Aadhaar and Aadhaar metadata

A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court ruled that the Aadhaar metadata cannot be stored beyond six months.  Statement 2 is correct. Part of Section 57 of the Aadhaar Act, enabling body corporate and individuals to seek authentication, has been held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.  Statement 3 is incorrect. After the SC judgment holding the mandatory UID requirements unconstitutional, IRDAI (Insurance… Continue reading Aadhaar and Aadhaar metadata

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Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are not justiciable

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is enshrined in Part-IV (Article 36 to 51) of the constitution. It guarantees social and economic democracy and tries to establish a welfare state. These are the ideals that the State should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws. The Constitution lays down certain Directive Principles of State Policy,… Continue reading Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are not justiciable

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Bureaucracy is an agency for the implementation of public policy

Bureaucracy refers to an administrative policy-implementation group, which is a body of non-elected government officials.   The major objective of bureaucracy in India has not been Parliamentary democracy’s expansion but rather the implementation of the decisions taken by the executive. With All India Services at the helm of major bureaucratic structure, it cannot be said that strengthening of… Continue reading Bureaucracy is an agency for the implementation of public policy

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Basic structure not defined by Constitution of India

The basic structure doctrine is not defined by the Constitution. It is rather a judicial invention that came through Kesavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala case (1973). Supreme Court said that the Constitution of India has certain basic features that cannot be altered or destroyed through the provisions of amendment, by the Parliament of India, as mentioned in the Constitution… Continue reading Basic structure not defined by Constitution of India

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Gandhism and Marxism on stateless society

One common agreement between Gandhism and Marxism is the final goal of stateless and classless society, whereas means to achieve these final goals differ.  For Marx, State is an instrument of oppression and an organ of the bourgeoisie that only works for maintaining the class dominance. Therefore, he strives for class struggle and revolution which will ultimately… Continue reading Gandhism and Marxism on stateless society

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Directive Principles of State Policy declares the ideal of welfare state

A welfare state is a way of governance having social institutions provides basic socio-economic security for its citizens. The ideal of welfare state are prescribed by the Directive Principles of State Policy in the constitution of India.   The Constitution lays down certain Directive Principles of State Policy, which though not justiciable, are ‘fundamental in the governance of the country’, and it is… Continue reading Directive Principles of State Policy declares the ideal of welfare state

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Parliamentary system is responsible to the Parliament

A parliamentary system is a democratic form of government in which generally the party or a coalition of parties with the majority representation in the elected legislature forms the government.  Option A is incorrect. Parliament has a representation of all elected members from political parties, while government represents members/party in majority.  Option B is correct. It is a system of government having the real executive power… Continue reading Parliamentary system is responsible to the Parliament

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DST launches programme on health & risk communication with focus on COVID-19

News:‘Year of Awareness on Science & Health (YASH)’ programme has been launched. Facts: It is a comprehensive science and health awareness programme. It emphasises on Covid-19. Launched by: National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science & Technology (DST). Aim: To minimize risks at all levels with the help of public communication… Continue reading DST launches programme on health & risk communication with focus on COVID-19

Explained:What is Instrument of Accession

News:From 2020,the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have a public holiday on October 26 for the first time.This day will be observed as Accession Day. Facts: Background: According to the Indian Independence Act,1947,British India was divided into India and Pakistan and the roughly 580 princely states that had signed subsidiary alliances with the… Continue reading Explained:What is Instrument of Accession

Explained:About the Preamble of the Indian Constitution

News:The Constitution particularly its Preamble, has frequently been at the centre of the ongoing debate over the Citizenship Amendment Act. Facts: About Preamble: The term ‘preamble’ refers to the introduction or preface to the Constitution.It contains the summary or essence of the Constitution. It serves two purposes namely (a)indicates the source from which the Constitution… Continue reading Explained:About the Preamble of the Indian Constitution

Good Governance Index launched

News:Minister of State for Public Grievances and Pensions has launched Good Governance Index on the occasion of Good Governance Day. Facts: About Good Governance Index: The Good Governance Index is a uniform tool to assess the status of governance and impact of various interventions taken up by State governments and Union Territories. The index was… Continue reading Good Governance Index launched

Nagpur Resolution: A Holistic approach for empowering citizens

News:The ‘Nagpur Resolution- A holistic approach for empowering citizens’ was adopted during the Regional Conference on ‘Improving Public Service Delivery – Role of Governments’, in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Facts: About the conference: The conference was organised by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG),Government of India in collaboration with the Government of Maharashtra. Key… Continue reading Nagpur Resolution: A Holistic approach for empowering citizens

