Defence Exercises in News

  • Indo-Kazakhstan Joint Military Exercise “Kazind – 2022” to Commence at Umroi (Meghalaya)

    Source: The post is based on the articleIndo-Kazakhstan Joint Military Exercise “Kazind – 2022” to Commence at Umroi (Meghalaya)published in PIB on 14th December 2022

    What is the News?

    The 6th Edition of India – Kazakhstan joint training exercise “KAZIND-22” is scheduled to be conducted at Umroi (Meghalaya).

    What is Exercise KAZIND?

    Exercise KAZIND is an annual bilateral military exercise between India and Kazakhstan.

    Started in: This exercise was instituted in 2016 as Exercise Prabal Dostyk which was later upgraded to a company-level exercise and renamed as Ex Kazind in 2018.

    Aim: To build positive military relations, imbibe each other’s best practices and promote the ability to operate together while undertaking counter-terrorist operations in semi-urban / jungle scenarios, under a UN peace enforcement mandate.

    Significance: The exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation between the Indian Army and the Kazakhstan Army which will further foster the bilateral relations between the two nations.

  • Joint Exercise Agni Warrior with Singapore Armed Forces Concludes at Devlali (Maharashtra)

    Source: The post is based on the articleJoint Exercise Agni Warrior with Singapore Armed Forces Concludes at Devlali (Maharashtra)published in PIB on 2nd December 2022.

    What is the News?

    The 12th Edition of Exercise Agni Warrior between the Singapore & Indian Army has concluded at Field Firing Ranges, Devlali (Maharashtra).

    What is Exercise Agni Warrior?

    Exercise Agni Warrior is a bilateral exercise between the Singapore & Indian Army.

    Aim: To enhance mutual understanding of drills & procedures and improve interoperability between the two armies.

    The exercise involved showcasing joint firepower planning, execution and use of new-generation equipment by the artillery arm of both armies. 

    What are the other exercises between India and Singapore?

    Exercise SITMEX: It is a trilateral annual maritime exercise between India, Singapore and Thailand.

    Exercise SIMBEX: It is a bilateral naval exercise between the Indian and Singapore Navy.

  • Exercise Yudh Abhyas: India-U.S. exercise near LAC irks China

    Source: The post is based on the articleIndia-U.S. exercise near LAC irks Chinapublished in The Hindu on 1st December 2022.

    What is the News?

    China has expressed concern over the India-US joint military exercise Yudh Abhyas being held in Uttarakhand, about 100 km from the Line of Actual Control(LAC).

    What is Exercise Yudh Abhyas?

    Exercise Yudh Abhyas is a military exercise between India and the US.

    Aim: To enhance understanding, cooperation and interoperability between the armies of India and the US with a number of complex drills being planned.

    The exercise was started in 2004 under the US Army Pacific Partnership Program. The exercise is hosted alternately between both countries.

    What is the condition at LAC between India and China?

    Since the beginning of May 2020, Chinese and Indian forces have faced off in clashes with rocks, batons, and clubs wrapped in barbed wire at multiple locations along the LAC. Differing perceptions of border demarcations along the LAC is the reason behind.

    The disengagement of troops is still under process after several rounds of talks between India and China.

    Each country seeks the withdrawal of the other’s forces and a return to the pre-stand-off conditions, but neither China nor India agreed to the conditions.

    Moreover, since the stand-off began, both sides have undertaken massive upgradation of infrastructure and building of habitats and support to house thousands of additional troops along the LAC. 

    India has also constantly stated that the relationship cannot go back to normal as long as the situation along the LAC continues and has repeatedly called for the restoration of the status quo along the LAC.

  • India-Malaysia joint military exercise ‘Harimau Shakti-2022’

    Source: The post is based on the article “India-Malaysia joint military exercise Harimau Shakti-2022” published in PIB on 28th November 2022.

    What is the News?

    India – Malaysia joint military Exercise “Harimau Shakti -2022” has commenced at Pulai, Kluang, Malaysia.

    What is Exercise Harimau Shakti?

    Exercise Harimau Shakti is a joint annual military training exercise between India and Malaysia.

    The exercise has been conducted since 2012.

    Significance: The exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation between the Indian Army and the Malaysian Army which in turn will further foster the bilateral relations between the two nations.

    What are the other exercises between India and Malaysia?

    Exercise Udarashakti: It is a bilateral air force exercise between India and Malaysia.

  • ‘Austra Hind-22’: India-Australia joint military exercise

    Source: The post is based on the article “’Austra Hind-22′: India-Australia joint military exercise” published in PIB on 27th November 2022.

    What is the News?

    The Bilateral Training Exercise “AUSTRA HIND 22” between contingents of the Indian Army and the Australian Army is scheduled to take place at Mahajan Field Firing Ranges (Rajasthan).

    What is Exercise AUSTRA HIND 22?

    Exercise AUSTRA HIND is a bilateral training exercise between the Indian Army and the Australian Army.

    Aim: To build positive military relations, imbibe each other’s best practices and promote the ability to operate together while undertaking multi-domain operations in Semi deserts terrain under a UN peace enforcement mandate.

    Significance: This is the first exercise in the series of Austra Hind with the participation of all arms and services contingent from both armies.

    What are the other exercises between India and Australia?

    Exercise Pitch Black: It is a biennial multilateral air combat exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Air Force(RAAF) since 1981. The Indian Air Force had taken part in the exercise for the first time in 2018.

    AUSINDEX: It is a biennial bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Royal Australian Navy(RAN). The first edition of the exercise took place in 2015.

  • Exercise Naseem-Al-Bahr

    Source: The post is based on the article “Exercise Naseem-Al-Bahrpublished in PIB on 24th November.

    What is the News?

    The Indian Navy’s guided missile stealth frigate, INS Trikand, offshore patrol vessel, INS Sumitra, and Maritime Patrol Aircraft(MPA) Dornier participated in the 13th Edition of the Exercise ‘Naseem Al Bahr’(Sea Breeze).

    What is Exercise Naseem Al Bahr?

    Exercise Naseem-Al-Bahr is a bilateral naval exercise between the Indian Navy(IN) and the Royal Navy of Oman(RNO).

    The exercise had three phases:

    Harbour phase: It included professional interactions between IN and RNO operations teams and friendly sports fixtures between the two navies. 

    Sea phase: It included tactical maritime exercises involving surface action, air defense, maritime surveillance and interdiction/VBSS.  

    Debrief: It was the last phase of the exercise. This was conducted at the RNO Naval Base.

    Significance: The first naval exercise between the two countries was conducted in 1993. This year marks 30 years of Indian and Omanese bilateral naval exercises.

    What are the other exercises between India and Oman?

    Exercise Al-Najah: It is an army exercise conducted between India and Oman.

    Exercise Eastern Bridge: It is an Air Force exercise that is held between India and Oman.

  • India Air Force conducting HADR Exercise Samanvay 2022

    Source: The post is based on the article “India Air Force conducting HADR Exercise Samanvay 2022” published in PIB on 24th November.

    What is the News?

    The Indian Air Force is conducting the Annual Joint Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief(HADR) Exercise ‘Samanvay 2022’ at Air Force Station Agra.

    The exercise will see participation by representatives from the Association of Southeast Nations (ASEAN) countries as well.

    What is Exercise Samanvay?

    Conducted by: Indian Air Force

    Purpose: It is an Annual Joint Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief(HADR) Exercise.

    Aim: To assess the efficacy of institutional Disaster Management structures and contingency measures.

    – To provide a unique platform for the exchange of domain knowledge, experience and best practices with the participating ASEAN member countries. 

    The exercise will consist of: Seminar on Disaster Management, a Multi-Agency Exerciseinvolving static and flying displays of various HADR assets and a Table Top Exercise.  

    Significance: The exercise will promote a synergistic approach towards HADR by various national and regional stakeholders involved in Disaster Management including the Civil Administration, the Armed Forces, NDMA, NIDM, NDRF, DRDO, BRO, IMD, NRS and INCOIS.

  • MALABAR 22 Culminates

    Source: The post is based on the article “MALABAR 22 Culminates” published in PIB on 16th November 2022

    What is the News?

    The 26th edition of the multinational maritime exercise MALABAR culminated in the seas off Japan.

    This edition also marked the 30th anniversary of the exercise and was hosted by the JMSDF (Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force).

    About Malabar Exercise

    Exercise Malabar began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise featuring the maritime forces of the US and India. 

    In 2014, the en­try of the Japan Navy made it a trilateral exercise. In 2020, the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) also joined Malabar making it a quadrilateral exercise.

    What does the Malabar exercise include?

    The exercise includes simulated war games and combat manoeuvres.

    It also includes complex exercises including anti-surface, anti-air and anti-submarine warfare drills. These combat drills will enhance synergy and mutual understanding among the four navies.

    Apart from drills, the bilateral logistics support agreements between the participating countries were validated during this edition of the exercise.

    How does China view the Malabar exercise?

    China views Malabar as an anti-China group formed by a “concert of democracies”.

  • India-US joint military exercise ‘Yudh Abhyas’ to commence in Uttarakhand

    Source: The post is based on the articleIndia-US joint military exercise ‘Yudh Abhyas’ to commence in Uttarakhandpublished in PIB on 15th November 2022

    What is the News?

    The 18th edition of Indo – US joint training exercise “YUDH ABHYAS 22” is scheduled to be conducted in Uttarakhand.

    What is Exercise YUDH ABHYAS?

    Exercise YUDH ABHYAS is a military exercise between India and the US.

    Aim: To enhance understanding, cooperation and interoperability between the armies of India and the US with a number of complex drills being planned.

    Started in: The exercise was started in 2004 under the US Army Pacific Partnership Program.

    The exercise is hosted alternately between both countries.

    What are the other exercises between India and the US?

    Exercise Tiger Triumph: It is a tri-service military exercise between India and the US.

    Exercise Vajra Prahar: It is a Special Forces joint military training exercise. It has been conducted alternately in India and the US since 2010.

    Exercise Cope India: It is a series of bilateral Air Force exercises between India and the United States.

  • Indian Navy Participates in Maiden Trilateral Exercise with Mozambique and Tanzania

    Source: The post is based on the article “Indian Navy Participates in Maiden Trilateral Exercise with Mozambique and Tanzania” published in PIB on 30th October 2022.

    What is the News?

