Source: The post is based on the article “Government has taken several steps to provide Vocational Education to the youth” published in PIB on 19th December 2022
What is the News?
The Minister of State for Education has informed Lok Sabha about the steps taken by the government to provide vocational education to the youth.
What are the steps taken by the Government to provide vocational education?
Vocationalisation of School Education Initiative: The Department of School Education and Literacy is implementing the Vocationalisation of School Education Initiative under the umbrella of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Samagra Shiksha’.
Aim: To integrate Vocational Education with general academic education in all Secondary/ Senior Secondary schools.
– To enhance the Employability and Entrepreneurial abilities of the students
– To provide exposure to the work environment and generate awareness amongst students about various career options so as to enable them to make a choice in accordance with their aptitude, competence and aspirations.
Coverage: The scheme covers Government and Government aided schools.
Steps taken by University Grants Commission(UGC): UGC has taken initiatives to facilitate higher education institutions across the country to provide skill-based education under the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF).
– The institutions have been allowed to offer full-time, credit-based programmes at the level of Certificate, Diploma, Advanced Diploma and Research with multiple entry and exit options.
Skill Hubs Initiative(SHI): The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in coordination with the Ministry of Education has launched the Skill Hubs Initiative (SHI) under the central component of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 3.0 (PMKVY 3.0).
– Purpose: SHI is the integration and mainstreaming of vocational education with general education as has been envisaged under the National Education Policy, 2020(NEP, 2020).
Skill Training: Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is providing Long Term Skill Training through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Short-Term Skill training through various schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), Jan ShikshanSansthan (JSS), National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) etc.