Constitution of India

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Constitution serves as a basis for democratic governance in a country that ensures everybody’s interests and procedures are being followed. It governs the procedure and manner of framing laws and the procedures by which the Government functions.

Indian Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. The Indian Constitution contains a Preamble, 395 Articles, and 8 Schedules, originally. But now, the no. of articles and schedules has been increased to around 470 Articles, and 12 Schedules.

PART
THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY

Article 1 of Indian Constitution – Name and territory of the Union

Article 2 of Indian Constitution – Admission or establishment of new States

Article 3 of Indian Constitution – Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

Article 4 of Indian Constitution – Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters.

PART II
CITIZENSHIP

Article 5 of Indian Constitution – Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.

Article 6 of Indian Constitution – Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan

Article 7 of Indian Constitution – Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan

Article 8 of Indian Constitution – Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India

Article 9 of Indian Constitution Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be citizens.

Article 10 of Indian Constitution – Continuance of the rights of citizenship

Article 11 of Indian Constitution – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

PART III
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

Article 12 of Indian Constitution – Definition.

Article 13 of Indian Constitution – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.

Article 14 of Indian Constitution – Equality before law.

Article 15 of Indian Constitution – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth

Article 16 of Indian Constitution – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

Article 17 of Indian Constitution – Abolition of Untouchability.

Article 18 of Indian Constitution – Abolition of titles

Article 19 of Indian Constitution – Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc

Article 20 of Indian Constitution – Protection in respect of conviction for offences.

Article 21 of Indian Constitution – Protection of life and personal liberty.

Article 21A of Indian Constitution – Right to education.

Article 22 of Indian Constitution – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

Article 23 of Indian Constitution – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

Article 24 of Indian Constitution Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.

Article 25 of Indian Constitution Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Article 26 of Indian Constitution Freedom to manage religious affairs.

Article 27 of Indian Constitution – Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion

Article 28 of Indian Constitution Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational
institutions.

Article 29 of Indian Constitution – Protection of interests of minorities

Article 30 of Indian Constitution – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

Article 31A of Indian ConstitutionSaving of Laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.

Article 31B of Indian ConstitutionValidation of certain Acts and Regulations.

Article 31C of Indian ConstitutionSaving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.

Article 32 of Indian Constitution – Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part.

Article 33 of Indian Constitution – Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces, etc.

Article 34 of Indian Constitution – Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area

Article 35 of Indian Constitution – Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.

PART IV
DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

Article 36 of Indian Constitution – Definition

Article 37 of Indian Constitution – Application of the principles contained in this Part.

Article 38 of Indian Constitution – State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.

Article 39 of Indian Constitution – Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.

Article 39A of Indian Constitution – Equal justice and free legal aid.

Article 40 of Indian Constitution – Organisation of village panchayats.

Article 41 of Indian Constitution – Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.

Article 42 of Indian Constitution – Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.

Article 43 of Indian Constitution Living wage, etc., for workers.

Article 43A of Indian Constitution – Participation of workers in management of industries.

Article 43B of Indian Constitution – Promotion of co-operative societies.

Article 44 of Indian Constitution – Uniform civil code for the citizens.

Article 45 of Indian Constitution – Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years

Article 46 of Indian Constitution – Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.

Article 47 of Indian Constitution – Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.

Article 48 of Indian Constitution – Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry

Article 48A of Indian Constitution – Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.

Article 49 of Indian Constitution – Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.

Article 50 of Indian Constitution Separation of judiciary from executive.

Article 51 of Indian Constitution Promotion of international peace and security

PART IVA
FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

Article 51A of Indian ConstitutionFundamental duties.

PART V
THE UNION

CHAPTER I.-THE EXECUTIVE

Article 52 of Indian Constitution – The President of India.

Article 53 of Indian Constitution – Executive power of the Union.

Article 54 of Indian Constitution Election of President.

Article 55 of Indian Constitution – Manner of election of President.

Article 56 of Indian Constitution Term of office of President.

Article 57 of Indian Constitution – Eligibility for re-election.

Article 58 of Indian Constitution – Qualifications for election as President.

Article 59 of Indian Constitution – Conditions of President’s office.

Article 60 of Indian Constitution – Oath or affirmation by the President.

