Ministry of Human Resources proposed 10% upper caste quota and increase around 25 percent seats in higher educational institutions and universities across the country.
- The quota will be applicable to all higher education institutions – private and government
- 25 percent seats will ensure that the reservation does not disturb the existing quota for SC, ST and other categories.
- According to HRD Ministry, the existing quota for the SC/ST and OBC will not be affected by the implementation of the new quota bill.
- Institutions run by the Centre will have to increase their student strength by almost 25 per cent in order to accommodate the EWS reservation.
- Currently, it is not mandatory under a central law to provide reservation to students in Private institutions.
- All states except, Rajasthan and West Bengal made it mandatory to provide reservation to SC/ST and OBC candidates in technical institutes and colleges
- To provide mandatory reservation in Private institution, the central and state government will have to pass a law.
- Minority educational institutions will not be bound to reserve seats for the economically backward
- The Constitution (124 Amendment) Bill, 2019, provides for reservation for economically weaker section of the society in higher educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the state other than the minority educational institutions referred to in Article 30 of the Constitution
- The bill may open the avenues for caste based reservation in private institutions and colleges.
- Without the federal funding structure, the Private institution argues that the mandatory reservation will harm their profit.