Highlights of the trends of CIC Annual Report 2018-19

News: Annual report of the Central Information Commission (CIC) was tabled in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on 20th and 21st November 2019 respectively. Facts: Key takeaways from CIC Annual Report 2018-19 During 2018-19, 13.70 lakh RTI applications were received by the registered Central Public Authorities (PAs). It is 11% higher than what was reported… Continue reading Highlights of the trends of CIC Annual Report 2018-19

Explained: What is Rule 12,used by Centre to revoke President’s Rule in Maharashtra

News:Recently,the central government had invoked Rule 12 of the Government of India(Transaction of Business) Rules to revoke the President’s Rule in Maharashtra. Facts: What is Rule 12? Rule 12 of the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 allows the Prime Minister to depart from laid down norms at his discretion. The rule says… Continue reading Explained: What is Rule 12,used by Centre to revoke President’s Rule in Maharashtra

Explained: When the Supreme Court reviews a decision

Review petition:- News:Recently,a number of review petitions have been filed in the Supreme Court seeking a review of its delivered decisions. Facts: About Review Petition: According to the constitution,the judgment of the Supreme Court becomes the law of the land.It is final because it provides certainty for deciding future cases.  However,the Constitution under Article 137… Continue reading Explained: When the Supreme Court reviews a decision

Manipur, J&K record maximum number of cases under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

News:According to the National Crime Records Data(NCRB), more than 35% cases registered under the stringent Unlawful Activities(Prevention) Act (UAPA) were recorded in Manipur.Manipur was followed by Jammu and Kashmir(J&K) Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Facts: About UAPA Act,1967: The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act,1967 is an act of parliament.It aims to curb certain unlawful activities including… Continue reading Manipur, J&K record maximum number of cases under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

Electoral bonds: More than 91% donations over Rs 1 crore each

News: According to RTI documents, electoral bonds with denomination of Rs 1 crore accounted for more than 91% of the Rs 5,896 crore raised  between March 1, 2018 and July 24, 2019. Facts: About Electoral Bond Scheme It is a non-interest bearing financial instrument which can be used by people/company incorporated in India for funding… Continue reading Electoral bonds: More than 91% donations over Rs 1 crore each

SC gives govt time to reconsider move on permanent commission to women in Army

News:The Supreme Court has said that a centre should consider granting permanent commission to women officers in the armed forces under the Short Service Commission(SSC) before March 2019. Facts: What is Permanent commission? A Permanent Commission means a career in the armed forces till you retire. Permanent Commission Officers continue to serve till the age… Continue reading SC gives govt time to reconsider move on permanent commission to women in Army

Electoral bonds: Law Ministry, CEC objected to 1% vote share requirement

News:According to an RTI reply,Law Ministry had objected to the stipulation that political parties must have a 1% vote share in the Lok Sabha or State Assembly elections in order to be eligible for the Electoral bonds scheme. Facts: What were the objections regarding Electoral Bonds? Law ministry: Law ministry had objected to the proposal… Continue reading Electoral bonds: Law Ministry, CEC objected to 1% vote share requirement

At 250th session of Rajya Sabha,Prime minister debate its role

News:The Rajya Sabha chairman has released the first-ever analysis of its legislative work,Rajya Sabha:The Journey since 1952 on the occasion of the 250th session of Rajya Sabha. Facts: Key takeaways from the analysis: The first sitting of the Rajya Sabha was held on 13th May,1952.The first bill passed by Rajya Sabha was the Indian Tariff… Continue reading At 250th session of Rajya Sabha,Prime minister debate its role

Lok Sabha: Govt tables Bill to amend Chit Funds Act

News:Government has moved the Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill,2019 for consideration in the Lok Sabha. Facts: What is Chit fund? Chit funds are a popular type of savings institutions in India.It is one of the main parts of the unorganized money market industry. Under a chit fund,people agree to pay a certain amount from time to… Continue reading Lok Sabha: Govt tables Bill to amend Chit Funds Act

Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde takes oath as next CJI

News:Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde has taken oath as the 47th Chief Justice of India (CJI) by the President. Facts: About Chief Justice of India: The chief justice of India(CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India.The CJI also heads their administrative functions. As head of the supreme court,the… Continue reading Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde takes oath as next CJI

Chhattisgarh moves closer to journalist protection law, releases draft

News:The Chhattisgarh government had set up a committee headed by Justice Aftab Alam to prepare a law for the protection of journalists.The committee has prepared a draft of the Chhattisgarh Protection of Media Persons Act which has now been made public for suggestions. Facts: Key features of the Draft bill: The draft envisages a Register… Continue reading Chhattisgarh moves closer to journalist protection law, releases draft

