Government Schemes and Programs


Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Promoting Telecom and Networking Products Manufacturing in India

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Source: This post is based on the article Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Promoting Telecom and Networking Products Manufacturing in Indiapublished in PIB on 16th October 2021.

What is the News?

The Minister of State for Communications has launched the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Telecom and Networking Products.

What is the objective of the PLI Scheme for Telecom and Networking Products?

To boost domestic manufacturing in the telecom and networking products by incentivising incremental investments and turnover.

To reduce India’s dependence on other countries for the import of telecom and networking products.

What are the target segments under the scheme?

Core Transmission Equipment

4G/5G, Next-Generation Radio Access Network and Wireless Equipment

Access and Customer Premises Equipment (CPE), Internet of Things (IoT) Access Devices, and Other Wireless Equipment

Enterprise equipment: Switches, Routers

What is the eligibility criteria?

MSMEs – Minimum Threshold of Investment ₹ 10 Crores

Other than MSMEs – Minimum Threshold of Investment ₹ 100 Crores

Further, for MSMEs, the scheme has a 1% higher incentive in the first three years.

What are the incentives under the scheme?

An incentive of 7% to 4% on incremental sales (over base year) of goods manufactured in India

Tenure: Support under the scheme shall be provided for a period of five (5) years from 1st April 2021.

Read moreProduction-Linked Incentive or PLI Schemes and its challenges – Explained, pointwise
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Palk Bay scheme to get a fillip: Murugan

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What is the News?

The Union Government is considering increasing the unit cost of deep-sea fishing vessels to make them more attractive to fisherfolk. At present, the Palk Bay scheme covers fishing vessels up to Rs 80 Lakh. The government is considering to increase this amount to Rs 1.3 Cr.

What is the Palk Bay Scheme?

Palk Bay Scheme is also known as Scheme for Diversification Of Trawl Fishing Boats From Palk Straits Into Deep Sea Fishing Boats.

The scheme was launched by the Government of India in 2017 as a Centrally sponsored scheme.

What are the objectives of the scheme?

Firstly, it is a Tamil Nadu-specific scheme aimed at providing 2,000 vessels in three years to fishermen of the State and motivating them to abandon bottom trawling.

Must read: India-Sri Lanka Maritime dispute – Explained

Secondly, it aims to reduce fishing pressure around the proximity of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) so that Tamil Nadu fishermen do not cross the IMBL and fish in Sri Lankan waters.

What is the funding Pattern of the Scheme?

Under the scheme is the Centre is providing 50% cost of the fishing vessel, the State government is providing 20% cost and the 10% cost will be the Institutional funding. The beneficiary will put the remaining 20% for the vessel.

The Scheme is limited to vessels costing up to Rs. 80 Lakh.

What is Bottom Trawling?

bottom trawling

It is an ecologically destructive fishing practice. It involves trawlers dragging weighted nets along the seafloor.

The major problem in bottom trawling is Bycatch (captures juvenile fish and other non-targeted fish species). This will cause great depletion of aquatic resources and affect marine conservation efforts.

Source: This post is based on the articlePalk Bay scheme to get a fillip: Muruganpublished in ‘The Hindu’ on 08th October 2021. 

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Government has approved setting up of 7 Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel (PM MITRA) Parks

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What is the news?  

The government has approved the setting up of seven PM MITRA textiles parks, following the “Union Budget for 2021-22″ commitments, with a total outlay of Rs. 4,445 crores in a period of 5 years. 

About “PM-MITRA” Scheme

The scheme aims to realize the vision of building an Aatmanirbhar Bharat by positioning India strongly on the Global textiles map. It is inspired by the 5F vision of Hon’ble Prime Minister –Farm to Fibre to Factory to Fashion to Foreign.

Aim: The scheme aims to create a world-class industrial infrastructure that would attract cutting-edge technology and boost FDI and local investment in the sector.

Sites for the scheme will be selected by a Challenge Method, based on objective criteria for Greenfield / Brownfield sites. The Centre is receiving proposals from states for the ready availability of contiguous and encumbrance-free land parcels of 1,000+ acres along with other textiles related facilities & ecosystems. 

What are the various supports provided by the government under the scheme?

Competitiveness Incentive Support (CIS)– The government will provide a fund of ₹ 300 Crore to ‘investors’ setting up production facilities to incentivize manufacturing units to get established.

For a Greenfield Park ‘developer’, the centre will provide 30% of Capital Support from the Project Cost, with a cap of ₹ 500 Cr. 

For a Brownfield sites ‘developer’, the centre will provide 30% of Capital Support from the Project Cost, with a cap of ₹ 200 Cr. 

The developer will get a 25-year lease of the park, and this could be extended by another 25 years.

What infrastructures do the PM MITRA parks contain?

PM MITRA park will be developed by a Special Purpose Vehicle which will be owned by the State Government and Government of India in a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Mode. The Master Developer will develop and also maintain the park during the concession period. 

MITRA Parks
Source: PIB
  1. Core Infrastructure: Incubation Centre & Plug & Play facility, Developed Factory Sites, Roads, Power, Water and Waste Water system, Common Processing House and other related facilities e.g., Design Centre, Testing Centres etc. 
  2. Support Infrastructure: Workers’ hostels & housing, logistics park, warehousing, medical, training & skill development facilities.
What are the advantages of the PM-MITRA Scheme?

The scheme intended to generate approximately 1 lakh direct and 2 lakh indirect employment per park. 

The Scheme will offer an opportunity to create an integrated textiles value chain right from spinning, weaving, processing/dyeing and printing to garment manufacturing at one location that would ease business and will reduce logistics costs of the Industry. 

Source: This post is based on the articles 

  • Government has approved setting up of 7 Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel (PM MITRA पीएम मित्र) Parks with a total outlay of Rs. 4,445 crore in a period of 5 years” published in ‘PIB’ on 06 October 2021. 
  • Cabinet approves scheme to setup 7 mega textile park” published in Livemint on 07th October 2021.
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SAUBHAGYA completes Four years of successful implementation

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What is the News?

SAUBHAGYA Scheme has completed four years of successful implementation.

What is the Saubhagya Scheme?

The SAUBHAGYA Scheme was announced by the Prime Minister in 2017. 

Objective: To achieve Universal Household Electrification in the country through last-mile connectivity and providing access to electricity to all un-electrified households in rural areas and poor households in urban areas.

Nodal Agency: REC Limited (Rural Electrification Corporation) has been designated as the nodal agency for the Saubhagya scheme.

What are the key features of the Scheme?

All DISCOMs including Private Sector DISCOMs, State Power Departments and RE Cooperative Societies shall be eligible for financial assistance under the scheme in line with Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY).

The prospective beneficiary households for free electricity connections under the scheme would be identified using SECC 2011 data. 

However, un-electrified households not covered under SECC data would also be provided electricity connections under the scheme on payment of Rs. 500 which shall be recovered by DISCOMs in 10 instalments through electricity bill. 

The electricity connection to households includes the release of electricity connections by drawing a service cable from the nearest pole to the household premise, installation of an energy meter, wiring for a single light point with an LED bulb and a mobile charging point.

What is the present status of the Scheme?

As of March 31st, 2021 India has provided electricity access to 2.82 crore households as part of the Saubhagya scheme. Saubhagya Scheme will continue its work of providing a 24×7 quality power supply to all. 

All states have been requested to launch special campaigns in their respective states to identify any left out un-electrified households and subsequently provide electricity connections to them. A dedicated toll-free helpline has also been launched for that purpose.

Source: This post is based on the article SAUBHAGYA completes Four years of successful implementationpublished in PIB on 25th Sep 2021.

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Scheme for “Promotion of Medical Device Parks”, a key initiative to support the medical devices, notified

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What is the News?

The Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers has notified the Scheme for “Promotion of Medical Device Parks”.

What is the Scheme for Promotion of Medical Device Parks?

Under the scheme, medical parks will be developed to provide common infrastructure facilities in one place thereby creating a robust ecosystem for medical device manufacturing in the country and also reduce the manufacturing cost significantly. 

Objectives of the Scheme

Easy access to standard testing and infrastructure facilities through the creation of world-class common infrastructure facilities for increased competitiveness. This will result in a significant reduction of the cost of production of medical devices, leading to better availability and affordability of medical devices in the domestic market.

Reaping the benefits arising due to optimization of resources and economies of scale.

Other Features of the Scheme

Duration: The total financial outlay of the scheme is Rs. 400 crores and the tenure of the scheme is from FY 2020-2021 to FY 2024-2025. 

Financial Assistance: ​​The financial assistance to a selected Medical Device Park would be 70% of the project cost of common infrastructure facilities.

In the case of the North-Eastern States and the Hilly States, financial assistance would be 90% of the project cost. Maximum assistance under the scheme for one Medical Device Park would be limited to Rs. 100 crores.

Source: This post is based on the articleScheme for Promotion of Medical Device Parks, a key initiative to support the medical devices, notifiedpublished in PIB on 23rd September 2021.

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Government Notifies PLI Scheme for Automobile & Auto components

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What is the News?

The government of India has issued notification regarding Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Automobile & Auto components. 

What is the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Automobile & Auto components?

Aim: To overcome the cost disabilities of the industry for the manufacture of Advanced Automotive Technology products in India.

Key Features of the Scheme

Eligibility: The scheme is open to existing Automotive companies as well as new Non-Automotive investor companies (who are currently not in the automobile or auto component manufacturing business).

Duration: The scheme will be implemented over a period of five years starting from FY 2022-2023.

Components: The scheme has two components viz 

Champion OEM Incentive scheme: It is a ‘sales value linked’ scheme, applicable to Battery Electric Vehicles and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles of all segments.

Component Champion Incentive Scheme: It is a ‘sales value linked’ scheme, applicable on pre-approved Advanced Automotive Technology components of all vehicles. Pre-approval of the eligible products will be done by Testing Agency.

Base year: Financial Year 2019-20 shall be treated as the Base Year for calculation of Eligible sales. An approved applicant shall be eligible for benefits for 5 consecutive Financial Years.

Any eligible product will be incentivized only for once – Component level or Vehicle level.

Read moreProduction-Linked Incentive or PLI Schemes and its challenges – Explained, pointwise

Minimum 50% domestic value addition will be required to avail incentives under the scheme.

The incentive will be applicable on the Determined Sales Value, which is defined as the incremental eligible sales of a particular year over the base year.

Source: This post is based on the article Government Notifies PLI Scheme for Automobile & Auto components published in PIB on 25th September 2021.

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IT Minister vision for startups takes shape of SAMRIDH Scheme

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology(MeitY) has launched the SAMRIDH Scheme.

About SAMRIDH Scheme:
  1. Full-Form: Start-up Accelerators of MeitY for pRoduct Innovation, Development and growth (SAMRIDH).
  2. Aim: To create a conducive platform for Indian Software Product start-ups to enhance their products and secure investments for scaling their business.
  3. Implementation: MeitY Start-up Hub (MSH).
Key Features of the Scheme:
  1. Firstly, the scheme will focus on accelerating the 300 start-ups by providing customer connect, investor connect, and international immersion in the next three years. 
  2. Secondly, an investment of up to ₹ 40 lakh to the start-up based on the current valuation and growth stage of the Start-Up will be provided through selected accelerators. 
Significance of the Scheme:
  1. India is currently the third-largest Unicorn hub globally, with 63 Unicorns having a total valuation of 168 Billion USD.
  2. The programme aims to further the Indian start-up growth and create at least 100 unicorns out of the selected startups.

 

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Pension scheme for informal workers hits stagnation point

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Source: Livemint

What is the News?

The number of people joining the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM) scheme, has hit an all-time low. This is due to workers in the informal sector facing income and job loss following the two waves of the coronavirus pandemic.

About Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan(PM-SYM) Scheme:
  1. Launched by: Ministry of Labour and Employment 
  2. Type: Central Sector Scheme 
  3. Aim: It is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme that aims to ensure old age protection for Unorganised Workers.
  4. Coverage: The scheme covers unorganised workers (home-based workers, street vendors, mid-day meal workers, head loaders, landless labourers and similar other occupations) whose monthly income is Rs 15,000/ per month or less. The beneficiary should also belong to the entry age group of 18-40 years.
    • Moreover, they should also not be covered under New Pension Scheme (NPS), the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) scheme or the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO). Further, he/she should not be an income taxpayer.
Key Features of the Scheme:
  1. Minimum Assured Pension: Each subscriber under the PM-SYM, shall receive a minimum assured pension of Rs 3000/- per month after attaining the age of 60 years.
  2. Matching Contribution: It is a contributory pension scheme on a 50:50 basis where prescribed age-specific contributions shall be made by the beneficiary and the matching contribution by the Central Government. 
    • For example, if a person enters the scheme at an age of 29 years, he is required to contribute Rs 100/ – per month till the age of 60 years an equal amount of Rs 100/- will be contributed by the Central Government.
  3. Family Pension: During the receipt of a pension, if the subscriber dies, the spouse of the beneficiary shall be entitled to receive 50% of the pension received by the beneficiary as a family pension. Family pension is applicable only to spouses.
    • If a beneficiary has given regular contribution and died due to any cause (before age of 60 years), his/her spouse will be entitled to join and continue the scheme subsequently by payment of regular contribution or exit the scheme as per provisions of exit and withdrawal.
  4. Fund Management:  The scheme will be implemented through the Life Insurance Corporation of India and CSC eGovernance Services India Limited (CSC SPV). LIC will be the Pension Fund Manager and responsible for Pension payouts. 

 

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High-speed Net comes to a deep jungle

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Source: The Hindu

What is the News?

The Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS), a Union government initiative for skill development in rural areas, has brought high-speed internet to some of the remotest tribal hamlets deep inside the Nilambur jungle in Kerala.

About Jan Shikshan Sansthan(JSS) Scheme:

  • The Scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) was formerly known as the Shramik Vidyapeeth scheme. The scheme was launched in 1967 and was renamed as Jan Shikshan Sansthan in 2000
  • Nodal Ministry: The scheme was transferred from the Ministry of Education to the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in 2018.
  • Mandate: To provide vocational skills in non-formal mode to non-literate, neo-literates, persons with a rudimentary level of education up to 8th and school drop-outs up to 12th standard in the age group of 15-45 years.
  • Target Group: The priority groups are women, SC, ST, minorities and other backward sections of the society. 
  • Implementation: The scheme is implemented through NGOs with 100% grants from the Government of India.
  • At present, 233 JSSs in 25 States and 3 Union Territories are functional. The annual coverage of the beneficiaries is around 4 lakh, out of which 85% are women.
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Odisha CM Launches Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana

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Source: Outlook

What is the News?

The Odisha Chief Minister has launched the Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY) smart card scheme.

About Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY) smart card scheme:

  1. Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY) smart card scheme is a new version of the Biju Swasthya Kalyan Scheme that was first launched in 2018.
  2. The scheme aims to transform the health service delivery system of the state.
  3. Under the scheme, smart cards would be distributed to the beneficiaries. The smart cards will have the details of family members and a 12-digit distinctive registration quantity. Each family will be given two cards in case two people fall sick at the same time.
  4. The smart cards can be used by the beneficiaries to avail cashless health coverage across more than 200 empanelled private hospitals.
  5. Those who don’t have smart cards will have to produce their food security cards to avail the services under the scheme.
  6. Each family can get treatment cost up to 5 lakh per year and women will get benefits up to 10 lakh per year under the scheme.
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Government of India developed robust mechanism for Online Trading of Energy Saving Certificates

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Ministry of Power issued more than 57 lacs Energy Saving Certificates to 349 industrial units because they saved more energy than the targets. These units will be able to trade certificates through Power Exchange Portal to those units that could not achieve their targets.

About Perform, Achieve and Trade(PAT) Scheme:
  1. Launched by: Ministry of Power
  2. Aim: PAT is a market-based compliance mechanism that aims to accelerate improvements in energy efficiency in energy-intensive industries.
  3. Nodal Agency: It is a flagship programme of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE).
Key Features of the Scheme:
  1. The scheme seeks to enhance cost-effectiveness through certification of excess energy savings in energy-intensive industries.
  2. Under the scheme, an Energy Audit is done to verify the baseline data (current level of efficiency) and thereafter energy saving targets are given. 
  3. Energy Saving Certificates (ESCerts) are issued to those plants that have achieved excess energy savings over their targets. 
  4. Units that are unable to meet the targets either through their own actions or through the purchase of ESCerts are liable to financial penalty under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
Significance of the Scheme:
  1. The scheme has led to the total energy savings of more than 14 million tonnes of oil equivalent (MTOE) which has resulted in mitigation of about 66 million tonnes of CO2 emission.
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Cabinet approves implementation of National Mission on Edible Oils Oil Palm

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Union Cabinet has given its approval to launch a new Mission on Oil palm, to be known as the National Mission on Edible Oils – Oil Palm (NMEO-OP).

About National Mission on Edible Oils – Oil Palm (NMEO-OP):
  • NMEO-OP is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme that aims to boost domestic production of Palm Oil and reduce its dependence on imports.
  • The mission has a special focus on the North-eastern region and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Target: The mission hopes to increase the area under oil palm by an additional 6.5 lakh hectares by 2025-26. It also has a target to increase the production of crude palm oil to 11.2 lakh tonnes by 2025-26 and up to 28 lakh tonnes by 2029-30.
Major Focus Areas of the scheme:

Price Assurance:

  1. The oil palm farmers will produce Fresh Fruit Bunches(FFBs) from which Palm oil is extracted by the industry. 
  2. Presently, the prices of these FFBs are linked to the international Crude Palm Oil(CPO) prices fluctuations. 
  3. So if the market is volatile, then the Centre will pay the difference in price to the farmers through direct benefit transfer 
  4. This price assurance will be given in the form of viability gap funding, and the industry will be mandated to pay 14.3% of crude palm oil prices.
  5. Moreover, in a bid to encourage oil palm cultivation in northeastern India and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Centre will bear an additional cost of 2% of the crude palm oil prices in these States
  6. Hence, this will protect the farmers from the fluctuations of the international CPO  prices and protect them from volatility.  

The assistance of Inputs/Interventions: The scheme has been made a substantial increase in the assistance of inputs/interventions:  

  1. A substantial increase has been made for planting material for oil palm and this has increased from Rs 12,000 per ha to  Rs.29000 per ha. 
  2. Further, a substantial increase has been made for maintenance and intercropping interventions. 
  3. Moreover, assistance will be provided to seed gardens to address the issue of shortage of planting material in the country.
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Govt notifies RoDTEP rates, guidelines

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Source: Livemint and The Hindu

What is the News?

The government of India has notified the rates and norms for the Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) scheme.

About RoDTEP Scheme:
  1. Launched by: Ministry of Commerce & Industry 
  2. Which scheme is it replacing? The RoDTEP scheme is replacing the earlier Merchandise and Services Export Incentive Schemes (MEIS and SEIS) that were in violation of WTO norms.
  3. Aim: To reimburse all the taxes/duties/levies being charged at the Central/State/Local level which are not currently refunded under any of the existing schemes but are incurred at the manufacturing and distribution process.
    • The refund under the scheme shall not be available in respect of duties and taxes already exempted or remitted or credited.
  4. Implementation: The refund under the scheme will be credited in an exporter’s ledger account with the customs. It will be used to pay basic duty on imported goods. The credits can also be transferred to other importers.
Key Features of the Scheme:
  1. Coverage: The scheme covers over 8,555 tariff products, accounting for about 75% of traded items and 65% of India’s exports.
  2. Rates: The tax refund rates will vary between 0.5% and 4.3% of the export value of goods.
    • The lowest rate is offered on items like chocolates, toffees and sugar confectionery
    • Yarns and fibres have been granted the highest rate.
  3. Sectors Included: The scheme covers sectors such as marine, agriculture, leather, gems and jewellery automobile, plastics, textiles, electronics among others.
  4. Sectors Excluded: Pharmaceutical, steel and chemicals have been kept out of the purview of the scheme. Products manufactured at export-oriented units and special economic zones have also been excluded from the scheme for the time being.

 

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Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

In order to boost domestic defence and aerospace manufacturing, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) has launched the Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS).

About Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS):
  1. Launched by: Ministry of Defence in 2020.
  2. Aim: To create a state-of-the-art testing infrastructure in partnership with the private industry. 
Key Features of the Scheme:
  1. Target: The scheme aims to set up 6-8 Greenfield Defence Testing Infrastructure facilities that are required for defence and aerospace-related production.
    • A greenfield project is one that is not constrained by prior work. It is constructed on unused land where there is no need to remodel or demolish an existing structure.
  2. Funding: The projects under the scheme will be provided with up to 75% Government funding in the form of ‘Grant-in-Aid’.
    • The remaining 25% of the project cost will have to be borne by the Special Purpose Vehicle(SPV). The SPV constituents will be the Indian private entities and state governments.
  3. Duration of the Scheme: Five Years.
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PM launches Ujjwala 2.0 Scheme

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Prime Minister of India has launched Ujjwala 2.0 (Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana – PMUY) by handing over LPG connections at Mahoba, Uttar Pradesh.

About Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY):
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in 2018.
  • Aim: To replace the unclean cooking fuels mostly used in rural India with the clean and more efficient LPG(Liquefied Petroleum Gas).
  • Under the scheme, an adult woman member of a below poverty line family identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) was given a deposit-free LPG connection with the financial assistance of Rs 1,600 per connection by the Centre.
  • Target: Initially the target was the installation of 5 crores LPG connections by 2019. But the target was revised to 8 crores which was achieved in August 2019.
About Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY) 2.0:
  • In the Union Budget for 2021-22, the Government has announced the target of an additional one crore LPG connection. These additional connections will be provided under Ujjwala 2.0.
  • Hence, Ujjwala 2.0 aims to provide deposit-free LPG connections to those low-income families who could not be covered under the earlier phase of PMUY.
  • Along with a deposit-free LPG connection, Ujjwala 2.0 will also provide the first refill and hotplate free of cost to the beneficiaries.
  • Moreover, the migrants would only be required to submit a self-declaration of their residential address to get the gas connection.
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Six Universities/Institutes and five Medical Colleges have been selected for setting up of Sports Science Departments and Sports Medicine Departments under the NCSSR scheme

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

Recently the Minister of Sports, Youth Affairs informed the Parliament that so far Six Universities/Institutes and five Medical Colleges have been selected for setting up of Sports Science Departments and Sports Medicine Departments under the NCSSR scheme

About Scheme of National Centre of Sports Sciences and Research (NCSSR):

  • The scheme of the National Centre of Sports Sciences and Research (NCSSR) is an initiative of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
  • Aim: To support high-level research, education and innovation with respect to the high performance of elite athletes.
Objectives of NCSSR scheme:
  • Application of scientific principles to the promotion, maintenance and enhancement of sporting performance.
  • Developing athletes to their maximum potential and prolonging their competitive sporting career.
  • Dissemination of sports science information
  • Testing and Certification of food supplements/Indigenous preparations.
  • Application of Ayurvedic/Homeopathic Medicines in sporting performance.
  • Management and rehabilitation of sports injuries.

Components of the Scheme: The scheme has two components:

  1. Setting up of NCSSR centre
  2. Providing support (funding) for setting up of Sports Sciences Departments and Sports Medicine Departments in selected Universities/Institutes and Medical Colleges respectively.
Implementation of the Scheme:
  • The Scheme is implemented through the Sports Authority of India (SAI) and the selected Universities/Institutes/Medical Colleges across the country.
  • The funds under the scheme are not sanctioned/released state-wise.

Click Here to Read About TOPS Scheme

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Cabinet approves continuation of Samagra Shiksha Scheme for School Education

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Source: PIB 

What is the News?

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for the continuation of the revised Samagra Shiksha Scheme for a period of five years, i.e. from 2021-22 to 2025-26.

About Samagra Shiksha Scheme:

  • Samagra Shiksha is an Integrated Scheme for School Education. It has been launched throughout the country as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with effect from the year 2018-19.
  • Merged Schemes: The scheme subsumes the three erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE).
  • Aim: To ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education.
  • Coverage: It is an overarching programme for the school education sector, extending from pre-school to class XII. It covers 11.6 lakh schools, over 15.6 crore students, and 57 lakh teachers of government and aided schools (from pre-primary to senior secondary level).

Samagra Shiksha Scheme(SSA) 2.0:  The upgraded version has been aligned with recommendations of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020. Based on this, interventions incorporated are:

  • All child-centric interventions will be provided directly to the students through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode.
  • Provision of up to Rs 500 per child for Teaching Learning Materials for pre-primary sections in Government Schools.
  • For disabled children and children belonging to the SC/ST community in the age bracket of 16-19 years, ₹2,000 will be provided per child to complete their secondary/senior secondary levels through NIOS/SOS.
  • Additional Sports grant of up to Rs. 25000 to schools in case at least 2 students of that school win a medal in Khelo India school games at the National level.
  • The child tracking provision has been included for ensuring the safety of students of government and government-aided schools.
  • A sum of ₹6,000 per annum will be extended to secondary level school students for availing transport facility
  • Provision of training of master trainers for Anganwadi workers
  • Incinerator and sanitary pad vending machines in all-girls hostels.
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Cabinet approves continuation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Fast Track Special Courts for further 2 years

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of 1023 Fast Track Special Court (FTSCs) including 389 exclusive POCSO courts as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) till March 31, 2023.

Background:
  • Incidents of rape and gang rape of minor girls below the age of twelve and similar heinous crimes against women have always shaken the conscience of the entire nation.
  • To prevent such crimes, stricter laws were introduced through “the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018”. The act made provision for stringent punishment, including the death penalty, for perpetrators of rape.
  • Moreover, to effectively implement the Criminal Law 2018 Act, the Government launched the Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Fast Track Special Courts across the country.
About Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Fast Track Special Courts:
  • Fast Track Special Courts are dedicated courts expected to ensure swift dispensation of justice. They have a better clearance rate as compared to the regular courts and hold speedy trials.
    • Besides providing quick justice to the hapless victims, it strengthens the deterrence framework for sexual offenders.
  • Purpose: The scheme by setting up Fast Track Courts aims to reduce the number of pending cases of the Rape and POCSO Act.
  • Coverage: Currently the scheme covers 28 States. It is proposed to be expanded to cover all 31 states which are eligible to join the Scheme.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged , , ,

Reform-based scheme: Discoms get till Dec 31

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Source: Indian Express

What is the News?

Union Minister of Power has said that the Power distribution companies (discoms) looking to avail funds under the government’s Rs 3.03-lakh crore Reform Based Scheme for discoms will have to submit plans to cut losses by 31st December,2021.

About Reform Based Power Distribution Scheme:
  • The Scheme aims to improve the operational efficiencies and financial sustainability of DISCOMs/ Power Departments excluding Private Sector DISCOMs by providing conditional financial assistance for strengthening of supply infrastructure.
Objectives of the Scheme:
  • Reduction of AT&C losses to pan-India levels of 12-15% by 2024-25.
  • Reduction of ACS-ARR gap to zero by 2024-25.
  • Developing Institutional Capabilities for Modern DISCOMs
  • Improvement in the quality, reliability, and affordability of power supply to consumers through a financially sustainable and operationally efficient Distribution Sector.

Implementation:

  • Power Finance Corporation(PFC) and Rural Electrification Corporation(REC) have been nominated as the nodal agencies for the implementation of the scheme.
Duration of the Scheme:
  • The Scheme would be available till the year 2025-26.
Key Features of the Scheme:
  • Financial Assistance: The financial assistance under the Scheme will be based on meeting pre-qualifying criteria as well as upon achievement of basic minimum benchmarks by the DISCOMs.
  • Approach: Implementation of the Scheme would be based on the action plan worked out for each state rather than a “one-size-fits-all” approach.
  • Merging of Projects: The ongoing works under the Integrated Power Development Scheme(IPDS), Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) will be merged under this scheme.
  • Solarisation of agricultural Feeders: The Scheme has a major focus on improving electricity supply for the farmers and for providing daytime electricity to them through solarization of agricultural feeders.
  • Smart Metering: The scheme enables consumer empowerment by way of prepaid Smart metering to be implemented in Public-Private-Partnership(PPP) mode.
  • Use of Technology: Artificial Intelligence would be used to analyze data generated to enable DISCOMs to make informed decisions.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

DEPwD organises Samajik Adhikarita Shivir for distribution of aids & assistive devices to Divyangjan under the ADIP Scheme

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities(DEPwD) has organized Samajik Adhikarita Shivir’. In this shivir, aids and assistive devices will be distributed among ‘Divyangjan’ under the ADIP Scheme and among Senior Citizens under the ‘Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana’.

About ADIP Scheme:
  • Launched by: Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities(DEPwD) under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
  • Aim: To assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable and scientifically manufactured appliances. It will promote their physical, social, and psychological rehabilitation by reducing the effects of disabilities and enhancing their economic potential.
  • Implementated by: NGOs, National Institutes under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, and ALIMCO (a PSU that manufactures artificial limbs).
  • Eligibility:
    • Indian citizen of any age
    • Has 40% disability or more
    • Monthly income not more than Rs.20,000.
    • In the case of dependents, the income of parents/guardians should not exceed Rs. 20,000/- per month
    • Must not have received assistance during the last 3 years, and for children, it’s the last 1 year.
About Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana:
  • Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana is the scheme of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. It was launched in 2017.
  • Type: It is a central sector scheme funded by the Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund.
  • Aim: to provide aids and assistive living devices to senior citizens belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) category who suffer from age-related disabilities such as low vision, hearing impairment, loss of teeth, and locomotor disabilities.
    • The aids and assistive devices include walking sticks, elbow crutches, hearing aids, wheelchairs, and spectacles, etc.
  • Implementated by: Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO), which is a public sector undertaking under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana(PDDUUKSY)

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

Government has organized 108 training programmes for the awareness of the farmers across 24 states/UTs under the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana(PDDUUKSY).

About Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana (PDDUUKSY):
  • The scheme was launched in 2016 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • Aim: To develop the human resource in organic farming, natural farming and cow based economy for environmental sustenance and soil health.
  • Objectives:
    • To build skilled Human Resource at village level who are relevant for development organic farming and sustainable agriculture.
    • Provide rural India with technical support in the field of Organic Farming or Natural Farming or Rural Economy or Sustainable Agriculture.
    • To extend other activities of this Yojana at village level through their established centres.
  • Implementation: Education wing of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR).
Other Scheme Mentioned in the Article:

About Student READY (Rural Entrepreneurship Awareness Development Yojana) Programme:

  • The Student READY Programme is an initiative of Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR).
  • Aim: To provide rural entrepreneurship awareness, practical experience in real-life situations in rural agriculture and creating awareness to undergraduate students about practical agriculture and allied sciences.
  • This will in turn help in building confidence, skill and acquiring Indigenous Technical Knowledge(ITK) of the locality thereby preparing the pass-out for self-employment.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

Affordable Rental Housing Complexes Scheme under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package

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Source: PIB

What is the News? 

Union Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs has informed that about 88,236 govt-funded vacant houses are available. They can be converted into Affordable Rental Housing Complexes under the Affordable Rental Housing Complexes Scheme.

About Affordable Rental Housing Complexes Scheme:
  • Affordable Rental Housing Complexes(ARHCs) is a Sub-scheme under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Urban (PMAY-U) to provide affordable rental housing to urban migrants/ poor close to their workplace.
Objectives:
  • To address the vision of ‘AtmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ significantly by creating a sustainable ecosystem of affordable rental housing solutions for urban migrants/poor.
  • To achieve the overall objective of “Housing for All” encompassing the need for affordable rental housing for urban migrants/poor.
  • Also, to create a conducive environment by incentivizing Public/Private Entities to leverage investment in rental housing.

Duration:

  • ARHCs to be considered till PMAY (U) Mission period, i.e. March 2022.
Beneficiaries:
  • Beneficiaries for ARHCs will be varied groups of urban migrants/ poor from EWS/ LIG categories including industrial & construction workers, migrants working with market/ trade associations, educational/ health institutions, hospitality sector, long-term tourists/ visitors, students, etc.

Implementation Strategy: The ARHCs will be built through a two-pronged strategy: –

  • Strategy-1: Utilizing existing Government funded vacant houses to convert into ARHCs through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) or by Public Agencies.
  • Strategy-2: Construction, Operation & Maintenance of ARHCs by Public/ Private Entities on their own available vacant land.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

Union Cabinet approves Production-linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Specialty Steel

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Union Cabinet has approved the Production Linked Incentive(PLI) Scheme for specialty steel.

About PLI Scheme for Speciality Steel:
  • The PLI Scheme aims to boost the production of high-grade specialty steel in the country.
  • Coverage: The five categories of specialty steel that have been chosen in the PLI Scheme are: Coated/Plated Steel Products, High Strength/Wear-resistant Steel, Specialty Rails, Alloy Steel Products, and Steel wires, and Electrical Steel.
  • Incentives: There are 3 slabs of PLI incentives under the scheme. The lowest being 4% and the highest is 12%, which has been provided for electrical steel (CRGO).
  • Eligibility: Any company registered in India engaged in the manufacturing of the identified Specialty Steel are eligible to participate under the scheme.
  • Duration: The duration of the scheme will be five years from 2023-24 to 2027-28.
Expected Benefits of the scheme:
  • The scheme is expected to bring in an investment of approximately ₹40,000 crores and capacity addition of 25 MT for specialty steel.
  • The scheme will give employment to about 5 lakh people, of which 68,000 will be direct employment.
What is Specialty Steel?
  • Specialty steel is value-added steel wherein normal finished steel is worked upon by way of coating, plating, heat treatment, etc. to convert it into high-value-added steel.
  • This steel can be used in various strategic applications like Defense, Space, Power, apart from the automobile sector, specialized capital goods among others.
Why was Speciality Steel chosen for the PLI Scheme?
  • Speciality steel has been chosen as the target segment under the PLI Scheme. It is because out of the production of 102 million tonnes of steel in India in 2020-21, only 18 million tonnes of value-added steel/specialty steel was produced in the country.
  • Apart from this, out of 6.7 million tonnes of imports in 2020-21, about 4 million tonnes import was of specialty steel alone resulting in Forex expenditure of Rs.30,000 crores.
  • Hence, by becoming Atma Nirbhar in producing speciality steel, India will move up the steel value chain and come at par with advanced steel-making countries like Korea and Japan.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

Adarsh Smarak Scheme

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Source: The Hindu

What is the news?

Recently, the fort at Gandikota was identified for development under the Centrally-sponsored ‘Adopt a Heritage’ programme. Further, 3 monuments – Nagarjuna Konda in Guntur district, the Buddhist remains at Salihundam in Srikakulam district and the Veerabhadra temple at Lepakshi in Anantapur district have been identified for development under ‘Adarsh Smarak’ scheme.

About Adarsh Smarak scheme
  • Ministry: Ministry of Culture
  • The scheme was launched in 2014 for providing improved visitor amenities, especially for the physically challenged, besides cleanliness, drinking water, and interpretation centres, cafeteria, souvenir shop, wi-fi, garbage disposal etc.
  • Objectives:
    • To make the monument accessible to differently-abled.
    • To make monument visitor friendly.
    • Furthermore, to implement Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
    • Also, to upgrade/provide washrooms, drinking water, signages, cafeteria, and wi-fi facilities.
    • To provide interpretation and audio-video centers.
    • To streamline wastewater and garbage disposal and a rainwater harvesting system.
    • Lastly, to provide safety and protection
About Adopt a Heritage scheme
  • An initiative of the Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
  • Under this scheme, the government invites entities, including public sector companies, private sector firms and individuals, to develop selected monuments and heritage and tourist sites.
  • Basic amenities like drinking water, ease of access for the differently-abled and senior citizens, standardised signage, cleanliness, public convenience, surveillance system and night-viewing facilities are provided and maintained under the scheme.
  • Read more about adopt a heritage scheme here
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, SCHEMESTagged , ,

Stand Up India Scheme extended up to the year 2025

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Ministry of Finance has informed Lok Sabha that the Stand Up India Scheme has been extended up to the year 2025.

About Stand Up India Scheme:
  • The Stand Up India Scheme was launched in 2016 by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance.
  • Objective: The scheme facilitates bank loans for setting up a new enterprise in manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities, or the trading sector by SC/ST/Women entrepreneurs.
  • Bank Loan: It provides bank loans between Rs 10 lakh and up to 1 crore.
    • The government does not allocate funds for loans under the Scheme. They are extended by Scheduled Commercial Banks(SCBs).
  • Repayable of Loan: The loan is repayable in 7 years, with a maximum moratorium period of 18 months.
Eligibility Condition for Loans under Stand Up India Scheme:
  • Beneficiaries should be SC/ST and/or woman entrepreneurs above 18 years of age.
  • Loans under the scheme are available only for greenfield projects. Greenfield signifies the first-time venture of the beneficiary in the manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities, or the trading sector.
  • In the case of non-individual enterprises, 51% of the shareholding and controlling stake should be held by either SC/ST and/or Women Entrepreneur.
  • Borrowers should not be in default to any bank/financial institution.
Changes made in the Scheme:
  • Margin money requirement for loans under the Scheme has been reduced from ‘upto 25%’ to `upto 15%’.
  • Activities allied to agriculture have been included in the Scheme.

Performance of the Scheme:

  • Banks have sanctioned Rs 26,204 crore to about 1,16,266 beneficiaries under the Scheme in the last five years.
  • The scheme has benefited more than 93,094 women entrepreneurs.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Prime Minister inaugurates and dedicates PRASHAD projects in Varanasi

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Source: PIB

What is the News?

The Prime Minister has inaugurated the Tourism Facilitation Centre and operation of Cruise Boat in Varanasi. These projects have been developed under the PRASHAD Scheme.

About the PRASHAD Scheme:
  • The National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Heritage Augmentation Drive(PRASHAD) was launched by the Ministry of Tourism in the year 2014-15.
  • Purpose: It is a Central Sector Scheme launched with the objective of integrated development of identified pilgrimage and heritage destinations.
  • Objectives of the Scheme:
    • To enhance tourism attractiveness in a sustainable manner.
    • To harness pilgrimage tourism so that it directly affects and multiplies employment generation and economic development.
    • Furthermore, to promote local art and culture, handicraft and cuisines, etc.
    • To develop world-class infrastructure in religious destinations.

Other Tourism Scheme:

Swadesh Darshan Scheme:
  • Swadesh Darshan Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Tourism in 2014-2015
  • Aim: It is a Central Sector Scheme with the objective of integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits in the country.
  • Objectives:
    • position tourism as a major engine of economic growth and job creation
    • Develop circuits having tourist potential in a planned and prioritized manner;
    • Promote cultural and heritage value of the country to generate livelihoods in the identified regions.
  • Thematic Circuits under Scheme: North-East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Heritage Circuit, Sufi Circuit, and Tirthankar Circuit.

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Cabinet approves continuation of scheme for judicial infrastructure development

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Source:PIB

What is the News?

The Central government has approved the continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for the Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary for a further five years till 2026.

Scheme for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary:
  • The Centrally Sponsored Scheme(CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary has been in operation since 1993-94.
  • Aim: The scheme aims at improving the physical infrastructure of the Subordinate Courts. It also improves the housing needs for judicial officers of District and Subordinate Courts to facilitate better justice delivery.
  • Coverage of the Scheme: The Scheme covers all States and Union Territories. It covers the construction of court buildings and the construction of residential accommodation for Judges and Judicial Officers of District and Subordinate Courts in the States.
Monitoring Mechanism for the Scheme:
  • An online monitoring system has been set up by the Department of Justice.
  • The online monitoring system “Nyaya-Vikas-2.0” has been developed with the technical assistance of ISRO.
  • The portal shall monitor the physical and financial progress of such judicial infrastructure projects by geo-tagging completed and ongoing infrastructure projects.

Support to Gram Nyayalayas:

  • The Cabinet has also approved a proposal to support Gram Nyayalayas by providing recurring and non-recurring grants for a period of 5 years.
  • However, funds will be released to states only after the notified Gram Nyayalayas are operationalized and Nyayadhikaris appointed and reported on the Gram Nyayalaya portal.
  • Moreover, a review will also be undertaken after one year to assess whether Gram Nyayalaya Scheme has achieved its objective of providing speedy and affordable justice to the rural and marginalised populace.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

G-secs: RBI unveils Retail Direct Scheme

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Source: The Hindu 

What is the News? 

The Reserve Bank of India(RBI) has announced the launch of the RBI Retail Direct scheme. 

About RBI Retail Direct Scheme: 
  • RBI Retail Direct Scheme is a one-stop solution to facilitate investment in government securities (G-secs) by individual investors. 
  • Under the scheme, retail investors (individuals) will have the facility to open and maintain the ‘Retail Direct Gilt Account’ (RDG Account) with the RBI. 
  • Gilt Account means an account opened and maintained for holding Government securities. 
  • This RDG account can be opened through an online portal provided for the purpose of the scheme. 
  • The online portal will then allow the registered users access to primary issuance of G-secs and access to NDS-OM (Negotiated Dealing System — Order Matching (NDS-OM).
What are Government Securities(G-secs)? 
  • A Government Security(G-Sec) is a tradable instrument issued by the Central Government or the State Governments. It acknowledges the Government’s debt obligation.  
  • Such securities are short term (usually called treasury bills, with original maturities of less than one year) or long term (usually called Government bonds or dated securities with original maturity of one year or more).  
  • In India, the Central Government issues both, treasury bills and bonds or dated securities while the State Governments issue only bonds or dated securities which are called the State Development Loans (SDLs). 
What are NDS(Negotiated Dealing System)? 
  • The Negotiated Dealing System or NDS is an electronic trading platform operated by the RBI to facilitate the issuing and exchange of government securities and other types of money market instruments.  
  • The goal was to reduce inefficiencies stemming from telephone orders and manual paperwork while increasing transparency for all market participants 
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

PLI schemes evoke mixed response: IT, mobile steal a march on other sectors

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Source: Indian Express

 What is the News?

