[Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] Cooperatives to FPOs: A Paradigm Shift – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The cooperative movement is a voluntary movement of the people. The movement has been carried out democratically by pooling together of resources for completing a given activity. The purpose is to achieve or secure certain benefits or advantages that people cannot get individually. Cooperative Movement also aims to promote specific… Continue reading [Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] Cooperatives to FPOs: A Paradigm Shift – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] Cooperative Entrepreneurship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction To achieve the objective of inclusive development, many different approaches to community development have been advocated by development planners and policy makers. Many of these approaches have been put into practise by State Governments and Union Administrations. Among these, one powerful strategy has been to tap the potential of cooperatives… Continue reading [Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] Cooperative Entrepreneurship – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana January 2023 Summary] India’s Wealth: Millet For Health – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In 2021, the Government of India had proposed at the United Nations for declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets. India’s proposal was supported by 72 countries and United Nations General Assembly declared 2023 as the International Year of Millets (IYM 2023) in March 2021. To take forward this… Continue reading [Yojana January 2023 Summary] India’s Wealth: Millet For Health – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] [Cooperation, Cooperatives] Realising Sahkar Se Samriddhi – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Cooperation has remained the philosophy of our nation for centuries. India strives for a cooperative-led all encompassing socioeconomic progress. The Cooperative sector has always played a significant role in the overall economic development of the country with its member driven and all-inclusive approach. Cooperation embodies two important principles of human… Continue reading [Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] [Cooperation, Cooperatives] Realising Sahkar Se Samriddhi – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra December Summary] e-Governance in Healthcare Services Delivery – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction According to the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, e-Governance is the application of e Information and Communication Technology to promote ‘Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and Transparent’ (SMART) governance. The Government has launched various initiatives for e-Governance in healthcare sector. For instance, the National Health Portal serves… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] e-Governance in Healthcare Services Delivery – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra December Summary] Citizen Participation and Rural Well-being – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Enlargement of people’s choices and capabilities is the cornerstone of all kinds of governance and a prerequisite for inclusive development and a nation’s overall growth. India is the world’s largest democracy; its democratic freedom and expression lie with citizen participation in every sphere of public policy making. The building block… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] Citizen Participation and Rural Well-being – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra December Summary] Technology Integration for Quality Education – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Technology is the major driver of the 21st century, touching every aspect of human life. The effect of technology has increasingly blurred the distinctions between the physical, digital, and biological domains and it is rapidly affecting how people live, work, and communicate. With the advancement of digital technology, administrations and… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] Technology Integration for Quality Education – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana November Summary] Coastal Erosion – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Coastal Areas are of vital importance. According to the UNEP, ~37% of the world’s population lives within 100 km of the coast. Coastal areas support a lot of economic activities including international trade and fishing. According to the OECD, ~90% of global trade occurs through marine route. Coastal areas have witnessed accelerated… Continue reading [Yojana November Summary] Coastal Erosion – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra December Summary] Bridging the Digital Divide – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Implementing e-governance to empower the population and promote economic growth is a big challenge in large and diversified country like India. The integration of technology-enabled communication and data driven governance along with internet and mobile technology has laid the foundation of efficient governance. e-Governance improves transparency of all operational processes.… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] Bridging the Digital Divide – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra November Summary] S&T: Towards Women Empowerment

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction On the occasion of the Independence Day on 15th August, 2022, honorable Prime Minister of India emphasised that women power is significant for the growth of India and noted the contribution of ‘Nari Shakti‘ in the fields of law, education, science, law enforcement among other. Globally, governments and organisations are… Continue reading [Kurukshetra November Summary] S&T: Towards Women Empowerment

[Yojana November Summary] Blue Economy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The rapid population rise has put an immense pressure on the natural resources. Population growth has outpaced the regenerative capacity of the natural systems, more so for the land based ecosystems. Oceans are Earth’s most valuable natural resources. Oceans provide energy, food, and livelihood opportunities among others. Oceans are also used… Continue reading [Yojana November Summary] Blue Economy – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra November Summary] Technology and Innovation in Healthcare – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic presented an unprecedented challenge to the healthcare system all over the world. It made evident the inadequacy of the the healthcare infrastructure. Due to the overburdened system, social distancing norms and the fear of infection, may life-saving surgeries and transplants were postponed. This has driven healthcare providers… Continue reading [Kurukshetra November Summary] Technology and Innovation in Healthcare – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana November Summary] Paradigm of Coastal Security – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction More than 600 million people, (~10% of the world’s population), live in coastal areas that are 10 meters above the sea level. Nearly 2.4 billion people (~40 % of the world’s population) live within 100 km of the coast. In India, three out of four metro cities are located on… Continue reading [Yojana November Summary] Paradigm of Coastal Security – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra October Summary] Promoting Women Agripreneurship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Women entrepreneurs, especially women agripreneurs, represent the fastest growing category of entrepreneurship worldwide and India is no exception. By starting the business enterprises, women agripreneurs have demonstrated strong willpower, skills, risk-taking attitude and appetite for hard work, with grit and determination to succeed. Since 2016, the Start-up India, Stand-up India… Continue reading [Kurukshetra October Summary] Promoting Women Agripreneurship – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra October Summary] Skills for Agri-Entrepreneurship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Agriculture offers several opportunities for entrepreneurship. There are many new prospects in the agribusiness sector like packaging, provision of raw materials, exports of agricultural products and other related industries. High-skilled workers’ perspectives are changing as a result of increased micro-financing, relaxed government regulations, access to cutting-edge technology and guidance in… Continue reading [Kurukshetra October Summary] Skills for Agri-Entrepreneurship – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana October Summary] Green Telecom – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction With the advent of 5G Technology it is expected that there will be significant rise in towers, small cells and BT Stations (Base Transceiver). It is feared that it will result in accelerating Green House Gas (GHG) and Carbon emissions, contributing to global warming. To reduce the adverse effect on… Continue reading [Yojana October Summary] Green Telecom – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra October Summary] Artificial Intelligence in Agripreneurship (AI in Agriculture) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The need to increase agriculture production has become immense as the population is rising at a fast pace. Technology has made significant inroads in the field of agriculture. The growth of start-ups in the field is helping to increase the production and efficiency even for small landholdings. Artificial Intelligence as… Continue reading [Kurukshetra October Summary] Artificial Intelligence in Agripreneurship (AI in Agriculture) – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana September Summary] Ushering Investments (in J&K) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government had changed the status of Jammu and Kashmir 3 years ago. The region was reorganised into Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh. The long-term strategy of the Government is transform the region and enable its economy to reach its full potential. The Government… Continue reading [Yojana September Summary] Ushering Investments (in J&K) – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra September Summary] Education for Tribals – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The aim of any education system is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education. An inclusive education system ensures that no child loses any opportunity to learn and excel because of the circumstances of birth or background. To ensure inclusive education for tribals, the… Continue reading [Kurukshetra September Summary] Education for Tribals – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana September Summary] Counter-Terrorism Scenario in J&K – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction It has been 3 years since the Government of India revoked the special status of the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir. Two new Union Territories (UTs) of J&K and Ladakh were created. This constitutional change was a watershed moment for the region, marking a break from the past to… Continue reading [Yojana September Summary] Counter-Terrorism Scenario in J&K – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra September Summary] Tribal Development Strategies – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Development of tribes of India has remained a central theme in India’s development plans and strategies right since the Independence. However, challenges still exist today for India’s Scheduled Tribes (STs) due to their traditional lifestyles, remoteness of habitations, dispersed population, and frequent displacement. STs constitute 8.6% (10.45 crore) of the… Continue reading [Kurukshetra September Summary] Tribal Development Strategies – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra August Summary] Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction – About National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) is one of the self-employment programmes of the Government of India. It seeks to organize about 10 crore households into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and link them to sustainable livelihood opportunities. It focuses on… Continue reading [Kurukshetra August Summary] Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra August Summary] Agribusiness and Rural Industries – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has 15 agro-climatic zones and varied types of soil conditions that are capable of growing a variety of crops. India is one of the top producers of milk, spices, pulses, tea, cashew, jute, rice, wheat, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables, sugarcane and cotton. With this vast agricultural backbone and increasing… Continue reading [Kurukshetra August Summary] Agribusiness and Rural Industries – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra August Summary] Unlocking Rural Industrial System – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Rural India can be seen as a resource for drawing immense human capital with 68.8% of India’s population and 72.4% of the workforce. These areas offer immense opportunities to develop rural industries that can be used to support India’s future growth. In rural areas, businesses operate primarily in agriculture, forest,… Continue reading [Kurukshetra August Summary] Unlocking Rural Industrial System – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra July Summary] Jal Shakti Abhiyan and Traditional Knowledge in Water Conservation – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Creating water secure communities is at the heart of Government of India’s efforts in the water sector. India is home to 18% of the world’s population but has just 4% of the freshwater resources of the world. This availability is also variable and dependent on the rains. Climate change, which… Continue reading [Kurukshetra July