Article 61 of Indian Constitution – Procedure for impeachment of the President.

Article 62 of Indian Constitution – Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.

Article 63 of Indian Constitution – The Vice-President of India.

Article 64 of Indian Constitution – The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States

Article 65 of Indian Constitution The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President.

Article 66 of Indian Constitution – Election of Vice-President

Article 67 of Indian Constitution Term of office of Vice-President.

Article 68 of Indian Constitution Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.

Article 69 of Indian Constitution Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President.

Article 70 of Indian Constitution Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies.

Article 71 of Indian Constitution Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President.

Article 72 of Indian Constitution Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article 73 of Indian Constitution Extent of executive power of the Union

Article 74 of Indian Constitution Council of Ministers to aid and advise President.

Article 75 of Indian Constitution Other provisions as to Ministers

Article 76 of Indian Constitution Attorney-General for India

Article 77 of Indian Constitution Conduct of business of the Government of India

Article 78 of Indian Constitution – Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

CHAPTER II.-PARLIAMENT

Article 79 of Indian Constitution Constitution of Parliament

Article 80 of Indian Constitution Composition of the Council of States

Article 81 of Indian Constitution Composition of the House of the People.

Article 82 of Indian Constitution Readjustment after each census.

Article 83 of Indian Constitution Duration of Houses of Parliament.

Article 84 of Indian Constitution Qualification for membership of Parliament.

Article 85 of Indian Constitution Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution.

Article 86 of Indian Constitution Right of President to address and send messages to Houses.

Article 87 of Indian Constitution Special address by the President.

Article 88 of Indian Constitution Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses

Article 89 of Indian Constitution The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States

Article 90 of Indian Constitution Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman

Article 91 of Indian Constitution Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman.

Article 92 of Indian Constitution The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

Article 93 of Indian Constitution The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People

Article 94 of Indian Constitution Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

Article 95 of Indian Constitution Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker.

Article 96 of Indian Constitution The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

Article 97 of Indian Constitution Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

Article 98 of Indian Constitution Secretariat of Parliament.

Article 99 of Indian Constitution Oath or affirmation by members.

Article 100 of Indian Constitution Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum

Article 101 of Indian Constitution Vacation of seats

Article 102 of Indian Constitution – Disqualifications for membership.

Article 103 of Indian Constitution – Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.

Article 104 of Indian Constitution – Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified.

Article 105 of Indian Constitution – Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof.

Article 106 of Indian Constitution – Salaries and allowances of members.

Article 107 of Indian Constitution Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.

Article 108 of Indian Constitution – Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases

Article 109 of Indian Constitution – Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.

Article 110 of Indian Constitution – Definition of “Money Bills”.

Article 111 of Indian Constitution – Assent to Bills.

Article 112 of Indian Constitution – Annual financial statement

Article 113 of Indian Constitution – Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates

Article 114 of Indian Constitution – Appropriation Bills.

Article 115 of Indian Constitution – Supplementary, additional or excess grants.

Article 116 of Indian Constitution – Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.

Article 117 of Indian Constitution – Special provisions as to financial Bills.

Article 118 of Indian Constitution – Rules of procedure.

Article 119 of Indian Constitution – Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business

Article 120 of Indian Constitution – Language to be used in Parliament.

Article 121 of Indian Constitution – Restriction on discussion in Parliament.

Article 122 of Indian Constitution – Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament

CHAPTER III – LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT

Article 123 of Indian Constitution – Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament.

CHAPTER IV – THE UNION JUDICIARY

Article 124 of Indian Constitution Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.

Article 124A of Indian Constitution – National Judicial Appointments Commission.

Article 124B of Indian Constitution – Functions of Commission.

Article 124C of Indian Constitution – Power of Parliament to make law

Article 125 of Indian Constitution – Salaries, etc., of Judges.

Article 126 of Indian Constitution – Appointment of acting Chief Justice.

Article 127 of Indian Constitution – Appointment of ad hoc judges.

Article 128 of Indian Constitution – Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court

Article 129 of Indian Constitution Supreme Court to be a court of record.

Article 130 of Indian Constitution – Seat of Supreme Court.

Article 131 of Indian Constitution – Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

Article 132 of Indian Constitution – Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases.

Article 133 of Indian Constitution – Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to civil matters.