The production-linked incentive(PLI) schemes for several sectors have received a good response. However, the scheme is struggling across most other sectors where it has been rolled out.

 About PLI Scheme:
  • The scheme aims to invite foreign investors to set up their manufacturing units in India. Similarly, it also aims to promote the local manufacturers to expand their manufacturing.
  • Features: Under the Scheme, companies will get incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in domestic units.
  • Implementation: The scheme is implemented by the concerned ministries/departments.
  • Sectors: PLI Scheme has been approved for various sectors such as automobiles, pharmaceuticals, IT hardware, mobile phones, telecom equipment, white goods, chemical cells, and textiles, etc.
Performance of the Scheme:
  • The PLI Scheme has received the maximum number of applications for sectors such as food, mobile, electronic components manufacturing, IT hardware as well as telecom equipment manufacturing.
  • On the other hand, sectors such as medical devices, textiles, automobile component manufacturing are struggling to find participants for the PLI scheme.
  • The reason for low interest in these sectors is that most companies either do not meet the qualification norms for the PLI scheme or feel that the return on investment is low compared to the incentives announced.
    • Example: Investors in the steel sector are not very keen on applying under the scheme as they feel that the period of 5 years is too less to set up new units and start production from them or even expand old units.
    • In the case of PLI for automobile and automobile component manufacturing, most Indian companies do not meet the qualification norms and have avoided even applying for the scheme.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

Cabinet approves Rs. 3.03 lakh crores reform-based power distribution scheme

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Source: PIB 

What is the News?

The Union Cabinet has approved a Reforms-based and Results-linked, Revamped Power Distribution Sector Scheme.

About Reform Based Power Distribution Scheme:

Aim: To improve the operational efficiencies and financial sustainability of DISCOMs/ Power Departments excluding Private Sector DISCOMs by providing conditional financial assistance for strengthening of supply infrastructure.

Objectives of the Scheme:
  • Reduction of AT&C losses to pan-India levels of 12-15% by 2024-25.
  • Reduction of ACS-ARR gap to zero by 2024-25.
  • Developing Institutional Capabilities for Modern DISCOMs
  • Improvement in the quality, reliability, and affordability of power supply to consumers through a financially sustainable and operationally efficient Distribution Sector.
Duration and Implementation of the Scheme:
  • Nodal Agencies: Power Finance Corporation(PFC) and Rural Electrification Corporation(REC) have been nominated as the nodal agencies for the implementation of the scheme.
  • Duration: The Scheme would be available till the year 2025-26.
Other Features of the Scheme:
  • Assistance: The financial assistance under the Scheme will be based on meeting pre-qualifying criteria as well as upon achievement of basic minimum benchmarks by the DISCOM.
  • Approach: Implementation of the Scheme would be based on the action plan worked out for each state rather than a “one-size-fits-all” approach.
  • Merging of Scheme: The central schemes, Integrated Power Development Scheme(IPDS), Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) will be merged under this scheme.
  • Focus: The Scheme has a major focus on improving electricity supply for the farmers and for providing daytime electricity to them through solarization of agricultural feeders.
  • Consumer Empowerment: The scheme also enables consumer empowerment by way of prepaid Smart metering to be implemented in Public-Private-Partnership(PPP) mode.
  • Technology: Artificial Intelligence would be used to analyze data generated to enable DISCOMs to make informed decisions.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

Explained: Ration card reform, so far

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Source: Indian Express

What is the News?

The Supreme Court has directed all states and Union Territories to implement the One Nation, One Ration Card (ONORC) system by July 31st,2021.

What is One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC)?
  • The ONORC scheme is aimed at enabling migrant workers and their family members to buy subsidized ration from any fair price shop anywhere in the country under the National Food Security Act,2013.
  • For example, a migrant worker from Uttar Pradesh will be able to access PDS benefits in Mumbai, where he or she may have gone in search of work. On the other hand, members of his or her family can still go to their ration dealer back home.
How does ONORC work?
  • ONORC is based on technology that involves details of beneficiaries, ration card, Aadhaar number, and electronic Points of Sale (ePoS). The system identifies a beneficiary through biometric authentication on ePoS devices at fair price shops.
  • The system runs with the support of two portals —Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS) (impds.nic.in) and Annavitran (annavitran.nic.in) which host all the relevant data.
  • When a ration cardholder goes to a fair price shop, he or she identifies himself or herself through biometric authentication on ePoS, which is matched real-time with details on the Annavitaran portal.
  • Once the ration card details are verified, the dealer hands out the beneficiary’s entitlements.
  • While the Annavitaran portal maintains a record of intra-state transactions — inter-district and intra-district — the IM-PDS portal records the inter-state transactions.
Incentives to States:
  • To promote ONORC reform in the Public Distribution System(PDS), the Government of India has provided incentives to states.
  • The Centre had even set the implementation of ONORC as a precondition for additional borrowing by states during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020.

How many States have implemented ONORC?

  • To date, 32 states and Union Territories have joined the ONORC, covering about 69 crore NFSA beneficiaries.
  • Four states are yet to join the scheme — Assam, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, and West Bengal.
Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged , ,

Free foodgrain supply until Nov to cost over ₹67,200 cr

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What is the News?

Cabinet has approved key decisions related to food grains, merger of CWC and CRWC and deal with Caribbean Island Nations on Tax matters.

About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKY)
    • It was announced as part of the relief package during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    • Aim: To ensure sufficient food for the poor and needy during the coronavirus crisis.
    • Nodal Ministry: Department of Food and Public Distribution under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs.
    • Features: Under this, about 80 Crore National Food Security Act (NFSA) beneficiaries are eligible for an additional quota of free-of-cost foodgrains (Rice/Wheat). It is provided at a scale of 5 Kg per person per month over and above their regular monthly entitlement.
    • Duration of the Scheme: The scheme was announced in 2020 for three months till July. Later it was extended till November 2020.
      • The scheme is functional once again. Now it has been extended till November 2021.
The merger of CWC and CRWC:
    • Cabinet has approved the merger of Central Warehousing Corp. (CWC), a state-run company with unit Central Railside Warehouse Company Ltd (CRWC).
    • The merger aims to improve efficiency, capacity utilization, and financial savings.
    • Benefits of the Merger:
      • It will lead to the transfer of all assets, liabilities, rights, and obligations of CRWC to CWC.
      • It will unify similar functions of both companies such as warehousing, handling, and transportation under a single administration.
      • It will promote efficiency, capacity utilization, transparency, accountability, and ensure financial savings.

Source: Livemint

Posted in CURRENT AFFAIRS, Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged , , , , , , ,

Aspirational District Programme – Achievements and Suggestions – Explained, Pointwise

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Introduction

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) India has released a report titled ‘Aspirational Districts Programme: An Appraisal’. The report calls the program a global example of leveraging local structures of governance and bureaucracy. It applauds the multi-stakeholder partnership for ensuring localization of the Sustainable Development Goals. 

UNDP marks the Aspirational Districts Program as a model replicable program not just within India, but also on a global scale. However, it also calls for broadening its scope and laying greater emphasis on the qualitative aspect of the program. Hence, the government should take proactive steps for ensuring regionally balanced, inclusive, and sustainable growth.

About the Aspirational Districts Programme
  • It was launched in 2018 to improve the socio-economic status of 112 aspirational districts across 28 states. 
    • The selected districts were witnessing the least progress on certain development parameters, such as health and nutrition; education; agriculture, and water resources, etc.
    • These districts account for more than 20% of the country’s population and cover over 8,600 gram panchayats.
  • It is coordinated by Niti Aayog with support from Central Ministries and the State Governments. 
  • The three core principles of the programme are:
    • Convergence of Central & State Schemes, which brings together the horizontal and vertical tiers of the government.
    • Collaboration among citizens and functionaries of Central & State Governments, including district teams. This will enable impactful partnerships between government, market, and civil society.
    • Competition among districts driven by a spirit of the mass movement.
  • Each district is ranked based on 49 performance indicators identified across the 5 core themes. This includes 
    • Health & Nutrition (30% weightage)
    • Education (30% weightage)
    • Agriculture & Water Resources (20% weightage)
    • Financial Inclusion & Skill Development (10%)
    • Basic Infrastructure (10%)
  • The delta ranking of the Aspirational Districts combines the innovative use of data with pragmatic administration. 
    • The programme ranks districts based on the improvement achieved month-on-month through the Champions of Change dashboard (An online Dashboard).

The success of the program lies in its robust institutional framework and core strategy.

Institutional framework and core strategy
  • Framework:
    • NITI Aayog anchors the program at the central level while individual ministries have been responsible to drive progress in districts
    • States are the main drivers of the program
    • For each district, a central Prabhari officer has been nominated. He/she should possess the rank of joint secretary/additional secretary.
  • Core Strategy of the programme:
    • Work on the strength of each district.
    • Make development a mass movement in these districts.
    • Identify low-hanging fruits and the strength of each district which can act as a catalyst for development.
    • Measure progress and rank districts to spur a sense of competition.
    • Districts shall aspire from becoming State’s best to Nation’s best.
Why was it praised by the UNDP?
  1. First, the program can illuminate the path towards the attainment of sustainable development goals. It is a very successful model of local area development and aligned to the principle of “leave no one behind” – the vital core of the SDGs.
  2. Second, real-time monitoring on the ‘Champions of Change’ dashboard and a monthly ranking of the best-performing districts adds a competitive zeal to the programme. This motivates the districts to push themselves to outperform others.
  3. Third, some aspirational districts have performed better than non- aspirational districts in many domains. This shows its efficacy in ensuring balanced regional development.
  4. Fourth, the program received a high degree of political support as it was envisioned by the PM itself. This resulted in more growth and development in the aspirational districts over the last three years.
  5. Fifth, the program managed to deliver optimum results even in security-sensitive LWE (left-wing extremism) affected districts.
  6. Sixth, the program encourages collaboration and coordination among the government, civil society, and private sector. This led to the adoption of a multi-stakeholder approach in planning and implementing the projects, which delivered better results.
Achievements of Aspirational Districts Programme
  • Health and Nutrition: Model anganwadi centres have been set up across districts to benefit women and children. The number of institutional deliveries has increased, along with a dip registered in the rate of severe acute malnutrition in infants.
    • Poshan App has been developed for an aspirational district in Ranchi. It is a real-time data analytics digital platform. 
    • It monitors bed occupancy, child-growth charts, and the inventory of every malnourishment treatment center in the district
  • Education outcomes: Innovation and digitisation have been the cornerstone of transformation in the education sector. The ‘Hamara Vidhyalaya’ model adopted in Namsai, a remote district in Arunachal Pradesh, registered substantial improvement in learning outcomes and overall teaching practices.
    • Under this model, a school prabhari is appointed for each school in the district to ensure monitoring, assessment, and guidance. The model makes use of an online platform called ‘Yathasarvam’ for improving the outcomes.
  • Agriculture and water resources: District administrations have laid tremendous emphasis on improving irrigation facilities and yield, as well as farmer education. Several innovative paths have been adopted to create market linkages for products indigenous to the aspirational districts.
    • The farmers of Chandauli, U.P were encouraged to grow fertiliser-free organic black rice.
    • The experiment was remarkably successful, with Chandauli adding to the thriving global market of black rice and exporting to even countries like Australia and New Zealand. 
  • Basic Infrastructure: This pillar witnessed significant advancement, especially in LWE affected districts. This ensured better connectivity and seamless movement from rural to urban regions.
    • Bijapur in Chhattisgarh and Malkangiri in Odisha have greatly improved the network of roadways and ramped up the infrastructure projects in their jurisdiction. 
  • Financial inclusion and skill development: Micro-ATMs have been launched in Maharashtra’s Gadchiroli district to provide financial assistance to women self-help group members. They are provided with commission-based income on every transaction.
Issues associated with the Aspirational Districts Programme
  • Inadequate Coverage: Although the program is highly inclusive in nature, it fails to capture crucial variables like environment and gender.
  • Imbalance in implementation: Most districts channelized their efforts focused on health and nutrition, education, and agriculture, and water resources. They paid less emphasis on the sectors of Skill Development and Financial Inclusion.
  • Budgetary Constraints: ADP is affected by the issue pertaining to insufficient budgetary resources. This sustains the lack of human resources and the dearth of technical capacities at the district and block levels.
  • Coordination Issue: Niti Aayog plays a mentoring role in 27 districts in eight states. Twelve central government ministries have similarly adopted the remaining districts. Implementation involving multiple ministries leads to a lack of coordination.
  • Shortcomings of Delta Ranking: It is largely focused on assessing quantity (that is, coverage of access) rather than quality. For instance, timely delivery of textbooks in schools is part of the ranking index however very little weightage is given to the quality of education rendered in these districts.
Suggestions to improve the Aspirational Districts Programme
  • The first UNDP appraisal of the Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) has recommended a realignment of sectors under the program. It calls for the addition of topics such as environment and gender.
  • The weightage of Skill Development and Financial Inclusion sectors must be enhanced so that states give greater focus over them.
  • The government must give greater funding to the districts, especially the LWE districts, which are plagued with the double burden of countering LWE activities and ensuring development.
  • The center and states must work in the spirit of cooperative and competitive federalism in order to improve the lives of the most vulnerable citizens. 
  • Further, the bottom-ranked districts should learn from the success model of the top-ranked districts.
Conclusion

The success of the Aspirational Districts Programme has been testified by national as well as international agencies. It is a flagship initiative for improving the lives of citizens residing in the most backward regions of the country. The need of the hour demands overcoming its challenges and realizing the vision of ‘SABKA SATH, SABKA VIKAS’ for ensuring inclusive development.

Posted in 7 PM, Daily Editorials, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)

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What is the News? The Government of India released funds for various activities to empower Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization(SMAM).

Various activities include the establishment of Custom Hiring Centres, Farm Machinery Bank and distribution of various agricultural machinery to different states.

Note: Agriculture mechanization is the process of replacing human and animal labour with machines in the agriculture sector. The use of tractors, threshers, harvesters, pump sets is a part of farm mechanization.

About Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization(SMAM):
  • The Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization(SMAM) was launched in 2014-15 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

Read Also:-Important Government schemes & Programs

Objectives of the Scheme:
  • To increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers. Also, to increase the reach in regions where availability of farm power is low;
  • To promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost of individual ownership;
  • Also, to create hubs for hi-tech & high-value farm equipment;
  • To create awareness among stakeholders through demonstration and capacity building activities;
  • To ensure performance testing and certification at designated testing centres located all over the country.

Mission Strategy: To achieve the above objectives, the Mission will adopt the following strategies:

  • Conduct performance testing for various farm machinery and equipment at the four Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institutes (FMTTIs), designated State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and ICAR institutions;
  • Promote farm mechanization among stakeholders by way of on-field and off-field training and demonstrations.
  • Provide financial assistance to farmers for procurement of farm machinery and implements
  • Establish custom hiring centers of the location and crop-specific farm machinery and implements
  • Provide financial assistance to small and marginal farmers for hiring machinery and implements in low mechanized regions.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

NITI Aayog launches “Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan”

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What is the news?

Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan’ has been launched by NITI Aayog and Piramal Foundation.

About Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan:
  • Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan has been launched in 112 aspirational districts.
  • Aim: To assist district administrations in providing home-care support to COVID-19 patients who are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms.
  • Features of the initiative:
    • Firstly, the initiative will be led by district magistrates in partnership with local NGOs.
    • Secondly, the NGOs will help mobilise local volunteers. They shall be trained so that they can provide support to affected families by educating them to follow Covid-19 protocols. They shall also be trained to provide psycho-social support and timely updates about patients to the administration.
    • Thirdly, local leaders, civil societies and volunteers will also work with district administrations to address emerging problems across key focus areas of the Aspirational Districts Programme.
  • Significance of the campaign: The Surakshit Hum Surakshit Tum Abhiyaan campaign is expected to contribute to district preparedness for managing nearly 70% of COVID cases at home. Hence, it shall reduce pressure on the healthcare system and curbing the spread of fear among the people.

Read Also :-What is National Nutrition Mission?

About Transformation of Aspirational Districts programme (TADP):
  • The TADP programme was launched in 2018. It is coordinated by Niti Aayog with support from Central Ministries and the State Governments.
  • Aim: To quickly and effectively transform underdeveloped districts. This will be done by focusing on the strength of each district, identifying easily achievable areas for immediate improvement, measuring progress and then ranking them.
  • Features: it is based on three broad principles:
    • Convergence (of Central & State Schemes),
    • Collaboration (of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers & District Collectors), and
    • Competition among districts driven by a mass Movement.
  • Themes: The programme focuses on 5 main themes:
    • Nutrition
    • Education
    • Agriculture & Water Resources
    • Financial Inclusion & Skill Development
    • Basic Infrastructure.
  • Ranking: Each district is ranked based on 49 performance indicators identified across the above 5 core themes. The main objective of the rankings is to measure progress and rank districts to spur a sense of competition among states.

Source: The Hindu 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Haryana’s “Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme” and “Oxy Van” (Oxygen Forests)

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What is the News?

Haryana Government has launched the Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme (PVDPS) and Oxy Van(Oxygen Forests) on the occasion of World Environment Day.

About Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme(PVDPS):

Read Also :-“Pradhan Mantri VAN DHAN Yojana” (PMVDY)

  • Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme(PVDPS) is an initiative to honour all those trees which are of the age of 75 years and above. As they have served humanity throughout their life by producing oxygen, reducing pollution, providing shade and so on.
  • Such trees will be identified throughout the state and these will be looked after by involving local people in this scheme.
  • For the maintenance of these trees, a “pension amount” of Rs 2,500 would be given per year.
  • The pension shall be given to the Village panchayats and Urban Local Bodies department for the upkeep of the trees installing plates, grilles among others.
  • This ‘tree pension’ shall continue to increase every year on lines similar to the Old Age Samman Pension Scheme in the state.
About Oxy Van:
  • Oxy Van are identified pieces of land on which as many as 3 crore trees would be planted.
  • The Oxy Vans will occupy 10% of the 8 lakh hectares of land across Haryana.
  • The total cost of the project shall be Rs 1 crore.

Read Also :Issue of Pension System in India

Source: Indian Express

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Govt Launches “Seed Minikit Programme”

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Agriculture has launched the Seed Minikit Programme.

About Seed Minikit Programme:
  • Seed Minikit Programme aims to distribute high yielding varieties of seeds of pulses and oilseeds to farmers.
  • Nodal Agencies: The seed mini-kits are being provided by the following central agencies –
    • National Seeds Corporation(NCS)
    • NAFED
    • Gujarat State Seeds Corporation
  • Funding: The programme is wholly funded by the Center through the National Food Security Mission.
  • Significance: This programme is a major tool for introducing new varieties of seeds in fields and instrumental in increasing the seed replacement rate.
    • Seed Replacement Rate (SRR): Out of the total area of a crop planted in a season, SRR is the percentage of total area sown using certified/quality seeds other than the farm-saved seed (the practice of saving seeds to plant in the next season).
Pulses and Oilseeds Production in India:
  • The Government of India in collaboration with states has been implementing programmes to enhance the production of pulses and oilseeds under the National Food Security Mission.
  • Since 2014-15, there has been a renewed focus on increasing the production of pulses and oilseeds. The efforts have yielded good results.
    • Oilseeds production has increased from 27.51 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 36.57million tonnes in 2020-21.
    • On the other hand, pulses production has increased from 17.15 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 25.56 million tonnes in 2020-21.
    • However, India still imports a lot of pulses and edible oils to meet domestic demand.
About National Food Security Mission(NFSM):
  • The National Food Security Mission(NFSM) was launched in 2007-08 by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs.
  • Aim: To increase the production of rice, wheat and pulses through
    • area expansion and productivity enhancement
    • restoring soil fertility and productivity
    • Creating employment opportunities and
    • enhancing farm level economy.
  • Coarse cereals were also included in the Mission from 2014-15 under NFSM.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package Insurance Scheme for health workers fighting Covid-19

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What is the News?

The government of India has introduced a new system for quick clearance of claims under the “Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package(PMGKP) Insurance Scheme for health workers Fighting Covid-19”.