Summary] Jal Shakti Abhiyan and Traditional Knowledge in Water Conservation – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana July Summary] Policies on Scheduled Tribes – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction At the time of Independence, the framers of the Constitution noted that certain tribal communities in India were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness. The backwardness was on account of the primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation. In order to uplift such communities, robust… Continue reading [Yojana July Summary] Policies on Scheduled Tribes – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra July Summary] Equitable Water Resources Management – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India houses 18% of the world’s population but only has 4% share in water resources of the earth. Though it has about 1999 Billion Cubic Meters (BCM) (or km3) of annual water availability, its distribution is grossly unequal across the river basins and thus leads to water-stress in many regions… Continue reading [Kurukshetra July Summary] Equitable Water Resources Management – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana June Summary] Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Industry 4.0 is set to usher an era of technologies that will completely alter the way of human interactions with the surroundings. Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, loT, 5G, Augmented Reality, Big Data, Nanotechnology, Robotics, and 3D printing are transforming the operational, functional, and strategic landscape across various industries. In India,… Continue reading [Yojana June Summary] Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra June Summary] Rural Tourism: India an Incredible Tourism Destination – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India showcases rich heritage and natural abundance of many incredible places that are worthy enough to represent the nation globally. The Tourism sector has been instrumental in providing mass employment opportunities and substantially increasing income levels of both the formal and informal sectors of the economy. Realizing this, the government… Continue reading [Kurukshetra June Summary] Rural Tourism: India an Incredible Tourism Destination – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana June Summary] Deep-Tech Start-up Ecosystem – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has a vibrant start-up ecosystem with supporting infrastructure (incubators, development grants, angel venture investors, mentors) and a conducive policy environment. The Economic Survey of India 2021-22 says that there are 61,400 registered startups in India, making it the 3-largest start-up ecosystem in the world behind China and the US.… Continue reading [Yojana June Summary] Deep-Tech Start-up Ecosystem – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana May Summary] Empowering Divyangjan – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Prime Minister coined the term “Divyangjan” to address persons with disabilities. The rationale was to change the social attitude towards them and recognise their potential. The renaming has also helped put the issues related to divyangjan at the forefront of Government initiatives. India, being a signatory to the United… Continue reading [Yojana May Summary] Empowering Divyangjan – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra May Summary] Railway Connectivity – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Indian Railways has witnessed a paradigm shift in its focus towards new technologies, customer service enhancement, improving railway connectivity, efficient passenger operations and better freight services. It is currently on the path of transformation to make the sector future-ready. Railways provide various services for goods and passenger transportation that are… Continue reading [Kurukshetra May Summary] Railway Connectivity – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana May Summary] Sustainable Economic Growth – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Climate change has emerged as the major challenge on the developmental aspect. It negatively impacts every process of growth. As part of the efforts to achieve environmentally sustainable economic growth, the Governments must be committed to reducing the effects of climate change. Countries of South Asia are particularly vulnerable to changes… Continue reading [Yojana May Summary] Sustainable Economic Growth – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra April Summary] Rural Women: Integral for Atmanirbhar Bharat – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction New India envisions rural India as an asset with great potential to speed up its economic development. Looking at the spree of recent schemes targeting well-being of rural women, empowerment of rural women seems to be at the heart of a plan to attain the dream of an Atma Nirbhar… Continue reading [Kurukshetra April Summary] Rural Women: Integral for Atmanirbhar Bharat – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra April Summary] Women Entrepreneurs – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Empowerment of Women is essential for sustainable development and economic growth of the country.  Women Entrepreneurs have emerged as an important means to empower womenfolk to make decisions regarding their domestic, social, political and economic life. To increase women’s participation, the Government has come up with various schemes and initiatives.… Continue reading [Kurukshetra April Summary] Women Entrepreneurs – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana April Summary] About Jal Jeevan Mission: Accelerating Socio-Economic Development – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In recent years, the Government has taken a number of steps to improve the quality of life and enhance the ease of living of people. The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to make the tap water connection to every household and public institution. What is the need for Jal Jeevan Mission?