 by the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS). The mission is… Continue reading “One Nation One Standard Mission” and “Research Designs & Standards Organization”

NTPC joins “UN’s CEO Water Mandate” to work on water conservation

What is the News? India’s largest power utility, NTPC Ltd has become a signatory of UN’s CEO Water Mandate. About UN’s CEO Water Mandate: UN’s CEO Water Mandate is a UN Global Compact initiative to demonstrate the commitment and efforts of companies towards better water and sanitation agendas as part of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).… Continue reading NTPC joins “UN’s CEO Water Mandate” to work on water conservation

What is “Indemnity” and why vaccine manufacturers are demanding that?

What is the News? The Union government is in talks with foreign manufacturers of COVID-19 vaccines on their demand for Indemnity from liability as a condition for selling their vaccines to the country. However, this has already given rise to a similar demand from domestic vaccine-maker Serum Institute of India(SII). As they believe, all players… Continue reading What is “Indemnity” and why vaccine manufacturers are demanding that?

“State of Environment Report” says “Farmer protests” increased fivefold since 2017

What is the news? The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has released the State of Environment Report, 2021 in February recently. This article focuses upon the data related to farmer protests as mentioned in the report. Report on Farmers Protests: Farmers Protests in India have registered an almost five-fold increase since 2017. In 2017,… Continue reading “State of Environment Report” says “Farmer protests” increased fivefold since 2017

Role of National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being on India’s Biodiversity

Synopsis: The pandemic has exposed the dysfunctional relationship between humanity and nature. The National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being will help India to restore that dysfunctional relationship. Background Globally, there is a decline in biodiversity. Since 2000, 7% of intact forests have been lost. Further, Climate change and the ongoing pandemic will add additional… Continue reading Role of National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being on India’s Biodiversity

How COVID -19 can be addressed via COVID-19 appropriate behaviour?

Synopsis- Adoption of COVID-19 appropriate behaviour is the best way to reduce transmission of the Covid-19 pandemic. Introduction- One of the key causes of COVID-19’s second wave in India has been the carelessness and reckless behaviour of few people. They have consistently violated Covid-19 guidelines of wearing masks and social distancing. According to KAP [knowledge,… Continue reading How COVID -19 can be addressed via COVID-19 appropriate behaviour?

How can India tackle the third wave of COVID?

Synopsis: To control the third wave, the decision-making on vaccines should be filled by a spirit of cooperative federalism and guided by scientists. Introduction  Vaccines have become the focus of pandemic policy. Effective vaccine policy over the next few months will require huge efforts to boost vaccine supply. Distribution of existing supplies, helped by science,… Continue reading How can India tackle the third wave of COVID?

Amending Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act to provide labour rights for sex workers

Synopsis: The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act needs to be reformed to decriminalise sex work and to guarantee labour rights for sex workers. Background Sex work in India is governed by the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act. It penalises acts such as keeping a brothel, soliciting in a public place, living off the earnings of sex work… Continue reading Amending Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act to provide labour rights for sex workers

Lab leak theory of Coronavirus needs credible investigation

Synopsis: The theory that Coronavirus could have been man-made from Wuhan Institute of Virology is increasing. So, adequate studies are necessary regarding the Lab leak theory of Coronavirus. Background When the Covid-19 became a pandemic, China promoted the narrative that the virus had a natural origin, and it got spread from a wet market in… Continue reading Lab leak theory of Coronavirus needs credible investigation

Problems with “one state one vote” structure of GST Council

Synopsis:   The “one state one vote” structure under GST Council is a flawed one. It needs to be replaced with a proportional representation of voting in the GST Council. This system should be based on the size of states or their revenue contribution to the GST pool  Background In the recent GST Council meeting, there… Continue reading Problems with “one state one vote” structure of GST Council

A study on “effectiveness of vaccines” found more anti-bodies from Covishield

What is the news? A study was conducted by the healthcare workers (HCW) in India to understand the effectiveness of vaccines in India. About the effectiveness of vaccines: The study involved 515 healthcare workers from 13 states and 22 cities, 305 male of whom were male. These healthcare workers have been administered either of the… Continue reading A study on “effectiveness of vaccines” found more anti-bodies from Covishield

Govt launches “Performance Grading Index 2019-20”

What is the news? Performance Grading Index 2019-20, for States and Union Territories, has been released by the Education ministry. What is the Performance Grading Index (PGI)? Performance Grading Index (PGI) is a tool to provide insights on the status of school education in States and UTs. This includes key levers that drive their performance… Continue reading Govt launches “Performance Grading Index 2019-20”