Supreme Court dismisses pleas to review Rafale ruling

News:The Supreme Court has refused to review its December,2018 order rejecting a probe into the controversial Rafale deal. Facts: About the Rafale deal: The Rafale deal is a defence deal between French and Indian government. In 2016,Indian government had inked a direct deal with the French government to purchase 36 new Rafale fighter jet. As… Continue reading Supreme Court dismisses pleas to review Rafale ruling

Supreme Court strikes down amended Finance Act rules for tribunals

News:The Supreme Court has struck down the rules formulated by the Centre on appointment and service conditions for members of various tribunals and referred to a larger bench the issue of examining the validity of the passage of the Finance Act 2017 as a Money Bill. Facts: Finance act on Tribunals: The Finance Act,2017 had… Continue reading Supreme Court strikes down amended Finance Act rules for tribunals

Karnataka: Supreme Court upholds disqualification of 17 rebel MLAs, can contest bypolls

News:The Supreme Court(SC) has upheld an order by former Karnataka Assembly Speaker disqualifying 17 Karnataka MLAs.However,the court has allowed all the disqualified MLAs to contest in the upcoming bypolls. Facts: Background: Karnataka Assembly Speaker had disqualified 17 MLAs under the tenth schedule of the Constitution(anti defection law). The disqualification had barred the legislators from contesting… Continue reading Karnataka: Supreme Court upholds disqualification of 17 rebel MLAs, can contest bypolls

CJI Office comes under RTI ambit

News: A five-judge bench of the Supreme Court has ruled that the office of Chief Justice of India (CJI) comes under the purview of the Right to Information (RTI) Act. Facts: Background: The verdict comes in the matter of a plea filed by Supreme Court Secretary-General challenging Delhi High Court’s 2010 order holding that the… Continue reading CJI Office comes under RTI ambit

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President’s rule should be based only on ‘objective material’, said Supreme Court in Bommai case

News:President’s rule has been imposed in Maharashtra after the Governor had sent a report to the Centre stating that the formation of a stable government is impossible in the current situation despite all his efforts. Facts: About President’s Rule: President’s rule refers to the imposition of Article 356 of the Constitution of India on a… Continue reading President’s rule should be based only on ‘objective material’, said Supreme Court in Bommai case

Ayodhya verdict Explained: What is adverse possession, the Muslim claim SC rejected?

News:One of the key legal questions the Constitution Bench has answered was related to adverse possession raised by the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board, in its suit filed in 1961. Facts: What is Adverse possession? In simple terms, adverse possession is hostile possession of a property which has to be continuous, uninterrupted and peaceful. … Continue reading Ayodhya verdict Explained: What is adverse possession, the Muslim claim SC rejected?

Explained:What is Article 142, invoked by SC to give land for a mosque?

News:The Supreme Court referring to the demolition of the Babri Masjid at the disputed site has said that it was invoking Article 142 to ensure that a wrong committed must be remedied. Facts: The Supreme Court had used extraordinary powers granted to it by Article 142 of the Constitution to grant five acres of land… Continue reading Explained:What is Article 142, invoked by SC to give land for a mosque?

Maharashtra tops in justice delivery: India Justice Report 2019

News: Tata Trusts has released India Justice Report 2019. Facts: About India Justice Report 2019: It has been prepared by Tata Trusts in collaboration with Centre for social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, Daksh, TISS-Prayas and Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy. It is India’s first-ever ranking of states on justice delivery. The report… Continue reading Maharashtra tops in justice delivery: India Justice Report 2019

Gujarat anti-terror law gets President assent

News:President has given his assent to the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill,2015. Facts: Key Provisions of the bill: The act defines a ‘terrorist act’ as an act committed with the intention to disturb law and order or threaten the unity, integrity, and security of the state. The Act empowers law enforcing… Continue reading Gujarat anti-terror law gets President assent

Meghalaya to bring entry law for visitors

News:The Meghalaya government has approved amendments to the Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act(MRSSA) 2016 to bring entry law for non-residents. Facts: About the amendment: This amendment was brought in the backdrop of demands for an Inner Line Permit(ILP) like rule due to concerns that people excluded from the National Register of Citizens(NRC) in Assam… Continue reading Meghalaya to bring entry law for visitors

Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) to have final say on AFSPA in J&K