… Continue reading [Yojana April Summary] About Jal Jeevan Mission: Accelerating Socio-Economic Development – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana April Summary] Fintech Revolution – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s Fintech sector has evolved at a remarkable pace in the past decade, and at present, India is in the middle of the Fintech Revolution. The once fully cash-dependant Indian economy has been transformed by the convenience and efficiency of digital services. As India moves ahead into the tech-decade —‘techade‘,… Continue reading [Yojana April Summary] Fintech Revolution – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra March Summary] Agriculture Development – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Economic Survey 2021-22 has noted the resilience in the agriculture sector during the past two years. COVID-19 pandemic impacted the agriculture sector the least in comparison to the services and industry sectors of the economy. In India, agriculture and allied sectors account for 18.8% of Gross Value Added (GVA)… Continue reading [Kurukshetra March Summary] Agriculture Development – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana March Summary] Harnessing Multiplier Effect – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Indian economy is going through tough times due to the setback caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The geopolitical risks associated with the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict pose further uncertainties. In the present scenario, the focus should be on strengthening India’s economy and reducing its external reliance. In the Union Budget… Continue reading [Yojana March Summary] Harnessing Multiplier Effect – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra February Summary] Maternal and Child Health – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Despite significant improvement over the last 2 decades, maternal and child health indicators continue to be poor in India. Maternal malnutrition has been linked to an increased risk of maternal morbidity, premature birth, and newborns that are too small for their gestational age. Because of the negative repercussions for both… Continue reading [Kurukshetra February Summary] Maternal and Child Health – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana February Summary] Skilling Youth for Future – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India is celebrating its 75th year of Independence and today’s youth, born in the 21st century, are going to carry India’s development journey forward till the 100th year of Indian independence. The Prime Minister of India had recently remarked that ‘skilling youth of this new generation is a national need… Continue reading [Yojana February Summary] Skilling Youth for Future – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana February Summary] Quality Education for All – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The pandemic highlighted the shortcomings of our education system that is more focused on rote learning. This system pays very low regard to the creativity and mental wellbeing of children indicating lack of quality education. Further, the level of education possessed across regions is not uniform and the disadvantaged sections… Continue reading [Yojana February Summary] Quality Education for All – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra February Summary] Rural Healthcare Infrastructure – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Rural India is the backbone of our nation as more than 60% of India’s population resides in rural regions. The high proportion places a greater responsibility on the Government towards the health and wellbeing of the rural population. Considering this, the Government has started several schemes and is promoting numerous… Continue reading [Kurukshetra February Summary] Rural Healthcare Infrastructure – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra February Summary] Ayushman Bharat: Achieving Universal Health Coverage – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction According to the World Health Organization (WHO), attaining the highest possible standard of health is a fundamental right of every human being. For achieving the targets of Universal Health Coverage, the Government of India has implemented a flagship public health scheme – ‘Ayushman Bharat’. What is Universal Health Coverage? According… Continue reading [Kurukshetra February Summary] Ayushman Bharat: Achieving Universal Health Coverage – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana February Summary] Early Childhood Care and Education: Teach them Young – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction At present, there are about 100 million children between the ages of 3-6 years. These years are the bridge years between home and school and are critical for the physical, cognitive, socio-emotional, language, and early numeracy development. These components together comprise Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE). These years have… Continue reading [Yojana February Summary] Early Childhood Care and Education: Teach them Young – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra January Summary] Smart Farming: Towards Sustainable Agriculture – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Smart farming is performing agricultural operations smartly with more precision, and it relies on the use of the Internet of Things (loT) and Artificial Intelligence (Al). Smart agriculture addresses many issues related to crop production as it allows monitoring of the changes in climatic factors, soil characteristics, soil moisture, etc.… Continue reading [Kurukshetra January Summary] Smart Farming: Towards Sustainable Agriculture – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra January Summary] Agri-startups and Enterprises – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has become the third-largest start-up ecosystem hub. India is home to the highest number of unicorn startups after the US and China. Among them, Agri-startups are providing relevant and innovative solutions to a number of challenges faced all across the agricultural value chain. These Agri-startups have been connecting the… Continue reading [Kurukshetra January Summary] Agri-startups and Enterprises – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana January Summary] Infrastructure: History & Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction According to the Government, India is expected to become a USD5 trillion economy by 2024 and aspires to become a USD10 trillion economy by 2030. Between 2022 and 2030, approximately 700 to 900 million square metres of urban space will be constructed every year. However, Infrastructure development remains a key… Continue reading [Yojana January Summary] Infrastructure: History & Challenges – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana January Summary] India as a Space Power – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Recently, S. Somanath has been appointed as the chairperson of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). ISRO aims to continue to achieve new milestones and further development of India’s space programmes under his tenure. The beginnings of the Indian Space Programme resonated strongly with its founding father Dr Vikram Sarabhai’s… Continue reading [Yojana January Summary] India as a Space Power – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra December Summary] Rural Women: Key to New India’s Agrarian Revolution – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India is celebrating and commemorating the progressive 75 years of India after independence and promulgating the mission of warranting women as “Empowered women, Empowered Nation“. According to the 2011 Census, India is an agrarian economy, with about 54.6% of the total workforce engaged in agricultural and allied sector activities. Agriculture… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] Rural Women: Key to New India’s Agrarian Revolution – Explained, pointwise