Happy Seeder

News:Punjab Chief Minister has said that farmers should use Happy Seeders for direct wheat sowing as it will lead to increased productivity.

Facts:

About Happy seeder(HS):

  • Happy Seeder(HS) is a tractor-operated machine developed by the Punjab Agricultural University(PAU) in collaboration with Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research(ACIAR).
  • Happy seeder is used for in-situ management of paddy stubble (straw).
  • The seeder has the capability to cut and lift the previous crop and sow a new crop in its place.It also deposits the straw over the sown area as mulch.

Advantages of Happy seeder:

  • The average wheat yield a farmer gets using traditional sowing method (after burning stubble) is 19-22 quintal/acre (q/acre).
  • It has been found that using Happy Seeder also farmers can get a yield of around 19-22 q/acre.

Concerns with Happy seeder:

  • Farmers had to burn the stubble because Happy Seeder doesn’t work on thick bunches of straw left behind.
  • The wheat yield does not increase or decrease using Happy Seeder.But it remains at par with normal average yield.
  • Initially,farmers are facing problems because after sowing with HS,fields require proper management.

Additional information:

Mulch:

  • A mulch is a layer of material applied to the surface of the soil. 
  • The reasons for applying mulch include conservation of soil moisture, improving fertility and health of the soil, reducing weed growth and enhancing the visual appeal of the area.
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