Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
(CSIR) has planned to roll out a major mission to sequence the genes of a 1,000
rural youth across India. The project aims at educating a generation of
students on the significance of genomics.
The project is an adjunct to an Indian
government-led programme which is still in the works. In 2018, at the 1st Prime
Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (STIAC) meeting,
it was decided that India would a major mission to sequence the genes of a large
group of Indians. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Department
of Biotechnology would be closely associated with the project.
In this context it is worth mentioning that the
GenomeAsia 100K Initiative based in Singapore plans to sequence 100,000 Asian
genomes, including some from South Asia. A group of Indian scientists and
companies are involved with the project.
sequencing means determining the order of the four chemical building blocks
– called “bases” – that make up the DNA molecule. Genome sequencing
helps to understand how genes work together to direct the growth, development
and maintenance of an organism. It helps to determine unique genetic traits,
susceptibility and resilience to diseases.