Article 134 of Indian Constitution – Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters.

Article 134A of Indian Constitution – Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court.

Article 135 of Indian Constitution – Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.

Article 136 of Indian Constitution Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court.

Article 137 of Indian Constitution – Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court

Article 138 of Indian Constitution – Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

Article 139 of Indian Constitution Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs.

Article 139A of Indian Constitution – Transfer of certain cases.

Article 140 of Indian Constitution – Ancillary powers of Supreme Court

Article 141 of Indian Constitution – Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts

Article 142 of Indian Constitution – Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.

Article 143 of Indian Constitution Power of President to consult Supreme Court

Article 144 of Indian Constitution – Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court.

Article 145 of Indian Constitution – Rules of Court, etc.

Article 146 of Indian Constitution – Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.

Article 147 of Indian Constitution – Interpretation.

CHAPTER V – COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA

Article 148 of Indian Constitution – Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

Article 149 of Indian Constitution – Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General.

Article 150 of Indian Constitution – Form of accounts of the Union and of the States

Article 151 of Indian Constitution Audit reports.

PART VI
THE STATES

CHAPTER I –  GENERAL

Article 152 of Indian Constitution -Definition

CHAPTER II – THE EXECUTIVE

Article 153 of Indian Constitution – Governors of States.

Article 154 of Indian Constitution Executive power of State.

Article 155 of Indian Constitution – Appointment of Governor

Article 156 of Indian Constitution – Term of office of Governor

Article 157 of Indian Constitution – Qualifications for appointment as Governor.

Article 158 of Indian Constitution – Conditions of Governor’s office.

Article 159 of Indian Constitution – Oath or affirmation by the Governor.

Article 160 of Indian Constitution – Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies.

Article 161 of Indian Constitution – Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article 162 of Indian Constitution – Extent of executive power of State.

Article 163 of Indian Constitution – Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.

Article 164 of Indian Constitution – Other provisions as to Ministers.

Article 165 of Indian Constitution – Advocate-General for the State

Article 166 of Indian Constitution – Conduct of business of the Government of a State

Article 167 of Indian Constitution – Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor, etc

CHAPTER III – THE STATE LEGISLATURE

Article 168 of Indian Constitution – Constitution of Legislatures in States

Article 169 of Indian Constitution – Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States.

Article 170 of Indian Constitution – Composition of the Legislative Assemblies.

Article 171 of Indian Constitution – Composition of the Legislative Councils.

Article 172 of Indian Constitution – Duration of State Legislatures

Article 173 of Indian Constitution – Qualification for membership of the State Legislature

Article 174 of Indian Constitution – Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution.

Article 175 of Indian Constitution – Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses.

Article 176 of Indian Constitution – Special address by the Governor

Article 177 of Indian Constitution – Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses.

Article 178 of Indian Constitution – The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly

Article 179 of Indian Constitution – Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker

Article 180 of Indian Constitution – Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker.

Article 181 of Indian Constitution – The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

Article 182 of Indian Constitution – The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council.

Article 183 of Indian Constitution – Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Chairman and Deputy Chairman

Article 184 of Indian Constitution – Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman.

Article 185 of Indian Constitution – The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

Article 186 of Indian Constitution – Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman.

Article 187 of Indian Constitution – Secretariat of State Legislature.

Article 188 of Indian Constitution – Oath or affirmation by members

Article 189 of Indian Constitution – Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.

Article 190 of Indian Constitution – Vacation of seats.

Article 191 of Indian Constitution – Disqualifications for membership.

Article 192 of Indian Constitution – Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members

Article 193 of Indian Constitution – Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 188 or when not qualified or when disqualified

Article 194 of Indian Constitution – Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof

Article 195 of Indian Constitution – Salaries and allowances of members.

Article 196 of Indian Constitution – Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.

Article 197 of Indian Constitution – Restriction on powers of Legislative Council as to Bills other than Money Bills

Article 198 of Indian Constitution – Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.

Article 199 of Indian Constitution – Definition of “Money Bills”.

Article 200 of Indian Constitution – Assent to Bills.

Article 201 of Indian Constitution Bills reserved for consideration.

Article 202 of Indian Constitution – Annual financial statement

Article 203 of Indian Constitution – Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates.

Article 204 of Indian Constitution – Appropriation Bills.

