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Source: The post is based on the article “Govt. programme for non-communicable diseases renamed” published in The Hindu on 6th May 2023
What is the News?
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has decided to rename the programme for non-communicable diseases.
About National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)
NPCDCS has now been renamed as the National Programme for Prevention & Control of Non-Communicable Diseases(NP-NCD) as there has been an addition of diseases to the programme.
This programme was launched in 2010 under the National Health Mission (NHM).
Purpose: The programme focuses on strengthening infrastructure, human resource development, health promotion & awareness generation, screening, early diagnosis, management and referral to an appropriate level of healthcare facility for treatment of the Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), including Cancer.
Under the programme, NCD Cells are being established at National, State and District levels for programme management, and NCD Clinics are being set up at District and CHC levels, to provide services for early diagnosis, treatment and follow-up for common NCDs.
– Provision has been made under the programme to provide free diagnostic facilities and drugs for patients attending the NCD clinics.
– Note: The application or software named Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Non-Communicable Disease (CPHC NCD IT) rolled out under the programme for screening and management has also now been renamed as ‘National NCD Portal’.
About Non-Communicable Diseases(NCD) Burden in India
A study ‘India: Health of the Nation’s States – The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative in 2017’ by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) estimated that the proportion of deaths due to NCDs in India have increased from 37.9% in 1990 to 61.8% in 2016.
The four major NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) and diabetes which share four behavioural risk factors – unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and use of tobacco and alcohol.