G20’s well being challenge

Source: The post is based on the article “G20’s well being challenge– G20 countries must find ways to share good practices for overcoming the health challenges faced by women, children, and adolescents” published in “The Indian express” on 9th September 2023.

Syllabus: GS2- Social issue- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health. GS2- International relations- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

News: The article discusses the challenges faced by women, children, and adolescents in G20 countries due to factors like Covid-19, conflict, climate change, and cost of living. It stresses the need for G20 leadership in improving their health and well-being for global economic growth. The solutions include better financing, data systems, early childhood investment, and global cooperation.

What challenges are faced by women, children, and adolescents in G20 countries?

The “Four Cs”: They are impacted by Covid-19, conflict, climate change, and the rising cost of living.

Climate Displacement: 80% of those displaced due to climate emergencies are women, highlighting gender-specific challenges.

Preventable Deaths: Almost 2 million deaths occur yearly among these groups in G20 countries. Many are avoidable with proper care and resources.

Economic Inequalities: Women continue to earn less than men, even with similar education, pushing many into poverty.

Healthcare Shortfalls: Numerous countries can’t maintain pre-pandemic health spending levels, affecting the health of these vulnerable groups.

Environmental Impact: Climate change caused over 1,50,000 deaths in 2000, with children bearing 88% of this burden.

What role does G20 play?

Population Representation: G20 countries encompass two-thirds of the world’s population, making their decisions highly impactful.

Economic Power: They represent approximately 85% of the global GDP, granting them immense economic leverage in international matters.

Digital Health Drive: Under G20’s watch, India launched digital health strategies, leading to the registration of a billion people for vaccine monitoring and distributing 1.78 billion Covid-19 doses.

Addressing Climate Impact: Recognizing the critical link between climate and health, G20 is spearheading initiatives to mitigate the negative effects of the climate crisis on public health.

Promotion of Collaboration: The G20 encourages countries to cooperate, share best practices, and collectively address challenges.

What actions are suggested for G20?

Prioritize Health and Well-being: The G20 must make the health and well-being of women, children, and adolescents a permanent fixture on its action agenda.

Increase Financing: They should prioritize cross-cutting financing to strengthen health systems, improve access to health services, and address social factors like poverty and gender inequality.

Develop Robust Data Systems: Strong data systems are needed to monitor and effectively implement policies and programs.

Promote Research and Health Tech Development: G20 countries should advance research and development of new health technologies and vaccines.

Invest in Early Childhood: Emphasize investing in the early years, promoting family-friendly policies and universal social protection.

Tackle Youth Unemployment: Focus on skills development for adolescents, promoting digital literacy, and environmentally conscious growth.



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