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What is the News?
Global agencies like the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, GAVI and others have launched the Immunisation Agenda 2030 or IA2030 during World Immunisation Week.
World Immunisation Week:
- It is celebrated every year in the last week of April. It aims to promote the use of vaccines to protect people of all ages against disease.
- The theme for 2021: Vaccines bring us closer.
About Immunisation Agenda 2030(IA2030):
- The Immunisation Agenda 2030(IA2030) sets an ambitious, overarching global vision and strategy for vaccines and immunisation for the decade 2021–2030.
- Vision: IA2030 envisions “A world where everyone, everywhere, at every age, fully benefits from vaccines for good health and well-being.”
- Based on: The IA2030 is based on the learnings from Global Vaccine Action Plan(GVAP). IA2030 has a target to address the unmet targets of the GVAP.
- The GVAP was developed to help realize the vision of the “Decade of Vaccines(2011–2020)”.
- GVAP was launched in 2012 with the aim to prevent millions of deaths by 2020. The GVAP aims to achieve this through more equitable access to vaccines for people in all communities.
- Core Principles: The IA 2030 strategy is guided by four core principles: it puts people in the centre. The strategy is led by countries. They will implement the strategy through broad partnerships and data.
Key Features of Immunisation Agenda 2030:
- The IA2030 will ensure the benefits of immunisation are shared equitably among and within countries.
- It will focus on a bottom-up approach. This is in contrast to the GVAP’s ‘top-down’ approach.
- It will give priority to people particularly, the most marginalised communities living in fragile and conflict-affected settings. It also gives priority to mobile populations such as people moving across borders.
- Firstly, to avoid 50 million vaccine-preventable infections in this decade as part of this immunization program.
- Secondly, to reduce the number of zero-dose children by 50%. The programme hopes to do this by extending immunisation services to 13 million such children.
- Zero-dose children are those who have received no vaccines through immunisation programs.
- Thirdly, to achieve 90% coverage for essential vaccines given in childhood and adolescence
- Fourthly, completing 500 national or subnational introduction of new or under-utilized vaccines. This includes vaccines such as COVID-19, rotavirus, or human papillomavirus(HPV), etc.
- The agenda will help by contributing to the achievement of the UN-mandated sustainable development goals or SDGs, specifically SDG3. SDG 3 aims to“Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”.
Source: Down To Earth