What is the News?
The government of India has informed the Lok Sabha about the implementation of the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project(NCRMP).
About National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project(NCRMP):
- Firstly, it was launched by the Ministry of Home Affairs with the support of the World Bank. It addresses the cyclone risks in the country.
- Secondly, its aim is to undertake suitable structural and non-structural measures to mitigate the effects of cyclones in the coastal states and UTs of India.
- Thirdly, its objectives are:
- Improving early warning dissemination systems
- Enhancing the capacity of local communities to respond to disasters
- Improving access to emergency shelter, evacuation, and protection against wind storms, flooding, and storm surge in high areas
- Strengthening Disaster Risk Management(DRM) capacity at central, state, and local levels.
- Implementation: National Disaster Management Authority(NDMA) in coordination with participating State Governments and the National Institute for Disaster Management (NIDM).
- Coverage: The Project has identified 13 cyclone-prone States and Union Territories(UTs) with varying levels of vulnerability. These States/UT have further been classified into two categories:
- Category I: Higher vulnerability States namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal.
- Category II: Lower vulnerability States i.e. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, Pondicherry, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands.