Global Assessment Report (GAR) on Drought 2021

What is the News? The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction(UNDRR) has released a report titled “Global Assessment Report (GAR) on Drought 2021”.

About Global Assessment Report (GAR) on Drought 2021:

Key Findings of the Report:


  • Around 20 million people across Africa and the Middle East are on the brink of starvation due to droughts.
  • Around 700 million people are at risk of being displaced as a result of drought by 2030.
  • Two-third of the world will be under water-stressed conditions by 2025.
Findings Related to India:
  • The effect of severe droughts on India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated at 2-5%.
  • The Deccan region sees the highest frequency (>6%) of severe droughts in all of India.
    • Significant drought conditions are found once every three years in the Deccan plateau, leading to large-scale migration and desertification.
  • Overdependence on groundwater resources and lack of water-retaining structures have significantly increased vulnerability in Indian cities during severe drought events.
  • Prevention: Prevention has far lower human, financial and environmental costs than reaction and response.
  • Risk Governance: Increased understanding of complex systemic risks and improved risk governance can lead to effective action on drought risk.
  • Partnerships: Drought resilience partnerships at the national and local levels will be critical for managing drought in a warming world.
  • Management Mechanisms: A mechanism for drought management at the international and national levels could help address the complex and cascading nature of drought risk.
  • Financial Systems: Financial systems and services must evolve to encourage cooperative approaches, promote social protection mechanisms and encourage risk transfer and contingent financing.
  • Inclusion: New pathways are needed to encourage the inclusion of indigenous and local knowledge and the effective sharing of drought risk management experiences.

Source: TOI

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