Central Government Schemes – Part 1 | Prelims Capsules 2021

On this page, you can read government schemes that were in news in 2021. It is the 1st page out of the series of government schemes pages that will be released very soon.

Central Government Schemes on Employment

MGNREGA

News: According to Government data, over 11 crore people worked under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) during the financial year 2020-21.

About MGNREGS: It is one of the world’s largest employment guarantee programs.

Launched in: The scheme was initially launched in the 200 most backward rural districts of the country in 2006-07. It was later extended to an additional 130 districts during 2007-08 and to the entire country from 2008-09 onward.

Beneficiary: Under the scheme, every rural household whose adult member volunteers to do unskilled manual work, is entitled to get at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year.

Implementation: Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Government of India in association with state governments monitors the implementation of the scheme.

Key Features of the scheme:

  • It is a Demand-driven scheme. Worker to be hired when he demands and not when the Government wants it.
  • Gram Panchayat is mandated to provide employment within 15 days of work application failing which worker is entitled to unemployment allowance.
  • Payment of wages within 15 days of competition of work failing which worker is entitled to delay compensation of 0.05%/ day of wages earned.

Key Facts Related to MGNREG Scheme during 2020-21:

  • During the financial year 2020-21, around 11 crore people worked under the MGNREGS.
  • The expenditure on MGNREGS has also increased. In 2020-21, the total expenditure was 62.31% higher than in 2019-20.
  • As part of the economic package during the Covid-19 pandemic, the government announced additional funding of Rs 40,000 crore for the MGNREGS over and above the budgetary allocation of 2020-21.

One District One Product Scheme (ODOP)

News: The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has informed Lok Sabha about the One District One Product Scheme.

About One District One Product Scheme (ODOP): One District One Product (ODOP) is an initiative towards realizing the true potential of a district. It aims to fuel economic growth and generate employment and rural entrepreneurship, taking us to the goal of AtmaNirbhar Bharat.

Aim: To identify one product per district based on the potential and strength of a district and national priorities. A cluster for that product will be developed in the district and market linkage will be provided for that.

Objective: To convert each District of the country into an Export Hub by identifying products with export potential. It also aims to address bottlenecks in exporting products and support local manufacturers.

  • Under the initiative, the State Export Promotion Committee (SPEC) and District Export Promotion Committee (DEPC) have been constituted in several districts.

Significance: This initiative is seen as a transformational step towards realizing the true potential of a district.

Merging of One District One Product with Districts as Exports Hub initiative: The ODOP initiative has been operationally merged with the ‘Districts as Export Hub’ initiative. The Director-General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), Department of Commerce is implementing this initiative.


PMKVY (Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana)

News: The government of India has launched the third phase of its flagship skilling scheme Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0).

About Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): It is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was implemented in 2015-16.

Implementation by: National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

Objective: To enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.

Components:

Key components of the scheme:

  1. Short Term Training: This training aims to provide skills for school/college dropouts or unemployed persons. Apart from providing training, the Training Centres will also impart skills training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy
  2. Recognition of Prior Learning: Under this, Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will get assessed and certified. This ensures the proper alignment of skills of the unregulated workforce to the National Skills Qualification Framework.
  3. Special Projects: These are the projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training.
  4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela: The beneficiaries will take part in Kaushal and Rozgar Melas conducted every six months. Apart from that, the beneficiaries will also take part in National Career Service Melas.
  5. Placement Guidelines: Under this, the training centers will provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the Scheme.
  6. Monitoring Guidelines: The Inspection Agencies use various methods to ensure that high standards of quality of PMKVY scheme. They perform self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, etc. Further, they also utilize the Skills Development Management System (SDMS) to monitor the implementation of the scheme.

Other Facts:

  • Under the scheme, Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
  • Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.

PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20)

About PMKVY 2.0: After the successful implementation of the pilot PMKVY (2015-16), PMKVY 2.0 was launched in 2016. It was scaled up both in terms of Sector and Geography. The second phase also provides greater alignment with other missions of the government of India like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat. The scheme was scheduled to end by 31st March 2020. However, it was extended for skilling migrant workers.

Objectives:

  • Enable and mobilize a large number of youths to take up industry-designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.
  • Increase productivity of the existing workforce, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country.
  • Encourage standardization of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.
  • To benefit 10 million youth over a period of four years (2016- 2020).

