According to a recent study, urbanization has increased vehicular emissions in India
Generally, in developed countries, vehicular emissions reduce with increased urbanization as more urbanization reduces distances between the workplace and home and thereby, a preference for public transport increases.
However, in developing countries, vehicular emissions tend to increase with urbanization. For example: In China a 1% increase in urbanization led to a 0.12% increase in CO2 emissions whereas, in India, it translated into 0.24% increase in emissions.
India’s per capita emissions which is much lower than the world average of 4.2 tonnes, has shown a steady rise with an average growth rate of 6% over the last 10 years.
The average annual commuting emissions in India is 20 kg per capita while commuting for work.
Delhi NCR has the highest commuting emissions per capita owing to high socioeconomic status and heavy reliance on private travel modes.