A compoundable offence is an offence in which the complainant (the person who filed the case) can enter into a compromise with the accused and withdraw the case. Compoundable offences are mentioned in the CrPC under Section 320.
Compounding an offence indicates that the individual with whom the crime has been perpetrated has acquired some compensation from the accused, not exclusively of monetary nature, to avoid the litigation process.
Hurt, wrongful restraint, assault, molestation, fraud, adultery, and other similar crimes are compoundable offences.
Non Compoundable Offence
Non-compoundable offence is an offence in which the victim cannot enter into a compromise with the accused, and the case must be tried in court.
All the offences except those mentioned under Section 320 of the CrPC are non-compoundable.
These offences are considered more severe and have a greater impact on society, and hence, they cannot be settled out of court. Examples of non-compoundable offences include serious offences like murder, rape, and terrorism.