TERI organises “World Sustainable Development Summit 2021”

What is the News? The Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has addressed the World Sustainable Development Summit 2021. About World Sustainable Development Summit: The World Sustainable Development Summit is an annual event organized by The Energy and Resources Institute(TERI) since 2001. The summit was earlier known as Delhi Sustainable Development Summit. Purpose:… Continue reading TERI organises “World Sustainable Development Summit 2021”

INTERPOL launches “I-Familia” to identify missing persons

What is the News? Interpol has launched a new global database named “I-Familia”. About I-Familia: I-Familia is a global database launched to identify missing persons through family DNA. It will help the police to solve cases in member countries. Interpol applies cutting-edge scientific research and uses the DNA of relatives to identify missing persons or… Continue reading INTERPOL launches “I-Familia” to identify missing persons

IEA releases “World Energy Investment Report 2021”

What is the News? The International Energy Agency(IEA) has released the World Energy Investment Report 2021. About the World Energy Investment Report 2021: The report presents the latest data and analysis of how energy investment flows are recovering from the shock of the Covid-19 pandemic. This includes full-year outlook estimates for 2021.  Key Findings of… Continue reading IEA releases “World Energy Investment Report 2021”

“Clean Energy Ministerial” and “Industrial Deep Decarbonization Initiative”

What is the news? India along with the United Kingdom has launched a new workstream to promote industrial energy efficiency under the Industrial Deep Decarbonization Initiative (IDDI). The workstream was launched at the 12th Chief Energy Ministerial(CEM). About Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM): The Clean Energy Ministerial(CEM) was launched at the United Nations Framework Convention on… Continue reading “Clean Energy Ministerial” and “Industrial Deep Decarbonization Initiative”

What is the “Delta variant of Covid-19”?

What is the news? As per a study carried out by INSACOG (the consortium of labs undertaking genome sequencing in India), Delta variant of Covid-19 is the primary cause of the second Covid-19 wave gripping the country presently. What is the Delta Variant of Covid-19? The World Health Organization (WHO) has named B.1.617.1 variant as ‘Kappa‘… Continue reading What is the “Delta variant of Covid-19”?

“Blue finned Mahseer” now placed under Least Concern (LC) status of IUCN red list

What is the news? Blue Finned Mahseer which was on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) red list of endangered species has now moved to the ‘Least Concern (LC)’ status. About Blue Finned Mahseer: Source: The Indian Express Blue Finned Mahseer is a freshwater fish. It is also known as Deccan Mahseer or… Continue reading “Blue finned Mahseer” now placed under Least Concern (LC) status of IUCN red list

“Anti-hail guns” and their application in preventing hail storm

What is the news? ‘Anti-hail guns’, developed indigenously, will be tested by the Himachal Pradesh government to help out horticulturists who face crop damage due to hailstorms. What are anti-hail guns? An anti-hail gun is a machine that generates shock waves to disrupt the growth of hailstones in clouds. Who has developed these anti-hail guns?… Continue reading “Anti-hail guns” and their application in preventing hail storm

Human-induced global warming causes over a third of “heat-related deaths”: Study

What is the News? According to a study published in the journal Nature Climate Change, more than one-third of the world’s heat-related deaths between 1991 and 2018 are due to global warming. Key Findings of the study: Between 1991 and 2018, more than a third (37%) of all deaths in which heat played a role… Continue reading Human-induced global warming causes over a third of “heat-related deaths”: Study

“Vigilance clearance” is mandatory before offering jobs to retired Govt employee: CVC

What is the News? Central Vigilance Commission(CVC) has laid down a procedure for employing a retired official on a contractual or consultancy basis. Under this guideline, government organisations have to get vigilance clearance before employing a retired official. What is the Procedure? The organisations owned or controlled by the Center has to obtain vigilance clearance… Continue reading “Vigilance clearance” is mandatory before offering jobs to retired Govt employee: CVC

“Corbevax Vaccine” and its difference from other Covid-19 vaccines

What is the News? India has placed an advance order to block 300 million doses of a new Covid-19 vaccine, Corbevax from Hyderabad-based company Biological E. About Corbevax Vaccine: Corbevax is a recombinant protein subunit vaccine. The vaccine is being indigenously produced by Biological E, Hyderabad-based Pharmaceutical company. Made up of: The Corbevax vaccine is… Continue reading “Corbevax Vaccine” and its difference from other Covid-19 vaccines