PMKVY 3.0

About PMKVY 3.0:  The third phase of the scheme will be implemented in 2 phases. 1st phase will be implemented on a pilot basis during the year 2020- 21 known as PMKVY 3.0. The 2nd phase(2021-2026) will initiate the create the implementation
framework.

It is designed towards making skill development more demand-driven and decentralised in its approach. The third phase also focuses on digital technology and Industry 4.0 skills.

Objective: It envisages training 8 lakh candidates over the scheme period of 2020-2021 with an outlay of Rs 948.90 crore.

Key Features:

  • This phase is designed towards making skill development more demand-driven and decentralized in its approach with a focus on digital technology, Industry 4.0 skills, and COVID-related skills.
  • District Skill Committees(DSCs) under the guidance of State Skill Development Missions(SSDM) shall play a key role in addressing the skill gap and assessing demand at the district level.
  • It will encourage healthy competition between states. This is achieved by increasing the allocation to those states that perform better.
  • It will also be a propagator of vocational education at an early level for youth to capitalize on industry-linked opportunities.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana

News: Finance minister has announced the Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana scheme.

About Atmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana (ABRY): This scheme was launched to boost employment in the formal sector. It will incentivize the creation of new employment opportunities during the Covid recovery phase under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package 3.0.

Aim: To incentivize the creation of new employment opportunities during the Covid-19 economic recovery phase.

Beneficiaries (new employees) under Scheme:

  • Any new employee joining employment in EPF registered establishments on monthly wages less than Rs 15,000.
  • EPF members drawing a monthly wage of less than Rs 15,000 who made exit from employment during covid-19 pandemic from March 1, 2020, to September 30, 2020
  • Newly employed persons on or after October 1, 2020.

Government Contribution: Central Government will provide subsidy for two years in respect of new eligible employees engaged on or after 01.10.2020 at following scale:

  • Establishments employing up to 1000 employees: Employee’s contributions (12% of Wages) & Employer’s contributions (12% of wages) totalling 24% of wages
  • Establishments employing more than 1000 employees: Only Employee’s EPF contributions (12% of EPF wages)

Duration of the Scheme: The scheme will be operational till June 30, 2021 (June 30, 2021, is the last date to enrol).

Central Government Schemes on Health

SAAMAR Campaign

News: The Jharkhand government has launched the SAAMAR campaign to tackle malnutrition in the state.

About SAAMAR Campaign: SAAMAR is an acronym for Strategic Action for Alleviation of Malnutrition and Anaemia Reduction.

Aim: The SAAMAR campaign aims to identify anaemic women and malnourished children. Further, the campaign brings together various departments to effectively deal with the major malnutrition problem in the state.

Features of the campaign:

  • SAAMAR campaign has been launched with a 1000 days target. Under this, annual surveys will be conducted to track the progress.
  • Every Anganwadi Centres will be engaged to identify malnourished children. Subsequently, they will be treated at the Malnutrition Treatment Centres.
  • Similarly, anemic women will also be identified and will be referred to health centers in serious cases.

Need to launch the campaign:

  • According to NFHS-4 data, Jharkhand has some worrying level of malnutrition. The NFHS-4 data reveals the following trends.
  • Every second child in the state is stunted and underweight
  • Every third child is affected by stunting
  • Every 10th child is affected by severe wasting
  • Apart from that, around 70% of children are anaemic in the state.
  • Hence, the intervention was required with a ‘different approach to reduce malnutrition.

Pradhan MantriSwasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN)

 News: The Union Cabinet approves the Pradhan MantriSwasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN).

About Pradhan MantriSwasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN): This program will ensure access to universal & affordable health care through a fund that does not lapse at the end of the financial year.

Features: 

  • It has been set up as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for a share of Health.
  • It will be made from the share of health in the proceeds of Health and Education Cess.
  • The fund will be administered and maintained by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

Fund utilization: The fund will be utilized for the following flagship schemes of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare:

  • Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)
  • Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs)
  • National Health Mission
  • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)
  • Emergency & disaster preparedness and responses during health emergencies

PM Aatmanirbhar Swasthya Bharat Yojana

About PM Aatmanirbhar Swasthya Bharat Yojana: In the Budget speech of FY 21-22, the scheme has been announced. The Scheme has an outlay of about Rs.64,180 Cr over six years (till FY 25-26). It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme

Aim: 

  • Developing the capacities of the primary, secondary, and tertiary health sectors.
  • Strengthen existing national institutions in the Health sector
  • Create new institutions, to cater to the detection and cure of new and emerging diseases.

