News: The Seventh Economic Census was launched in the National Capital Territory of Delhi.
About Economic Census
- Economic Census is a complete count of all economic establishments located within the geographical boundary of India.
- It is conducted every five years by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI). The first Economic census was held in 1978.
- The MoSPI has partnered with Common Service Centres e-Governance Services India Limited, Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) as the implementing agency for 7th Economic Census.
Other Important Censuses
1. Population Census: It provides information on size, distribution and socio-economic, demographic and other characteristics of India’s population. It is conducted every 10 years by the Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs. The first synchronous census in India was held in 1881.
2. Socio-Economic Caste Census: It is a study of the socio-economic status of rural and urban households and allows ranking of households based on predefined parameters. It is conducted by Ministry of Rural Development in rural areas and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in urban areas. The census is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India.
3. Agriculture Census: It provides information on basic characteristics of operational holdings such as land use and cropping patterns, irrigation status, tenancy particulars and the terms of leasing. It is conducted every 5 years by the Ministry of Agriculture.
4. Livestock Census: It provides information on all domesticated animals. It is conducted every 5 years by Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying under Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying