Synopsis: India and Pakistan have agreed to ceasefire along the Line of Control. But the further strengthening of relations will depend upon the security improvement in the region.
- Recently, India and Pakistan agreed to a “strict observance” of all agreements and cease-fire along the Line of Control. This statement was delivered by Director Generals of Military Operations of India and Pakistan.
- It has become possible due to a strong leadership in India that In South Asia there is a chance of building “security community”.
- A security community is defined as a region where countries have agreed not to use violence to settle their conflicts.
Why this agreement is important?
- This development is an important confidence-building measure. It is very important because the number of reported violations of the cease-fire across the LoC increased dramatically in the last year.
- Due to firing impacts collateral damage takes place on the both sides. The most vulnerable sections is the one, living close to the LoC and other sectors.
- They will be the immediate beneficiaries if the statement is implemented in letter and spirit.
Now there is a hope that this move will be the first step towards a gradual normalisation of diplomatic relations. Relations deteriorated since the abrogation of Article 370 in August 2019.
What are the positive signals for good bilateral relations of India and Pakistan?
- Pakistan’s leadership and its army has now start to understand the futility of a confrontationist course with India.
- Also, it is in interest of India to strengthen this understanding of India by offering incentives to Pakistan that include the promise of a robust engagement.
- India has also proved that its Neighbourhood First slogan is not an empty one. Under vaccine maitri initiative, India is providing free vaccine to its neighbours.
- There is a possibility of signing Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement with Bangladesh
- If bilateral relations improve, we would witness a SAARC summit in Islamabad with participation of India in it.
What are the challenges?
- However, strengthening connectivity and collaboration between India and Pakistan totally depends upon the security commitments.
- The big question now is, If Pakistan would avoid any interference in the Jammu and Kashmir. It would be the test of Pakistan’s strategic commitment to rebuilding bilateral relations.