    The first edition of India-Mozambique-Tanzania Trilateral Exercise(IMT TRILAT) has started at Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.

    What is IMT TRILAT?

    It is a trilateral maritime exercise among the Indian, Mozambique and Tanzania navies.

    Objectives of the exercise: 1) Capability development to address common threats through training and sharing of best practices, 2) Enhancing interoperability and 3) Strengthening maritime cooperation. 

    The Indian Navy is represented by the guided missile frigate, INS Tarkash, a Chetak helicopter and MARCOS (Special Forces).

    Significance: These exercises reflect India’s and the Indian Navy’s commitment to enhancing maritime security and cooperation with maritime neighbours in the Indian Ocean Region and promoting SAGAR (Safety and Growth for All in the Region).

  • EXERCISE GARUDA – VII AT AIR FORCE STATION JODHPUR

    Source: The post is based on the article EXERCISE GARUDA – VII AT AIR FORCE STATION JODHPUR published in PIB on 28th October 2022

    What is the News?

    Indian Air Force(IAF) and French Air and Space Force(FASF) are participating in a bilateral exercise named ‘Garuda VIl’ at Air Force Station Jodhpur. 

    About Exercise Garuda

    Exercise Garuda is a bilateral exercise between the Indian and French Air Force.

    The first edition of the exercise was held in 2003. This is the seventh edition of the bilateral exercise.

    Aim: To provide a platform for both countries to enhance operational capability and interoperability, while also sharing best practices.

    Other exercises between India and France

    Exercise SHAKTI: It is a biennial military exercise conducted between India and France. It was first conducted in the year 2011.

    Exercise Varuna: It is a bilateral naval exercise between India and France. ·

    Exercise La Pérouse: It is a multilateral maritime exercise led by the French Navy. The Indian Navy participated in this exercise for the first time in 2021.

  • INS TARKASH PARTICIPATES IN IBSAMAR VII

    Source: The post is based on the article “INS TARKASH PARTICIPATES IN IBSAMAR VII” published in the PIB on 14th October 2022.

    What is the News?

    The 7th edition of IBSAMAR(IBSAMAR VII) was held at Port Gqeberha (also known as Port Elizabeth), South Africa.

    About IBSAMAR

    It is a joint multinational maritime exercise, among the Indian, Brazilian and South Africa navies.

    Objective: Strengthening maritime relations, promoting joint operational military training, combating maritime crimes, securing Sea Lines of Communication and enhancing interoperability to pursue common evolutions at sea.

    The previous edition of IBSAMAR (IBSAMAR VI) was conducted in South Africa in 2018. The fifth edition of IBSAMAR was conducted in Goa in 2016.

    Read more: India, Brazil, South Africa sign IBSA Trust Fund agreement
    What is IBSA?

    It is a unique Forum that brings together India, Brazil and South Africa. The grouping was formalized and named the IBSA Dialogue Forum when the Foreign Ministers of the three countries met in Brasilia in 2003 and issued the Brasilia Declaration.

    Read more: IBSA

     

  • JATE Manesar Anti-terror 2022: Pakistan to take part in closing ceremony of SCO anti-terror exercise hosted by India

    Source: The post is based on the article “Pakistan to take part in closing ceremony of SCO anti-terror exercise hosted by India” published in The Hindu on 11th October 2022.

    What is the News?

    Pakistan has been invited to the closing ceremony of the ongoing Joint Anti-Terror Exercise (JATE) within the ambit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) being hosted by India.

    About JATE Manesar Anti-terror 2022

    JATE is an annual counter-terrorist exercise held within the framework of the SCO RATS. The National Security Guard (NSG) is hosting the multinational JATE “Manesar Anti-Terror 2022”, under the framework of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS).

    The exercise is aimed at exchanging expertise, best practices and building synergy between the Counterterrorism Forces of the SCO RATS member countries. This is to enhance capabilities for conducting anti-terrorist operations and countering other security threats collectively.

    The present one is stage 2 of the exercise. Stage 1 of the Exercise was conducted in July-August by the National Counterterrorist Forces of SCO Member Countries in their respective territories.

     

     

  • Exercise Kakadu: Indian Navy’s INS Satpura Reaches Australia For Multinational Exercise

    Source: The post is based on the article “Exercise Kakadu: Indian Navy’s INS Satpura Reaches Australia For Multinational Exercise” published in PIB on 14th September 2022.

    What is the News?

    INS Satpura and a maritime patrol aircraft of the Indian Navy have reached Australia to take part in the multinational Exercise Kakadu-2022.

    What is Exercise Kakadu?

    Exercise Kakadu is a multinational maritime exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy.

    The exercise derives its name from Kakadu National Park, which is a protected area in the Northern Territory of Australia.

    Aim: To foster and strengthen effective security and humanitarian partnerships across the Indo-Pacific region through a series of training and engagement activities.

    Participating Countries: Around 14 countries are participating in the exercise including India.

    Note: Indian Air Force(IAF) has recently also participated in Exercise Pitch Black. It is a multinational biennial exercise hosted by the Australian Air Force.

  • Japan-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise – Jimex 2022

    Source: The post is based on the articleJapan-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise – Jimex 2022published in PIB on 14th September 2022.

    What is the News?