Duration of the Scheme: Six Years

Target: The PMASBY targets to build an IT-enabled disease surveillance system by developing a network of surveillance laboratories at block, district, regional and national levels, in Metropolitan areas.

Salient features of the scheme:

  • Rural, Urban Health, and Wellness Centres
  • Integrated Public Health Labs
  • Critical health care hospital blocks
  • National institution for One Health
  • Regional research platform for WHO South-East Asia Region,
  • 9 Biosafety Level III laboratories and 4 regional centers of National Institutes for Virology.
  • Strengthening National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and 5 regional branches of it
  • Expanding the integrated health information panel.

AyushmanSahakar Scheme

About AyushmanSahakar Scheme: The scheme was launched to assist cooperatives in the creation of healthcare infrastructure. Cooperatives at the present run around 52 hospitals across the country having cumulative bed strength of more than 5,000.

Launched by: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Aim: To extend term loans to prospective cooperatives to the tune of Rs. 10,000 Crore for the setting up of healthcare-related infrastructure, education and services.

Nodal Body: The scheme has been formulated by the National Cooperative Development Corporation(NCDC) which is the nodal body for the scheme.

Eligibility: Any Cooperative Society with a suitable provision in its bylaws to undertake healthcare-related activities would be able to access the NCDC fund.

Incentives: The scheme provides interest subvention of 1% to women majority cooperatives.

NCDC: It is an apex level statutory autonomous institution set up by the Government of India under an Act of the Parliament in 1963. It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.


One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) System

News: Tamil Nadu has become the 11th State in the country to successfully undertake the “One Nation One Ration Card system” reform stipulated by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance.

About One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) System: It envisages inter-state portability of ration cards under National Food Security Act, 2013(NFSA). Its implementation ensures the availability of ration and other welfare benefits to the migrant workers and their families across the country.

Features: Under this, the migratory ration cardholders can take their entitled food grains from any Fair Price Shop(FPS) in the country by using their ration card issued in their home States/ UTs after biometric authentication on electronic Point of Sale(ePoS) devices installed at the FPSs.

Benefits of One Nation One Ration Card:

  • Empowers migrant Population: It empowers the migratory population especially the persons who frequently change their place of dwelling to get their entitled quota of food grains from any e-PoS enabled fair Price Shops.
  • Better Targeting: The reform enables the States to better-targeting of beneficiaries, eliminating bogus/ duplicate/ineligible card-holders resulting in enhanced welfare and reduced leakage.

Food Hygiene Rating Scheme

News: Quality Council of India (QCI) at the behest of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched a “Scheme for approval of Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies”.

Objective: To scale up Hygiene Rating by increasing the number of recognised Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies in the country.

Food Hygiene Rating Scheme:

  • It is an online, transparent scoring and rating process.
  • It is a certification system by FSSAI for food businesses supplying food directly to consumers, either on or off-premise.
  • The food establishments are rated based on food hygiene and safety conditions observed at the time of audit.

Aim: It aims to allow consumers to make informed choices about the places where they eat out. By these consumer choices, encourage businesses to improve their hygiene standards. Thus reduce the incidence of food-borne illness.

Implementation: The ratings system will be implemented in 2 parts:

  • Hygiene ratings – It will score and rate the FBO on meeting basic requirements ensuring good hygiene practices for all processes. This includes handling raw material, maintaining clean premises, storing food etc.
  • Hygiene ratings + (Also known as “Responsible place to eat”)
    • Its compliance will enhance the FBO’s scope and responsibility towards providing safe and nutritious food to a larger community.
    • They will be motivated to taking care of their employees, the underprivileged and also serving the customer beyond the mandatory, by making them aware of healthy choices and giving them access to such options.

