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Source: The post is based on the article “India to join international climate action in civil aviation from 2027” published in Business Standard on 5th May 2023
What is the News?
The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has announced that India will start participating in the International Civil Aviation Organisation’s (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) and the Long-Term Aspirational Goals (LTAG) from 2027.
What is CORSIA and LTAG?
Background: The ICAO has been tasked to reduce carbon emissions from international civil aviation as one of its focus areas.
– In order to mitigate carbon emissions from aviation and its impact on climate change, the global body has adopted several key aspirational goals. Among them are: 1) 2% annual fuel efficiency improvement through 2050, 2) carbon neutral growth and 3) net zero by 2050.
– The ICAO has clubbed these goals under CORSIA and LTAG.
About Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation(CORSIA)
CORSIA is the first global market-based measure for any sector and represents a cooperative approach.
It seeks to neutralize international aviation CO2 emissions from 2021 to 2019–2020 levels via offsetting programmes.
Financial implications due to offsetting have to be borne by individual airlines, depending upon their international operations.
CORSIA is applicable only to flights originating from one country to another.
CORSIA will be implemented in three phases, including a pilot and a voluntary phase. The mandatory phase for all ICAO member states would be in force from 2027 to 2035.
Note: India has decided not to participate in the voluntary phases of CORSIA.
About Long-Term Aspirational Goals (LTAG)
The 41st ICAO Assembly adopted a long-term global aspirational goal (LTAG) for international aviation of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 in support of the UNFCCC Paris Agreement’s temperature goal.
The LTAG does not attribute specific obligations or commitments in the form of emissions reduction goals to individual States. Instead, it recognizes each State’s special circumstances and respective capabilities.