    The sixth edition of Japan India Maritime Exercise 2022 (JIMEX 22) hosted by the Indian Navy commenced in the Bay of Bengal.

    What is Exercise JIMEX?

    It is an annual maritime exercise between India and Japan.

    Aim: To consolidate the high degree of interoperability that exists between maritime forces of the two countries, through complex exercises in the surface, sub-surface and air domains.

    Phases: JIMEX 22 involves two Phases; exercises at sea and a harbour phase at Visakhapatnam.

    Significance: This edition marks the 10th anniversary of JIMEX, which began in Japan in 2012. It also coincides with the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Japan.

    What are the other exercises between India and Japan?

    Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN- It is an annual joint military exercise between India and Japan from 2018.

    SHINYUU Maitri– It is a joint exercise between the Indian Air Force and the Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF).

  • India & UK conducts Counter Ransomware Exercise for 26 Nations

    Source: The post is based on the article India & UK conducts Counter Ransomware Exercise for 26 Nationspublished in PIB on 6th September 2022

    What is the News?

    India’s National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) and the UK Government in collaboration with BAE Systems has successfully conducted the virtual Cyber Exercise on Ransomware Resilience for 26 Countries.

    About Virtual Cyber Exercise on Ransomware Resilience

    Conducted by: India’s National Security Council Secretariat(NSCS) and the UK Government in collaboration with BAE Systems 

    Part of: The exercise has been conducted as part of the International Counter Ransomware Initiative- Resilience Working Group which is being led by India under the leadership of the National Cyber Security Coordinator(NCSC).

    Aim of the exercise: To allow participating countries to test their capability to respond to a major ransomware incident and to demonstrate the benefit of sharing information and collaborating during a major cyber incident.

    Participating countries: Around 26 countries and their respective organizations participated in the exercise.

    Theme of the exercise: It is based on the Energy Sector in which the respective National Cyber Crisis Management Teams of the participating nations will have to deal with a ransomware attack on multiple electricity distribution companies. 

  • Vostok-2022 commences in Russia with India, China participating

    Source: The post is based on the article “Vostok-2022 commences in Russia with India, China participating” published in The Hindu on 2nd September 2022.

    What is the News?

    An Indian Army contingent comprising troops from Gorkha Rifles is participating in the multilateral strategic and command exercise ‘Vostok-2022’ in Russia.

    What is Exercise Vostok?

    It is a multilateral strategic and command exercise hosted by Russia.

    Aim: To deepen practical and friendly cooperation with the armies of participating countries, enhance the level of strategic collaboration among the participating parties and strengthen the ability to respond to various security threats.

    Participating countries: India, China, Belarus, Mongolia, Tajikistan and other countries are participating in the exercise.

  • Exercise Vajra Prahar: India, US joint special forces exercise concludes in Himachal Pradesh

    Source: The post is based on the articleExercise Vajra Prahar: India, US joint special forces exercise concludes in Himachal Pradesh published in PIB on 28th August 2022.

    What is the News?

    The 13th edition of India-USA Joint Special Forces Exercise VAJRA PRAHAR 2022 culminated at Bakloh in Himachal Pradesh.

    What is Exercise VAJRA PRAHAR?

    Exercise Vajra Prahar is a Special Forces joint military training exercise between India and US. 

    Aim: To share the best practices and experiences in areas such as joint mission planning and operational tactics as also to improve interoperability between the Special Forces of both nations.

    The exercise takes place alternately in India and the US since 2010.

    What are the other exercises between India and the US?

    Yudh Abhyas: Military exercise.

    Tiger Triumph: Tri-service military exercise.

    Cope India: Bilateral Air Force exercise.

  • Vietnam-India Bilateral Army Exercise Vinbax 2022 Concludes at Chandimandir

    Source: The post is based on the article “Vietnam-India Bilateral Army Exercise Vinbax 2022 Concludes at Chandimandirpublished in PIB on 18th August 2022.

    What is the News?

    Vietnam-India Bilateral Army Exercise VINBAX 2022 concluded at Chandimandir, Haryana.

    What is VINBAX 2022?

    It is a bilateral military exercise between India and Vietnam.

    Theme of the exercise: “E​​mployment and deployment of an Engineer Company and a Medical Team as part of United Nations Contingent for Peacekeeping Operations”. 

    Significance of the exercise: This is the first time ever that the Vietnam People’s Army(VPA) was undertaking a Field Training Exercise with any foreign Army. The fact that Vietnam chose India for this speaks volumes about the value the two countries place on their mutual relationship.

  • India, Malaysia begin four-day air exercise Udarashakti

    Source: The post is based on the article India, Malaysia begin four-day air exercise Udarashaktipublished in The Hindu on 13th August 2022.

    What is the News?

    An Indian Air Force (IAF) contingent has left for Malaysia to participate in a bilateral exercise ‘Udarashakti’ with the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF).

    What is Exercise Udarashakti?

    It is a bilateral air force exercise between India and Malaysia.

    Purpose: The exercise will give a chance to both countries to share and learn best practices and an opportunity for both to discuss mutual combat capabilities.

    – The exercise will witness different aerial combat exercises between the two air forces to augment security in the region and to help in strengthening defense cooperation between the two countries.

    Other Exercises between India and Malaysia

    Exercise Harimau Shakti: It is a bilateral joint military exercise between India and Malaysia.

