“Ulgulan” or the Great Tumult

Munda Rebellion is one of the prominent 19th century tribal rebellions in the subcontinent. Birsa Munda led this movement in the region of south Ranchi in 1899-1900. Aimed at establishing Munda Raj or Munda rule in this region, revolt came to be known as The Ulgulan or “the Great Tumult”.  Reason of revolt: In 1874, the British replaced the traditional Khuntkari system of Munda tribals by the zamindari system. The introduction… Continue reading “Ulgulan” or the Great Tumult

Indigo cultivation in India declined by the beginning of the 20th century

Indigo cultivation in India Indigo (Neel) is a blue dye which comes from the Indigo plant. It was widely grown in India firstly for the East India Company and later for the British Raj. In the nineteenth century, it was one of the most profitable commodities traded in the European market often called “Blue Gold”.   There was a… Continue reading Indigo cultivation in India declined by the beginning of the 20th century

Rakhmabai case of 1884

Dr. Rukhmabai (1864 –1955) was an Indian physician and feminist. She is best known for being one of the first practising women doctors in colonial India as well as being involved in a landmark legal case involving her marriage as a child bride between 1884 and 1888.  She was married off at the young age of eleven with Dadaji Bhikaji, who was nineteen years old. She stayed… Continue reading Rakhmabai case of 1884