Explained: 2 years after Galwan clash, where India-China relations stand today

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Two years after the Galwan clash India-China relations reached to the lowest level. The Galwan clash was the first in which Indian soldiers were killed since October 1975, when four personnel of the Assam Rifles were killed in an ambush by the Chinese at Tulung La in Arunachal Pradesh.

Read more: Disengagement agreement at Pangong Tso Lake – Explained
What is the status of India-China relations post-Galwan valley clash?

India has not yet succeeded in getting the Chinese to vacate some parts of eastern Ladakh on India’s side of the Line of Actual Control or ensuring a return to the status quo ante. Chinese forces even have a stronghold in Depsang plains, Hot Springs and Demchock.

Trade: India’s trade with China in the calendar year 2021 was $125 billion. This is higher than in the previous year and higher than pre-pandemic, pre-Ladakh standoff levels.

Imports from China reached $97.5 billion, while exports crossed $20 billion for the first time.

These all occurred after India placed restrictions on Chinese participation in the Indian economy. Such as banning several popular Chinese apps.

Read more: India China rebooting ties Post – Doklam

Eased Visa restrictions: China has lifted a two-year Covid ban on visas for Indian professionals and their families. China has also indicated it is processing visas of Indian students who had returned home on account of the pandemic.

Military stand-off: 15 rounds of talks had happened between India and Chinese senior army commanders in eastern Ladakh for resolution of “friction points”. The negotiations have led to the withdrawal of troops by both sides from Galwan, Pangong Lake and Gogra/ Patrolling Point 17A.

The Ministry of External Affairs said the two sides reviewed the situation along the LAC in the Western Sector, and agreed to hold the 16th round of senior military commanders at an early date.

Building infrastructure in strategic areas: China’s build-up of military infrastructure on its side of the LAC, especially two bridges across Pangong Tso Lake. India is also building road infrastructure on its side.

Read more: Explained: Strategic significance of bridge China is building on Pangong Tso

Source: This post is based on the article “Explained: 2 years after Galwan clash, where India-China relations stand today” published in Indian Express on 17th June 22.

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