Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020

News: The Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020(FRA 2020) has been released by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO).

Facts:

  • The report presents a comprehensive view of the world’s forests and the ways in which the resource is changing.
  • It is based on the assessment of more than 60 forest-related variables in 236 countries and territories in the period of 1990–2020.

Key takeaways:

  • Total forest area: The world’s total forest area is 4.06 billion hectares (bha) which is 31% of the total land area. 
  • Countries with Highest forest cover: Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, United States of America and China constituted more than 54% of the world’s forests.
  • Decline in rate of forest loss:The rate of net forest loss decreased substantially during the period of 1990–2020.
  • Forest Area:During the last decade Forest area has increased in Asia, Oceania and Europe while the highest rate of net forest losses were recorded in Africa followed by South America.
  • Types of forest loss: The largest proportion of the world’s forests are tropical (45%), followed by boreal, temperate and subtropical.
  • Plantation Forests: The highest percent of plantation forests were in South America while the lowest were in Europe.

Additional Facts:

FAO:

  • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.It is headquartered in Rome,Italy. 
  • Aim: To achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
  • Reports:
    • Global Food Price Index 
    • State of the World’s Forests report among others.
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