  • India begins cooperation with Bahrain-based Combined Maritime Forces

    Source: The post is based on the article “India begins cooperation with Bahrain-based Combined Maritime Forces” published in The Hindu on 8th August 2022.

    What is the News?

    India has formally commenced cooperation with the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF). However, the modalities of the exact nature of cooperation are being worked out.

    Note: At the India-US 2+2 Ministerial dialogue in April 2022, India announced that it would join the CMF as an Associate Partner.

    What is Combined Maritime Forces(CMF)?

    Established in: 2001

    Purpose: It is a multinational naval partnership to promote security, stability and prosperity across approximately 3.2 million square miles of international waters, which encompass some of the world’s most important shipping lanes.

    Located in: Bahrain

    Commanded by: U.S. Navy Vice Admiral

    Members: It consists of 34 member nations. Including countries such as Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, France, Japan, Pakistan, United States, Yemen, and others.

    Task Forces: It comprises of three task forces: CTF 150 (maritime security and counter-terrorism), CTF 151 (counter piracy) and CTF 152 (Arabian Gulf security and cooperation).

    Note: This is a flexible organization and members are not bound by either a political or military mandate. 

    India and CMF Cooperation: India has in the past cooperated with CMF on various occasions. For instance, the CMF’s CTF 151 has coordinated with Indian and Chinese warships deployed on anti-piracy duties to patrol the Maritime Security Transit Corridor.

    – Moreover, the Indian Navy has a Liaison Officer posted at the US Central Command (CENTCOM) in Bahrain who will also function as the point person for cooperation with the CMF.

  • Explained: What are live-fire exercises, recently conducted by China?

    Source: The post is based on the article Explained: What are live-fire exercises, recently conducted by China? published in Indian Express on 6th August 2022.

    What is the News?

    China has begun its live-fire exercise near Taiwan by launching at least 11 ballistic missiles into the country’s coast. This is being done after the US House speaker visited Taiwan.

    What are Live-fire exercises?

    They are exercises primarily used by military personnel in which live ammunition is used to create training conditions that are as close to real combat scenarios as possible. 

    During live-fire training, soldiers are placed in simulated combat situations and are given the opportunity to use their weapons and equipment (like ships, aircraft, tanks and drones). 

    Such exercises are invaluable in maintaining the combat readiness of troops, the cohesiveness of units, and instilling confidence in their ability to use their weapons and equipment correctly.

    The exercises also involve testing the effectiveness of vehicles, weapon platforms and weapons systems so that any design flaws can be resolved before the weapons are fully operational.

  • Exercise Yudh Abhyas: India, US to carry out mega military exercise in Uttarakhand

    Source: The post is based on the article “Exercise Yudh Abhyas: India, US to carry out mega military exercise in Uttarakhand” published in Livemint on 4th August 2022.

    What is the News?

    India and the US will hold the 18th edition of the Exercise “Yudh Abhyas” in Uttarakhand’s Auli.

    What is Exercise Yudh Abhyas?

    It is a military exercise between India and the US.

    Aim: To enhance understanding, cooperation and interoperability between the armies of India and the US with a number of complex drills being planned.

    Started in: The exercise was started in 2004 under the US Army Pacific Partnership Program.

    The exercise is hosted alternately between both countries.

    What are the other exercises between India and the US?

    Exercise Tiger Triumph– It is a tri-service military exercise between India and the US.

    Exercise Vajra Prahar: It is a Special Forces joint military training exercise. It has been conducted alternately in India and the US since 2010.

    Exercise Cope India: It is a series of bilateral Air Force exercises between India and the United States.

    Defence Cooperation between India and US

    Relations between India and US have improved since 2016 when the US designated India a “Major Defence Partner”.

    Since 2016 the two countries have signed many major defence and security pacts such as LEMOA, BECA and COMCASA.

  • IAF to participate in multilateral exercise ‘Pitch Black’ in Australia

    Source: The post is based on the article “IAF to participate in multilateral exercise ‘Pitch Black’ in Australia” published in Indian Express on 1st August 2022.

    What is the News?

    Indian Air Force(IAF) will be participating in Exercise Pitch Black.

    What is Exercise Pitch Black?

    Exercise Pitch Black is a biennial exercise hosted by the Australian Air Force.

    Aim: To practice Offensive Counter Air(OCA) and Defensive Counter Air(DCA) combat in a simulated war environment.

    Participating countries: The participating countries are Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, the Philippines, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, UAE, U.K and U.S.

    Other Exercises between India and Australia

    AUSINDEX: It is a biennial bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Royal Australian Navy(RAN). The first edition of the exercise took place in 2015.

  • Royal Army of Oman Contingent for Joint Exercise Al NAJAH-IV Arrive in India

    Source: The post is based on the articleRoyal Army of Oman Contingent for Joint Exercise Al NAJAH-IV Arrive in Indiapublished in PIB on 31st July 2022.

    What is the News?

    The 4th Edition of India Oman Joint Military Exercise ‘AL NAJAH-IV’ is scheduled to take place at the Foreign Training Node of Mahajan Field Firing Ranges (Rajasthan).

    What is Exercise AL NAJAH-IV?

    It is a joint military exercise between India and Oman.

