Contract farming and food processing sector in India

Context: Contract farming in India has huge investment opportunities for global super-market chains considering India as a major outsourcing hub. Introduction: At World Food India 2017, Prime Minister of India asked the private sector to invest more in the contract farming, raw material sourcing and creating agri linkages. During three-day mega event from 3rd November… Continue reading Contract farming and food processing sector in India

India’s dismal performance on Global Gender Gap Index

Context: India has been ranked a low 108 out 144 countries on the gender equality scale, slipping from 87 last year, according to the Global Gender Gap Index (2017) released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) recently. Introduction: India’s rank slipped 21 places, behind neighbours China and Bangladesh, primarily due to less participation of women… Continue reading India’s dismal performance on Global Gender Gap Index

No green signal for ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) in India

Context: The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) stated that use of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for management of malnutrition is not an accepted policy of the Government of India. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) Severe acute malnutrition is defined by a very low weight for height. It is identified by visible severe wasting… Continue reading No green signal for ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) in India

The upcoming meet of India and France

Context In the light of upcoming visit of French President Emmanuel Macron’s to India wide-ranging talks were held which aimed at further boosting defence and security ties, with a focus on co-development of military platforms, and enhancing cooperation in the maritime sphere. What were the keys issues discussed? Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and her French… Continue reading The upcoming meet of India and France

The Election Commission of India-an Overview

Context: A petition was filed in the Supreme Court pointing out the vagueness in the procedure for removal of Election Commissioners. The petitioner added that the ambiguity on the removal procedure of the Election Commissioners might affect the functional independence of the Election Commission. What is Election Commission of India? The Election Commission was established… Continue reading The Election Commission of India-an Overview

Waste disposal in India

Context: The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has relaxed standards for upcoming sewage treatment plants (STP), including those to come up on extremely polluted stretches of the Ganga. Introduction: Existing laws permit Biochemical oxygen demand (Bod) upto 30 mg/litre. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), (also called biological oxygen demand) is the amount of dissolved oxygen needed… Continue reading Waste disposal in India

India-Afghanistan relations: An overview

Context Afghan President Ashraf Ghani shall hold detailed talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on security and stability in Afghanistan, and efforts to combat terrorism. How were the Indo-Afghanistan relations in the Ancient Days? India Afghanistan relations can be traced back to Indus Valley Civilization. The Seleucid empire controlled that part which is present day Afghanistan The historic Khyber Pass that… Continue reading India-Afghanistan relations: An overview

Sabarimala Temple case: Gender Equality V Religious belief

Context Prohibition of women’s entry to shrines solely on the basis of womanhood is derogatory to women and their fundamental rights. Authorities must uphold a stern approach towards gender equality What is the significance of Sabrimala temple? Sabarimala is the second largest seasonal pilgrimage after the Islamic holy site of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. An… Continue reading Sabarimala Temple case: Gender Equality V Religious belief

Role of Speaker in India

Context: There are numerous such instances in our polity where the Speaker of the Assembly has precipitated a political crisis by seemingly political decisions. Instances: In 1988, Tamil Nadu Assembly Speaker P.H. Pandian disqualified six senior AIADMK ministers for giving up their party membership, along with 27 other MLAs , identified with the pro-Jayalalithaa faction.… Continue reading Role of Speaker in India

Progressive’ intervention in Uniform Civil Code debate

Context A diverse group of eight Indian citizens submitted a draft Progressive Uniform Civil Code to the Chairman of the Law Commission. What is uniform civil code? The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India proposes to replace the personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in the country with a common… Continue reading Progressive’ intervention in Uniform Civil Code debate

Space, Cyber and Special forces Command in India

Context: India has floundered for long in setting up effective and unified structures to deal with threats in space and cyberspace. Introduction: The armed forces are now finalizing the plan for creation of three new tri-Service commands to handle space, cyber and Special Forces, which will be “critical” in deploying capabilities for conventional as well… Continue reading Space, Cyber and Special forces Command in India

Global Hunger Index: India continues to struggle against starvation

Context India’s consistently poor performance on Global Hunger Index should be a matter of grave concern as India has slipped three positions from last to 100th rank among 119 nations. What is Global Hunger Index? The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally and by country and region. The… Continue reading Global Hunger Index: India continues to struggle against starvation

Supreme Court and Reforms

Context The Apex court held that sexual intercourse by a man with his wife below 18 years of age is rape. The court further insisted the government to takepreventive steps against child marriages What is the verdict? Sexual Intercourse with a girl below 18 years of age is rape, regardless of whether she is married… Continue reading Supreme Court and Reforms