Article 205 of Indian Constitution – Supplementary, additional or excess grants

Article 206 of Indian Constitution – Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants

Article 207 of Indian Constitution – Special provisions as to financial Bills.

Article 208 of Indian Constitution – Rules of procedure.

Article 209 of Indian Constitution – Regulation by law of procedure in the Legislature of the State in relation to financial business

Article 210 of Indian Constitution – Language to be used in the Legislature.

Article 211 of Indian Constitution – Restriction on discussion in the Legislature.

Article 212 of Indian Constitution – Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the Legislature

CHAPTER IV – LEGISLATIVE POWER OF THE GOVERNOR

Article 213 of Indian Constitution Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.

CHAPTER V – THE HIGH COURTS IN THE STATES

Article 214 of Indian Constitution High Courts for States

Article 215 of Indian Constitution High Courts to be courts of record.

Article 216 of Indian Constitution Constitution of High Courts

Article 217 of Indian Constitution Appointment and conditions of the office of a Judge of a High Court

Article 218 of Indian Constitution Application of certain provisions relating to Supreme Court to High Courts

Article 219 of Indian Constitution Oath or affirmation by Judges of High Courts

Article 220 of Indian Constitution Restriction on practice after being a permanent Judge

Article 221 of Indian Constitution Salaries, etc., of Judges.

Article 222 of Indian Constitution Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another.

Article 223 of Indian Constitution Appointment of acting Chief Justice

Article 224 of Indian Constitution Appointment of additional and acting Judges

Article 224A of Indian Constitution Appointment of retired Judges at sittings of High Courts.

Article 225 of Indian Constitution Jurisdiction of existing High Courts.

Article 226 of Indian Constitution Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.

Article 227 of Indian Constitution Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court

Article 228 of Indian Constitution Transfer of certain cases to High Court.

Article 229 of Indian Constitution Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts.

Article 230 of Indian Constitution Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories

Article 231 of Indian Constitution Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States.

CHAPTER VI – SUBORDINATE COURTS

Article 233 of Indian Constitution Appointment of district judges.

Article 233A of Indian Constitution Validation of appointments of, and judgments, etc., delivered by, certain district judges

Article 234 of Indian Constitution – Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service.

Article 235 of Indian Constitution Control over subordinate courts.

Article 236 of Indian Constitution Interpretation.

Article 237 of Indian Constitution Application of the provisions of this Chapter to certain class or classes of magistrates.

PART VIII
THE UNION TERRITORIES

Article 239 of Indian Constitution Administration of Union territories.

Article 239A of Indian Constitution Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories.

Article 239AA of Indian Constitution Special provisions with respect to Delhi

Article 239AB of Indian Constitution Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery

Article 239B of Indian Constitution Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.

Article 240 of Indian Constitution Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories.

Article 241 of Indian Constitution High Courts for Union territories.

PART IX
THE PANCHAYATS

Article 243 of Indian Constitution – Definitions

Article 243A of Indian Constitution Gram Sabha

Article 243B of Indian Constitution Constitution of Panchayats

Article 243C of Indian Constitution Composition of Panchayats.

Article 243D of Indian Constitution Reservation of seats.

Article 243E of Indian Constitution Duration of Panchayats, etc

Article 243F of Indian Constitution Disqualifications for membership

Article 243G of Indian Constitution Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats

Article 243H of Indian Constitution Powers to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Panchayats

Article 243-I of Indian Constitution Constitution of Finance Commission to review financial position.

Article 243J of Indian Constitution Audit of accounts of Panchayats

Article 243K of Indian Constitution Elections to the Panchayats.

Article 243L of Indian Constitution Application to Union territories

Article 243M of Indian Constitution Part not to apply to certain areas

Article 243N of Indian Constitution Continuance of existing laws and Panchayats

Article 243O of Indian Constitution Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.

PART IXA
THE MUNICIPALITIES

Article 243P of Indian Constitution Definitions

Article 243Q of Indian Constitution – Constitution of Municipalities.

Article 243R of Indian Constitution Composition of Municipalities

Article 243S of Indian Constitution Constitution and composition of Wards Committees, etc

Article 243T of Indian Constitution – Reservation of seats.