What is the New System for Quick Clearance of Claims?
  • Under the New System, the District Collector will be certifying that the insurance claim in each case is in accordance with the guidelines of the scheme.
  • On the basis of this certificate of the Collector, the Insurance Company will approve and settle the claims within a period of 48 hours.
  • Further, the District Collector will also certify the claims even in the case of Central Government hospitals/ AIIMS/ Railways among others.
About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package Insurance Scheme for health workers Fighting Covid-19:
  • Launched by: It is a Central Sector Scheme launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in 2020.
  • Aim: To provide comprehensive personal accident insurance cover of Rs. 50 lakh to all healthcare providers who
    • Lost their life due to Covid-19
    • Accidental death on account of COVID-19 related duty.
  • Coverage of the Scheme:
    • All government health centres, wellness centres and hospitals of Centre as well as States has included under this scheme
    • Private hospital staff and retired/volunteer /local urban bodies/contracted/daily wageworker were also included in the scheme.
    • Safai karamcharis, ward-boys, nurses, ASHA workers and other health workers were also covered.
  • Implementation: The scheme is being implemented through an Insurance policy from the New India Assurance Company(NIACL).

Source: PIB

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Kerala’s “Bell of Faith Scheme” for elderly

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What is the News?

Kerala’s ‘Bell of Faith’ scheme will be expanded to the villages to reach senior citizens staying alone. Earlier, the scheme was successfully implemented in a number of urban households in Kerala.

About Bell of Faith Scheme:
  • Firstly, Bell of Faith Scheme was launched by the Kerala Police in 2018. It aims to provide security to senior citizens staying alone as part of Kerala’s Community Policing Scheme.
  • Secondly, under the Scheme, police have installed a bell in the senior citizens’ houses.
  • Thirdly, the neighbour will get an alert with an alarm when the senior citizen rings the bell during an emergency.
  • Fourthly, the neighbour can immediately rush to the house or contact the police or hospital.
Significance of the Scheme:
  • The Bell of Faith scheme sets an example for community participation to ensure the well-being and safety of the elderly.
  • Moreover, this scheme can be of great support for the senior citizens during the COVID-19 pandemic as many live in fear for their health.

Source: The Hindu

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

PM-CARES for Children scheme

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What is the News?

The Prime Minister has announced a special PM-CARES for Children scheme. The scheme includes a comprehensive financial aid package for children orphaned during the pandemic.

About PM-CARES for Children Scheme:

The PM-CARES for Children Scheme will support children. It is for those who have lost both parents or surviving parent or legal guardian/adoptive parents due to Covid-19.

Features of the PM-CARES for Children Scheme:

Fixed Deposit in the name of the child:

  • Firstly, PM CARES will create a corpus of Rs 10 lakh for each child when s/he reaches 18 years of age.
  • Secondly, this corpus will be used to give monthly financial support from 18 years of age for the next five years.
  • Thirdly, on reaching the age of 23 years, he or she will get the corpus amount as one lump sum for personal and professional use.
School Education: For children under 10 years
  • The child will be given admission to the nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar.
  • If the child is admitted to a private school, the fees as per the Right to Education(RTE) norms will be given from the PM CARES.
School Education: for children between 11-18 years:
  • The child will be given admission to any Central Government residential school such as Sainik School, Navodaya Vidyalaya etc.
  • In case the child is to be continued under the care of Guardian. Then s/he will be given admission to the nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar.
  • If the child is admitted to a private school, the fees as per the Right to Education(RTE) norms will be given from the PM CARES.
Support for Higher Education:
  • The child will be assisted in obtaining an education loan for Higher Education in India as per the existing Education Loan norms. The interest on this loan will be paid by the PM CARES.
  • As an alternative, there will be a scholarship equivalent to the course fees for undergraduate courses, It would be as per Government norms. And they will be provided to such children under Central or State Government Schemes.
Health Insurance
  • All children will be enrolled as a beneficiary under Ayushman Bharat Scheme (PM-JAY) with a health insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakhs.
  • The premium amount for these children till the age of 18 years will be paid by PM CARES.

Source: The Hindu

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“YUVA Scheme”- For Mentoring Young Authors Launched

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Education has launched YUVA Scheme. It is the Prime Minister’s Scheme For Mentoring Young Authors.

 About YUVA-  Prime Minister’s Scheme For Mentoring Young Authors:

  • Firstly, the Department of Higher Education under the Ministry of Education launched the YUVA (Young, Upcoming and Versatile Authors) scheme.
  • Secondly, it is an Author Mentorship scheme. It aims to mentor authors under the age of 30. It will train them to promote reading, writing, and book culture in the country. This will allow India to project its writings globallya
  • Thirdly, this scheme is in line with PM’s vision to encourage young writers to write about India’s freedom struggle.
  • Fourthly, Implementation: National Book Trust of India under the Ministry of Education as the Implementing Agency will ensure execution of the Scheme.
  • Fifthly, Part of: The scheme is a part of the India@75 Project (Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav). The project aims to bring out the perspectives of the young generation of writers, It would be on themes like unsung heroes, freedom fighters, and others in an innovative and creative manner.
Key Features of the YUVA Scheme:
  • Firstly, Under the Scheme, a total of 75 authors will be selected through the All India Contest.
  • Secondly, the themes of the contest are unsung heroes, freedom fighters, National Movement among others.
  • Thirdly, the young authors will be trained by eminent authors/mentors. The books by these authors will be published by National Book Trust, India.
  • Fourthly, the books will also be translated into other Indian languages. It will ensure the exchange of culture and literature thereby promoting ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’.
  • Lastly, a consolidated scholarship of Rs.50,000 per month for a period of six months per author will be paid under the Mentorship Scheme.
About National Book Trust:
  • National Book Trust(NBT) is an Indian publishing house. It was founded in 1957 as an autonomous body under the Ministry of Education of the Government of India.
  • Mandate: The activities of the Trust include publishing, promotion of books and reading, promotion of Indian books abroad, assistance to authors and publishers, and promotion of children’s literature.

Source: PIB

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

“Mid-Day-Meal Scheme” – Govt decides to provide monetary assistance through DBT

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Education has approved the proposal to provide monetary assistance to students enrolled in Mid-Day-Meal Scheme. The cooking cost component amount will be provided through Direct Benefit Transfer(DBT) to all eligible children.

About Mid Day Meal Scheme:

  • Mid Day Meal Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme launched in 1995 by the Ministry of Education.
  • Objective:
    • Firstly, to address the issues of hunger and education in schools by serving hot cooked meals;
    • Secondly, to improve the nutritional status of children
    • Thirdly, to improve enrollment, attendance and retention rates in schools and other education centres.
  • Origin of the Scheme:
    • The roots of the scheme trace back to the pre-independence era. The erstwhile British administration has introduced the midday meal programme in 1925 in Madras Corporation.
    • The French administration in 1930 had also introduced a midday meal programme in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
  • Features of the Scheme:
    • Under the Scheme, cooked meals are provided to every child within the age group of six to fourteen years and studying in classes I to VIII.
    • Cooked meal having nutritional standards of 450 calories and 12 gm of protein for primary (I-V class) and 700 calories and 20 gm protein for upper primary (VI-VIII class).
    • If the Mid-Day Meal is not provided in school on any school day due to non-availability of food grains or any other reason. Then the State Government shall pay food security allowance by 15th of the succeeding month.
  • Coverage: All children in government and aided schools and madrasas supported under Samagra Shiksha.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Record Foodgrain Exports Amid hunger in India – Right to Food Campaign

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What is the News?

The Right to Food Campaign has criticized the record export of foodgrains from India in 2020-21. It is the time when the country’s people are struggling with hunger amid the COVID-19 crisis.

The Right to Food Campaign highlighted the following issues:

 Record Foodgrain Exports:

  • The Government of India has exported over 13 million tonnes of non-basmati rice and more than two million tonnes of wheat in 2020-21.
  • The Government could have used the exported grain to provide to 25 crore people with rations for a year.

Coverage of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana Scheme:

  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana provides additional free grain for only two months. It also covers only those who are already included under the National Food Security Act.
  • The food security crisis faced by the informal sector workers, especially those who do not have ration cards, has been completely ignored.
  • Hence, the Government should immediately universalise the Public Distribution System(PDS). It should also extend the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana scheme for a period of at least six months.
About Right to Food Campaign:
  • Right to Food campaign is an informal network of individuals and organizations. It has its commitments to the realisation of the right to food in India.
  • The launching of the campaign happened in 2001 with a writ petition filed in Supreme Court in 2001 by People’s Union for Civil Liberties.
    • The petition demanded that the country’s surplus food stocks should be used without delay to protect people from hunger and starvation.

Source: The Hindu

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Cabinet approves PLI scheme ‘National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell Battery Storage’

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What is the News?

Cabinet approves the Production Linked Incentive(PLI) Scheme ‘National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage’.

PLI Scheme For Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage’:

  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises
  • Aim: The programme aims to set up facilities capable of manufacturing a cumulative 50GWh of Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) batteries.
Key Features of the Scheme:
  • Firstly, the government will select the ACC battery storage manufacturers through a transparent competitive bidding process.
  • Secondly, the selected ACC manufacturer will have to set up the ACC facility within a period of two years.
  • Thirdly, there will be disbursement of the incentive to the manufacturer over a period of five years. The incentive amount will rise with the following,
    • Increased specific energy density and cycles,
    • Increased local value addition.
  • Fourthly, the ACC firms will also have to achieve a domestic value addition of at least 25%. They should also incur the mandatory investment of Rs 225 crore /GWh within 2 years.
  • Lastly, each selected ACC battery Storage manufacturer would have to commit to set up an ACC manufacturing facility of minimum 5GWh capacity. Further, they should also ensure a minimum 60% domestic value addition at the project level within five years.
Benefits of the Scheme:
  • Currently, all the demand for the ACCs is satisfied through imports in India. Hence, the programme on ACC will decrease import dependence.
  • The manufacturing of ACCs will also increase the demand for Electric Vehicles (EV).
  • India can increase net savings of around Rs 2 lakh crore on account of oil import bill due to Electric Vehicles (EV) adoption.
  • Facilitate demand creation for battery storage in India.
  • The impetus in R&D can achieve higher specific energy density and cycles in ACC.
  • Promote newer and niche cell technologies.

What are Advanced Chemistry Cell(ACC) batteries?

  • ACCs are the new generation of advanced storage technologies. They can store electric energy either as electrochemical or as chemical energy. The cells then can convert it back to electric energy as and when required.
  • Sectors: Consumer electronics, electric vehicles, advanced electricity grids and solar rooftops are major battery consuming sectors.

Source: PIB


[Answered]What is ‘National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage’? Discuss its importance.

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

“Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture”(MIDH) Scheme

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has provided an enhanced allocation of Rs. 2250 Crore for the year 2021-22 for ‘Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture’(MIDH).

 Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH):
  • The mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing the MIDH scheme since 2014-15.
  • Part of: The scheme is being implemented as a part of the Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana.
  • Coverage: The scheme covers fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops. The scheme also covers mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew and cocoa.

Sub Schemes under MIDH: The mission has the following sub-schemes as its component:

  • National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
  • Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH)
  • National Horticulture Board (NHB)
  • Coconut Development Board (CDB)
  • Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland.
Funding: Under the scheme,
  • The government of India(GOI) contributes 60% of the total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in the North East and the Himalayas.
  • In the case of the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%.
  • In the case of the following the GOI contributes 100%.
    • National Horticulture Board(NHB),
    • Coconut Development Board(CDB),
    • Central Institute for Horticulture(CIH)
    • The National Level Agencies(NLA)
  • Further, the scheme also provides for technical and administrative support to State Governments/ State Horticulture Missions(SHMs). It also provides technical and administrative support for the Saffron Mission and other horticulture-related activities.

Performance of the scheme: MIDH scheme has played a significant role in increasing the area under horticulture crops such as:

  • Area and production under horticulture crops during the years 2014 – 15 to 2019 – 20 has increased by 9% and 14% respectively.
  • During the year 2019-20, the country recorded its highest ever horticulture production of 320.77 million tonnes from an area of 25.66 million hectares.
  • However, the sector is still facing a lot of challenges. Such as,
    • High post-harvest loss
    • Gaps in post-harvest management
    • Supply chain infrastructure.

Source: PIB


 

Ayushman Bharat programme

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

One lakh tonnes of food grains distributed within 10 days under “PMGKAY”.

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What is the News?

The government is distributing food grains under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. According to the Department of Food and Public Distribution, one lakh tonnes of food grains have been distributed so far under the new phase of the Yojana.

About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana(PMGKAY):

  • PMGKAY was first announced in 2020 as a part of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package(PMGKP). It aims to help the poor to fight the battle against Covid-19.
  • Aim: The aim of the scheme is to provide each person, who is covered under the National Food Security Act(NFSA), with an additional 5 kg of grains (wheat or rice) for free. This is given over and above their monthly entitlement
  • Duration of the Scheme: The scheme was announced in 2020 for three months till July 2020. Later it was extended till November 2020.
    • However, the scheme is functional once again. Under this phase, around 80 crore beneficiaries would be covered for the months of May and June 2021.

Note: The new phase of the PMGKAY Scheme does not provide free-of-cost 1 kg pulses per month to each household covered under the NFSA. This one of the important components available in the earlier phase of the program.

Performance of the PMGKAY scheme till now:

  • The government allotted a total monthly allocation (for May) of 40 lakh metric tonnes (MT) under the PMGKAY. Of these one lakh, tonnes have been distributed so far.
  • Thirteen States and union territories have started distribution under the PMGKAY Scheme.
  • In the first 10 days, PMGKAY grains have reached 2.03 crore
  • Further, 15 lakh MT has been lifted by states from the Food Corporation of India’s stock for distribution.

Petition in Supreme Court:

  • Despite the government intervention, a petition has been filed in the Supreme Court seeking a resumption of the 2020 scheme. In 2020 the government provided food grains to those without ration cards also.
    • Note: The Government has ruled out the possibility of a similar scheme in 2021.
  • The petitioners have also asked for the payment of minimum wages as cash transfers and appropriate transport facilities for migrant workers.

Source: The Hindu


 

India and UK launches Virtual Vaccines Hub

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Puducherry becomes ‘Har Ghar Jal’ UT under “Jal Jeevan Mission”

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What is the News?

Puducherry has become the ‘Har Ghar Jal’ Union Territory by ensuring that every rural home gets a household tap connection.

Note: Puducherry has become the fourth state or UT after Goa, Telangana and Andaman and Nicobar Islands to provide assured tap water supply to every rural home under Jal Jeevan Mission(JJM).

About Jal Jeevan Mission(JJM):
  • Jal Jeevan Mission(JJM) was launched by the Ministry of Jal Shakti in 2019.
  • Objective: The aim is to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
  • The goal of the mission: The goal is to have ‘Har Ghar Jal’- every house in the village is to be provided with a Functional tap connection.
Fund Sharing Pattern under the mission:
  • The fund sharing pattern between Center and State under the mission is as follow:
    • 90:10 for Himalayan (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh) and North-Eastern States
    • Total fund for UTs will be provided by Center.
    • 50:50 for the rest of the States.
 Key Features of the mission:
  • Firstly, the mission is a decentralized, demand-driven and community-managed programme. The Gram Panchayat will play a key role in planning and implementation.
  • Secondly, the mission includes extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
  • Thirdly, the mission will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements. This includes measures such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation, rainwater harvesting.
  • Further, States will give priority to
    • Water quality-affected areas,
    • Villages in drought-prone and desert areas,
    • Scheduled caste/scheduled tribe majority villages,
    • Aspirational districts and Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana villages.

Source: PIB

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“Pradhan Mantri VAN DHAN Yojana” (PMVDY) is Helping Rural Tribal Forest Economy

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What is the News?

The Managing Director of TRIFED recently highlighted the role played by Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana in changing the rural forest-dwelling tribal economy.

About Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana:
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs launched Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana in 2018, under the Forest Rights Act of 2005.
  • Aim: To provide remunerative and fair prices to tribal gatherers of their Minor Forest Produces. It could be almost 3 times higher than what would be available to them from middlemen,
  • Component of: The scheme is a key component of the ‘Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) & Development of Value Chain for MFP’ Scheme.
  • Implementation:
    • At the National Level, TRIFED acts as the Nodal Agency.
    • At the State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and
    • Lastly, at the grass-root level, the District collectors will play a pivotal role in scheme implementation.
  • Key Features of the Scheme:
    • Firstly, under the scheme, Van Dhan Vikas Kendras are set up. These centers cater to 10 Self Help Groups and each group consists of thirty tribal gathers.
    • Secondly, Vikas Kendras provides skill up gradation and capacity building training and helps in setting up of primary processing and value addition facility
    • Thirdly, They are also provided with working capital to add value to the products which they collect from the jungle.
    • Fourthly, Working under the leadership of Collector these groups can then market their products not only within the States but also outside the States. TRIFED provides training and technical support.
Progress of the Scheme:
  • The North-East Region is leading the way with 80% of the established Van Dhan Vikas Kendras(VDVKs). Further, among the Northeast region, Manipur has emerged as the Champion state.
  • Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh are other states where the scheme has been adopted with overwhelming results.

Source: PIB

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“Large Area Certification Scheme”

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare has conferred a land area in the Andaman and Nicobar with organic certification. This is the first large contiguous territory conferred with the organic certification under the ‘Large Area Certification’ (LAC) scheme.

This is a scheme of the PGS-India (Participatory Guarantee System) certification program.

Note: PGS is a process of certifying organic products. It ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards for organics.

About Large Area Certification Scheme:
  • The Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare under its flagship scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY) has launched the Large Area Certification Scheme.
    • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY) was launched in 2015 with the aim to support and promote organic farming. This in turn results in the improvement of soil health.
  • Purpose: The purpose is to provide a unique and quick organic certification to harness the potential land areas for organic products.
Process for Large Area Certification:
  • Firstly, under the LAC, each village in the area is considered as one cluster/group. Documentations are simple and maintained village-wise.
  • Secondly, all farmers with their farmland and livestock need to adhere to the standard requirements. After verification, they will get certified as a group. Once issued they don’t need to go under conversion period.
  • Thirdly, certification is renewed on annual basis through annual verification. Annual verification is a process of peer appraisals as per the process of PGS-India.
Benefits of Large Area Certification:
  • As per the established norm of organic production systems, the areas having chemical input usage history will undergo a transition period of a minimum of 2-3 years to qualify as organic.
  • On the other hand, the LAC requirements are simple. The area can be certified as organic almost immediately. Further, the LAC is a Quick certification process that is cost-effective. Apart from that, the farmers do not have to wait for 2-3 years for marketing PGS organic certified products.
Organic Farming:
  • Firstly, Organic Farming avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones). Instead, it relies upon crop rotations, animal manures, off-farm organic waste and a biological system of nutrient mobilization.
  • Secondly, India now has more than 30 lakh ha area registered under organic certification. Also,  more and more farmers are joining the movement slowly.
  • Thirdly, as per the international survey report (2021) India ranks at 5th place in terms of area. Further, India is at the top in terms of the total number of organic producers(the base year 2019).

Source: PIB

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“Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana” – Centre to give 5 kg food grains free to poor

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What is the News? The Union government announced that 5 kg of food grains would be provided to 80 crore beneficiaries under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) for the months of May and June 2021.

About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana(PMGKAY):
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana was announced as part of the relief package during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Aim: To ensure sufficient food for the poor and needy during the coronavirus crisis.
  • Ministry: The department of Food and Public Distribution under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
  • Features: Under the scheme, about 80 Crore National Food Security Act(NFSA) beneficiaries are eligible for an additional quota of free-of-cost foodgrains (Rice/Wheat) at a scale of 5 Kg per person per month over and above their regular monthly entitlement.
  • Duration: The scheme was announced in 2020 for three months till July. Later it was extended till November 2020 to combat the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the poor.
    • However, the scheme is functional once again. As many States are undergoing curfews and the high rates of coronavirus infections, leading to a slowdown in economic activity.
Other Key Announcements:
  • Indian Railways and the Indian Air Force(IAF) are being deployed to provide oxygen to different States.
  • The Central government would be providing Covid-19 vaccines acquired by it to the States for free as in the past.

Source: The Hindu

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“RoDTEP Scheme” -Delay in Notification of Rebate Rates

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What is the News? Exporters are upset over the inordinate delay in the notification of the rates under the RoDTEP (Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products) Scheme.

About Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products(RoDTEP) Scheme:

  • Ministry of Commerce and Industry announced the RoDTEP scheme in the year 2020. It came into effect on January 1st, 2021.
  • The scheme replaced the Merchandise Export from India Scheme(MEIS). MEIS was not compliant with the rules of the World Trade Organisation(WTO).
    • US lodged a complaint against India’s MEIS scheme in WTO. Further, a dispute settlement panel of WTO ruled against India’s use of MEIS. It had found the duty credit scrips awarded under the scheme to be inconsistent with WTO norms.
  • Purpose: The RoDTEP scheme will refund the embedded central, state, and local duties or taxes to exporters that were previously non-recoverable. Such as:
    • Firstly, the central & state taxes on the fuel used for transportation of export products
    • Secondly, the duty levied by the state on electricity used for manufacturing
    • Thirdly, mandi tax levied by APMCs
    • Lastly, toll tax & stamp duty on the import-export documentation.
  • Exporters will receive the refund of taxes on exports in exporters’ ledger account with the Customs department. Further, exporters can utilize this credit to pay basic customs duty on imported goods. They can also transfer credits to other importers.
  • Coverage: The scheme covers all export goods starting from January 1, 2021.
  • Significance of the scheme: The scheme would lead to the cost competitiveness of exported products in international markets and better employment opportunities in export-oriented manufacturing industries.

Source: The Hindu

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“Startup India Seed Fund Scheme” launched

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What is the News? Union Minister of Commerce & Industry launches the Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS).

About Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS):

Objective:

  • Firstly, Startup India Seed Fund Scheme(SISFS) aims to provide financial assistance to startups. Assistance is provided for proof of concept, prototype development, product trials, market entry, and commercialization.
  • Secondly, it would help to grow startups to a beginner’s level. After that, startups will be able to raise investments from angel investors or venture capitalists or seek loans from commercial banks or financial institutions.

Read Also:-NITI Aayog launches ‘AIM-PRIME’ to … – 

Implementation:
  •  The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) constituted An Experts Advisory Committee(EAC). Which will be responsible for the overall execution and monitoring of the Startup India Seed Fund Scheme.

Funding:

  1. Firstly, Eligible incubators throughout India will hand out funding to eligible startups across India.
  2. Secondly, Grants of up to Rs 5 Crores shall be provided to the eligible incubators selected by the EAC.
  3. Thirdly, the selected incubators shall provide grants of up to Rs 20 lakhs for validation of Proof of Concept, or prototype development, or product trials to startups.
  4. Finally, Startups will further receive investments of up to Rs 50 lakhs for market entry, commercialization, or scaling up through convertible debentures or debt-linked instruments.

Duration:

  • The scheme will have a corpus of Rs. 945 Crore. This will be divided over the next 4 years.
Significance of the scheme:
  • The SISFS scheme will help startups in:
    • Secure seed funding
    • Inspire innovation
    • Support transformative ideas
    • Facilitate implementation and
    • Start startup revolution.
  • The Scheme will also create a robust startup ecosystem particularly in Tier 2 and Tier 3 towns of India. These towns lack adequate funding facilities for startups.

Source: PIB


“National Startup Advisory Council” – First Meeting Held

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“Lab on Wheels Programme” For Education Equality

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What is the News?

 Delhi Education Minister inaugurates Delhi Technological University(DTU) Lab on Wheels programme.

About Lab on Wheels Programme:
  • The Programme aims to impart education in the fields of Mathematics and Science. Especially to the students from marginalised and poor economic backgrounds. The programme aims to stimulate their interests in these subjects while pursuing higher education.
  • In the end, the programme becomes mutually beneficial, if some of these students decide to take admission in DTU once they finish schooling.
Key Features of the programme:
  • Under the Lab on Wheels, Delhi Technological University students will travel in a bus across Delhi. Also, they will teach government school students and underprivileged children.
  • The bus will comprise 16 computers, two televisions, one 3D printer, one laptop, cameras and one printer. It will also be Wi-Fi enabled with 100% power back up and fully air-conditioned.
  • The Lab on Wheels programme will cover some important things. Such as basic computer training for students, regular classwork for Class 10 and 12 students, and 3D printing training.

Source: Indian Express

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“Shaphari Scheme” – Centre to Certify Shrimp Farms

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What is the News? 

Marine Products Export Development Authority(MPEDA) launches a certification scheme for aquaculture called the “Shaphari Scheme”.

About Shaphari Scheme:
  • Shaphari is a Sanskrit word that means the superior quality of fishery products suitable for human consumption.
  • Purpose: It is an Antibiotics free Certification Scheme. It certifies hatcheries and farms for the production of antibiotic-free shrimp products. By doing that, it aims to:
    1. enhance the consumer confidence,
    2. meet international standards
    3. promote hassle-free export
  • Moreover, the entire certification process will be online to minimize human errors and ensure higher credibility and transparency.
  • Based on: The scheme is based on the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization’s technical guidelines on aquaculture certification.
  • Components: The scheme will have two components:
    1. Certifying hatcheries for the quality of their seeds and
    2. Separately approving shrimp farms that adopt the requisite good practices.
  • Significance: The certification of fish hatcheries under the Shaphari Scheme will help farmers easily identify good quality seed producers. Those who successfully clear multiple audits of their operations shall receive a certificate for a period of two years.
Reasons to launch this scheme:
  • Firstly, India is the second-largest fish producer in the world.
  • Secondly, Fish Sector provides employment to 14 million people in harvesting, processing packaging, and distribution.
  • Thirdly, Frozen shrimp is the largest exported item from India. It constitutes 50.58% in quantity and 73.2% in terms of total U.S. dollar earnings from the sector during 2019-20.
  • Fourthly, India exported frozen shrimp worth almost $5 billion in 2019-20 to the U.S. and China — its biggest buyers.
  • Fifthly, Major Producing States: Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Odisha, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu are the major shrimp producing States.
  • However, a combination of factors had hurt export volumes in recent months. This includes container shortages and incidents of rejection of seafood consignments because of food safety concerns. Hence, the scheme was launched.

Source: The Hindu

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Nyuntam Aay Yojana(NYAY)

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What is the News?

The Congress Party has promised to implement the Nyuntam Aay Yojana (NYAY) in Kerala if voted to power.

About Nyuntam Aay Yojana(NYAY):

  • NYAY is a proposed minimum income guarantee scheme. It was first proposed during the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.

Key Features of NYAY Scheme:

  • Beneficiaries: The target population of the Scheme will be 5 crore families. This constitutes the poorest 20% of all families.
  • Benefits: Each family will get a guaranteed cash transfer of Rs. 72,000 a year.
  • Bank Account: The money will transfer to the account of a woman of the family who has a bank account. If she doesn’t have the account, they will be urged to open a bank account.
  • Economic Cost: The estimated cost will be <1% of GDP in Year 1 and <2% of GDP in Year 2 and thereafter. As the nominal GDP grows and families move out of poverty, the cost will decline as a proportion of GDP.
  • Implementation: The NYAY Scheme will become a joint scheme of the Central and State Governments.
  • Funding: New revenues and rationalisation of expenditure will fund the new scheme. Current merit subsidy schemes that are intended to achieve specific objectives will be continued along with the NYAY scheme.

Source: Indian Express

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“PLI Scheme” for white goods and solar photovoltaic modules

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What is the News?

The Union Cabinet approves two PLI schemes for white goods (air-conditioners and LED lights) and high-efficiency solar photovoltaic modules.

About Production Linked Incentive Scheme(PLI):
  • The Government of India launched the Production-Linked Incentive(PLI)  in March 2020.
  • Aim: The aim is to make manufacturing in India globally competitive by removing sectoral disabilities, creating economies of scale, and ensuring efficiencies.
  • Under the scheme, incentives are offered to companies on incremental sales from products manufactured in India over the base year.
PLI Scheme For White Goods:
  • PLI Scheme for White Goods shall provide an incentive of 4% to 6% on incremental sales of goods manufactured in India. The scheme is for a period of five years for the manufacturers of Air Conditioners and LED Lights.
  • Eligibility:
    • Selection of companies under the scheme aims to incentivize the manufacturing of components or sub-assemblies in India. Mere assembly of finished goods shall not qualify for incentives.
    • Incentives shall be open to companies making both brownfield or green field Investments.
  • Significance: The scheme is estimated to lead to an incremental investment of ₹7,920 crore over five years. It will lead to production worth ₹1.68 lakh crore as well as lead to 4 lakh jobs.
PLI Scheme for High-Efficiency Solar PV (Photovoltaic) Modules:
  • Background: Firstly, solar capacity addition presently depends largely upon imported solar PV cells and modules. The domestic manufacturing industry has limited operational capacities of solar PV cells and modules.
    • Hence, the expectation from this scheme is to reduce import dependence in a strategic sector like electricity.
  • Secondly, under the scheme, Solar PV manufacturers will be selected through a transparent competitive bidding process.
  • Thirdly, the incentives will be disbursed for 5 years post commissioning of solar PV manufacturing plants on sales of high efficiency solar PV modules.
  • Fourthly, A Manufacturer will get reward for higher efficiencies of solar PV modules and also for sourcing their material from the domestic market. Thus, the PLI amount will increase with increased module efficiency and increased local value addition.
  • Significance: The scheme may lead to 10,000 MW of additional capacity of solar PV plants and investment of around ₹17,200 crores in solar PV manufacturing projects. It would also lead to direct employment of 30,000 people and indirect jobs to 1.2 lakh.

Source: The Hindu

[Answered]What is OLED technology? How it is different from LED? Discuss its various uses.

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PMAY-Gramin achieved 92% target in 1st Phase

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What is the News?

PMAY-Gramin (Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Gramin) achieves 92% of its target under the 1st phase (i.e. from 2016-17 to 2018-19).

Target under PMAY-Gramin:
  • PMAY-G scheme aims to construct 2.95 crore houses with all basic amenities by the year 2021-22.
    • However, the number of beneficiaries reduced from 2.95 crores to 2.14 crore. It was after 81 lakh were founded ineligible as per Socio-Economic Caste Census(SECC) -2011.
  • 1st Phase Target: A target of 1 crore houses was set for completion in the 1st phase of the scheme i.e. from 2016-17 to 2018-19. So far, 92% of the target completion has been achieved.
Expenditure on PMAY-Gramin:
  • In the financial year 2020-21, the highest ever money allotted since the launch of the PMAY(G) scheme.
  • Further, expenditure incurred by states also seen an unprecedented increase in the current fiscal. This is also the highest expenditure since the launch of the rural housing scheme.

About PMAY- Gramin:

  • Launched by: Ministry of Rural Development in 2016
  • Aim: The aim is to provide a pucca house with basic amenities to all rural families. The scheme aims to achieve this by the end of March 2022. People who are homeless or living in kutcha or old houses are eligible for benefits.
  • Beneficiaries: Beneficiaries under the scheme are identified as per the housing deprivation parameters and exclusion criteria prescribed under Socio-Economic Caste Census(SECC) 2011. Gram Sabha verifies these eligible beneficiaries.

Click Here to Read more about PMAY-G

 Source: PIB


India’s 1st LGBT+ workplace equality index launched

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Govt. Extends “Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme”

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What is the News? Government extends the Rs. 3-lakh-crore Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) until 30th June 2021. It also widens its scope to new sectors, including hospitality, travel and tourism.

About Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS):
  • Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme(ECLGS) launched as part of the Covid-19 relief package called the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
  • Aim: The aim is to provide Rs 3 lakh crore worth of collateral-free, government guaranteed loans to micro, small and medium enterprises(MSMEs) across India. Further, it aims to mitigate the distress caused by the coronavirus-induced lockdown.
  • National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company(NCGTC) is the guarantee provider under the ECLGS scheme.
ECLGS 1.0:
  • Purpose: It aims to provide fully guaranteed and collateral free additional credit to MSMEs, business enterprises, MUDRA borrowers and individual loans for business purposes. The credit provided to the extent of 20% of their credit outstanding as of 29th February, 2020.
  • Eligibility: MSMEs with up to Rs 25 crore outstanding and Rs.100 crore turnover were eligible.
  • Duration: It had a 1-year moratorium period and a 4-year repayment period.
ECLGS 2.0:
  • Purpose: It aims to extend the ECLGS Scheme to the 26 stressed sectors identified by the Kamath Committee and the healthcare sector.
  • Eligibility: Companies with dues of Rs 50-500 crore as of February 29, 2020 were eligible.
  • Duration: The tenor of the credit under the ECLGS 2.0 was five years including a one-year moratorium.
ECLGS 3.0:
  • Under ECLGS 3.0, business enterprises in the hospitality, travel and tourism, leisure and sporting sectors would be able to avail credit.
  • Extension of Credit: It involves the extension of credit of up to 40% of the total credit outstanding from 20% earlier.
  • Duration: The tenor of loans granted under ECLGS 3.0 is six years, including a moratorium period of two years.
  • Eligibility: The scheme will only consider loans less than 60 days overdue as on February 29, 2020, with total credit outstanding not exceeding Rs 500 crore.

Note: The validity of ECLGS that is ECLGS 1.0, ECLGS 2.0 & ECLGS 3.0 has been extended upto 30 June 2021 or till guarantees for an amount of Rs. 3 lakh crore are issued.

About National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company(NCGTC):
  • NCGTC was set up in 2014 as a private limited company. The Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance established it under the Indian Companies Act,1956.
  • Purpose: To act as a common trustee company to manage and operate various credit guarantee trust funds.

Source: Livemint

 

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Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme

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What is the News? The Department of Land Resources informs the Standing Committee on Rural Development about the Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme.

About Unique Land Parcel Identification Number(ULPIN) Scheme:
  • The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number(ULPIN) scheme was launched in 10 States in 2021. It will roll out across the country by March 2022.
  • Key Features of the Scheme:
    • Firstly, under the scheme, authorities issue a 14-digit identification number to every plot of land in the country.
    • Secondly, also called the “the Aadhaar for land”, it is a unique number to identify every surveyed parcel of land. It will prevent land fraud, especially in rural India where proper land records are not available.
    • Thirdly, the longitude and latitude of a land parcel will be the basis for its identification. It will depend on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.
    • Fourthly, the land records database will gradually integrate with the records of revenue courts and bank on a voluntary basis.
  • Significance: The scheme might also be the next step in the Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme(DILRMP). It began in 2008.
    Benefits of the Scheme:
    • Thus, the single source of information can authenticate the ownership and in turn, it can end the dubious ownership.
    • The scheme will also help to identify the government lands easily and protect the land from dubious land transactions.

Source: The Hindu

 

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NITI Aayog launches “AIM-PRIME” to support science based startups

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What is the News?

Atal Innovation Mission(AIM), NITI Aayog in association with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation(BMGF) launch AIM-PRIME (Program for Researchers on Innovations, Market-Readiness & Entrepreneurship).

About AIM-PRIME:
  • AIM-PRIME Program aims at promoting science-based, deep technology. For that, it will provide training and guidance over a period of 12 months.
  • Implementation by: Venture Center – a non-profit technology business incubator.
  • Eligibility: The program is open to:
    • Technology developers (early-stage deep tech start-ups, and scientists/ engineers/ clinicians) with strong science-based deep tech business ideas.
    • CEOs and Senior incubation managers of AIM Funded Atal Incubation Centers that are supporting deep tech entrepreneurs.
  • Benefits of the programme:
    • The candidates selected for the program will get access to in-depth learning resources via a comprehensive lecture series, live team projects, exercises, and project-specific mentoring.
    • They will also have access to a deep tech startup playbook, curated video library, and plenty of peer-to-peer learning opportunities.
About Deep Technology:
  • Deep techs are very high cutting-edge and disruptive technologies. These technologies base on scientific discoveries, engineering, mathematics, physics, and medicine.
  • Examples: A new medical device or technique fighting cancer, data analytics to help farmers grow more food, or a clean energy solution trying to lessen the human impact on climate change.

Source: PIB

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Record 11 Crore Worked Under “MGNREGS” in 2020-21

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What is the News?

According to Government data, over 11 crore people worked under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme(MGNREGS) during the financial year 2020-21.

Key Facts Related to MGNREG Scheme during 2020-21:
  • During the financial year 2020-21, around 11 crore people worked under the MGNREGS.
  • This is the first time since the launch of the scheme in 2006-07 that the MGNREGS  numbers crossed the 11-crore mark in a year.
  • Further, the 11 crore mark is also higher by about 41.75% in 2019-20 when about 7.88 crores worked.
  • The expenditure on MGNREGS has also increased. In 2020-21, the total expenditure was 62.31% higher than in 2019-20.

Note: As part of the economic package during the Covid-19 pandemic, the government announced additional funding of Rs 40,000 crore for the MGNREGS over and above the budgetary allocation of  2020-21.

Number of Days People Worked under MGNREGS:
  • In 2020-21, the number of households that completed 100-day employment reached an all-time high of 68.58 lakh, an increase of 68.91% from 40.60 lakh in 2019-20.
  • The average days of employment provided per household too went up marginally from 48.4 days in 2019-20 to 51.51 days in 2020-21.
MGNREG Scheme:
  • MGNREGS is one of the largest work guarantee programmes in the world.
  • Launched in: The scheme was initially launched in the 200 most backward rural districts of the country in 2006-07. The scheme was later extended to an additional 130 districts during 2007-08 and to the entire country from 2008-09 onward.
  • Under the scheme, every rural household whose adult member volunteers to do unskilled manual work is entitled to get at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year.
  • Implementation: Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Government of India in association with state governments monitors the implementation of the scheme.
Key Features of the scheme:
  • Demand-driven scheme: Worker to be hired when he demands and not when the Government wants it.
  • Gram Panchayat is mandated to provide employment within 15 days of work application failing which worker is entitled to unemployment allowance
  • Payment of wages within 15 days of competition of work failing which worker is entitled to delay compensation of 0.05%/ day of wages earned.

Source: Indian Express

 

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Union Cabinet approves PLI Scheme for Food Processing Industry

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Why in the news?

The Union Cabinet approves the PLI(Production Linked Incentive) Scheme for Food Processing Industry (PLISFPI).

About PLI scheme for Food Processing Industry
  • The scheme will be implemented over a six-year period from 2021-22 to 2026-27.
  • Aim: The scheme aims to support the creation of global food manufacturing champions according to the natural resources of India.
Objectives of the Scheme
  1. Firstly, PLI scheme will support food manufacturing org with stipulated minimum Sales.
  2. Furthermore, it will support Indian brands of food products in the international markets with an outlay of Rs. 10900 crore.
  3. Moreover, it will increase employment opportunities for nearly 2.5 lakh persons by the year 2026-27.
  4. Finally, the scheme will ensure good prices for farm produce and higher income to farmers.
Salient features of the PLI scheme for Food Processing Industry
  1. First component of the scheme
    • It will incentivize the manufacturing of four major food product segments:
      1. Marine Products,
      2. Mozzarella Cheese
      3. Processed Fruits & Vegetables
      4. Ready to Cook/ Ready to Eat (RTC/ RTE) foods
    • Selected applicants will require investing in Plant & Machinery in the first two years i.e. in 2021-22 & 2022-23.
    • The amount of Investment during 2020-21 will be counted for meeting investment requirements.
    • The entities selected for making innovative/ organic products will be exempt from the Minimum Sales and mandated investment requirements.
  2. 2nd component of the scheme
    • Under this component, support will be provided for branding and marketing abroad.
    • The entity will receive grants for in-store Branding, shelf space renting, and marketing.
Implementation of the scheme
  • Implemented by: Project Management Agency (PMA)
  • Also, PMA will be responsible for verification of eligibility for support, scrutiny of claims eligible for disbursement of incentive.
  • Furthermore, the scheme is “fund-limited”, i.e. the amount restricts to the approved limit. This amount will not exceed even in case of outstanding performance.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Union Minister inaugurates Event for “DSIR-PRISM Scheme”

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What is the News?

The Union Minister for Science & Technology inaugurates the Event for Publicity of the PRISM (Promoting Innovations in Individuals, Startups, and MSMEs) scheme.

About PRISM Scheme:
  • Nodal Ministry: PRISM is an initiative of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research(DSIR), Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • Aim: The aim is to help an individual innovator to become a successful technopreneur. It promotes, supports, and funds implementable and commercially viable innovations created for society.
  • Who is eligible? Under the initiative, an innovator of Indian nationality – student, professional and common citizen- is eligible.
  • Features:  Eligible candidates are provided with technical, strategic, and financial assistance by DSIR-PRISM. Assistance is provided on the stages like idea development, prototype development, and pilot scaling and patenting.
  • Sectors Covered: The proposals under the scheme will be accepted for the following sectors:
    • Green technology
    • Clean energy
    • Industrially utilizable smart materials
    • Waste to Wealth
    • Affordable Healthcare
    • Water & Sewage Management and
    • any other technology or knowledge-intensive area.
  • Financial Assistance: The grant under the scheme is given in two phases:
    1. Phase I:
      • Category-I: For proof of concept/prototype/models, a grant amount of around Rs. 2 lakhs to Rs. 20 lakhs.
      • Category-II: For fabrication of working model/ process know-how/ testing, a grant amount of around Rs. 2 lakhs to Rs. 20 lakhs.
    2. Phase II: For Enterprise incubation, a grant amount of a maximum of around Rs.50 lakhs.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, Factly: Schemes and Programs, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Only 5.4% of houses under “PM Awas Yojana Gramin (PMAY-G)” Completed this year

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Rural Development has informed the Parliamentary Standing Committee about the progress of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin.