The tussle of Digital Services Tax between India and US

Synopsis: The US has rolled back its increased tariff on products of 6 countries including India. It now wants to negotiate, over the imposition of a digital service tax by the 6 nations. It is even willing to engage in a future trade war.  Background: The six countries of Austria, India, Italy, Spain, Turkey, and… Continue reading The tussle of Digital Services Tax between India and US

Reason behind the decision to shift the National Museum

Synopsis: The government is planning to shift the National Museum in Delhi to the North and South Blocks. This would serve the collection, comfort, and audience experience needs of the Museum in a better way. Background: The National Museum in Delhi is a repository of India’s rich history and proud heritage. However, now the government… Continue reading Reason behind the decision to shift the National Museum

Significance of the Kedar Nath Singh Judgment on Sedition

Synopsis: The significance of Kedar Nath Singh judgment for sedition cases was once again highlighted in the recent Vinod Dua sedition case. The 1962 judgment upheld Section-124A of the Indian Penal Code, but it significantly narrowed down the provision. Background: The SC struck down a sedition case filed under Section-124 A of the Indian Penal… Continue reading Significance of the Kedar Nath Singh Judgment on Sedition

India needs to strengthen the rural health infrastructure

Synopsis: Rural health infrastructure (SHCs, PHCs and CHCs) needs to be Modernised to cater to the health needs of the 65% of the population living in rural areas Background According to info, out of 139 crore population of India, at least 91 crore people are living in 649,481 villages. The second wave of Covid-19 had… Continue reading India needs to strengthen the rural health infrastructure

Improper Comments on Bangladesh will impact India Bangladesh ties

Synopsis: India Bangladesh ties are highly sensitive and based on Mutual trust and respect. Disregarding any nation by words or action by Indian leaders will be detrimental to the consolidation of bilateral ties. Background Recently, the Indian Home minister made derogatory statements with reference to Bangladesh. The home minister described illegal Bangladeshi immigrants as vermin.… Continue reading Improper Comments on Bangladesh will impact India Bangladesh ties

Road towards a Global Minimum Corporate Tax

Synopsis: The US has proposed a 15% Global Minimum Corporate Tax that will prevent tax avoidance by companies. The tax would be beneficial for India. But many counties will not accept the tax structure. Background: The Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) programme were initiated in 2013. It aims to curb practices that allowed companies to reduce their… Continue reading Road towards a Global Minimum Corporate Tax

CBSE can’t refuse to change names after declaring results: Supreme Court

What is the News? The Supreme Court has directed the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to allow changes in name or date of birth in school certificates issued by it even after the publication of results. What is the issue? A petition was filed in the Supreme Court challenging the CBSE’s Examination Bye-Laws of… Continue reading CBSE can’t refuse to change names after declaring results: Supreme Court

Journalists need protection against “sedition charges”: Supreme Court

What is the News? Supreme Court of India has quashed the FIR lodged against a senior journalist for sedition charge and other offences. In that, the court held that the Journalists need protection against sedition charges. What was the case? A sedition case was filed against a senior journalist over his YouTube show where he… Continue reading Journalists need protection against “sedition charges”: Supreme Court

Govt Launches “Seed Minikit Programme”

What is the News? The Ministry of Agriculture has launched the Seed Minikit Programme. About Seed Minikit Programme: Seed Minikit Programme aims to distribute high yielding varieties of seeds of pulses and oilseeds to farmers. Nodal Agencies: The seed mini-kits are being provided by the following central agencies – National Seeds Corporation(NCS) NAFED Gujarat State… Continue reading Govt Launches “Seed Minikit Programme”

World Bank report highlights the role of “Black Carbon” in the Himalayas

What is the News? The World Bank has released a report titled “Glaciers of the Himalayas, Climate Change, Black Carbon and Regional Resilience”. About the Report: The report studies the impact of Black Carbon (BC) on Glacier melting. It covers the Himalaya, Karakoram and Hindu Kush (HKHK) mountain ranges. In the end, it concludes that… Continue reading World Bank report highlights the role of “Black Carbon” in the Himalayas

“Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana” – 30% recipients yet to get grains for May

What is the News? The Ministry of Consumer Affairs has informed about the status of food grains disturbed under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana(PMGKAY). About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana(PMGKAY): Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana was announced as part of the relief package during the COVID-19 pandemic. Aim: To ensure sufficient… Continue reading “Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana” – 30% recipients yet to get grains for May

Lessons From EU’s efforts to end Vaccination gap

Synopsis:   EU is helping other low-income countries to get access to vaccines. The same needs to be done by other countries to close the vaccination gap. Background A widely vaccinated world population is the only way to end the pandemic. Otherwise, the Covid virus will undergo multiple mutations, and it will undermine the effectiveness… Continue reading Lessons From EU’s efforts to end Vaccination gap

