At a special session on ‘Biodiversity, Oceans
and Climate’ during the G7 summit in France, Indian Prime Minister highlighted
the country’s efforts to eliminate single-use
plastic, conserve water, harness solar energy and, protect the flora and fauna
for a sustainable development.
Indian Prime Minister also sought the setting up
of a global coalition of disaster resilient infrastructure. Further, he
advocated creation of a pool of trained volunteers to help people recover after
a natural disaster.
Indian Prime Minister also asserted that India
would achieve, within the next two years, its climate change goals set under
As a commitment to the Paris Agreement (2015),
nations have to put forward national climate actions they intend to take to
reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These are
called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).
India’s INDCs include a) reduce the greenhouse
gas emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level,
b)increase total cumulative electricity generation from fossil free energy
sources to 40% by 2030, c) create additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion
tons through additional forest and tree cover.
The Paris agreement (2015) is an international
agreement with the framework of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change. It seeks to combat climate change and accelerate the actions and
investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future. India ratified the
Paris Agreement on climate change in 2016.
The Group of 7(G7) is a group consisting of
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States.
India is not a member of G7 and is a special invitee at the recent G&