Progress under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G):
  • PMAY-G Scheme has a target of providing housing for all by March 2022. However, the completion of the construction target was only 55%. Even though there was sanctioning of money for almost 85% of beneficiaries.
Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Scheme:
  • In 2020-21, less than 6% of houses sanctioned under the PMAY-G have reached the completion stage due to COVID-19.
  • Reasons for Delay: In 2019, it used to take an average of 114 days to construct a house under the scheme. However, the Covid-19 pandemic has caused long delays at every stage in 2020-21.
  • However, some states such as Odisha and Jharkhand have completed around 10% of the houses sanctioned in 2020-21. It has also used the scheme to provide employment opportunities for migrant workers who had returned to their villages during the crisis.
  • But a number of other states such as Assam, Chhattisgarh, and Karnataka did not see completed construction of even a single house that was sanctioned during 2020-21.
About Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin:
  • Launched by: Ministry of Rural Development in 2016 launched it.
  • Aim: The aim is to provide a pucca house with basic amenities to all rural families by the end of March 2022. People who are homeless or living in kutcha or dilapidated houses are eligible for benefits.
Key Features of the Scheme:
  • Beneficiaries: Beneficiaries are identified as per the housing deprivation parameters and exclusion criteria prescribed under Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) 2011. Gram Sabha verifies the eligible beneficiaries.
  • Target: The scheme had a target of construction of 2.95 crore pucca houses for eligible rural households by March 2022.
  • Fund sharing pattern -The Centre and the states share the grants under the scheme in the ratio of:
    • 90:10 in case of NE States, Himalayan States & Himalayan UTs.
    • For all other States, funds are shared in the ratio of 60:40 by the Centre and the States.
    • In cases of other UTs, entire funds are provided by the Centre.
  • Monitoring: The programme implementation is being monitored not only electronically but also through community participation (Social Audit), Member of Parliament (DISHA Committee), Central and State Government officials, National Level Monitors, etc.

Source: The Hindu

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Jharkhand launched ‘SAAMAR campaign’ to fight malnutrition

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What is the News?

The Jharkhand government has launched the SAAMAR campaign to tackle malnutrition in the state.

About SAAMAR Campaign:
  • Full-Form: SAAMAR is an acronym for Strategic Action for Alleviation of Malnutrition and Anaemia Reduction.
  • Aim: The SAAMAR campaign aims to identify anaemic women and malnourished children. Further, the campaign brings together various departments to effectively deal with the major malnutrition problem in the state.

Features of the campaign:

  • SAAMAR campaign has been launched with a 1000 days target. Under this annual surveys will be conducted to track the progress.
  • Every Anganwadi Centres will be engaged to identify malnourished children. Subsequently, they will be treated at the Malnutrition Treatment Centres.
  • Similarly, anaemic women will also be identified and will be referred to health centres in serious cases.
Why was this campaign launched?
  • According to NFHS-4 data, Jharkhand has some worrying level of malnutrition. The NFHS-4 data reveals the following trends.
    • Every second child in the state is stunted and underweight
    • Every third child is affected by stunting
    • Every 10th child is affected by severe wasting
    • Apart from that, around 70% of children are anaemic in the state.
  • Hence, the intervention was required with a ‘different approach to reduce malnutrition.

Source: Indian Express

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Initiatives under ‘Namami Gange Programme’

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What is the News?

The Government of India is currently implementing several initiatives under the Namami Gange Programme to clean the polluted rivers of Ganga.

Namami Gange Programme:
  • Launched in: The Programme was launched in 2014. It is an Integrated Conservation Mission under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Aim: To achieve effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of the National River(Ganga).
  • Main Pillars of the Programme:
    • Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure,
    • River-Surface Cleaning,
    • Afforestation,
    • Industrial Effluent Monitoring,
    • River-Front Development,
    • Biodiversity
    • Public Awareness among others.
  • Implementation: National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementing agency of the Namami Gange Programme at the national level.
    • National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG): It is a statutory authority. It is established under the National Council for River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Act, 2016.
  • Projects under the programme: Presently, sewerage infrastructure works for pollution abatement is under execution on 13 tributaries of river Ganga. These include Yamuna, Kosi, Saryu, Ramganga, Kali(West), Kali (East), Gomti, Kharkari, Burhi Gandak, Banka, Damodar, Rispana-Bindal and Chambal.

Source: PIB

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India partnered with ‘United Nations Office for Project Services'(UNOPS)

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Jal Shakti Ministry has entered a partnership with the United Nations Office for Project Services(UNOPS) and the government of Denmark. The agreement aims to bring tap water connections to 11 water-scarce districts in Uttar Pradesh under the Jal Jeevan mission.

About United Nations Office for Project Services(UNOPS):

  • The United Nations Office for Project Services(UNOPS) was established in 1973 as part of the United Nations Development Programme(UNDP). It became an independent, self-financing organization in 1995.
  • Aim: It is dedicated to implementing projects for the United Nations System. Apart from that, UNOPS also help in project implementation of international financial institutions, governments and other partners around the world.
  • Significance: UNOPS is a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group(UNSDG).
  • The headquarters of the United Nations Office for Project Services is located in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Click Here to Read about Jal Jeevan Mission

About United Nations Sustainable Development Group(UNSDG):

  • The United Nations Sustainable Development Group(UNSDG) was established in 1997. It was previously known as the United Nations Development Group (UNDG).
  • It is a consortium of 36 United Nations funds, programs, specialized agencies, departments and offices playing a role in development.
  • The UNSDG was created by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Furthermore, it is created with the intent to improve the effectiveness of United Nations development activities at the country level.
  • Headquarters: New York, United States

Click Here to Read about Jal Jeevan Mission(Urban)

Source: The Hindu

 

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PM launched Jal Shakti Abhiyan: ‘Catch the Rain’ campaign

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What is the News?

The Prime Minister has launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain campaign on World Water Day.

About Catch the Rain Campaign:
  • Catch the Rain is a Jan Andolan campaign. It aims to take water conservation at the grass-roots level through people’s participation. The campaign intends to accelerate water conservation across the country.
  • Aim: To encourage all stakeholders to create rainwater harvesting structures(RWHS). As it is suitable for the climatic conditions and subsoil strata. These structures will ensure the proper storage of rainwater.
  • Tag line: Catch the rain, where it falls, when it falls.
  • Implementation: The campaign will be implemented by the National Water Mission(NWM), Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Coverage: The campaign will take place across the country, in both rural and urban areas. It will be implemented from March 22 to November 30 (the pre-monsoon and monsoon period) in the country.
Key activities under the Catch the Rain Campaign:

The Catch the Rain Campaign will include certain key activities like,

  • Firstly, removal of encroachments and desilting of tanks. This will increase rainwater storage capacity.
  • Secondly, the campaign includes drives to make water harvesting pits, rooftop RWHS and check dams.
  • Thirdly, removal of obstructions in the channels bringing water from the catchment areas.
  • Fourthly, repairs to traditional Water Harvesting Systems(WHS) like step-wells. Further, using defunct bore-wells and old wells to put the water back to aquifers.
  • Finally, states have been requested to open Rain Centers in each district. These Rain Centres will act as a technical guidance centre in RWHS.
About World Water Day:
  • World Water Day is being observed on 22 March by the United Nations (UN).
  • Aim: To raise awareness about people living without access to safe water and tackle the global water crisis.
  • Theme of world water day 2021: “Valuing Water”

Source: PIB

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Power Minister Launches “Energy Efficiency Enterprise(E3) Certifications Scheme”

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What is the news?

Minister for Power launches the “Energy Efficiency Enterprise(E3) Certifications Programme” for the Brick manufacturing Sector.

About Energy Efficiency Enterprise(E3) Certification Programme:

  • Energy Efficiency Enterprise(E3) is a certification scheme. It aims to recognise burnt clay brick manufacturers for adopting energy-efficient manufacturing. Furthermore, it encourages customers to source bricks from such E3 certified manufacturing units.
  • Nodal Agency: Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) will provide certification.
How will the E3 certification be awarded?
  • Brick Manufacturing Enterprises need to meet the minimum Specific Energy Consumption performance criteria.
  • The criteria can be met by Brick Manufacturing Enterprises by adopting a combination of measures, such as:
    • improving energy efficiency in manufacturing
    • producing bricks having lower (bulk) densities e.g. porous, perforated and hollow bricks.
Significance of this programme:
  • The programme will help the brick industry shift towards more efficient technologies. Such energy-efficient bricks will be useful in complying with the requirements of the Energy Conservation Buildings Code (ECBC).
    • ECBC: launched in 2007 by the Ministry of Power, it sets minimum energy standards for new commercial buildings.
  • The adoption of the E3 certification programme may save energy of about 7 Million Tonnes of oil equivalent(MTOE) per year. The savings will be about 25 Million Tonnes by 2030.
Contribution of Bricks Sector in India:
  • India is the world’s second-largest producer of bricks. This demand is expected to multiply three to four times over the next 20 years.
  • Bricks Sector Contributes nearly 0.7% to the country’s GDP. Furthermore, it offers seasonal employment generation to over 1 crore workers and is important for sectors such as transportation and construction.
  • Brick manufacturing industry consumes about 45-50 million tonnes of coal equivalent annually. It amounts to 5-15% of the total energy consumption in the country.
    • However, the brick sector has the second-largest potential for energy efficiency amongst the Indian industrial sector after steel and more than cement.

Source: PIB

 

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Present Status of “Stand Up India Scheme”

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What is the News?

The government has informed the Lok Sabha about the implementation of the Stand Up India Scheme. More than 81% of the accounts under the Stand Up India Scheme belong to women entrepreneurs.

About Stand Up India Scheme:

  • Ministry: Launched in 2016 by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance.
  • Objective: The Stand-Up India Scheme facilitates bank loans for setting up a new enterprise in manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities, or the trading sector by SC/ST/Women entrepreneurs.
  • Bank Loan: It provides bank loans between Rs 10 lakh and up to 1 crore.
    • The government does not allocate funds for loans under the Scheme. They are extended by Scheduled Commercial Banks(SCBs).
  • Eligibility condition for Stand Up India Scheme:
    • SC/ST and/or woman entrepreneurs above 18 years of age.
    • Loans under the scheme are available only for greenfield projects. Greenfield signifies the first time venture of the beneficiary in the manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities or the trading sector.
    • In the case of non-individual enterprises, 51% of the shareholding and controlling stake should be held by either SC/ST and/or Women Entrepreneur.
    • Borrowers should not be in default to any bank/financial institution.
  • Repayment: The loan is repayable in 7 years with a maximum moratorium period of 18 months.
  • Duration of the Scheme: The Stand-Up India Scheme has been extended up to the year 2025.

Source: PIB

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Cabinet approves “Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi | PMSSN”

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What is the News?

The Union Cabinet approves the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN).

About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi(PMSSN):

This program will ensure access to universal & affordable health care through a fund that does not lapse at the end of the financial year.

Features: 

  1. It has been set up as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for a share of Health.
  2. It will be made from the share of health in the proceeds of Health and Education Cess.
  3. The fund will be administered and maintained by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

Note: Finance Minister announced the 4% Health and Education Cess during the Budget 2018-19. It replaced the existing 3% Education Cess.

How will the fund be utilised? The fund will be utilized for the following flagship schemes of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare:

  • Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)
  • Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs)
  • National Health Mission
  • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)
  • Emergency & disaster preparedness and responses during health emergencies
  • Any future programme/scheme that targets to achieve progress towards SDGs and the targets set out in the National Health Policy (NHP) 2017.

Source: PIB

 

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“Mission Shakti, Mission Poshan 2.0, and Mission Vatsalya” – 3 Umbrella schemes of Ministry of WCD

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What is the news?

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has decided to classify all of its major programmes under three Umbrella Schemes- Mission Shakti, Mission POSHAN 2.0, and Mission Vatsalya.

This step has been taken to ensure the effective implementation of various programmes and schemes of the Ministry.

What are the three umbrella Schemes?

 Mission Shakti:

  • Mission Shakti will consist of the schemes and policies for the empowerment and protection of women.
  • Schemes: Mission Shakti will cover schemes under two categories:
    • SAMBAL: This category will include schemes such as One Stop Centre, Mahila Police Volunteer, Women’s Helpline, Swadhar, Ujjawala among others.
    • SAMARTHYA: This category will include schemes such as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana among others.
  • Mission Shakti will run in convergence with the other two Umbrella Schemes.
Mission Vatsalya :
  • Mission Vatsalya will be looking into the child welfare services and child protection services all over the country.
  • Schemes: Mission Vatsalya will include the Scheme for Child Protection Services, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
Saksham Anganwadi and Mission POSHAN 2.0 scheme:
  • Schemes: This will include schemes such as Integrated Child Development Scheme(ICDS), Anganwadi Services, Poshan Abhiyan, Scheme for Adolescent Girls, National Creche Scheme among others.
  • Mission Poshan 2.0: The government will be merging the Poshan Abhiyan and supplementary nutrition programme to launch Mission Poshan 2.0.
    • Mission Poshan 2.0 will look into the ways and measures for strengthening the nutritional content, outreach, delivery, and outcomes.

Source: Economic Times

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Lessons from Operation Flood for Operation Green

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Synopsis: A closer inspection of the Operation Green scheme shows that the scheme is nowhere near achieving its objectives.

Introduction 

The Finance Minister during budget presentations announced the expansion of Operation Green (OG). It will be expanded beyond tomatoes, onions, and potatoes to 22 perishable commodities. 

  • Operation Green was launched in 2018 with three basic objectives:
    1. Firstly, it should control the wide price instability in the three largest vegetables of India (Tomatoes, Onions, and Potatoes).
    2. Secondly, it should build efficient value chains so that a larger share of the consumers’ money is received by the farmers. 
    3. Thirdly, it should reduce the post-harvest losses by building modern warehouses and cold storage.

How is the operation green performing currently?

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) has invited some program management agencies to see the implementation of OG.

  • Rs 500 crore budget was outlined initially. However, only Rs. 8.45 crore has been actually released. 
  • A closer examination of the scheme reveals that OG is progressing in slow motion and is nowhere near achieving its objectives. 
    • Research at ICRIER tells that price instability remains high. Farmers’ share in consumers’ money is very low with 26.6 percent for potatoes, 29.1 percent for onions, and 32.4 percent for tomatoes. 
    • In cooperatives like AMUL, farmers get almost 75-80 percent of consumers’ money. 

What can operation green learn from the operation flood?

Operation Flood (OF) changed India’s milk sector and made India the world’s largest milk producer. There are some important lessons OG can learn from OF: 

  1. Firstly, OG will not get any immediate results and one has to be patient. There should be a separate board to strategize and implement the OG scheme, like the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) for milk. 
  2. Secondly, a respectable leader with commitment and competence is required to head this new board of OG. The person should be given at least a five-year term, sufficient resources, and should be made accountable for delivering results. 
    • The MoFPI can have its evaluation every six months. 
  3. Thirdly, at present, the criterion for the selection of TOP commodity clusters is not transparent. This process should be transparent to keep the politics away.  
  4. Fourthly, the subsidy scheme will have to be made innovative with new generation entrepreneurs, startups, and FPOs. 
    • For instance, the announcement to create an additional 10,000 FPOs along with the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund and the new farm laws are all promising but need to be implemented fast.

Green tax on vehicles older than 15 years

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

“Swachh Iconic Places”-12 sites to be transformed into ‘Swachh Tourist Destinations’

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Jal Shakti has announced 12 iconic sites. Sites will be covered under Phase IV of the Swachh Iconic Places(SIP) Initiative.

Swachh Iconic Places(SIP) Initiative:

  • It is an initiative of the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti under Swachh Bharat Mission(Grameen).
  • Aim:
    • It aims to improve the sanitation and cleanliness standards at and around the sites. The initiative will ensure a distinctly higher level of Sanitation/Cleanliness at these places, especially on the peripheries and in the approach area.
  • Ministries Involved: The initiative is being coordinated by the Ministry of Jal Shakti in association with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Culture, and the concerned State/UT governments.

Places covered under Phase IV: The 12 sites covered under Phase IV are:

  • Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra
  • Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
  • Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan
  • Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan
  • Ramdevra, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
  • Golconda Fort, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha
  • Rock Garden, Chandigarh
  • Dal Lake, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
  • Banke Bihari Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
  • Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
  • Kalighat Temple, West Bengal

Click Here to know about the Places covered under other Phases

 Source: PIB

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“PLI Scheme for pharmaceuticals and IT hardware” Approved

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What is the News?

Union Cabinet has approved the Production Linked Incentive(PLI) Scheme for the pharmaceuticals and IT hardware sectors.

About PLI Scheme for Pharmaceutical Sector:

  • Objective: It will promote the manufacturing of high-value products in the pharmaceutical sector.
  • Duration: The duration of the scheme will be for nine years from 2020-21 till 2028-29.

Category of Goods: The scheme shall cover pharmaceutical goods under three categories as mentioned below:

  • Category 1: Biopharmaceuticals such as complex generic drugs, patented drugs, Gene therapy drugs, phytopharmaceuticals, and orphan drugs.
  • Category 2: It would cover active pharmaceutical ingredients, key starting materials, and drug intermediaries.
  • Category 3: Drugs not covered under Category 1 and Category 2.

Significance of the scheme: The scheme will benefit domestic manufacturers. Moreover, it will help to create employment and will make available a wider range of affordable medicines for consumers.

About PLI Scheme for IT hardware sectors:

  • Objective: It will boost domestic manufacturing and investments in the value chain of IT Hardware.
  • Target Segment: The target sectors under the scheme includes laptops, tablets, all-in-one PCs and servers.
  • Incentives: Under the scheme, beneficiaries will be given incentives of 4% to 1% on net incremental sales over the base year(2019-20) for a period of four years.
  • Significance: The government expects the scheme to reduce India’s import dependence for IT hardware in a major way. Currently, 80% of the country’s laptop and tablet demand is met through imports.

Click Here to Read about PLI Scheme

 Source: The Hindu

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme

 

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Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund

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About Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund

  • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development (AHIDF) is a Central Sector Scheme. It was launched by the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, and Dairying.
  • Aim: To facilitate incentivization of investments for
    • Dairy processing and value addition infrastructure
    • Meat processing and value addition infrastructure and
    • Animal Feed Plant.
  • Objectives:
    • To help increase milk and meat processing capacity and increase exports from these sectors
    • To develop entrepreneurship and generate employment
    • It would increase the price realization for the producer
    • To make available quality concentrated animals feed to cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig to poultry.
  • Eligibility: The following entities will be eligible under AHIDF
    • Farmer Producer Organization(FPO)
    • Private companies
    • Individual entrepreneurs
    • Section 8 companies
    • Micro Small and Medium Enterprises.
  • Benefits under the scheme:
    • Loan Contribution: The beneficiaries are to contribute a minimum of 10% margin money as an investment. The balance of 90% would be the loan component to be made available by scheduled banks.
    • Interest Subvention: The Government of India will provide a 3% interest subvention to eligible beneficiaries.
    • Loan Moratorium: There will be a 2 years moratorium period for the principal loan amount and 6 years repayment period thereafter.
    • Credit Guarantee Fund: NABARD would maintain a Credit Guarantee Fund. It would provide a Credit guarantee to those sanctioned projects which are covered under MSME defined ceilings. Guarantee Coverage would be up to 25% of the Credit facility of the borrower.

Source: The Hindu

[Answered] What do you understand by the term ‘right to due process’? Discuss its significance in a democracy.

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100% tap water connections to schools under “100-day Special Campaign”

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What is the news?

Telangana has achieved 100% tap water connections to all schools and Angan Wadi Centres (AWCs) under 100 day Special Campaign.

The other states like Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Haryana and Tamil Nadu, also achieved this target.

Centre’s 100-day Special Campaign:

  • On 2nd October 2020, Ministry of Jal Shakti had launched the 100-day Special Campaign. It was to ensure piped safe water to all schools and anganwadis under the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • The campaign was launched in order to ensure safe potable piped water for children.  Children are more susceptible to water-borne diseases.

What has been achieved so far?

  • So far, 1.82 lakh grey water management structures and 1.42 lakh rain water harvesting structures had been constructed in all schools and AWCs.
  • In all, 5.21 lakh schools and 4.71 lakh AWCs had been provided with piped water supply and around 8.24 lakh assets in these institutions had been geo-tagged.

Mission Bhagiratha:

  • It is a flagship programme of the Telangana government.It is aimed at providing safe drinking water to every household.

Click Here to read about Jal Jeevan Mission

 Source: The Hindu

 Read also:-

Food security to nutritional security in India

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Govt releases new “Public Sector Enterprise Policy”

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What is the news?

The Government of India has released a new ‘Public Sector Enterprise Policy’.