Significance:

  • A roll-out of hygiene ratings will not only be for the good of all consumers but will also be instrumental in changing perceptions of the Indian Food sector across the globe.
  • It can increase investor confidence in the regulatory environment and hence attract more funding in this sector.
  • By creating awareness amongst the consumers and food business owners (FBO), it will improve quality of food supply and increase demand as well. Both, size of the pie and share for all food players will expand.
  • Many avoidable illnesses due to food and water contamination will be contained, creating great economic value due to less downtime of the workforce and reduced hospital bills.

Central Government Schemes on Water

Jal Jeevan Mission

News: The Ministry of Jal Shakti Ministry has entered a partnership with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the government of Denmark. The agreement aims to bring tap water connections to 11 water-scarce districts in Uttar Pradesh under the Jal Jeevan mission.

About Jal Jeevan Mission: Jal Jeevan Mission, is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.

Aim: It aims to provide every rural household with functional household tap connections (FHTCs) with adequate quantity and of prescribed quality of water on a regular and long-term basis.

Implementation: It is being implemented by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Ministry.

Key Features:

  • The mission implements source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuses through greywater management, water conservation, rainwater harvesting.
  • The mission is based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
  • Water quality testing is one of the priority areas under the mission. It also looks to create a Jan Andolan for water thereby making it everyone’s priority.

Water Quality Parameters under Jal Jeevan Mission:

Jal Jeevan Mission


Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain campaign

News: The Prime Minister has launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain campaign on World Water Day.

About Catch the Rain Campaign:

  • Catch the Rain is a Jan Andolan campaign.
  • It aims to take water conservation at the grassroots level through people’s participation.
  • The campaign intends to accelerate water conservation across the country.

Aim: To encourage all stakeholders to create rainwater harvesting structures(RWHS). As it is suitable for the climatic conditions and subsoil strata. These structures will ensure the proper storage of rainwater.

Tag line: Catch the rain, where it falls, when it falls.

Implementation: The campaign will be implemented by the National Water Mission(NWM), Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Coverage: The campaign will take place across the country, in both rural and urban areas. It will be implemented from March 22 to November 30 (the pre-monsoon and monsoon period) in the country.

Key activities under the Catch the Rain Campaign:

The Catch the Rain Campaign will include certain key activities like,

  • Removal of encroachments and desilting of tanks. This will increase rainwater storage capacity.
  • The campaign includes drives to make water harvesting pits, rooftop RWHS and check dams.
  • Removal of obstructions in the channels bringing water from the catchment areas.
  • Repairs to traditional Water Harvesting Systems(WHS) like step-wells. Further, using defunct bore-wells and old wells to put the water back to aquifers.
  • States have been requested to open Rain Centers in each district. These Rain Centres will act as a technical guidance centre in RWHS.
Note: Theme of world water day 22 March, 2021: “Valuing Water

Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban)

News: In the Budget 2021-22, the Government has announced the launch of Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban).

About Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban): The scheme will be implemented first through the signing of MoUs between the Centre, states, and the urban local bodies.

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

Objective: The Jal Jeevan Mission-Urban aims to create universal coverage of water supply in all 4,378 statutory towns as well as sewage management in 500 AMRUT cities.

Duration: The duration of the mission is over five years.

Features of the Jal Jeevan Mission:

  • It will rejuvenate the water bodies to facilitate sustainable fresh water supply and the creation of green spaces.
  • It will promote a circular economy of water through the development of the city water balance plan in each city. The plan will focus on recycling/reuse of treated sewage water and water conservation. 20% of water demand is to be met by reused water.
  • Awareness Campaign: Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) campaign are proposed. It will spread awareness among the masses about the conservation of water.
  • A drinking water survey ‘Pey Jal Survekshan” will be conducted in cities. It will ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater, and mapping of water bodies.
  • Technology Submission For water: It is proposed to leverage the latest global technologies in the field of water.
  • The mission has mandated that a city having a million-plus population will take up PPP projects. These projects shall constitute a minimum of 10% of their total project fund allocation.
  • Funding:
    • For Union Territories, there will be 100% central funding.
    • For North Eastern and Hill States, central funding for projects will be 90%.
    • Central funding will be 50% for cities with less than 1 lakh population, one-third for cities with 1 lakh to 10 lakh population, and 25% for cities with a million-plus population.

Jal Jeevan Mission launches innovation challenge for portable water testing devices

News: National Jal Jeevan Mission has launched an innovation challenge in partnership with the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade to develop portable devices for water testing.

