How budget is enacted?


The Constitution of India contains the following provisions with regard to the enactment of budget:

  • The President shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament a statement of estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for that year.
  • No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the President.
  • No money shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India except under appropriation made by law.
  • No money bill imposing tax shall be introduced in the Parliament except on the recommendation of the President, and such a bill shall not be introduced in the Rajya Sabha.
  • No tax shall be levied or collected except by authority of law.
  • Parliament can reduce or abolish a tax but cannot increase it.
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