Government has listed out the details of the projects being implemented by India to stop the flow of water to Pakistan that belongs to India.
The Indus system comprises Indus river, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. The basin is mainly shared by India and Pakistan with a small share for China and Afghanistan,
Under the Indus Water Treaty signed between India and Pakistan in 1960, all the waters of the three rivers, namely Ravi, Sutlej and Beas (eastern Rivers) were allocated to India for exclusive use. On the other hand, waters of western rivers — Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab were allocated to Pakistan except for specified domestic, non-consumptive and agricultural use permitted to India.
India has constructed the Bhakra Dam on Sutlej, Pong and Pandoh Dam on Beas and Thein (Ranjitsagar) on Ravi. These storage works, together with other works like Beas-Sutlej link, Madhopur-Beas link, Indira Gandhi Nahar Project has helped India utilise nearly entire share of waters of the eastern rivers. However, about 2 million-acre feet(MAF) of water annually from Ravi is reported to be still flowing unutilised to Pakistan.
The projects being worked on to stop the flow of the waters that belong to India are (a) Shahpurkandi project (b) Ujh multipurpose project on Ujh river, tributary of Ravi and (c)Ravi-Beas link below Ujh to tap excess water flowing down to Pakistan.