About ‘Public Sector Enterprise Policy’:

The policy classifies public sector commercial enterprises into the strategic and non-strategic sector:

Strategic Sector: There would be a maximum of four public sector companies in strategic sectors. State-owned firms in other segments would be privatized eventually.

The following 4 sectors are covered under strategic sectors:

  1. Atomic energy, Space and Defence
  2. Transport and Telecommunications
  3. Power, Petroleum, Coal, and other minerals
  4. Banking, Insurance, and financial services

Non- Strategic Sector: CPSEs of this sector shall be privatized or closed, if privatization is not possible.

Exceptions: The policy would not be applied on:

  • Public sector classes like major port trusts, the Airport Authority of India, and undertakings in security printing and minting.
  • Public sector entities such as not-for-profit companies or CPSEs providing support to vulnerable groups.

Process of Privatisation:

  • NITI Aayog will recommend PSUs for retention in strategic sectors and that should be considered for privatization, merger, or closure.
  • The Core Group of Secretaries on Divestment(CGD) headed by the cabinet secretary will consider these recommendations.
  • Final approval will be provided by the Alternative Mechanism. This mechanism consists of the Finance minister, Ministers for Administrative reforms, and the Minister for roads, transport, and highways.
  • Further, the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM),  can also approach the Cabinet for strategic disinvestment of a specific PSE from time-to-time. DIPAM manages government equity in public sector companies.

Source: The Hindu

Strategic Disinvestment Policy: Issues and Challenges – Explained 

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Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme

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What is the News?

The Union Cabinet has approved the production-linked incentive(PLI) scheme for the telecom sector.

About the production-linked incentive(PLI) scheme for the telecom Sector

  • Aim of the scheme: It will make India a global hub for manufacturing telecom equipment. Moreover, it will create jobs and reduce imports especially from China.
  • Focus of the scheme: The scheme will offset the huge import of telecom equipment worth more than Rs 50,000 crore. By that, it will encourage the foreign manufacturers and domestic manufacturers to set up production units in India.  
  • Coverage: The scheme will cover domestic manufacturing of equipment such as
    • core transmission equipment,
    • 4G/5G and next-generation radio access network and wireless equipment,
    • Internet of Things (IoT) access devices,
    • enterprise equipment such as switches and routers
  • Duration of the Scheme: The scheme will be operational from April 1 and will run for the next five years.
  • Eligibility: The eligibility for the scheme will be subject to;
    • Achieving a minimum threshold of cumulative investment
    • incremental sales of manufactured goods, with 2019-20 as the base year.
  • Incentives: For the inclusion of MSMEs in the scheme, the minimum investment threshold has been kept at ₹10 crores while for others it is ₹100 crore. Further, for MSMEs, It proposes a 1% higher incentive in the first three years.

Significance of the scheme:

  • The Government Schemes may lead to an incremental production of about ₹2.4 lakh crore with exports of about ₹2 lakh crore over five years. Moreover, it may bring in investments of more than ₹3,000 crores.
  • With the inclusion of telecom equipment manufacturing under the ambit of PLI schemes, the total number of sectors under such programmes stands at 13.

Click here to Read about PLI Scheme

 Source: The Hindu

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged , ,

Six years of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme

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Why in News?
During the last six years, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme has increased awareness and sensitized the masses on Gender Equality.

Facts:

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme: It was launched by the Prime Minister in 2015 at Panipat in Haryana.
  • Aim: To bring behavioural change in the society towards birth and rights of a girl child.
  • The Scheme has two major components such as mass communication campaign and multi-sectoral action covering all States and UTs.
  • The scheme is being implemented by a coordinated effort by the Ministry of WCD, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of HRD.

Achievements of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao so far

 Achievement in monitorable targets:

  • Sex Ratio at Birth: During the last 6 years the Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) has improved by 16 points from 918 in 2014-15 to 934 in 2019-20.
  • Health:
    • Percentage of Institutional Deliveries has shown an improving trend from 87% in 2014-15 to 94% in 2019-20.
  • Education:
    • The Gross Enrolment Ratio of girls in the schools at the secondary level has improved from 77.45% (2014-15) to 81.32% (2018-19).
    • The percentage of schools with functional separate toilets for girls has shown improvement from 92.1% in 2014-15 to 95.1% in 2018-19 (2018-19).

Achievement in bringing attitudinal change:

  • Social Change: The BBBP scheme has been able to bring the focus on the important issues of female infanticide, lack of education amongst girls, and deprivation of their rights on a life cycle continuum.
  • BBBP Logo: People are using the BBBP logo on their own at various places such as school buses, buildings, and popular festivals to affirm their commitment to the cause.
  • Community and Administration Level:
    • The frontline government employees have been successfully collaborating at the local level for observing the son-centric rituals and also observed celebrating the birth of a girl child i.e. Kuwapoojan, Thali Bajana, etc.
    • Mothers and girl children are being hailed by the local administration to establish the relevance of the girl child. Beti Janmotsav is one of the key programmes celebrated in each district.

Source: Indian Express

 

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

“Samarth Scheme” for Capacity Building in Textile Sector

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Textiles has informed Rajya Sabha about the Samarth Scheme.

Samarth Scheme:

  • It was launched by the Ministry of Textiles.
  • Aim: It will address the skill gap in the textile sector. It will supplement the efforts of the textile industry in providing gainful and sustainable employment to the youth.
  • Objectives: Following are the objectives of Samarth Scheme:
    • It will provide a program which demand-driven, placement oriented and National Skills Qualifications Framework(NSQF) compliant.
    • It will supplement the efforts of the industry in creating jobs in the organized textile and related sectors, covering the entire value chain of textile. It excludes Spinning and Weaving.
    • Likewise, it will provide for skilling and skill up-gradation in the traditional sectors of handlooms, handicrafts, sericulture, and jute.
  • Target: The Scheme targets to train 10 lakh persons (9 lakhs in organised & 1 lakh in traditional sector).
  • Implementing agencies: The programmes would be implemented through the Textile industry, government institutions and Reputed training institutions/ NGOs/ Societies active in the textile sector.
  • Monitoring and Management Information System(MIS): It is a centralized web-based Information System that has been put in place for monitoring and implementation of the scheme.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

PM Aatmanirbhar Swasthya Bharat Yojana

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This scheme aims at developing the capacities of the primary, secondary, and tertiary health sector.

Salient features of the scheme:

  • Over 18,000 rural and over 11,000 urban health and wellness centers will be supported.
  • Public health laboratories will be established in all districts.
  • Critical care hospitals will be set up in 12 central institutions and 602 districts.
  • Strengthens the national centre for disease control, its 5 regional branches as well as 20 metropolitan health surveillance units.
  • The scheme will also strengthen 33 existing Public Health Units at the Points of entry, that is at 11 seaports, 32 airports, and 7 land crossings.
Posted in SCHEMES

KAPILA campaign

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What is the News?

The Union Education Minister informed the Lok Sabha about the KAPILA campaign launched in October 2020. The campaign was launched on 89th birth anniversary of former President and Scientist Late Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

Facts:

  • KAPILA stands for Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness campaign.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Education
  • Objectives: The objectives of the campaign include
    • To create awareness regarding Intellectual Property Rights(IPR) in Higher Education Institutions(HEIs),
    • To develop training program on IPR for faculty and students of HEIs
    • To sensitise and develop a vibrant Intellectual Property(IP) filing system.
    • To enable IPR protection on the inventions originating from the faculty and students of HEIs

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

PM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana

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What is the News?

The Finance Minister has launched a new scheme titled “PM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana”. In general, The scheme aims to develop capacities in the health care system over 6 yrs.

PM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana:

  • Type: It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  • Aim: The scheme aims to
    • Improve primary, secondary, and tertiary care health systems,
    • Strengthen existing national institutions in Health sector
    • Create new institutions, to cater to detection and cure of new and emerging diseases.
  • Duration of the Scheme: Six Years
  • Features of the Scheme: The scheme will support in the setting up of
    • Rural, Urban Health and Wellness Centres
    • Integrated Public Health Labs
    • Critical health care hospital blocks
    • National institution for One Health
    • Regional research platform for WHO South-East Asia Region,
    • 9 Biosafety Level III laboratories and 4 regional centres of National Institutes for Virology.
    • Strengthening National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and 5 regional branches of it
    • Expanding the integrated health information panel.

Source: The Hindu

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana(PMMVY)

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What is the News?
The Central Government has informed that the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana(PMMVY) has crossed 1.75 crores of eligible women beneficiaries, till the financial year 2020.

Facts:

 Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana(PMMVY):

  • Launched in: It is a maternity benefit scheme introduced in 2017. It is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD). The scheme is in accordance with the National Food Security Act 2013.
  • Type: It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  • Aim:
    • To provide partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare.
    • To provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.
    • To breastfeed the child during the first six months of the birth. As it is very vital the development of the child.
  • Beneficiaries: Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) who have their pregnancy on or after 1st January 2017 are eligible. The cash incentive is payable in three instalments for the first live birth.
    • Exclusion: PW&LM who are in regular employment with the Central/State Government or PSUs or those who receive similar benefits under any law.
  • Benefits: Under the Scheme, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) receive a direct cash benefit transfer of Rs. 5,000 in three instalments. The amount will be credited to the beneficiary on fulfilling the respective conditions. Such as:
    • Early registration of pregnancy (First instalment)
    • Ante-natal check-up (Second instalment)
    • Registration of the birth of the child and completion of the first cycle of vaccination. (Third instalment)
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on average, a beneficiary will get Rs. 6,000.
  • Implementation: The scheme is being implemented under the platform of Integrated Child Development Scheme.

Additional Facts:

  • Janani Suraksha Yojana(JSY): It is a safe motherhood intervention scheme launched in 2005 under the National Health Mission (NHM).
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is implementing the Scheme
    • Objective: To reduce maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.
    • Benefits: Under the scheme, eligible pregnant women are entitled for cash assistance of Rs. 1400. There is no bar on the age of mother, the number of children or type of institution (government or private health facility).

Source: The Hindu

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

What is “Make in India Initiative 2.0”?

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What is the News?

The Minister of Commerce and Industry has informed Lok Sabha about the Make in India Initiative 2.0.

Make in India Initiative:

  • Launched Year: It was launched in 2014 by the Government of India.
  • Aim: To make India a global hub for the manufacturing, research and innovation. Also, the integrations of India in the global supply chain.
  • Objectives:
    • To increase the manufacturing sector’s growth rate to 12-14% per annum in order to increase the sector’s share in the economy;
    • To create 100 million additional manufacturing jobs in the economy by 2022; and
    • To ensure that the manufacturing sector’s contribution to GDP is increased to 25% by 2022 (revised to 2025) from the current 16%.

Make in India 2.0:

  • It presently focuses on 27 sectors with a special focus on ten champion sectors including; 1. capital goods, 2. auto, 3. defence, 4. pharma, 5. renewable energy, 6. biotechnology, 7. chemicals, 8. leather, 9. textiles, 10. food processing.
  • These sectors have the potential to become global champions and drive double-digit growth in manufacturing.
  • In manufacturing, the action plans are coordinated by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). In services,  action plans are coordinated by the Department of Commerce.

Achievements so far:

  • Foreign Direct Investment(FDI): India has registered its highest-ever annual FDI Inflow of US $74.39 billion during the last financial year 2019-20 as compared to US $ 45.15 billion in 2014-2015.
    • Further, in the last six years (2014-20), India has received FDI inflow which is 53% of the FDI reported in the last 20 years.
  • Ease of Doing Business Ranking: India has jumped to 63rd place in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business ranking. This is due to reforms in the areas of Starting a Business, Paying Taxes, Trading Across Borders, and Resolving Insolvency.

Source: PIB

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

What is “One District One Product Scheme”?

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What is the News?

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has informed Lok Sabha about the One District One Product Scheme.

 One District One Product Scheme(ODOP):

  • Aim: To identify one product per district based on the potential and strength of a district and national priorities. A cluster for that product will be developed in the district and market linkage will be provided for that.
  • Significance: This initiative is seen as a transformational step towards realizing the true potential of a district. It will fuel economic growth and generate employment and rural entrepreneurship.

Merging of ODOP  One District One Product with Districts as Exports Hub initiative:

  • The ODOP  One District One Product  initiative has been operationally merged with the ‘Districts as Export Hub’ initiative. Later is implemented by the Director-General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), Department of Commerce.
  • Objective: To convert each District of the country into an Export Hub by identifying products with export potential. It also aims to address bottlenecks in exporting products and support local manufacturers.
  • Under the initiative, the State Export Promotion Committee(SPEC) and District Export Promotion Committee (DEPC) have been constituted in several districts.

Source: PIB

Central Government Schemes News

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“Jal Jeevan Mission” to revive urban water bodies

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What is the News?

In the Budget 2021-22, the Government has announced the launch of Jal Jeevan Mission(Urban).

About Jal Jeevan Mission(Urban):

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

Objective: To provide universal coverage of water supply to all households in all 4,378 statutory towns, through functional taps.

Duration: The duration of the mission is over five years.

Features of the Jal Jeevan Mission

  • It will rejuvenate the water bodies to facilitate sustainable fresh water supply and the creation of green spaces.
  • It will promote a circular economy of water through the development of city water balance plan in each city. The plan will focus on recycling/reuse of treated sewage water and water conservation. 20% of water demand is to be met by reused water.
  • Awareness Campaign: Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) campaign is proposed. It will spread awareness among the masses about the conservation of water.
  • Pey Jal Survekshan will be conducted in cities. It will ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater, and mapping of water bodies
  • Technology Submission For water: It is proposed to leverage the latest global technologies in the field of water.
  • PPP Model: The mission has mandated that cities having a million-plus population will take up PPP projects. These projects shall constitute a minimum of 10% of their total project fund allocation.

Funding:

  • For Union Territories, there will be 100% central funding.
  • For North Eastern and Hill States, central funding for projects will be 90%.
  • Central funding will be 50% for cities with less than 1 lakh population, one-third for cities with 1 lakh to 10 lakh population, and 25% for cities with the million plus population.

Source: The Hindu

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0 and Jal Jeevan Mission

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What is the News?

The Finance Minister launched Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0 along with Jal Jeevan Mission(urban).

Swachh Bharat Mission Urban

  • Launched in: It was launched in 2014 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 1.0: The focus of the mission was to make urban India open defecation free (ODF). As well as, 100% scientific solid waste management.

Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0:

  • The mission would be implemented over five years — from 2021 to 2026
  • Focus: Following are focus areas of Mission:
    • Faecal sludge management and waste water treatment,
    • Source segregation of garbage,
    • Reduction in single-use plastic,
    • Reduction in air pollution by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities and
    • Bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.

Jal Jeevan Mission(urban)

  • Aim: It aims at universal water supply in all urban local bodies. It will facilitate 2.86 crore household tap connections as well as liquid waste management in 500 AMRUT cities.
  • Duration: The scheme will be implemented over the next 5 years.

Jal Jeevan Mission(Rural): It launched in 2019. It aims to provide every rural household with a tap water connection by 2024. Nearly 30 million tap water connections have been provided under this so far.

Source: The Hindu

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)

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Why in News?

According to Government data, a total of 1.1 crore houses has been approved under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), of which more than 70 lakh houses are under various stages of construction and more than 41 lakh houses have been completed.

Facts:

    • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana(Urban): It was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs in 2015.
    • Aim: To provide Central assistance through States/Union Territories (UTs) for providing houses to all eligible families/beneficiaries by 2022.

Verticals: The mission seeks to address the housing requirement of the urban poor including slum dwellers through program verticals :

    • Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource
    • Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy
    • Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sector
    • Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction/enhancement.

Key Features of the Scheme:

    • Beneficiaries of the scheme include Economically weaker sections (EWS), low-income groups(LIGs), and Middle Income Groups(MIGs).
    • The Mission is being implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) except for the component of credit linked subsidy which will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme.
    • The houses constructed with central assistance under the mission should be in the name of the female head of the household or in the joint name of the male head of the household and his wife and only in cases when there is no adult female member in the family, the dwelling unit/house can be in the name of a male member of the household.

Article Source

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Daily News Updates, Miscellaneous, SCHEMESTagged

Startup India Seed Fund 

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Why in News? 

Rs 1,000-crore ‘Startup India Seed Fund’ was launched during the ‘Prarambh: Startup India International Summit’. 

 Salient features of Startup India Seed Fund Scheme: 

  • ObjectiveFund has been set up to provide initial capital to the startupsAfter that start-ups will be provided with the Govt. Guarantees, to help them raise debt capital. 
  • Coverage: The fund would offer financial assistance to startups for proofs of concept, prototype development, product trials, market-entry, and commercialization of products or ideas. 
  • Funding: The Scheme will offer startups up to Rs. 20 Lakhs as grant for Proof of Concept. Upto Rs. 50 Lakhs can also be availed through convertible debentures or debt or debt-linked instruments for commercialization. 

 Fund of Funds for Start-ups(FFS) Scheme: 

  • It was launched by the Prime Minister in 2016 in line with the Start-up India Action Plan. 
  • Purpose: The fund has a corpus of INR 10,000 crore and is managed by Small Industries Bank of India(SIDBI) for contribution to the corpus of Alternative Investment funds(AIFs) which in turn invest in equity and equitylinked instruments of various Startups. 

 Startups in India: 

  • India is home to the world’s thirdlargest startup ecosystem. There are over 41,000 startups in the country. 
  • In 2014, there were only four startups in the unicorn club but in 2020 there are more than 30. Further, 11 of these startups entered the unicorn club in 2020 itself.  
  • The startups in India are not limited to big cities and about 40% of such budding entrepreneurs are coming from tier-II and -III cities. 

 Further Reading on Prarambh Summit: http://bit.ly/3qzwkuh

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Government organises a ‘DekhoApnaDesh’ Webinar on “Exploring Buddhist Circuit by Train”

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News: The Ministry of Tourism has organised an interesting webinar titled “Exploring Buddhist Circuit by Train”  as a part of the ‘Dekho Apna Desh’ Webinar series.

 

Facts:

  • Dekho Apna Desh Initiative: It is an initiative of the Ministry of Tourism launched in January 2020.
  • Objective: To promote domestic tourism in India which is intended to enhance tourist footfalls in places of tourist interest so as to help develop the local economy.
  • Dekho Apna Desh Webinar series: During the pandemic, the Ministry of Tourism as part of its ongoing engagement with the industry and its audiences is organising webinars on the overall theme of ‘DekhoApnaDesh’.
    • Objective: To create awareness about and promote various tourism destinations of India – including the lesser-known destinations and lesser-known facets of popular destinations.

Article source

 

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, SCHEMESTagged

One Nation One Ration Card system reform – Tamil Nadu becomes the 11th State to complete the reform

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News: Tamil Nadu has become the 11th State in the country to successfully undertake the “One Nation One Ration Card system” reform stipulated by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance.

Facts:

    • One Nation One Ration Card(ONORC) System: It is an important citizen-centric reform. Its implementation ensures the availability of ration to beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and other welfare schemes, especially the migrant workers and their families at any Fair Price Shop (FPS) across the country.
    • Features: To ensure seamless inter-state portability of a ration card, Aadhar seeding of all ration cards as well as biometric authentication of beneficiaries through automation of all Fair Price Shops (FPSs) with the installation of electronic point of sale (e-PoS) devices are essential under the system.

Benefits of One Nation One Ration Card:

    • Empowers migrant Population: It empowers the migratory population who frequently change their place of dwelling as migrant beneficiaries can get their entitled quota of food grains from any electronic point of sale(e-PoS) enabled fair Price Shops of their choice anywhere in the country.
    • Better Targeting: The reform enables the States in better targeting of beneficiaries, elimination of bogus/ duplicate/ineligible card-holders resulting in enhanced welfare and reduced leakage.

Are there any benefits given by the Centre for the implementation of the ONORC System?

  • To meet the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Government of India had in May 2020 enhanced the borrowing limit of the States by 2% of their Gross State Domestic Product(GSDP).
  • Half of this borrowing limit i.e 1% of GSDP has linked to undertaking citizen-centric reforms by the States.
    • The four citizen-centric areas for reforms identified by the Department of Expenditure were (a) Implementation of One Nation One Ration Card System, (b) Ease of doing business reform, (c) Urban Local body/ utility reforms and (d) Power Sector reforms.
  • Therefore, an additional borrowing limit of 0.25% of the GSDP is allowed to the States only on completion of both of the following actions: 1) Aadhar Seeding of all the ration cards and beneficiaries in the State and 2) Automation of all the FPSs in the State.

Article Source

 

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Polity and Nation, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Only discoms are allowed to install solar plants under Grid-connected Roof top Solar Scheme: Centre

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News: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has cautioned consumers against rooftop solar companies that are claiming to be authorised vendors for the implementation of the Grid-connected Rooftop Solar Scheme. The scheme is being implemented only by power distribution companies(DISCOMS).