Simultaneous National and State elections

Context The Election Commission of India (EC) has favored simultaneous elections for Lok Sabha and Assembly polls and informed the Centre that it is all set to hold simultaneous elections by September 2018. The election commission of India The Election Commission of Indiais an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India. The body administers… Continue reading Simultaneous National and State elections

The need for Tri-Service Integration in Indian Army

CONTEXT While India aspires to jointmanship among the three services, statements over the last few weeks point disturbingly to renewed inter-service rivalry to protect their turf. WHAT IS CHIEF OF DEFENCE STAFF? The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) CDS will be the single-point military advisor to the Government from any of the three Services and… Continue reading The need for Tri-Service Integration in Indian Army

Weather Prediction in India

CONTEXT With the Indian Meterological department getting it’s monsoon forecast wrong this year, it’s modelling has necessarily come under scanner. In April this year, IMD had predicted “near normal “or  96% rains and upgraded it later to 98% but the country later ended up with” below normal “ rains. IMD AND IT’S FUNCTIONING Indian meteorological… Continue reading Weather Prediction in India

Bio-remediation: some new developments

Context A team led by SuchetaTripathy from the Structural Biology and Bio-Informatics Division at Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (CSIR-IICB), Kolkata, isolated a fungus, Arthriniummalaysianum , and used the fungus biomass to remove Cr(VI). Sources of Hexavalent chromium Hexavalent chromium is used in textile dyes, wood preservation, anti-corrosion products, chromate conversion coatings, and a variety… Continue reading Bio-remediation: some new developments

Saving vulnerable fauna

CONTEXT The snow leopard has lost its endangered status in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, causing genuine worry among wildlife biologists, who believe this sends out the wrong signal to those working to protect it. The argument for a downgrade to vulnerable status from endangered is that conservation actions… Continue reading Saving vulnerable fauna

Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1987 and the Need to Amend It

Context: Cyber Violence against women is increasing and there is an urgent need to address the problem by amending the existing legislation against the indecent portrayal of women. What is meant by indecent representation of women? Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1987 defines indecent representation of women as “the depiction in any manner of… Continue reading Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1987 and the Need to Amend It

Granting Citizenship Rights to Chakma and Hajong Refugees: All You Need to Know

Context: The Indian Government’s has taken the initiative to grant citizenship to the Chakma and Hajong refugees Who are the Chakma and Hajongs? Origins: The Chakma and Hajongs were inhabitants of the Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan). Religion: Chakmas are Buddhists Hajongs are Hindus Language: Chakmas’ language is close to Bengali-Assamese Hajongs… Continue reading Granting Citizenship Rights to Chakma and Hajong Refugees: All You Need to Know

Interlinking of Indian Rivers: Boon or Bane?

Context: It is widely accepted that the interlinking of rivers will have adverse impact on environment and lives of million people. What is the National River Linking Project (NRLP)? The National River Linking Project (NRLP)is a proposed large-scale project that aims to link Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals It aims at… Continue reading Interlinking of Indian Rivers: Boon or Bane?

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)

Context The Centre is all set for the 3rdcomprehensive annual ranking of higher educational institutions in the National Institutional Ranking Framework, 2018. What is National Institutional Ranking Framework? The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on September 29th, 2015. This framework outlines a methodology to rank… Continue reading National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)

India to aid Afghanistan security forces

Context India has agreed to enrich the existing assistance to Afghan security forces, including in capacity building and training of Afghan soldiers in India, during a Partnership Council meeting on Monday, even as Afghanistan’s Foreign Minister suggested a larger role for India in regional diplomacy. What is the current situation in Afghanistan? The country is… Continue reading India to aid Afghanistan security forces

B. N. Srikrishna Committee on BIT dispute management strategy

Context: Recently, Justice B.N. Srikrishna committee was constituted to prepare a road map to make India a hub of international arbitration. Introduction: The report has recommended many changes in Indian arbitration law. The recommendations are largely on the issue of managing and resolving bilateral investment treaty (BIT) disputes. The recommendation on BIT assumes importance as… Continue reading B. N. Srikrishna Committee on BIT dispute management strategy

Overworked tracks make train travel unsafe

Context: The recent rail accident near Khatauli station(UP) is a reminder of the dangers of the excessive over-utilisation of the lines. Introduction: Among the most affordable transport systems in the world, India’s railway network carries millions of people every day, linking the remotest destinations. According to the latest data, utilization exceeds the capacity on 65… Continue reading Overworked tracks make train travel unsafe

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code and State Laws

 Context The Apex court has ruled that the IBC, being a central statute shall prevail over the state laws that are objectionable to it. Provisions of all state enactments which obstruct the country’s new Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code shall be declared void What is Insolvency and Bankruptcy code? The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) is the… Continue reading Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code and State Laws