Article 243U of Indian Constitution Duration of Municipalities, etc.

Article 243V of Indian Constitution – Disqualifications for membership

Article 243W of Indian Constitution – Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc.

Article 243X of Indian Constitution Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities.

Article 243Y of Indian Constitution Finance Commission

Article 243Z of Indian Constitution Audit of accounts of Municipalities

Article 243ZA of Indian Constitution Elections to the Municipalities.

Article 243ZB of Indian Constitution Application to Union territories.

Article 243ZC of Indian Constitution Part not to apply to certain areas

Article 243ZD of Indian Constitution Committee for district planning.

Article 243ZE of Indian Constitution Committee for Metropolitan planning

Article 243ZF of Indian Constitution Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities.

Article 243ZG of Indian Constitution Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.

PART IXB
THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

Article 243ZH of Indian Constitution Definitions

Article 243ZI of Indian Constitution Incorporation of co-operative societies

Article 243ZJ of Indian Constitution Number and term of members of board and its office bearers

Article 243ZK of Indian Constitution Election of members of board

Article 243ZL of Indian Constitution Supersession and suspension of board and interim management.

Article 243ZM of Indian Constitution Audit of accounts of co-operative societies.

Article 243ZN of Indian Constitution Convening of general body meetings.

Article 243ZO of Indian Constitution Right of a member to get information.

Article 243ZP of Indian Constitution Returns.

Article 243ZQ of Indian Constitution Offences and penalties.

Article 243ZR of Indian Constitution Application to multi-State co-operative societies.

Article 243ZS of Indian Constitution Application to Union territories.

Article 243ZT of Indian Constitution Continuance of existing laws

PART X
THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS

Article 244 of Indian Constitution Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas

Article 244A of Indian Constitution Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefor.

PART XI
RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES
CHAPTER I – LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS

Article 245 of Indian Constitution Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States

Article 246 of Indian Constitution Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.

Article 246A of Indian ConstitutionSpecial provision with respect to goods and services tax.

Article 247 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts.

Article 248 of Indian Constitution Residuary powers of legislation

Article 249 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest.

Article 250 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation

Article 251 of Indian Constitution Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States.

Article 252 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State.

Article 253 of Indian Constitution Legislation for giving effect to international agreements.

Article 254 of Indian Constitution Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States.

Article 255 of Indian Constitution Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only

Article 256 of Indian Constitution Obligation of States and the Union.

Article 257 of Indian Constitution Control of the Union over States in certain cases.

Article 258 of Indian Constitution Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases

Article 258A of Indian Constitution Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union.

Article 260 of Indian Constitution Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India.

Article 261 of Indian Constitution Public acts, records and judicial proceedings.

Article 262 of Indian Constitution Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys. Co-ordination between States

Article 263 of Indian Constitution Provisions with respect to an inter-State Council.

PART XII
FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS

CHAPTER I – FINANCE

Article 264 of Indian Constitution Interpretation

Article 265 of Indian Constitution Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law

Article 266 of Indian Constitution Consolidated Funds and public accounts of India and of the States.

Article 267 of Indian Constitution Contingency Fund.

Article 268 of Indian Constitution Duties levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the State.

Article 269 of Indian Constitution Taxes levied and collected by the Union but assigned to the States.

Article 269A of Indian ConstitutionLevy and collection of goods and services tax in course of inter-State trade or commerce.

Article 270 of Indian Constitution Taxes levied and distributed between the Union and the States.

Article 271 of Indian Constitution Surcharge on certain duties and taxes for purposes of the Union.

Article 273 of Indian Constitution Grants in lieu of export duty on jute and jute products

Article 274 of Indian Constitution Prior recommendation of President required to Bills affecting taxation in which States are interested.

Article 275 of Indian Constitution Grants from the Union to certain States

Article 276 of Indian Constitution Taxes on professions, trades, callings and employments.

Article 277 of Indian Constitution Savings

Article 279 of Indian Constitution Calculation of “net proceeds”, etc.

Article 279A of Indian ConstitutionGoods and Services Tax Council.

Article 280 of Indian ConstitutionFinance Commission.

Article 281 of Indian Constitution Recommendations of the Finance Commission.

