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What is the News? Around 30 Countries from across the oceans have joined the GloLitter Partnerships Project to tackle marine plastic litter.
GloLitter Partnerships Project:
- GloLitter Partnerships Project was launched by the International Maritime Organization(IMO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(FAO). The Government of Norway provided initial funding for the project.
- Aim: The project aims to help the maritime transport and fishing sectors to adapt to a low-plastic future. To achieve this goal, this initiative will assist developing countries to apply best practices for prevention, reduction, and control of marine plastic litter from those sectors.
- Participating Countries: 30 Countries will be participating in the project. India is one of the participating countries.
- The project will promote compliance with the Voluntary Guidelines of the MARPOL Convention. It contains regulations against discharging plastics into the sea.
- Further, protecting the marine environment is also the objective of Sustainable Development Goal(SDG) 14.
- International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) is one of the main international conventions. It aims at the prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
- Adopted in: The Convention was adopted by the International Maritime Organisation(IMO) on 2nd November 1973.
- India is a signatory to the MARPOL Convention.
- Annexes: The convention currently includes six technical Annexes:
- Firstly, Annex I: Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil
- Secondly, Annex II: Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk
- Thirdly, Annex III: Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form
- Fourthly, Annex IV: Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships
- Fifthly, Annex V: Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships
- Sixthly, Annex VI: Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships.
About International Maritime Organization(IMO):
- International Maritime Organization(IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations founded in 1948.
- Purpose: IMO is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent pollution from ships.
- Headquarters: London, United Kingdom