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Explained: Why the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was a timely policy intervention

  1. Recently,a study has shown that Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was a timely intervention to rectify the harm caused by Household Air Pollution (HAP).
  2. The emissions of PM2.5 generated by the burning of solid fuels in households is termed Household Air Pollution(HAP).The study claims that more than 8 lakh premature deaths occur in India every year as a result of exposure to HAP indoors.
  3. Moreover,the HAP produced indoors travels outdoors and also becomes a contributor to ambient air pollution.
  4. PM 2.5 or fine particulate matter refers to particles or droplets with a diameter of 2.5 micrometres or less.
  5. Such particles can travel deep into the respiratory system and exposure to them can cause several adverse health effects, both short-term and long-term, including respiratory problems and heart disease.
  6. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is a scheme of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.The scheme was launched in 2016.It aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG.
  7. The scheme provides free LPG connections to economically weaker families.The connections are issued in the name of women of the households.
  8. Under the scheme,cash assistance of Rs. 1600 is given to the beneficiaries to get a deposit-free new connection.Further,interest free loan is provided to purchase stove and refill by Oil Marketing Companies
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