- The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is a statutory organization, constituted in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
- It is the apex organization in the country in the field of pollution control as a technical wing of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFC).
- It is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981.
- It also serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
- The functions of CPCB includes
- promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution and
- to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country..