Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020

Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020 News: Government of India has introduced “The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020” in the Lok Sabha. Facts: Aim: To regulate the assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics and the assisted reproductive technology banks, prevention of misuse, safe and ethical practice of assisted reproductive technology services. Key Provisions of the… Continue reading Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020

LISA Pathfinder will be a group of three spacecraft

LISA Pathfinder is testing the technologies needed, in space flights, for future space mission aiming at improving our knowledge of the universe by detecting gravitational waves for the very first time, a phenomenon predicted by Einstein’s theory of general relativity in 1915. Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) scheduled to launch in 2034, will be a… Continue reading LISA Pathfinder will be a group of three spacecraft

Public Key Infrastructure (PKI): a Digital security infrastructure

Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) is a technology for authenticating devices and users in the digital world. The basic idea behind PKI is to have one or more trusted parties digitally sign documents certifying that a particular cryptographic key belongs to a particular user or device. Nowadays most basic authentication involves a private key (also known as… Continue reading Public Key Infrastructure (PKI): a Digital security infrastructure

ISRO sets up Centre for Gaganyaan space mission

ISRO sets up Centre for Gaganyaan space mission SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY News: Gearing up for its maiden manned space mission ‘Gaganyaan’, ISRO unveiled its Human Space Flight Centre. Facts: Gearing up for its maiden manned space mission ‘Gaganyaan’, ISRO unveiled its Human Space Flight Centre in Bengaluru at ISRO Headquarter campus. The human spaceflight programme… Continue reading ISRO sets up Centre for Gaganyaan space mission

Cybersecurity in India

CYBERSECURITY Cybersecurity is the body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attack, damage or unauthorized access. In a computing context, security includes both cybersecurity and physical security. Currently, almost 70 categories of cybersecurity products have been identified. These include products used for data loss prevention, security analytics,… Continue reading Cybersecurity in India

Black Carbon: A threat for earth’s Ozone layer

Context: Black carbon (BC) is a new concern for the climate researchers. Aeroplanes may be ejecting significant amounts of Black Carbon (BC) — a pollutant known to aggravate breathing disorders, upset the monsoon and quicken glacier melt and may be depleting the ozone layer. Explanation: The Ozone layer is a deep layer in earth’s atmosphere that… Continue reading Black Carbon: A threat for earth’s Ozone layer

Japanese Encephalitis: How to combat the deadly disease

Context: Japanese Encephalitis epidemics cases are reported from many parts of India however, it is highly endemic in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Introduction: Currently, the virus is spreading its deadly sting in Uttar Pradesh’s Gorakhpur, where 70 children have lost their lives due to the infection. Doctors in endemic region in U.P. have found cases with… Continue reading Japanese Encephalitis: How to combat the deadly disease

Benchmark for science: Customized human embryos for a healthy life

Context: Genetically modified human embryos have been developed in the US and it is still in its initial stage which makes the scientist proceed with the utmost caution, paying the highest attention to ethical considerations. Data from gene trials should be open to the wider public for greater transparency and abundant caution. Explanation: For the… Continue reading Benchmark for science: Customized human embryos for a healthy life

Science enthusiasts stress need for scientific temper

Context: On Wednesday July 9, 2017, scientists, students, educators and science enthusiasts marched in 25 Indian cities, demanding better propagation of the scientific temper — a fundamental duty listed in Article 51A (h) of the Constitution. Introduction: Breakthrough Science Society organsied ‘India March for Science’, with the demand for inclusion of development of scientific temper… Continue reading Science enthusiasts stress need for scientific temper

A need to re-vamp country’s renewable energy

Context: For the renewable energies in India, there is a pressing need for real reforms, which must involve the capacity to manage more uncertainty, and a move towards a single, pan-India renewable energy market. Renewable energy in India: India has taken the lead in the renewable energy sector in the world with solar power at… Continue reading A need to re-vamp country’s renewable energy

Issue of Stent pricing in India

Context: Recently, the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority slashed prices of stents by up to 85 per cent. Introduction: The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority is controlling stent device prices. The Indian Government recently announced a significant price capping on the cardiac stents available in the market. Even before the price control move was initiated, only 40… Continue reading Issue of Stent pricing in India

Revived policy for Prevention and Control of blood related inherited disorders

Context The Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry had recently released a policy on the Prevention and Control of haemoglobinopathies in India. People living with Thalassaemia, sickle cell anaemia and other variant haemoglobins can now expect a better screening and treatment practices Why in the news? The guidelines include the creation of a national registry… Continue reading Revived policy for Prevention and Control of blood related inherited disorders

Medical creates history- first successful child’s hand surgery

Context: The first child in the world to undergo a double hand transplant is now able to write, feed and do major physical activities. Introduction: The first official medical update on 10-year old Zion Harvey, who underwent surgery to replace both hands in July 2015, is more independent and able to complete day-to-day activities. At… Continue reading Medical creates history- first successful child’s hand surgery

Needs of chronic disease prevention in old age population

Context There is a rapid rise in the share of the old i.e. 60 years or more and associated morbidities, especially sharply rising non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and disabilities. Though life expectancy is increasing, but also the rate of chronic disease is increasing in older community. Indian Human Development Survey (IHDP) 2015 According to the findings… Continue reading Needs of chronic disease prevention in old age population