    Aim: To enhance the level of defence co-operation between the Indian Army and the Royal Army of Oman.

    Other exercises between India and Oman:

    Exercise Naseem-Al-Bahr(sea breeze): It is a naval exercise between the Indian Navy and Oman.

    Exercise Eastern Bridge: It is an Air Force exercise held between India and Oman.

  • Joint exercise “Ex Vinbax 2022” with the Vietnamese people’s army to commence

    Source: The post is based on the article “Joint exercise “Ex Vinbax 2022” with the Vietnamese people’s army to commence” published in PIB on 31st July 2022.

    What is the News?

    The 3rd Edition of Vietnam India Bilateral Army Exercise “Ex VINBAX 2022” is scheduled to be conducted at Chandimandir,Haryana.

    About Exercise VINBAX 2022

    It is a bilateral military exercise between India and Vietnam.

    Purpose: The exercise is commonly defined as the India and Vietnam army’s collaboration, which helps reinforce the India-Vietnam defence and security cooperation and endorses India-Vietnam relations.

    Theme of the exercise: “E​​mployment and deployment of an Engineer Company and a Medical Team as part of United Nations Contingent for Peacekeeping Operations”. 

    About India-Vietnam defence relations

    India and Vietnam signed a protocol on defence cooperation in 1994. The partnership was thereafter elevated to a strategic level in 2007.

    A pact on boosting bilateral defence cooperation was also signed in 2009.

    The strategic partnership was elevated to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership in 2016 and defence cooperation is a key pillar of this partnership. 

    Vietnam is also an important partner in India’s Act East policy and the Indo-Pacific vision.

  • Maritime Partnership Exercise Between Indian Navy And Japan Maritime Self Defense Force In The Andaman Sea

    Source: The post is based on the article “Maritime Partnership Exercise Between Indian Navy And Japan Maritime Self Defense Force In The Andaman Seapublished in PIB on 24th July 2022.

    What is the News?

    A Maritime Partnership Exercise(MPX) was conducted between Japan Maritime Self Defense Force and Indian Navy in the Andaman Sea.

    About the Exercise

    India and Japan have been carrying out regular exercises in the Indian Ocean Region(IOR) towards reinforcing maritime association. 

    The exercises were aimed at enhancing interoperability and streamlining seamanship and communication procedures. 

    From the Indian side, INS Sukanya, an offshore patrol vessel participated in the exercise.

    What are the other exercises between India and Japan?

    DHARMA GUARDIAN: It is an annual military exercise between India and Japan since 2018.

    SHINYUU Maitri: It is a bilateral exercise between the Indian Air Force and the Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF).

    JIMEX: It is a bilateral maritime exercise between India and Japan.

    Sahayog-Kaijin: Joint bilateral exercise between the Indian Coast Guard and the Japan Coast Guard.

  • Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise Ex Khaan Quest 2022 culminates in Mongolia
    What is the News?

    The Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise Ex Khaan Quest 2022 culminated at the Peace Support Operations Training Centre at Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.

    What is Exercise Khaan Quest?

    Exercise Khaan Quest is a multinational exercise co-sponsored by the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command and hosted annually by the Mongolian Armed Forces.

    Aim: To enhance interoperability, build a military to military relationships, developing peace support operations and military readiness among participating nations. 

    Participating Countries: The exercise saw participation from military contingents from 16 countries. India is one of the participating countries.

    ​​The Indian Army was represented by a contingent from the LADAKH SCOUTS.

    Other Exercises between India and Mongolia

    Exercise Nomadic Elephant: It is a joint military exercise between India and Mongolia.

    Source: The post is based on the article Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise Ex Khaan Quest 2022 culminates in Mongoliapublished in PIB on 20th June 2022.

  • INDO-BANGLADESH BILATERAL EXERCISE “EX SAMPRITI-X” CONCLUDES AT JASHORE, BANGLADESH
    What is the News?

    Indo-Bangladesh bilateral Joint Military Exercise “Ex SAMPRITI-X” concluded at Jashore Military Station, Bangladesh.

    What is Exercise SAMPRITI?

    Conducted between: India and Bangladesh

    Type: Military Exercise

    Hosted by: The exercise is hosted alternately by both countries. 

    Aim: To strengthen the military relations between the two countries.

    Significance: The exercise will provide an opportunity for the contingents from both the Armies to understand each other’s tactical drills and operational techniques. It will enable them to share their experience in Counter-Terrorism, Peace Keeping and Disaster Relief Operations.

    Source: The post is based on the articleINDO-BANGLADESH BILATERAL EXERCISE “EX SAMPRITI-X” CONCLUDES AT JASHORE, BANGLADESHpublished in PIB on 16th June 2022.

  • Indian Navy – Bangladesh Navy Bilateral EX Bongosagar Commences
    What is the News?

    The third edition of Indian Navy (IN) – Bangladesh Navy (BN) Bilateral Exercise ‘Bongosagar’ commenced at Port Mongla, Bangladesh.

    What is Excercise Bonosagar?

    Aim: To develop a high degree of interoperability and joint operational skills through the conduct of a wide spectrum of maritime exercises and operations between the two navies.

    Edition: Its first edition was held in 2019. The present one is the third edition of Bonosagar.

    Type: maritime exercise.