Aim: The challenge aims to ensure that water sources are tested at various locations, at different levels; thereby, helping the policy framers to design programs that address the water contamination issues.

Need of this challenge: 

  • The drinking water supply in rural areas is from both the groundwater (80%) and surface water (20%) sources. However, due to the depleting groundwater level, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, the use of surface water is on the rise.
  • For both groundwater and surface water-based rural drinking water supply systems, it is important to measure relevant area-specific contaminations to ensure access to potable water.
  • The Uniform Drinking Water Quality Protocol, 2019 has also specified some important parameters to be monitored for assuring portability of drinking water as per BIS IS 10500:2012 and subsequent amendments.

100-day Special Campaign

News: Telangana has achieved 100% tap water connections to all schools and AnganWadiCentres (AWCs) under a 100-day Special Campaign.

The other states like Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Haryana and Tamil Nadu, also achieved this target.

About 100-day Special Campaign: On 2nd October 2020, the Ministry of Jal Shakti had launched the 100-day Special Campaign to ensure piped safe water to all schools and anganwadis under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

Aim: The campaign was launched in order to ensure safe potable piped water for children.  Children are more susceptible to water-borne diseases.

Achievements:

  • So far, 1.82 lakh greywater management structures and 1.42 lakh rainwater harvesting structures had been constructed in all schools and AWCs.
  • In all, 5.21 lakh schools and 4.71 lakh AWCs had been provided with a piped water supply and around 8.24 lakh assets in these institutions had been geo-tagged.
Note:

Mission Bhagiratha: It is a flagship programme of the Telangana government. It is aimed at providing safe drinking water to every household.


NamamiGange Programme

News: The Government of India is currently implementing several initiatives under the NamamiGangeProgramme to clean the polluted rivers of Ganga.

About NamamiGange Programme: ‘NamamiGangeProgramme’, is an Integrated Conservation Mission. It is approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014. The Programme aims to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of the National River Ganga.

Launched in: The Programme was launched in 2014. It is an Integrated Conservation Mission under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Aim: To achieve effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of the National River (Ganga).

Main Pillars of the Programme:

  • Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure,
  • River-Surface Cleaning,
  • Afforestation,
  • Industrial Effluent Monitoring,
  • River-Front Development,
  • Biodiversity
  • Public Awareness among others.

Implementation: National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementing agency of the NamamiGangeProgramme at the national level.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG): It is a statutory authority. It is established under the National Council for River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Act, 2016.

Projects under the programme: Presently, sewerage infrastructure works for pollution abatement is under execution on 13 tributaries of river Ganga. These include Yamuna, Kosi, Saryu, Ramganga, Kali (West), Kali (East), Gomti, Kharkari, BurhiGandak, Banka, Damodar, Rispana-Bindal and Chambal.

Central Government Schemes on Women Empowerment


Stand Up India Scheme

News: The government has informed the Lok Sabha about the implementation of the Stand-Up India Scheme. More than 81% of the accounts under the Stand-Up India Scheme belong to women entrepreneurs.

About Stand-Up India Scheme: Stand-Up India Scheme for financing SC/ST and/or Women Entrepreneurs.

Ministry: Launched in 2016 by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance.

Objective: The Stand-Up India Scheme facilitates bank loans for setting up a new enterprise in manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities, or the trading sector by SC/ST/Women entrepreneurs.

Bank Loan: It provides bank loans between Rs 10 lakh and up to 1 crore.

  • The government does not allocate funds for loans under the Scheme. They are extended by Scheduled Commercial Banks(SCBs).

Eligibility condition for Stand-Up India Scheme:

  • SC/ST and/or woman entrepreneurs above 18 years of age.
  • Loans under the scheme are available only for Greenfield projects. Greenfield signifies the first-time venture of the beneficiary in the manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities or the trading sector.
  • In the case of non-individual enterprises, 51% of the shareholding and controlling stake should be held by either SC/ST and/or Women Entrepreneur.
  • Borrowers should not be in default to any bank/financial institution.

Repayment: The loan is repayable in 7 years with a maximum moratorium period of 18 months.

Duration of the Scheme: The Stand-Up India Scheme has been extended up to the year 2025.


Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme

News: During the last six years, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme has increased awareness and sensitized the masses on Gender Equality.

About Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme: It was launched by the Prime Minister in 2015 at Panipat in Haryana.

Aim: To bring behavioural change in the society towards birth and rights of a girl child.

Components: The Scheme has two major components such as mass communication campaign and multi-sectoral action covering all States and UTs.

Implementation: The scheme is being implemented by a coordinated effort by the Ministry of WCD, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of HRD.

Achievements of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao so far: 

  • Achievement in monitorable targets:
    • Sex Ratio at Birth: During the last 6 years the Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) has improved by 16 points from 918 in 2014-15 to 934 in 2019-20.
    • Health: Percentage of Institutional Deliveries has shown an improving trend from 87% in 2014-15 to 94% in 2019-20.
    • Education: The Gross Enrolment Ratio of girls in the schools at the secondary level has improved from 77.45% (2014-15) to 81.32% (2018-19).
    • Separate Toilets for Girls: The percentage of schools with functional separate toilets for girls has shown improvement from 92.1% in 2014-15 to 95.1% in 2018-19 (2018-19).
  • Achievement in bringing attitudinal change:
    • Social Change: The BBBP scheme has been able to bring the focus on the important issues of female infanticide, lack of education amongst girls, and deprivation of their rights on a life cycle continuum.
    • BBBP Logo: People are using the BBBP logo on their own at various places such as school buses, buildings, and popular festivals to affirm their commitment to the cause.
  • Community and Administration Level:
    • The frontline government employees have been successfully collaborating at the local level for observing the son-centric rituals and also observed celebrating the birth of a girl child i.e. Kuwapoojan, Thali Bajana, etc.
    • Mothers and girl children are being hailed by the local administration to establish the relevance of the girl child. BetiJanmotsav is one of the key programmes celebrated in each district.

“Mission Shakti, Mission Poshan 2.0, and Mission Vatsalya” – 3 Umbrella schemes of Ministry of WCD

News: The Ministry of Women and Child Development has decided to classify all of its major programmes under three Umbrella Schemes– Mission Shakti, Mission POSHAN 2.0, and Mission Vatsalya.

This step has been taken to ensure the effective implementation of various programmes and schemes of the Ministry.

The three umbrella Schemes:

  • Mission Shakti:

About Scheme: Mission Shakti will consist of the schemes and policies for the empowerment and protection of women.

Schemes covered under this: Mission Shakti will cover schemes under two categories:

SAMBAL: This category will include schemes such as One Stop Centre, Mahila Police Volunteer, Women’s Helpline, Swadhar, Ujjawala among others.

SAMARTHYA: This category will include schemes such as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana among others.

Mission Shakti will run in convergence with the other two Umbrella Schemes.

  • Mission Vatsalya:

About Scheme: Mission Vatsalya will be looking into child welfare services and child protection services all over the country.

Schemes covered under this: Mission Vatsalya will include the Scheme for Child Protection Services, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

  • Saksham Anganwadi and Mission POSHAN 2.0 scheme:

Schemes covered under this: This will include schemes such as Integrated Child Development Scheme(ICDS), Anganwadi Services, PoshanAbhiyan, Scheme for Adolescent Girls, NationalCreche Scheme among others.

Mission Poshan 2.0: The government will be merging the PoshanAbhiyan and supplementary nutrition programme to launch Mission Poshan 2.0.

Objective: Mission Poshan 2.0 will look into the ways and measures for strengthening the nutritional content, outreach, delivery, and outcomes.


Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

News: The Central Government has informed that the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) has crossed 1.75 crores of eligible women beneficiaries, till the financial year 2020.

About Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY): This is a Maternity Benefit Programme. It is implemented in all the districts of the country in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme

Launched in: It is a maternity benefit scheme introduced in 2017.

Aim:

  • To provide partial wage compensation to women for wage loss during childbirth and childcare.
  • To provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.
  • To breastfeed the child during the first six months of the birth. As it is very vital the development of the child.

Implementation: It is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD). The scheme is being implemented under the platform of the Integrated Child Development Scheme.

Beneficiaries: Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) who have their pregnancy on or after 1st January 2017 are eligible. The cash incentive is payable in three instalments for the first live birth.

Exclusion: PW&LM who are in regular employment with the Central/State Government or PSUs or those who receive similar benefits under any law.

