Enforcement Directorate (ED)

  • Directorate of Enforcement is a specialized financial investigation agency under the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
  • On 1 May 1956, an ‘Enforcement Unit’ was formed, in the Department of Economic Affairs, for handling Exchange Control Laws violations under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947.
  • In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as ‘Enforcement Directorate’.
  • It is mandated with the task of enforcing the provisions of two special fiscal laws
    • Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA)
    • The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA).
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