Growing Centralisation of Power Erodes Federal Structure

Synopsis: The tendency to centralise power by the Union government is increasing. It will alter the basic structure of Federalism in India. Background Recently, a NITI Aayog Member, asserted that it was the lack of centralisation that has led to poor management of the ongoing COVID-19 vaccination drive. The claim reinforces the practice of the… Continue reading Growing Centralisation of Power Erodes Federal Structure

Timely Implementation of Relief Schemes for Children is desired

Synopsis: The government has announced numerous relief measures for supporting the children who lost their parents in the pandemic. This would give them some cushion for survival if the timely implementation of relief measures takes place. Background: The pandemic has brutally impacted every section of society, but the situation of children losing their parents is… Continue reading Timely Implementation of Relief Schemes for Children is desired

Lessons from Naomi Osaka Episode

Synopsis: The withdrawal of Naomi Osaka from the French Open has raised the issue of the mental well-being of the athletes. The situation exposes the deep pressure through which an athlete has to go for fulfilling its commercial obligations. Background: The world number 2 tennis player (Naomi Osaka) has withdrawn from the recent French Open… Continue reading Lessons from Naomi Osaka Episode

Government Amended Pension Rules for Central Civil Services

Synopsis- Center has amended pension rules for Civil services. Restrictions on government servants before and after retirement under CCS conduct rules. Amendment in pension rules and its consequences-   The Centre has amended pension rules for civil servants [working in organizations mentioned in the Second Schedule of the RTI Act]. It restricts former officials of… Continue reading Government Amended Pension Rules for Central Civil Services

“China-Afghanistan-Pakistan Trilateral Dialogue”

What is the News? The Fourth China-Afghanistan-Pakistan Trilateral Dialogue will be held virtually this year. The foreign ministers of each country will attend the meet. About China-Afghanistan-Pakistan Trilateral Dialogue: The China-Afghanistan-Pakistan Trilateral Dialogue mechanism was set up in 2017 at the initiative of China. Purpose: The dialogue is aimed at reinforcing trilateral cooperation between three… Continue reading “China-Afghanistan-Pakistan Trilateral Dialogue”

Govt to Divide “MGNREGA Wages” into SC/ST/Others Categories

What is the News? The Central Government has issued an advisory to all states to divide the wage payments under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) scheme. The MGNREGA Wages will be divided into separate categories for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and others from the Financial Year 2021-22. Current Method of… Continue reading Govt to Divide “MGNREGA Wages” into SC/ST/Others Categories

“Oil Spill” at Sri Lanka’s Coast

What is the News? Sri Lanka is preparing for a major oil spill. A burnt-out container ship is sinking outside Colombo’s harbor with nearly 350 tonnes of oil in its fuel tanks. This ship was burning for the last 13 days, causing Sri Lanka’s worst maritime environmental disaster. What is an Oil Spill? Oil Spill… Continue reading “Oil Spill” at Sri Lanka’s Coast

“Merchandise Exports” in May surge 67% to $32.21 billion

What is the News? The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has released the preliminary data on the Merchandise exports in May 2021. What are the key findings from the data?  Merchandise Exports: India’s merchandise exports are estimated at around $32.21 billion in May 2021. This is 67.39% higher when compared to May 2020. The large… Continue reading “Merchandise Exports” in May surge 67% to $32.21 billion

Model Tenancy Act

Introduced: The Bill was introduced as a Government Bill (Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs) Present Status: Model Act is enacted and circulated to States Aim of the Act: To create a vibrant, sustainable, and inclusive rental housing market in the country. It will address the issue of homelessness by creating adequate rental housing stock… Continue reading Model Tenancy Act

What is “XraySetu” Service?

What is the News? The government has launched XraySetu service for rapid screening of COVID 19. with the help of Chest X-ray interpretation over WhatsApp for doctors who have access to X-ray machines. About XraySetu Service: XraySetu is an Artificial Intelligence(AI) driven Xray interpretation platform. Purpose: It has been developed to identify COVID-19 positive patients… Continue reading What is “XraySetu” Service?

NASA’s New Venus Missions

What is the News? NASA has announced two new Venus Missions. It will examine the planet’s atmosphere and geological features. NASA is awarding approximately $500 million permission for development. The missions will be launched between 2028 and 2030. Which are those two new Venus Missions?  Davinci+ Venus Mission: Davinci+ stands for Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of… Continue reading NASA’s New Venus Missions