Article 282 of Indian Constitution Expenditure defrayable by the Union or a State out of its revenues

Article 283 of Indian Constitution Custody, etc., of Consolidated Funds, Contingency Funds and moneys credited to the public accounts.

Article 284 of Indian Constitution Custody of suitors’ deposits and other moneys received by public servants and courts.

Article 285 of Indian Constitution Exemption of property of the Union from State taxation.

Article 286 of Indian Constitution Restrictions as to imposition of tax on the sale or purchase of goods

Article 287 of Indian Constitution Exemption from taxes on electricity.

Article 288 of Indian Constitution Exemption from taxation by States in respect of water or electricity in certain cases.

Article 289 of Indian Constitution Exemption of property and income of a State from Union taxation.

Article 290 of Indian Constitution Adjustment in respect of certain expenses and pensions.

Article 290A of Indian Constitution Annual payment to certain Devaswom Funds.

CHAPTER II – BORROWING

Article 292 of Indian Constitution Borrowing by the Government of India.

Article 293 of Indian Constitution Borrowing by States

CHAPTER III – PROPERTY, CONTRACTS, RIGHTS, LIABILITIES,
OBLIGATIONS AND SUITS

Article 294 of Indian Constitution Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in certain cases.

Article 295 of Indian Constitution Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in other cases.

Article 296 of Indian Constitution Property accruing by escheat or laps or as bona vacantia.

Article 297 of Indian Constitution Things of value within territorial waters or continental shelf and resources of the exclusive economic zone to vest in the Union.

Article 298 of Indian Constitution Power to carry on trade, etc.

Article 299 of Indian Constitution Contracts

Article 300 of Indian Constitution Suits and proceedings.

CHAPTER IV – RIGHT TO PROPERTY

Article 300A of Indian Constitution Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law

PART XIII
TRADE, COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE
TERRITORY OF INDIA

Article 301 of Indian Constitution Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse.

Article 302 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse.

Article 303 of Indian Constitution Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce

Article 304 of Indian Constitution Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States.

Article 305 of Indian Constitution Saving of existing laws and laws providing for State monopolies.

Article 307 of Indian Constitution Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to 304.

PART XIV
SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES

CHAPTER I – SERVICES

Article 308 of Indian Constitution Interpretation

Article 309 of Indian Constitution Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State.

Article 310 of Indian Constitution Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State.

Article 311 of Indian Constitution Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a State.

Article 312 of Indian Constitution All-India services.

Article 312A of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to vary or revoke conditions of service of officers of certain services.

Article 313 of Indian Constitution Transitional provisions.

CHAPTER II—PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS

Article 315 of Indian Constitution Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.

Article 316 of Indian Constitution Appointment and term of office of members.

Article 317 of Indian Constitution Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.

Article 318 of Indian Constitution Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.

Article 319 of Indian Constitution Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.

Article 320 of Indian Constitution Functions of Public Service Commissions.

Article 321 of Indian Constitution Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions

Article 322 of Indian Constitution Expenses of Public Service Commissions

Article 323 of Indian Constitution Reports of Public Service Commissions.

PART XIVA
TRIBUNALS

Article 323A of Indian Constitution Administrative tribunals

Article 323B of Indian Constitution Tribunals for other matters.

PART XV
ELECTIONS

Article 324 of Indian Constitution Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.

Article 325 of Indian Constitution No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.

Article 326 of Indian Constitution Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

Article 327 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures.

Article 328 of Indian Constitution Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature.

Article 329 of Indian Constitution Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.

PART XVI
SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES

Article 330 of Indian Constitution Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People.

Article 331 of Indian Constitution Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the House of the People.

Article 332 of Indian Constitution Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the States.

Article 333 of Indian Constitution Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies of the States.

Article 334 of Indian Constitution Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after certain period.

Article 335 of Indian Constitution Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts.

Article 336 of Indian Constitution Special provision for Anglo-Indian community in certain services.

Article 337 of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to educational grants for the benefit of Anglo-Indian Community.

Article 338 of Indian Constitution National Commission for Scheduled Castes

Article 338A of Indian Constitution National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.

Article 338B of Indian Constitution National Commission for Backward Classes

Article 339 of Indian Constitution Control of the Union over the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of Scheduled Tribes.

Article 340 of Indian Constitution Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.

