Census 2021

News:Union Minister for Home Affairs has said that the 2021 census exercise would be carried out digitally.

Facts:

About Census:

  • The census provides information on size, distribution demographic, socio-economic and other characteristics of the country’s population.
  • A systematic and modern population census in its present form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country.
  • However,the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881.Since then,censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten years.
  • Since 1949 the census has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  • India’s last census was carried out in 2011 when the country’s population stood at 121 crore.The Indian Census is one of the largest administrative exercises undertaken in the world.

Census 2021:

  • The data collected by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India during the 2021 Census will be stored electronically.
  • The Census 2021 will be conducted in 18 languages out of the 22 scheduled languages (under 8th schedule) and English.
  • The Census data would be available by the year 2024-25 as the entire process would be conducted digitally and data crunching would be quicker.

Additional information:

About Registrar General of India:

  • Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India was founded in 1961 by Government of India Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • It was formed for arranging, conducting and analysing the results of the demographic surveys of India including Census of India and Linguistic Survey of India.
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