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Geography PYQs

(a) What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support. 5 marks 100 words

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(b) The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate. 5 marks-100 words.

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(a)Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world. 5 marks 100 words.

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(b) What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place? 5 marks 100 words.

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Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why?  10 marks-200 words.

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Q.22) a) Bringout the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats. 5 marks 100 words.

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(b) There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why? 5 marks 100 words.

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 a) Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India ? Discuss with justification. 5 marks 100 words.

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(b) Analyse the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India . 5 marks 100 words

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With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. 10 marks-200 words.

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It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved. 10 marks-200 words.

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Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree?

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Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes.

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Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos.

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Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why?

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Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent.

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Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain.

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Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?

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Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world.

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Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world.

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How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa?

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Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation?

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Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three Mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious probelm in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?

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India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.

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The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of econological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate.

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How far do you agree that the behaviour of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscape? Discuss.

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What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environemental consequences?

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Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes.

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“The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides. “Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.

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The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain.

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In what way micro-watershed development projects help in water conservation in drought-prone and semi-arid regions of India?

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How does the Juno Mission of NASA help to understand the origin and evolution of the Earth?  (150 words)

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“Inspite of adverse environmental impact, coal mining is still inevitable for development”. Discuss  (150 words)

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Mention the advantages of the cultivation of pulses because of which the year 2016 was declared as the International Year of Pulses by United Nations.  (150 words)

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How does the cryosphere affect global climate?  (150 words)

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Account for variations in oceanic salinity and discuss its multi-dimensional effects.  (250 words)

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Petroleum refineries are not necessarily located nearer to crude oil producing areas, particularly in many of the developing countries. Explain its implications.  (250 words)

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What characteristics can be assigned to monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 percent of the world population residing in Monsoon Asia?  (250 words)

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“The growth of cities as I.T. hubs has opened up new avenues of employment, but has also created new problems”. Substantiate this statement with examples  (250 words)

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Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? (10 )

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Why is India taking keen interest in the Arctic region? (10)

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Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (10)

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What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem? (10)

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“The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas? (15)

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Defining blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India. (15)

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What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (15)

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Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success. (15)

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Assess the impact of global warming on the coral life system with examples.  (150 words 10 marks)

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Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.   (150 words 10 marks)

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Can the strategy of regional resource-based manufacturing help in promoting employment in India?  (150 words 10 marks)

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Discuss the factors for localisation of agro-based food processing industries of North-West India.  (150 words 10 marks)

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What is water stress? How and why does it differ regionally in India? (250 words 15 marks)

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How can the mountain ecosystem be restored from the negative impact of development initiatives and tourism?    (250 words 15 marks)

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How is efficient and affordable urban mass transport key to the rapid economic development in India?   (250 words 15 marks)

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How do ocean currents and water masses differ in their impacts on marine life and coastal environment? Give suitable examples.  (250 words 15 marks)

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