News:The Cabinet Secretariat has notified rules that Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) as an authority on the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act in the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir(J&K) and Ladakh. Facts: Background: Parliament had passed the J&K Reorganisation act,2019. The Act reorganized the state of Jammu and Kashmir into the… Continue reading Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) to have final say on AFSPA in J&K

Public Safety Act

News:Former Jammu and Kashmir(J&K) Chief Minister detention under the J&K’s Public Safety Act (PSA) has been extended to three more months. Facts: About Public Safety act: The Public Safety Act was first promulgated in J&K in 1978 for administrative detention. The Act was introduced to prevent the smuggling of timber and keep the smugglers out… Continue reading Public Safety Act

Postal ballot facilities for Absentee voters

News:Election Commission of India has started working on detailed guidelines to facilitate the process of postal ballot paper for Absentee voters of essential services, Senior citizens of more than 80 years and marked PwD electors. Facts: About the guidelines: EC has defined absentee voter as a person belonging to such class of persons as may… Continue reading Postal ballot facilities for Absentee voters

Competition Commission of India(CCI)

News:The Competition Commission of India has ordered an investigation against online travel agents Make My Trip-GoIbibo and hospitality services provider Oyo for alleged unfair business practices. Facts: About Competition Commission of India: Competition Commission of India is a statutory body of the Government of India established in 2003. The commission is responsible for enforcing the… Continue reading Competition Commission of India(CCI)

Central Vigilance Commission(CVC)

News:Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will observe the Vigilance Awareness Week as per directions of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). Facts: About CVC: The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by the Government in February,1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention  of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam. The Commission was accorded the… Continue reading Central Vigilance Commission(CVC)

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None Of The Above(NOTA)

News:The percentage of voters opting for None of the Above(NOTA) option in the Maharashtra assembly elections has seen a rise of 113% compared to 2014 polls. Facts: About NOTA: None Of The Above (NOTA) is a ballot option designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system.… Continue reading None Of The Above(NOTA)

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Government notifies new RTI rules

News:Government of India has notified the Right to Information Rules,2019. under the Right to Information (Amendment) Bill,2019. Facts: About the Right to Information Rules,2019: The rules have reduced the tenure of central and state information commissioners from five to three years.  The rules has given the government the discretion to decide on conditions of service… Continue reading Government notifies new RTI rules

Naga peace accord

News:The government has said that the Naga peace accord which was signed in 2015 is in the process of conclusion. Facts: About Naga Peace Accord: The Naga Peace accord was signed in 2015 between the Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland(Isak-Muivah). The content of the agreement has not been disclosed but… Continue reading Naga peace accord

Indian Penal Code

News:The Central Government has constituted two committees comprising legal luminaries to overhaul the Indian Penal Code (IPC) introduced by the British in 1860. Facts: About Indian Penal Code,1860: The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India.It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code… Continue reading Indian Penal Code

DNA Technology Regulation Bill

News:The DNA Technology Regulation Bill has been referred to a parliamentary standing committee for examination. Facts: What is DNA? DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that contains the genetic instructions. It can be extracted from samples of blood,tissue,hair and bodily fluids.Outside of identical twins,no two people have the same DNA pattern. Features of the bill:… Continue reading DNA Technology Regulation Bill

Explained: How a waqf is created, and the laws that govern such properties

News:The UP Sunni Waqf Board has decided to surrender its claim on the disputed Ayodhya site. Facts: What is a waqf? Waqf is the property given in the name of God for religious and charitable purposes.  In legal terms,permanent dedication by a person professing Islam of any movable or immovable property for any purpose recognised… Continue reading Explained: How a waqf is created, and the laws that govern such properties

RTI Portal

News: The Supreme Court has asked the Centre and state governments to file reply on a plea seeking direction to establish Right to Information (RTI) web portals in all states to enable citizens, especially those living abroad, to file RTI applications online. Facts: The plea has said that the Centre has established an online RTI… Continue reading RTI Portal

Model tenancy law to help attract institutional investments in rental housing: Report

News:According to a report,the proposed model tenancy law will be instrumental in institutionalising rental housing in the country and tap huge potential in this segment as over 11 million homes are vacant in urban areas. Facts: Draft of Model Tenancy Act, 2019: The Act aims to balance the interest and rights of both the owners… Continue reading Model tenancy law to help attract institutional investments in rental housing: Report

