Global TB report – 2022: 21.4 lakh TB cases notified in India in 2021, 18% higher than 2020: Health Ministry

Source: The post is based on the article “21.4 lakh TB cases notified in India in 2021, 18% higher than 2020: Health Ministry” published in The Hindu on 29th October 2022

What is the News?

The World Health Organization(WHO) has released the Global TB report – 2022.

What are the key findings of the Global TB report – 2022?

The COVID-19 pandemic has set back years of progress made on nearly every indicator on tuberculosis (TB) front. 

New cases in 2021 — an estimated 10.6 million people — increased by 4.5% from 2020 while the burden of drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) increased by three per cent in the same duration. These figures have increased for the first time in many years.

Global spending on essential TB services decreased from $6 billion in 2019 to $5.4 billion in 2021.

The report also noted the crucial role of nutrition and undernutrition as contributory factors to the development of active TB disease.

What does India’s Ministry of Health data say on TB cases in India?

India’s TB incidence for the year 2021 is 210 per 100,000 population – compared to the baseline year of 2015 (incidence was 256 per lakh population in India). There has been an 18% decline which is 7 percentage points better than the global average of 11%.

The TB cases placed India at the 36th position in terms of incidence rates (from the largest to the smallest incidence numbers).

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