What is the News?
Global Network Against Food Crises(GNAFC) has released the “Global Report on Food Crises 2021”.
- Firstly, more than 155 million people experienced acute food insecurity in 2020. This is an increase of 20 million as compared to 2019.
- Secondly, two-thirds of the people in acute food crisis levels were in 10 countries. Such as Congo, Yemen, Afghanistan, Syria, Sudan, northern Nigeria, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Zimbabwe and Haiti.
- Thirdly, the majority of the people facing acute food insecurity depend on agriculture.
- Fourthly, according to the report, 40.5 million people in 17 countries faced acute food insecurity because of “economic shocks”. This is primarily due to cut in jobs and incomes.
- Reasons: The magnitude and severity of food crises in 2020 worsened due to:
- Prolonged conflicts
- Economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic
- Weather extremes that increased pre-existing fragilities.
About Global Report on Food Crises 2021:
- The report focuses on 55 countries that account for 97% of the humanitarian assistance.
- Also, the report depicts the acute food insecurity and malnutrition situation in countries chronically vulnerable to food crises. These countries often affected by fragile agri-food systems.
About Global Network Against Food Crises(GNAFC):
- It was founded during the first World Humanitarian Summit in 2016. It was jointly found by
- European Commission for International Cooperation and Development,
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and
- The World Food Programme(WFP)
- Purpose: It is an alliance that is united by a common commitment to tackle the root causes of food crises. They aim to tackle the food crisis through increased sharing of knowledge and analysis and strengthened coordination.
Source: Business Today