Draft Bill proposes autonomy for National Statistical Commission

News:Government has released the draft National Statistical Commission (NSC) Bill for public comments. Facts: About Draft National Statistical Commission(NSC) Bill: The draft bill is aimed at empowering the National Statistical Commission(NSC) to become the nodal body for all core statistics in the country. Core statistics include national income statistics like GDP, jobs data, industry data… Continue reading Draft Bill proposes autonomy for National Statistical Commission

Explained:How Section 144 CrPC works

News:Recently,state governments have issued prohibitory orders under Section 144 of the Code Of Criminal Procedure(CrPC),1973 after the protests started against the Citizenship Amendment Act. Facts: About Section 144: Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code(CrPC) of 1973 authorizes the Executive Magistrate of any state or territory to issue an order to prohibit the assembly of… Continue reading Explained:How Section 144 CrPC works

Explained: Why Pranab Mukherjee wants 1,000 MPs — and why Lok Sabha has only 543 today

News:Recently,former President has said that the number of seats in Lok Sabha should be increased to 1,000 from the present 543 as every MP represents an average 16-18 lakh Indians which is too large a number to be kept in touch. Facts: About the strength of Lok Sabha: Article 81 of the Constitution defines the… Continue reading Explained: Why Pranab Mukherjee wants 1,000 MPs — and why Lok Sabha has only 543 today

Congress MP seeks privilege proceedings against Union Minister

News:Recently,a Privilege Motion has been moved against the Union Textile Minister in the Lok Sabha. Facts: About Privilege Motion: Parliamentary privileges are certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament, individually and collectively so that they can effectively discharge their functions. When any of these rights and immunities are disregarded,the offence is called a… Continue reading Congress MP seeks privilege proceedings against Union Minister

West Bengal stops National Population Register work

News:The West Bengal government has stayed all activities relating to the preparation and update of the National Population Register(NPR) due to controversy over Citizenship Amendment Act. Facts: About National Population Register(NPR): The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register of usual residents of the country. A usual resident is defined for the purposes of NPR… Continue reading West Bengal stops National Population Register work

Explained: When, and to what extent, is the use of force by police legal?

News:Recently,the police action in Jamia Millia Islamia has raised questions on what the Constitution and laws of India say on the right of police to intervene in protests and agitations. Facts: What does the Constitution says? The right to protest peacefully is guaranteed by the Constitution of India. Articles 19(1)(a) and 19(1)(b) give to all… Continue reading Explained: When, and to what extent, is the use of force by police legal?

Destruction of public property:What the law says, what Supreme Court directed

News:Recently,the Supreme Court has expressed displeasure over rioting and destruction of public property while hearing petitions on alleged police excesses on students in Jamia Millia Islamia. Facts: About Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act,1984:  The Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act,1984 punishes anyone who commits mischief by doing any act in respect of… Continue reading Destruction of public property:What the law says, what Supreme Court directed

Article 371

News: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and J&K administration’s have different viewpoint on the application of Article 371 in J&K Facts: Article 371, contained in XXI of the Constitution, grants some temporary, transition and special provisions to some states in India. Article State Provision 371 Maharashtra and Gujarat Governors of the states are given… Continue reading Article 371

As Delhi bus gangrape case moves towards closure, some questions on death penalty answered

News:The 2012 Delhi bus gangrape case is moving towards its final conclusion. with the convicts being given death sentence. Facts: What is Death Penalty? Death penalty also known as Capital punishment is a government sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for the gravest of crimes such… Continue reading As Delhi bus gangrape case moves towards closure, some questions on death penalty answered

Explained: What is the Assam Accord that is fueling protests in the state?

News:The debate on the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) passed by Parliament has repeatedly flagged the alleged violation of the Assam Accord by the new law. Facts: About Assam Accord: The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement(MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in 1985. The… Continue reading Explained: What is the Assam Accord that is fueling protests in the state?