Explained: What election manifestos must do, why they matter

News:With Assembly elections in Haryana and Maharashtra, the political parties have published its Election Manifestos. Facts: About Election manifestos: A manifesto is a published declaration of intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government. In India,Election manifestos are not legally enforceable documents. There is no provision in… Continue reading Explained: What election manifestos must do, why they matter

Right to Information Act

News: Report Card on the Performance of Information Commissions in India has been released Facts: About the Study The ‘Report Card on the Performance of Information Commissions in India’ was prepared by the Satark Nagrik Sangathan and the Centre for Equity Studies. It analysed information from 22 commissions, which disposed of almost 1.17 lakh cases… Continue reading Right to Information Act

Parliamentary committees

News:Parliamentary Committee on Finance has agreed to deliberate on the state of economy as the first subject to be taken up at its next meeting on October 17,2019. Facts: What are Parliamentary committees? The Parliamentary committees are established to study and deal with various matters that cannot be directly handled by the legislature due to… Continue reading Parliamentary committees

Task force to improve India’s rights record

News:Government is forming a task force to prepare a National Action Plan on Human Rights(NAPHR) as mandated under the UN Human Rights Council’s (UNHRC) Universal Periodic Review(UPR). Facts: About Universal Periodic Review(UPR): UPR is a state-driven process under UN Human Rights Council’s (UNHRC). It provides opportunities to member states to declare what actions they have… Continue reading Task force to improve India’s rights record

The Lord as a juristic person:What legal rights do deities enjoy?

News:Among the parties in the Ayodhya title suit appeals, Lord Ram is considered as a litigant in court since he is considered as a juristic person. Facts: Who is a juristic person? A juristic person as opposed to a natural person(human being) is an entity whom the law vests with a personality. In the Shiromani… Continue reading The Lord as a juristic person:What legal rights do deities enjoy?

Explained: What are ‘A, B’ forms & why they are crucial

News:Candidates aspiring to contest upcoming assembly elections on the ticket of a political party are required to submit various documents and forms.The most important documents are Form A and Form B. Facts: About Forms: Form A and Form B denotes that a certain candidate has been approved by a political party and should be allotted… Continue reading Explained: What are ‘A, B’ forms & why they are crucial

Section 144

News:Maharashtra Police has imposed section 144 in Aarey Colony banning unlawful assembly following strong protests by activists against the felling of trees in the green zone for a Metro car shed. Facts: Section 144: Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is imposed when there are apprehensions of breach of public peace and… Continue reading Section 144

Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS)

News:Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions has launched the Centralized Public Grievances Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) reforms in the Department of Posts. Facts: About CPGRAMS: Centralized Public Grievances Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) is a web based application that facilitates ministries or departments to receive, forward and monitor grievances. The system… Continue reading Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS)

Process on to commute Rajoana sentence: MHA

News:The process to commute the death sentence of Balwant Singh Rajoana, convicted for killing former Punjab chief minister is underway. Facts: Pardoning powers of the President: Indian President is empowered with the power to pardon under Article 72 of the Indian Constitution. Article 72:Article 72 says that the President shall have the power to grant… Continue reading Process on to commute Rajoana sentence: MHA

Parichay

News:Recently,five law schools of the country have jointly launched a legal aid clinic called Parichay. Facts: About Parichay: Parichay which means identity aims to help people excluded from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) by helping them to appeal before the foreigners tribunals. It is envisaged to function as a clearing house of litigation and… Continue reading Parichay

Explained: Why Amit Shah wants to amend the Citizenship Act before undertaking countrywide NRC

News:Union Home Minister has said that the government would first amend the existing citizenship norms  by passing the Citizenship Amendment Bill before it implements a nationwide National Register of Citizens (NRC) Facts: About Citizenship amendment bill,2016: The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955.It seeks to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists,… Continue reading Explained: Why Amit Shah wants to amend the Citizenship Act before undertaking countrywide NRC

Village Secretariat system

News:Andhra Pradesh Government has launched the Village Secretariat system. Facts: About Village Secretariat system: The village secretariat system is aimed at ensuring an efficient and corruption-free delivery of the government’s welfare schemes to households. Under the system,one Village Secretariat has been set up for every population of 2,000 with each one comprising close to a… Continue reading Village Secretariat system

Explained: SC/ST judgment

News:The Supreme Court has recalled its directions in a 2018 verdict that had effectively diluted provisions of arrest under the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act,1989. Facts: What was the 2018 verdict? The Supreme Court had diluted the SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act,1989 to grant anticipatory bail to accused persons.… Continue reading Explained: SC/ST judgment