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Himalayan Trillium

News: Himalayan trillium (Trillium govanianum), a common herb of the Himalayas was declared ‘endangered’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 

About the Plant: It is a common herb of the Himalayas. It is often locally called as Nagchatri. 

Conservation Status:  

  • IUCN: endangered’ 

Vegetation: It is found in temperate and sub-alpine zones of the Himalayas at an altitude from 2,400-4,000 metres above sea level. 

Distribution: India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan have been home to this species. 

India: In India, it is found in four states only- Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, and Uttarakhand. 

Significance 

  • The herb has been used in traditional medicine to cure diseases like dysentery, wounds, skin boils, inflammation, sepsis, as well as menstrual and sexual disorders. 
  • Recently, its value has increased manifold as experiments have shown it is a source of steroidal saponins and can be used as an anti-cancer and anti-aging agent. 

Concern: In recent years, the plant has become one of the most traded commercial plants of the Himalayan region, due to its high medicinal quality. 

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