    The harbour phase of the exercise includes professional and social interactions, and friendly sporting fixtures, in addition to the tactical level planning discussions on the conduct of the exercises at sea.

    The sea phase of the exercise would facilitate ships from both the navies to participate in intensive surface warfare drills, weapon firing drills, seamanship evolutions and coordinated air operations in a tactical scenario.

    Source: The post is based on the article “Indian Navy – Bangladesh Navy Bilateral EX Bongosagar Commences” published in PIB on 24th May 2022.

  • 20TH EDITION OF INDIA FRANCE NAVAL EXERCISE VARUNA – 2022
    What is the News?

    The 20th edition of the Bilateral Naval Exercise between Indian and French Navies – ‘VARUNA’ is being conducted in the Arabian Sea.

    What is Exercise Varuna?

    Type: Bilateral Naval Exercise 

    Countries Involved: India and France.

    Started in: 1993.

    The exercise was named ‘VARUNA’ in 2001.

    Aim: To develop interoperability between the two navies. Further, it aims to foster mutual cooperation by learning from each other’s best practices to conduct joint operations.

    What are the other exercises between India and France?

    Exercise Garuda: It is a bilateral exercise between the Indian and French Air Force. The first edition of the exercise was held in 2003.

    Exercise SHAKTI: It is a biennial military exercise conducted between India and France. It was first conducted in the year 2011.

    Exercise La Pérouse: It is a multilateral maritime exercise led by the French Navy. The Indian Navy participated in this exercise for the first time in 2021.

    Source: This post is based on the article20TH EDITION OF INDIA FRANCE NAVAL EXERCISE VARUNA – 2022published in PIB on 31st March 2022.

  • IONS MARITIME EXERCISE 2022 (IMEX 22)
    What is the News?

    The maiden edition of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium(IONS) Maritime Exercise 2022 (IMEX-22) was conducted at Goa and in the Arabian Sea.

    What is IMEX-22?

    It is a maiden maritime exercise of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium(IONS).

    Aim: To enhance interoperability in Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations among member navies.

    Participating Countries: The exercise witnessed participation of 15 out of the 25 member nations of IONS. 

    The exercise comprised a Harbour Phase at Marmugao port, Goa, followed by a Sea Phase in the Arabian Sea.

    Significance: The exercise is seen as a significant stepping stone for regional navies to collaborate and respond collectively to natural disasters in the region, and paves the way for further strengthening regional cooperation.

    Source: This post is based on the articleIONS MARITIME EXERCISE 2022 (IMEX 22)published in PIB on 30th March 2022.

  • INDO-UZBEKISTAN JOINT EXERCISE “EX DUSTLIK” CONCLUDES AT YANGIARIK IN UZBEKISTAN
    What is the News?

    The 3rd edition of Indo-Uzbekistan Joint Field Training Exercise “EX DUSTLIK” concluded at Yangiarik, Uzbekistan.

    What is Exercise DUSTLIK?

    Conducted between: It is a joint training exercise between India and Uzbekistan armies.

    First Edition: 2019 at Tashkent, Uzbekistan

    Aim: To enhance the level of defence cooperation between both the Armies and to act as a catalyst for many such joint programs in future.

    Focus of the exercise: It will focus on Counter-Terrorism operations in semi-urban terrain under a United Nations Mandate.

    What are the other exercises between India and Central Asian Countries?

    Exercise KAZIND: It is an annual military exercise between India and Kazakhstan army.
    Exercise KHANJAR: It is a joint military training exercise between India and Kyrgyzstan.

    Source: This post is based on an articleINDO-UZBEKISTAN JOINT EXERCISE “EX DUSTLIK” CONCLUDES AT YANGIARIK IN UZBEKISTANpublished in PIB  on 29th March 2022.

  • INDIAN MILITARY CONTINGENT ARRIVES AT SEYCHELLES FOR JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE LAMITIYE
    What is the News?

    An Indian Army contingent arrived in Seychelles on Monday for the ninth edition of the Joint Military Exercise Lamitiye 2022.

    What is Exercise Lamitiye?

    Exercise Lamitiye, which means friendship, is a biennial military exercise between the Indian Army and Seychelles Defence Forces(SDF). 

    The exercise has been conducted in Seychelles since 2001.

    Objective: To build and promote bilateral military relations in addition to exchanging skills, experiences and good practices between both armies.

    The exercise will include field training exercises, combat discussions, lectures, demonstrations and culminate with a two days validation exercise.

    Significance of the exercise: The exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation between the Indian Army and Seychelles Defence Forces(SDF) and will further manifest in enhancing the bilateral relations between the two countries.

    Source: The post is based on an article “INDIAN MILITARY CONTINGENT ARRIVES AT SEYCHELLES FOR JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE LAMITIYE” published in the PIB on 21st March 2022. 

  • EXERCISE EASTERN BRIDGE -VI AT AIR FORCE STATION JODHPUR
    What is the news?

    Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) are scheduled to participate in a bilateral exercise named Eastern Bridge-VI at Air Force Station Jodhpur. 

    What is Exercise Eastern Bridge?

    Conducted between: India and Oman.

    Type: Bilateral air exercise

    First edition: held in 2009.

    This is the sixth edition of the exercise.

    The exercise will provide an opportunity to enhance operational capability and interoperability between the two Air Forces.