Cabinet approves Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2019

News:The Union Cabinet has given its approval to introduce the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill,2019. Facts: About the Aircraft amendment Bill: The Aircraft amendment Bill,2019 aims to carry out amendments to the Aircraft Act,1934. The Bill enhances the maximum limit of fine from the existing ₹10 lakhs to ₹one crore. The bill also enlarges the scope of… Continue reading Cabinet approves Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Andhra Pradesh Cabinet clears Disha Bill to ensure rape verdicts in 21 days

News:The Andhra Pradesh Cabinet has cleared the A.P. Disha Bill,2019 (A.P. Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2019). Facts: Key features of the bill: The bill allows for death penalty for heinous offences such as rape and gang-rape. The bill also proposes to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure for serious rape cases so that if sufficient… Continue reading Andhra Pradesh Cabinet clears Disha Bill to ensure rape verdicts in 21 days

Supreme Court flags delay in appointment of judges

News:The Supreme Court of India in its judicial order has taken serious note of the government sitting over names reiterated by the CJI-led collegium for appointment as high court judges. Facts: What did the Supreme Court said? The Supreme Court in its judicial order has said that the 213 names recommended for appointment to various… Continue reading Supreme Court flags delay in appointment of judges

6 years on, Lokpal is yet to get prosecution wing

News:Recently,it has been revealed that almost six years after the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013, was signed into law,several key provisions needed for the anti-corruption ombudsman to function have still not been operationalised. Facts: About Lokpal: The term Lokpal was coined in 1963 but the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act came into force in 2104.However,It was… Continue reading 6 years on, Lokpal is yet to get prosecution wing

Explained:Creamy layer principle in SC, ST quota for promotion: judgments, appeals

News:Recently,the Centre has urged the Supreme Court to refer to a larger Bench its decision that had applied the creamy layer principle to promotions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in government jobs. Facts: About Creamy Layer Concept for SC’s and ST’s: The creamy layer concept was first applied in the Indra Sawhney case, or… Continue reading Explained:Creamy layer principle in SC, ST quota for promotion: judgments, appeals

Anglo-Indians left out as Bill to extend quota in legislature gets nod

News:Union Cabinet has approved a proposal to abolish the reservation of two seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha while extending the reservation of Scheduled Castes(SC) and Schedule Tribes(ST) by 10 years. Facts: About Anglo-Indians: The term Anglo Indian is defined as per the article 366 (2) of the Indian constitution as a… Continue reading Anglo-Indians left out as Bill to extend quota in legislature gets nod

After glut, Lok Sabha Speaker caps private member bills

News:Lok Sabha Speaker has limited to three the number of private members bills that an MP can introduce in a session of Parliament. Facts: About Private members bill: A Member of Parliament who is not a Minister or not a member of the Government is regarded as a Private Member.  A Bill introduced in either… Continue reading After glut, Lok Sabha Speaker caps private member bills

Cabinet approves Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Bill, 2019

News:The Union Cabinet has approved the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens (Amendment) Bill,2019. Facts: About the bill: The bill seeks to amend the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Act, 2007. The aim of the Bill is to provide for maintenance and welfare of parents and senior citizens, and ensure… Continue reading Cabinet approves Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Bill, 2019

When is the oath taken by a Minister (in)valid?

News:During the oath-taking ceremony of the Maharashtra government,the Chief Minister with other ministers altered the oath by invoking the names other than mentioned in the Constitution. Facts: Constitutional provisions related to Oath: Article 164(3):  It states that before a Minister enters upon his office, the Governor shall administer to him the oaths of office and… Continue reading When is the oath taken by a Minister (in)valid?

Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System(PPRTMS)

News:Election Commission of India (ECI) is set to implement the Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System(PPRTMS). Facts: About the registration system: The registration tracking system is being implemented to help the applicants track the process of registration of political party.This system will be effective from 1st January,2020. The system will be implemented through an online… Continue reading Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System(PPRTMS)

Explained: What Fundamental Duties mean

News:Recently, the Prime Minister, President and Vice President have said that citizens should remember their fundamental duties as they remember their fundamental rights. Facts: About Fundamental Duties: The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution by the Constitution 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 during the time of Emergency. The concept of Fundamental… Continue reading Explained: What Fundamental Duties mean

Explained:What is Inner Line Permit, and will it address N-E states’ concerns over CAB

News:Union Home minister has said that the Citizenship Amendment Bill,2016 would provide protection to such regions and states where the Inner Line Permit (ILP) is applicable. Facts: About Inner Line Permit(ILP): Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document issued by the government of India.It is required by Indian citizens residing outside certain protected… Continue reading Explained:What is Inner Line Permit, and will it address N-E states’ concerns over CAB

Govt appoints Soma Roy Burman as new Controller General of Accounts

News:Government has appointed Soma Roy Burman as the new Controller General of Accounts(CGA). Facts: About Controller General of Accounts(CGA): Controller General of Accounts (CGA) is the Principal Advisor on Accounting matters to the Union Government. It comes under the Department of Expenditure,Ministry of Finance. The Office of CGA prepares monthly and annual analysis of the… Continue reading Govt appoints Soma Roy Burman as new Controller General of Accounts