Article 341 of Indian Constitution Scheduled Castes

Article 342 of Indian Constitution Scheduled Tribes.

Article 342A of Indian Constitution Socially and educationally backward classes.

PART XVII
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

CHAPTER I—LANGUAGE OF THE UNION

Article 343 of Indian Constitution Official language of the Union

Article 344 of Indian Constitution Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language.

CHAPTER II – REGIONAL LANGUAGES

Article 345 of Indian Constitution Official language or languages of a State.

Article 346 of Indian Constitution Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union.

Article 347 of Indian Constitution Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State

CHAPTER III – LANGUAGE OF THE SUPREME COURT,
HIGH COURTS, ETC.

Article 348 of Indian Constitution Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc

Article 349 of Indian Constitution Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language.

CHAPTER IV – SPECIAL DIRECTIVES

Article 350 of Indian Constitution Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances

Article 350A of Indian Constitution Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage.

Article 350B of Indian Constitution Special Officer for linguistic minorities

Article 351 of Indian Constitution Directive for development of the Hindi language.

PART XVIII
EMERGENCY PROVISIONS

Article 352 of Indian Constitution Proclamation of Emergency

Article 353 of Indian Constitution Effect of Proclamation of Emergency

Article 354 of Indian Constitution Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.

Article 355 of Indian Constitution Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance.

Article 356 of Indian Constitution Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States

Article 357 of Indian Constitution Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under article 356.

Article 358 of Indian Constitution Suspension of provisions of article 19 during emergencies.

Article 359 of Indian Constitution Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during emergencies

Article 360 of Indian Constitution Provisions as to financial emergency

PART XIX
MISCELLANEOUS

Article 361 of Indian Constitution Protection of President and Governors and Rajpramukhs

Article 361A of Indian Constitution Protection of publication of proceedings of Parliament and State Legislatures.

Article 361B of Indian Constitution Disqualification for appointment on remunerative political post.

Article 363 of Indian Constitution Bar to interference by courts in disputes arising out of certain treaties, agreements, etc

Article 363A of Indian Constitution Recognition granted to Rulers of Indian States to cease and privy purses to be abolished.

Article 364 of Indian Constitution Special provisions as to major ports and aerodromes.

Article 365 of Indian Constitution Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by the Union.

Article 366 of Indian Constitution Definitions.

Article 367 of Indian Constitution Interpretation

PART XX
AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION

Article 368 of Indian Constitution Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor.

PART XXI
TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS

Article 369 of Indian Constitution Temporary power to Parliament to make laws with respect to certain matters in the State List as if they were matters in the Concurrent List.

Article 370 of Indian Constitution Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir

Article 371 of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat.

Article 371A of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland.

Article 371B of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to the State of Assam

Article 371C of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to the State of Manipur

Article 371D of Indian Constitution Special provisions with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh or the State of Telangana

Article 371E of Indian Constitution Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh

Article 371F of Indian Constitution Special provisions with respect to the State of Sikkim

Article 371G of Indian Constitution – Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram.

Article 371H of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh.

Article 371-I of Indian Constitution Special provision with respect to the State of Goa.

Article 371J of Indian Constitution Special provisions with respect to the State of Karnataka

Article 372 of Indian Constitution Continuance in force of existing laws and their adaptation.

Article 372A of Indian Constitution Power of the President to adapt laws.

Article 373 of Indian Constitution Power of President to make order in respect of persons under preventive detention in certain cases.

Article 374 of Indian Constitution Provisions as to Judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the Federal Court or before His Majesty in Council.

Article 375 of Indian Constitution Courts, authorities and officers to continue to function subject to the provisions of the Constitution.

Article 376 of Indian Constitution Provisions as to Judges of High Courts.

Article 377 of Indian Constitution Provisions as to Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

Article 378 of Indian Constitution Provisions as to Public Service Commissions.

Article 378A of Indian Constitution Special provision as to duration of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

Article 392 of Indian Constitution Power of the President to remove difficulties

PART XXII
SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT
IN HINDI AND REPEALS

Article 393 of Indian Constitution Short title.

Article 394 of Indian Constitution Commencement.

Article 394A of Indian Constitution Authoritative text in the Hindi language

Article 395 of Indian Constitution Repeals.

 

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