    What are the other bilateral exercises between India and Oman?

    Naseem-al-Bahr: It is a bilateral biennial naval exercise between India and Oman.

    AL NAGAH: It is a bilateral military exercise between India and Oman.

    Source: This post is based on the articleEXERCISE EASTERN BRIDGE -VI AT AIR FORCE STATION JODHPUR published in PIB on 22nd Feb 2022.

  • Exercise Milan: Amidst tense Ukraine standoff, US & Russia to take part in India’s largest naval exercise
    What is the News?

    The US and Russia will be participating in India’s biggest maritime exercise named “Milan-2022” amidst escalating tensions between them over Ukraine. 

    What is Exercise Milan?

    Exercise Milan is a biennial multilateral naval exercise conducted by the Indian Navy. It was first held in the year 1995 in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

    The exercise is aimed to enhance professional interaction between friendly foreign navies and learn from each other’s strengths and best practices in the maritime domain.

    Exercise Milan 2022

    The exercise is being held in Visakhapatnam for the first time instead of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The theme of the exercise is ‘Camaraderie Cohesion Collaboration’.

    The exercise will see participation from around 40 countries such as the US, Russia, Australia, UK, Japan, South Korea, France and Israel, Saudi Arabia among others.

    Source: This post is based on the article “Amidst tense Ukraine standoff, US & Russia to take part in India’s largest naval exercise” published in TOI on 11th Feb 2022.

  • Exercise Sea Dragon: India and five other nations begin anti-submarine exercise with US
    What is the News?

    India is among the six Indo-Pacific nations participating in an Exercise Sea Dragon in the Pacific Ocean.

    What is Exercise Sea Dragon?

    Exercise Sea Dragon is an annual US-led, multinational exercise:

    Aim: To practice and discuss anti-submarine warfare tactics to operate together in response to traditional and non-traditional maritime security challenges in the Indo-Pacific region.

    Participating Countries:  United States, India, Australia, Canada, Japan and South Korea.

    Note: India, Japan, Australia and America are also part of the Quad and also participate in the Malabar exercise.

    Activities: The exercise will involve more than 270 hours of in-flight training and activities ranging from tracking simulated targets to tracking a US Navy submarine. Each event will be graded and the country scoring the highest points will receive the Dragon Belt award.

    Read more: Changing dynamics of India-US Relations – Explained, Pointwise

    Source: This post is based on the article ‘India and five other nations begin anti-submarine exercise with US’ published in Indian Express on 8th Jan 2022.

  • INDIAN ARMY TEAM WINS GOLD MEDAL IN EXERCISE CAMBRIAN PATROL ORGANISED AT BRECON, WALES (UK)
    What is the News?

    A team from Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) which represented the Indian Army at the prestigious Cambrian Patrol Exercise at Brecon, Wales, UK has been awarded a Gold medal.

    What is Exercise Cambrian Patrol?

    Exercise Cambrian Patrol is organised by the UK Army. It is considered as the ultimate test of human endurance, team spirit and is sometimes referred to as the Olympics of Military Patrolling among militaries in the world.

    During the exercise, teams are assessed with respect to their performance under harsh terrain and cold weather conditions. They were also exposed to complex real-world situations in order to assess their reactions in combating the settings.

    Who participated in the exercise from India?

    The Indian Army team participated in the exercise and competed against a total of 96 teams, which included 17 international teams representing Special Forces and prestigious Regiments from around the world.

    What did the Indian Army receive?

    The Indian Army team received a Gold Medal for their excellent navigation skills, overall physical endurance and delivery of patrol orders.

    Source: This post is based on the article INDIAN ARMY TEAM WINS GOLD MEDAL IN EXERCISE CAMBRIAN PATROL ORGANISED AT BRECON, WALES (UK) published in PIB on 17th October 2021.

  • Indian Army Contingent Departs for 17th Edition of Indo-US Joint Military Exercise “Ex Yudh Abhyas 2021” at Joint Base Elmendorf – Richardson, Alaska(USA)
    What is the News?

    The 17th edition of the exercise “Yudh Abhyas” will be conducted at Joint Base Elmendorf Richardson in Alaska, USA.

    About Exercise Yudh Abhyas

    Exercise Yudh Abhyas is the largest running joint military training and defence cooperation endeavor between India and the USA. 

    The exercise was started in 2004 under the US Army Pacific Partnership Program. The exercise is hosted alternately between both countries.

    The exercise aims at enhancing understanding, cooperation and interoperability between two Armies. 

    What are the other exercises between India and the US?

    Exercise Tiger Triumph– It is a tri-service military exercise between India and the US.

    Exercise Vajra Prahar: It is a Special Forces joint military training exercise. It has been conducted alternately in India and the US since 2010.

    Exercise Cope India: It is a series of bilateral Air Force exercises between India and the United States.

    Exercise Malabar: It is a multilateral naval exercise that includes simulated war games and combat manoeuvres. It was started in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between the Indian and the US navies. Japan joined in 2015. In 2020, the Australian Navy has participated in the exercise for the first time since 2007.

    Source: This post is based on the article Indian Army Contingent Departs for 17th Edition of Indo-US Joint Military Exercise Ex Yudh Abhyas 2021published in PIB on 14th October 2021.

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