Govt seeks House nod for additional spending of over Rs 21,000 crore in current fiscal

News:Recently,the Finance Minister has tabled the first batch of Supplementary Grants for the financial year 2019-20 in both the Houses of Parliament. Facts: What are Supplementary Grants: Supplementary grants are additional grant required to meet the required expenditure of the government Supplementary, additional or excess grants are mentioned under Article 115 of the Constitution. When… Continue reading Govt seeks House nod for additional spending of over Rs 21,000 crore in current fiscal

Lok Sabha takes up all 20 starred questions

News:The 17th Lok Sabha session has taken up all the 20 starred questions in the Question Hour for the first time since 1972. Facts: About Question Hour: Question Hour is the first hour of a sitting session of India’s Lok Sabha devoted to questions that Members of Parliament raise about any aspect of administrative activity. … Continue reading Lok Sabha takes up all 20 starred questions

Logo, motto introduced for Lokpal

News: Lokpal Chairman Justice (retired) Pinaki Chandra Ghose has launched the new logo for the Lokpal. A new motto, “Ma Gridhah Kasyasvidhanam (Do not be greedy for anyone’s wealth)”, was also adopted. Facts: Lokpal is a statutory anti-corruption body responsible for enquiring into corruption charges at the national level while the Lokayukta performs the same… Continue reading Logo, motto introduced for Lokpal

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I&B Ministry proposes to replace archaic PRB Act for registration of print and publishing industry

News:The Information & Broadcasting Ministry has proposed the introduction of draft Registration of Press and Periodicals (RPP) Bill,2019. Facts: The draft bill will replace the Press and Registration of Books (PRB) Act,1867 which currently regulates printing presses and newspapers. Features of the Draft Bill: Digital media: The bill proposes to remove books under its provisions… Continue reading I&B Ministry proposes to replace archaic PRB Act for registration of print and publishing industry

Explained: Amid Maharashtra drama, recalling a landmark SC judgment–S R Bommai

News:The Supreme Court has directed the Maharashtra Governor to ensure that the trust vote be held on November 28,2019.Several important observations were made by the Court from the ‘Bommai case’. Facts: About S.R Bommai vs Union of India case: S.R. Bommai was the Chief Minister of the Janata Dal government in Karnataka. His government was… Continue reading Explained: Amid Maharashtra drama, recalling a landmark SC judgment–S R Bommai

Explained: Supreme Court orders Maharashtra floor test tomorrow, what next?

News:Recently,the Supreme Court has ordered a floor test in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. Facts: About the Floor Test: A floor test is the determination on the floor of the House whether the Chief Minister commands the support of the majority of the MLAs.  This can be done by means of a voice vote or by… Continue reading Explained: Supreme Court orders Maharashtra floor test tomorrow, what next?

LS Speaker addresses Commonwealth Youth Parliament

News:Lok Sabha Speaker addressed the inaugural session of the 10th Commonwealth Youth Parliament in Delhi Assembly. Facts: About Commonwealth Youth Parliament: The Commonwealth Youth Parliament is an annual gathering hosted by the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA). It brings together young people aged 18–29 from across the Commonwealth of Nations to discuss issues of democracy and… Continue reading LS Speaker addresses Commonwealth Youth Parliament

Explained: What is the Bodoland dispute, and who are the NDFB?

News:The central government extended the ban on the Assam-based insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland(NDFB) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act,1967 by five more years. Facts: About Bodoland Dispute: Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam making up over 5-6% of the state’s population.They have controlled large parts of Assam in the… Continue reading Explained: What is the Bodoland dispute, and who are the NDFB?

Centre tables SPG (Amendment) Bill in Lok Sabha

News:Government has introduced the SPG (Amendment) Bill in the Lok Sabha. Facts: About the SPG (Amendment) Bill: The bill amends the Special Protection Group Act,1988.It entitles only the country’s Prime Minister to security services from the Special Protection Group(SPG). The Bill has also sought to provide SPG cover to the former Prime ministers and their… Continue reading Centre tables SPG (Amendment) Bill in Lok Sabha

Constitution Day

News: Constitution Day is being celebrated today (26th November 2019) Facts: About Constitution Day: Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas is celebrated in India on November 26 every year. The day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India on 26th November 1949. Background: The Indian Government declared 26 November as Constitution Day by a gazette… Continue reading Constitution Day