Benefits: Under the Scheme, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) receive a direct cash benefit transfer of Rs. 5,000 in three instalments. The amount will be credited to the beneficiary on fulfilling the respective conditions. Such as:

  • Early registration of pregnancy (First instalment)
  • Ante-natal check-up (Second instalment)
  • Registration of the birth of the child and completion of the first cycle of vaccination. (Third instalment)
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on average, a beneficiary will get Rs. 6,000.

Additional Facts: 

About Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY): It is a safe motherhood intervention scheme launched in 2005 under the National Health Mission (NHM).

Implementation: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is implementing the Scheme.

Objective: To reduce maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.

Benefits: Under the scheme, eligible pregnant women are entitled to cash assistance of Rs. 1400. There is no bar on the age of the mother, the number of children or the type of institution (government or private health facility).

Central Government Schemes on Sanitation and Cleanliness

Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) Initiative

News: The Ministry of Jal Shakti has announced 12 iconic sites. These sites will be covered under Phase IV of the Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) Initiative.

About Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) Initiative: It is an initiative of the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen).

Aim: It aims to improve the sanitation and cleanliness standards at and around the sites. The initiative will ensure a distinctly higher level of Sanitation/Cleanliness at these places, especially on the peripheries and in the approach area.

Ministries Involved: The initiative is being coordinated by the Ministry of Jal Shakti in association with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Culture, and the concerned State/UT governments.

Places covered under Phase IV: The 12 sites covered under Phase IV are:

  • Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra
  • Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
  • Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan
  • Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan
  • Ramdevra, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
  • Golconda Fort, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha
  • Rock Garden, Chandigarh
  • Dal Lake, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
  • Banke Bihari Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
  • Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
  • Kalighat Temple, West Bengal

Swachh Bharat Mission -Urban

News: The Finance Minister launched Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0 along with Jal Jeevan Mission(urban).

About Swachh Bharat Mission Urban:

Launched Year: It was launched in 2014 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 1.0: The focus of the mission was to make urban India open defecation free (ODF). As well as, 100% scientific solid waste management.

Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0: The mission would be implemented over five years — from 2021 to 2026

Focus: Following are focus areas of Mission:

  • Faecal sludge management and wastewater treatment,
  • Source segregation of garbage,
  • Reduction in single-use plastic,
  • Reduction in air pollution by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities
  • Bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.

Various initiatives under Swachh Bharat Mission Urban:

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched various initiatives to make SBM-U a successful project. This includes,

  • ODF, ODF+ and ODF++ Protocol:
    • Norms under ODF: No visible faeces shall found in the environment and every household, as well as public/community institutions, should be using safe technology option for disposal of faeces.
    • Norms under ODF+: Not a single person should be defecating and/or urinating in open. All community and public toilets should be properly maintained and cleaned.
    • Norms under ODF++: Proper treatment and management of faecal sludge/septage and sewage are safely managed and treated. There should be no discharge or dumping of untreated faecal sludge/septage and sewage in drains, water bodies or open areas.
  • Water + Protocol: It is designed to ensure that no untreated wastewater is discharged into the open environment or water bodies.
  • Star rating protocol for Garbage free cities: It is based on 12 parameters that follow a SMART framework. (Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification mechanism and Targeted towards outcomes).

SwachhataAbhiyan: Mobile Application

News: Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment has launched a Mobile Application “SwachhataAbhiyan”.

About SwachhataAbhiyan: It is a mobile application developed to identify and geotag the data of insanitary latrines and manual scavengers. So that the insanitary latrines can be replaced with sanitary latrines and rehabilitate all the manual scavengers to provide dignity of life to them.

Significance: This would help in rehabilitating all manual scavengers and replace insanitary latrines with sanitary ones.

Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS):  

About Manual scavenging: It is the practice of manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of or handling human excreta.

About the Scheme:

  • It aims to rehabilitate manual scavengers and their dependents in alternative occupations, in a time-bound manner.
  • Under this, manual scavengers are provided rehabilitation benefits
  • The benefits include One Time cash assistance of Rs.40000/-.
  • Loans up to Rs. 15.00 lacs at concessional rate of interest.
  • Credit linked back-end capital subsidy up to Rs. 3,25,000/-.
  • Skill Development Training up to two years with a stipend of Rs.3000/- per month.
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