Internet based Terrorism

Context There is new world of cyber-planners carrying out terror attacks, identifying recruits, acting as a virtual coachers and providing guidance throughout. The series of attacks were performed using “remote-controlled” methods, using actual operative as a remote. High Grade explosives such as TATP (TriacetoneTriperoxide) was used. Both ‘direct to home jihad’ and the ‘lone wolf’… Continue reading Internet based Terrorism

New Rules on Antibiotic Resistance by WHO

 Context The World Health Organization (WHO) decides to restrain the use of antibiotics resistance. WHO has divided the drugs into three categories i.e., access, watch and reserve. The saturation is on the basis of common ailments and complicated diseases. The division of the antibiotic is as follows: Access: For commonly used antibiotics Watch: For slightly… Continue reading New Rules on Antibiotic Resistance by WHO

Scientists conjure up largest virtual universe

Context Scientists have created the largest-ever virtual universe that simulates the formation galaxies and may hold clues to the nature of the elusive dark matter that is believed to make up majority of the cosmos. Details The gigantic catalogue of about 25 billion virtual galaxies generated from 2 trillion digital particles using a super computer… Continue reading Scientists conjure up largest virtual universe

Neutrino Research and INO project

Context Setback to the Neutrino Observatory shows the need to garner public support for scientific research. What is the issue? India’s wait to join the elite club of countries undertaking neutrino research suffered a procedural delay this year when the National Green Tribunal (NGT) suspended the environmental clearance (EC) granted to the India-based Neutrino Observatory… Continue reading Neutrino Research and INO project

India makes medical achievement-first successful uterine transplants

Context India witnessed the first uterine transplants of two patients at Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute (GCLI) The woman from Solapur suffers from congenital uterus absence. She was fitted with her mother’s womb, which was retrieved mainly through laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery after a nine-hour operation on May 18. The other woman from Baroda had… Continue reading India makes medical achievement-first successful uterine transplants

Oxytocin at a fix: Reasons for Ban

Context Soon after the ban for the retailers, the Drug Controller plans to restrict manufacturing of controversial hormone drug Oxytocin, to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). The Government of India banned retail sale of the hormone in 2014. As per the orders of High Court, The manufacture and sale of Oxytocin without a license is cognizable.… Continue reading Oxytocin at a fix: Reasons for Ban

Straight out of the grave

Secrets of ancient Egypt Context The 90 Mummies dug from the Abusir el-Malek archaeological site, located about 115 km south of Cairo, and is catching the eyes of many. The DNA was extracted from the teeth and bones of mummies from a burial ground associated with the god Osiris. The oldest were from about 1,388… Continue reading Straight out of the grave

Discovery of new species in India

 Context Recently, 499 new species have been discovered in India. Animal Discoveries 2016, New Species and Records, brought out by the Zoological Survey of India, and Plant Discoveries 2016, by the Botanical Survey of India revealed the fact. Some Statistics on the New Species Discovered 313 animal species and 186 plant species have been discovered. India… Continue reading Discovery of new species in India

India’s polar ship still a long way off

Context India’s plans to acquire a Rs. 1,000-crore polar research vehicle (PRV) a ship that can cut through ice sheets and glaciers may see fresh delays. Issue The new ‘Make in India’ policy gives Indian companies an edge in bagging these contracts, which are open to international and local bidders. This concession allows an Indian… Continue reading India’s polar ship still a long way off

INS Kalvari to join Navy

Context The first of the six Scorpene submarines, being built in India under technology transfer from France, is likely to join the Navy.       

GSLV MkIII-D1

Context Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched its heaviest launch vehicle, GSLV MkIII-D1. GSLV Mk III is a new, improved and powerful version of the GSLV rockets developed by ISRO. It features an indigenously developed cryogenic engine. GSAT-19 satellite was launched by GSLV Mk III-D1 on Monday, June 05, 2017. GSAT-19 is India’s heaviest… Continue reading GSLV MkIII-D1

CDSCO has registered the oral pellet form for easy use

Understanding the context The  CDSCO Central Drugs Standard Control Organization registered the child-friendly HIV drug in oral pellet form. This has opened up crucial supplies from Cipla Pharmaceuticals, a dominant player in the HIV segment Cipla developed a different formulation of the child-friendly HIV drug Lopinavir and Ritonavir. Those were pellets of lopinavir and ritonavir, packaged… Continue reading CDSCO has registered the oral pellet form for easy use

Issue of Genetically Modified Crops in India

Why is it in news? The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee recently recommended the commercial approval of the GM Mustard crop. If approved by the Environment Ministry, GM Mustard will be the first genetically modified food crop to be cultivated in India. Given the results of extensive bio-safety studies over the last decade and the edible… Continue reading Issue of Genetically Modified Crops in India

Tight fund: trouble for CSIR

Context The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is at a fix. Initially, the CSIR is provided with a 4,000 crore annual budget. Out of which, about 1,200-1,400 crore is distributed among the labs for research. But this year only about 360 crore would be available. Reason CSIR’s primary reasons of the crisis are… Continue reading Tight fund: trouble for CSIR

Backyard Worlds: Planet 9- The Digital Flipbook

Context Cold new world near solar system found by scientists Backyard Worlds: Planet 9- The Digital Flipbook It is a free online project that lets anyone browse through images by NASA’s Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) spacecraft. It is a part of Zooniverse. Zooniverse is a citizen science web portal owned and operated by the… Continue reading Backyard Worlds: Planet 9- The Digital Flipbook