Himalayan Trillium

About the Plant: It is a common herb of the Himalayas. It is often locally called as Nagchatri.
Himalayan TrilliumConservation Status:

  • IUCN: endangered’

Vegetation: It is found in temperate and sub-alpine zones of the Himalayas at an altitude from 2,400-4,000 meters above sea level.

Distribution: India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan have been home to this species.

In India, it is found in four states only- Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, and Uttarakhand.

Significance:

  • The herb has been used in traditional medicine to cure diseases like dysentery, wounds, skin boils, inflammation, sepsis, as well as menstrual and sexual disorders.
  • Recently, its value has increased manifold as experiments have shown it is a source of steroidal saponins and can be used as an anti-cancer and anti-aging agent.

Concern: In recent years, the plant has become one of the most traded commercial plants of the Himalayan region, due to its high medicinal quality.

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