What is the News?
Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR) has released the third round of the Serological Survey.
- Serological Survey: It is conducted to assess the prevalence of a disease in a population. It is done by detecting the presence of specific antibodies that are produced against the virus.
- How was the survey conducted? The survey used an antibody test. The test was designed specifically to check for antibodies produced against the spike protein.
- Spike Protein: Coronaviruses including SARS-CoV-2 get their name from the “corona” or crown shape, created by the protein “spikes” on their surface. These spike proteins bind with human proteins to initiate the process of infection.
- Nearly one in five Indians which is around 21.5% had been infected by the coronavirus until December 2020.
- Urban Slums: The urban slums have reported the highest seroprevalence with 31.7% and was followed by urban non-slums(26.2%). The lowest was in rural areas at 19.1%.
- Children: The seroprevalence among children aged 10-17 years was around 25.3%.
- Health Care Workers: Nearly 26% of doctors and nurses and 25.4% of paramedical staff have coronavirus antibodies. It underlines their higher risk of being exposed to coronavirus infections than the general population.
- Women vs Men: There were more women (22.7%) as compared to men (20.3%) who were found to have antibodies against the Covid-19 virus.
Source: The Hindu