Facts:

    • Grid-connected Rooftop Solar Scheme(Phase-II): The scheme aims to generate solar power by installing solar panels on the roof of the houses.
    • Objective: To achieve the cumulative capacity of 40,000 MW from Rooftop Solar(RTS) Projects by the year 2022.
    • Subsidy: Under this scheme, the Ministry is providing 40% subsidy for the first 3 kW and 20% subsidy beyond 3 kW and up to 10 kW.
    • Implementation: The scheme is being implemented in the state only by DISCOMs.The DISCOMs have empaneled vendors through the bidding process and have decided rates for setting up a rooftop solar plant.
    • Condition: Subsidy will be available for the residential sector only and for availing the benefit of subsidy, indigenously manufactured PV Modules and Cells are to be used.
    • Incentives to Discoms: Performance-based incentives are provided to DISCOMs based on Rooftop Solar capacity achieved in a financial year over and above the base capacity i.e. cumulative capacity achieved at the end of previous financial year.

Article Source

 

 

Posted in PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

PMKVY 3.0: Govt. launches Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY) 3.0

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News: The government of India has launched the third phase of its flagship skilling scheme Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0).

Facts:

    • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY): It is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched in 2015 and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation(NSDC).
    • Objective: To enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
    • Under the scheme, Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
    • Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government

PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20)

  • PMKVY 2.0: After the successful implementation of pilot PMKVY (2015-16), PMKVY 2.0 was launched by scaling up both in terms of Sector and Geography and by greater alignment with other missions of the government of India like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat.
  • Objectives:
    • Enable and mobilize a large number of youths to take up industry designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.
    • Increase productivity of the existing workforce, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country.
    • Encourage standardisation of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.
    • To benefit 10 million youth over a period of four years (2016- 2020).

PMKVY 3.0

  • Objective: It envisages to train around 8 lakh candidates over the scheme period of 2020-2021.
  • Key Features:
    • This phase is designed towards making skill development more demand-driven and decentralised in its approach with a focus on digital technology, Industry 4.0 skills and COVID-related skills.
    • District Skill Committees(DSCs) under the guidance of State Skill Development Missions(SSDM) shall play a key role in addressing the skill gap and assessing demand at the district level.
    • It will encourage healthy competition between states. This is achieved by increasing the allocation to those states that perform better.
    • It will also be a propagator of vocational education at an early level for youth to capitalize on industry-linked opportunities.

Article Source

 

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Grid-connected Rooftop Solar Scheme

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News: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has cautioned consumers against rooftop solar companies that are claiming to be authorised vendors for the implementation of the Grid-connected Rooftop Solar Scheme. The scheme is being implemented only by power distribution companies(DISCOMS).

Facts:

    • Grid-connected Rooftop Solar Scheme(Phase-II): The scheme aims to generate solar power by installing solar panels on the roof of the houses.
    • Objective: To achieve the cumulative capacity of 40,000 MW from Rooftop Solar(RTS) Projects by the year 2022.
    • Subsidy: Under this scheme, the Ministry is providing 40% subsidy for the first 3 kW and 20% subsidy beyond 3 kW and up to 10 kW.
    • Implementation: The scheme is being implemented in the state only by DISCOMs.The DISCOMs have empaneled vendors through the bidding process and have decided rates for setting up a rooftop solar plant.
    • Condition: Subsidy will be available for the residential sector only and for availing the benefit of subsidy, indigenously manufactured PV Modules and Cells are to be used.
    • Incentives to Discoms: Performance-based incentives are provided to DISCOMs based on Rooftop Solar capacity achieved in a financial year over and above the base capacity i.e. cumulative capacity achieved at the end of previous financial year.

Article Source

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, Factly: Schemes and Programs, SCHEMESTagged

Hisar Airport Inaugurated Under RCS-UDAN

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News: Government has inaugurated the newly constructed Hisar airport in Haryana from Chandigarh under the Regional Connectivity Scheme – Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (RCS-UDAN).

Facts:

    • Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik (UDAN) scheme: It was launched in 2017 by the Ministry of Civil Aviation. The scheme is a component of the National Civil Aviation Policy (NCAP), 2016.
    • Aim: To develop a regional aviation market. It seeks to connect under-served and unserved airports in India through the revival of existing airstrips and airports.
    • Objectives:
      • Create affordable yet economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes.
      • Development of remote areas and enhancing trade and commerce and tourism expansion.
      • Employment creation in the aviation sector.
    • Duration: The scheme would be in operation for a period of 10 years.
    • Key Features of the scheme:
      • Under the scheme, airlines have to cap airfares for 50% of the total seats at Rs. 2,500 per hour of flight.
      • This would be achieved through (1) a financial stimulus in the form of concessions from Central and State governments and airport operators and (2) Viability Gap Funding– A government grant provided to the airlines to bridge the gap between the cost of operations and expected revenue.
      • The partner State Governments (other than North Eastern States and Union Territories where contribution will be 10 %) would contribute a 20% share to this fund.
      • Regional Connectivity Fund would be created to meet the viability gap funding requirements under the scheme.The RCF levy per departure will be applied to certain domestic flights.
  • Phases Under the Scheme:
    • UDAN 1.0 and 2.0: During RCS-UDAN version 1.0 & 2.0, 66 airports were identified and 31 heliports (28 unserved heliports and 3 unserved airports).
    • UDAN 3.0: During UDAN version 3.0, to increase the tourism potential at the coastal areas, Tourism routes in coordination with the Ministry of Tourism and Seaplanes for connecting Water Aerodromes were included.
    • UDAN 4.0: The focus of UDAN 4.0 is on priority areas like North East Region, Hilly States, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Islands.

Article Source

 

Posted in PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

Efforts to increase Electric mobility in India

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Synopsis: Significance of shifting towards electric vehicles for India and how the government has actively facilitated this process

What are the significances of shifting to electric vehicles for India? 

Transition to electric vehicles is important for India as not only it will save public money but also the environment. 

    • The progression to electric vehicles will make India sustainable as it has the potential to reduce carbon emissions and build self-reliant domestic energy sector. 
    • it can reduce dependence on crude oil and help to save government money especially the FOREX. For example, India is the third-largest oil importer in the world in terms of value. In 2018–19, India imported 228.6 MT of crude oil worth $120 billion. 
    • Besides being an economically and environmentally viable option, India’s transition to electric vehicles will also allow us to improve our infrastructure 
    • This will also have a significant impact on our foreign policy as our energy security dependence will shift from West Asia to Latin America. 

Sourcing Lithium  

In India, In the last two years, lithium imports have tripled from $384 mn to $1.2 bn and its demands are being fulfilled by imports from China, Vietnam, and Hong Kong. 

  • Latin America’s famous lithium triangle Argentina, Chile, and Bolivia, encompasses about 80% of the explored lithium of the world.  
  • Currently, India’s majority of trade from Latin America is concentrated on crude oil which includes 14%-20% of India’s total crude oil imports which is likely to change towards Lithium and cobalt. 
  • government is looking to buy overseas lithium reserves to develop domestic battery manufacturing capacity.  
      • In 2019, a joint venture agreement was signed between three Indian CPSE’s (National Aluminium Company (NALCO), Hindustan Copper Limited (HCL) and Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd (MECL)) to form Khanij Bidesh India Limited (KABIL) that has the objective to explore strategic mineral assets like lithium and cobalt abroad for commercial use and to meet the domestic requirement for battery manufacturers. 

What were the steps taken by government to facilitate the shift towards electric vehicles? 

With the vision to have 30% electric vehicles plying the roads by 2030 the government of India has taken up the following initiatives.  

    • First, under the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles and Fame 2.0, the government has allocated $1.3 billion in incentives for electric buses, three-wheelers and four-wheelers to be used for commercial purposes till 2022, and earmarked another $135 million for charging stations.  
    • Second, NITI Aayog has proposed for a $4.6 billion subsidy for battery makers to facilitate domestic manufacturing of Lithium batteries. 
    • Third, In September 2019, government gave its nod to set up a manufacturing unit in Gujarat by Japanese consortium (Suzuki Motor+ Denso+ Toshiba) to venture into the production of lithium-ion batteries and electrodes.  

The Indian government’s pre-emptive policy action will not only help the lithium and cobalt industry to grow domestically but also help India to chalk out a long-term solution to clean our cities, build new markets, and skill people for new jobs towards an ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’.

Read Also : current affairs for upsc

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged

RBI unveils guidelines for Payment Infrastructure Development Fund

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News: Reserve Bank of India(RBI) has announced operational guidelines for the Payments Infrastructure Development Fund (PIDF) scheme.

Facts:

  • Objectives of the Fund:
    • To increase the number of acceptance devices multi-fold in the country.
    • To benefit the acquiring banks / non-banks and merchants by lowering overall acceptance infrastructure cost.
    • To increase payments acceptance infrastructure by adding 30 lakh touch points – 10 lakhs physical and 20 lakh digital payment acceptance devices every year.
  • Purpose: The fund will be used to subsidize banks and non-banks for deploying payment infrastructure which will be contingent upon specific targets being achieved.
  • Accountability: Acquirers of the subsidy shall submit quarterly reports on the achievement of targets to the RBI.
  • Targets:
    • The primary focus shall be to create payment acceptance infrastructure in Tier-3 to Tier-6 centres.
    • North Eastern states of the country shall be given special focus.
    • The fund will also focus on those merchants who are yet to be terminalised(merchants who do not have any payment acceptance device).
    • Merchants engaged in services such as transport and hospitality, government payments, public distribution system(PDS) shops, healthcare may be included especially in targeted geographies.
  • Duration of Fund: The fund will be operational for three years effective from 1st January, 2021 and may be extended for two more years.
  • Funding::It has a corpus of Rs. 345 crore with Rs. 250 crore contributed by the RBI and Rs. 95 crore by the major authorised card networks in the country. The authorised card networks shall contribute in all Rs. 100 crore. Besides the initial corpus, PIDF shall also receive annual contributions from card networks and card issuing banks.
  • Advisory Council: An Advisory Council (AC) under the chairmanship of RBI deputy governor BP Kanungo has been constituted for managing the PIDF. The council will devise a transparent mechanism for allocation of targets to acquiring banks and non-banks in different segments and locations.
  • Monitoring: Implementation of targets under PIDF shall be monitored by RBI’s Regional Office Mumbai with assistance from card networks, the Indian Banks’ Association, and the Payments Council of India.

Article Source

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

Government approves new scheme for Industrial Development of Jammu & Kashmir

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News: Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the Central Sector Scheme for Industrial Development of Jammu & Kashmir.

Facts:

  • Aim: To develop development of Manufacturing as well as Service Sector Units in J&K which will generate employment and leads to the socio economic development of the area.
  • Incentives: The following incentives would be available under the scheme:
    • Capital Investment Incentive at the rate of 30% in Zone A and 50% in Zone B on investment made in Plant & Machinery (in manufacturing) or construction of buildings and other durable physical assets(in service sector) is available.Units with an investment upto Rs. 50 crore will be eligible to avail this incentive. Maximum limit of incentive is Rs 5 crore and Rs 7.5 crore in Zone A & Zone B respectively
    • Capital Interest subvention: At the annual rate of 6% for maximum 7 years on loan amount up to Rs. 500 crore for investment in plant and machinery (in manufacturing) or construction of building and all other durable physical assets(in service sector).
    • GST Linked Incentive: 300% of the eligible value of actual investment made in plant and machinery (in manufacturing) or construction in building and all other durable physical assets(in service sector) for 10 years. The amount of incentive in a financial year will not exceed one-tenth of the total eligible amount of incentive.
    • Working Capital Interest Incentive: All existing units at the annual rate of 5% for maximum 5 years. Maximum limit of incentive is Rs 1 crore.
  • Other Key Features of the Scheme:
    • Scheme is made attractive for both smaller and larger units. Smaller units with an investment in plant & machinery upto Rs. 50 crore will get a capital incentive upto Rs. 7.5 crore and get capital interest subvention at the rate of 6% for maximum 7 years
    • The scheme aims to take industrial development to the block level in UT of J&K, which is first time in any Industrial Incentive Scheme of the Government of India and attempts for a more sustained and balanced industrial growth in the entire UT
    • Scheme has been simplified on the lines of ease of doing business by bringing one major incentive- GST Linked Incentive- that will ensure less compliance burden without compromising on transparency.
  • Expenditure involved: The financial outlay of the proposed scheme is Rs.28,400 crore for the scheme period 2020-21 to 2036-37.
  • Impact:
    • Scheme will bring radical transformation in the existing industrial ecosystem of J&K with emphasis on job creation, skill development and sustainable development.
    • The scheme is likely to attract unprecedented investment and give direct and indirect employment to about 4.5 lakh persons. Additionally, because of the working capital interest subvention the scheme is likely to give indirect support to about 35,000 persons.

Article Source

 

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, SCHEMESTagged

Union Minister reviews “Adopt a Heritage: Apni Dharohar, Apni Pehchaan” Project

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Source: PIB

News: Union Minister for Tourism has held a review meeting review meeting of the “Adopt a Heritage: Apni Dharohar, Apni Pehchaan” project.

Facts:

  • Adopt a Heritage Project: It is an initiative of the Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and the Archaeological Survey of India. It was launched in September 2017 on World Tourism Day.
  • Aim: To ensure quality & inclusive provision of amenities and facilities across heritage, natural, & tourist sites through active participation of private and public sector organizations and individuals. These organizations would be known as “Monument Mitras” for their collaboration initiative.
  • Objectives of the Project:
    • Developing basic tourism infrastructure in and around heritage sites, monuments, natural sites and tourist sites.
    • Develop facilities and amenities to improve the tourist experience at heritage sites, monuments, natural sites and tourist sites.
    • Promote cultural and heritage value of the country and develop avenues to create awareness about the heritage/natural/tourist sites in the country
    • Develop and promote sustainable tourism infrastructure and ensure proper Operations and Maintenance therein.
    • Develop employment opportunities and support livelihoods of local communities at heritage sites.
  • Eligibility: Private and Public Sector Companies, Trusts, NGOs and Individuals are eligible for adopting heritage site (s)/ monument (s) under this project.
  • Key Features of the Project:
    • The sites/monuments are selected on the basis of tourist footfall and visibility and can be adopted by private and public sector companies and individuals known as Monument Mitras for an initial period of five years.
    • The Monument Mitras are selected by the ‘oversight and vision committee,’ co-chaired by the Tourism Secretary and the Culture Secretary on the basis of the bidder’s ‘vision’ for development of all amenities at the heritage site.
    • There is no financial bid involved. The corporate sector is expected to use corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds for the upkeep of the site.
Posted in SCHEMESTagged

Jal Jeevan Mission launches innovation challenge for portable water testing devices

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Source: PIB

News: National Jal Jeevan Mission has launched an innovation challenge in partnership with Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade to develop portable devices for water testing.

Facts:

  • Aim: The challenge aims to ensure that water sources are tested at various locations, at different levels; thereby, helping the policy framers to design programs which address the water contamination issues.

What was the need of this challenge?

  • Drinking water supply in rural areas is from both from the groundwater (80%) and surface water (20%) sources. However, due to the depleting groundwater level, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, the use of surface water is on the rise.
  • Hence, for both groundwater and surface water based rural drinking water supply systems, it is important to measure relevant area-specific contaminations to ensure access to potable water.
  • Further, the Uniform Drinking Water Quality Protocol, 2019 has also specified some important parameters to be monitored for assuring portability of drinking water as per BIS IS 10500:2012 and subsequent amendments.

Additional Facts:

  • Jal Jeevan Mission: It aims to provide every rural household with functional household tap connections (FHTCs) with adequate quantity and of prescribed quality of water on a regular and long-term basis by 2024.
    It is being implemented by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Ministry.
  • Key Features:
    • The mission implements source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting.
    • The mission is based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
    • Water quality testing is one of the priority areas under the mission. It also looks to create a jan andolan for water thereby making it everyone’s priority.
  • Water Quality Parameters under Jal Jeevan Mission:

Water Quality Parameters

Posted in SCHEMES

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi(PM-KISAN) Scheme

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Source: PIB

News: The Prime Minister has released the next instalment of financial benefit under PM Kisan Samman Nidhi through video conference.

Facts:

  • PM KISAN: It is a Central Sector scheme launched by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare in 2019.
  • Objective: To augment the income of the farmers by providing income support to all landholding farmers’ families across the country and to enable them to take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as domestic needs.
  • Income Support: Under the Scheme an amount of Rs.6000/- per year is transferred in three 4-monthly installments of Rs.2000/- directly into the bank accounts of the farmers subject to certain exclusion criteria relating to higher income status.
  • Coverage: The Scheme initially provided income support to all small and Marginal Farmers’ families across the country, holding cultivable land up to 2 hectares. Its ambit was later expanded to cover all farmer families in the country irrespective of the size of their land holdings.
  • Beneficiaries: The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiaries rests with the State / UT Governments.
  • Exclusions: Affluent farmers have been excluded from the scheme such as Income Tax payers in last assessment year, professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants etc. and pensioners drawing at least Rs.10,000/- per month (excluding MTS/Class IV/Group D employees).
  • Special Provisions: Special provisions have also been made for the North-Eastern States where land ownership rights are community based, Forest Dwellers and Jharkhand which does not have updated land records and restrictions on transfer of land.

Other Similar programmes by States:

  • Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income augmentation (KALIA)- Odisha
    Each family will get Rs 5,000 separately in the kharif and rabi seasons irrespective of the amount of land.
  • The Rythu Bandhu scheme- Telangana.
    In this scheme the government will provide Rs.4000 per acre per farmer per season to cover the input costs associated in farming like seeds, fertilizers, labour etc.
Posted in SCHEMESTagged

Prime Minister Formalisation of Micro food processing Enterprises (PM-FME) Scheme

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Source: PIB

News: Tribal Cooperative Marketing Federation of India(TRIFED) has signed an MoU with Ministry of Food Processing Industries(MOFPI) For Upliftment of Tribal Lives Through the Implementation of PM-FME Scheme. 

Facts: 

  • PM-FME Scheme: It is a centrally sponsored scheme launched by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries(MOFPI). 

What is the aim of PM-FME scheme? 

  • To modernize and enhance the competitiveness of the existing individual micro enterprises and ensure their transition to formal sector 
  • To provide support to Farmer Producer Organizations, Self Help Groups, and Producers Cooperatives along their entire value chain. 
  • Duration: The PM-FME scheme will be implemented over a period of five years from 2020-21 to 2024-25 with an outlay of Rs 10,000 crore.  
  • Funding: The expenditure under the PM-FME scheme would be shared in 60:40 ratio between Central and State Governments, in 90:10 ratio with North Eastern and Himalayan States, 60:40 ratio with UTs with legislature and 100% by Centre for other UTs. 
  • Coverage: Under the PM-FME scheme, 2,00,000 micro food processing units will be directly assisted with credit linked subsidy. Adequate supportive common infrastructure and institutional architecture will be supported to accelerate growth of the sector. 

What are the Key Features of PM-FME scheme? 

  • One District One Product:  
  • The PM-FME Scheme adopts One District One Product (ODOP) approach to reap the benefit of scale in terms of procurement of inputs, availing common services and marketing of products. 
  • The States would identify food products for a district keeping in view the existing clusters and availability of raw material.  
  • The ODOP product could be a perishable produce based product or cereal based products or a food product widely produced in a district and their allied sectors. 
  • Other Focus Areas:  
  • The PM-FME scheme focuses on Waste to wealth products, minor forest products and Aspirational Districts. 
  • The Scheme also places special focus on capacity building and research. NIFTEM and IIFPT, two academic and research institutions under MOFPI along with State Level Technical Institutions selected by the States would be provided support for training of units, product development, appropriate packaging and machinery for micro units. 
  • Financial Support: 
  • Existing individual micro food processing units desirous of upgrading their units can avail credit-linked capital subsidy at 35% of the eligible project cost with a maximum ceiling of Rs.10 lakh per unit. 
  • Support would be provided through credit linked grants at 35% for development of common infrastructure including common processing facility, lab, warehouse through FPOs/SHGs/cooperatives or state owned agencies or private enterprise. 
  • A seed capital (initial funding) of Rs. 40,000- per Self Help Group (SHG) member would be provided for working capital and purchase of small tools. 
Posted in SCHEMESTagged ,

“Swachhata Abhiyan” – Mobile Application

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Source: PIB

News: Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment has launched a Mobile Application “Swachhata Abhiyan”. 

Facts: 

  • Swachhata Abhiyan: It is a mobile application developed to identify and geotag the data of insanitary latrines and manual scavengers so that the insanitary latrines can be replaced with sanitary latrines and rehabilitate all the manual scavengers to provide dignity of life to them. 
  • Significance: This would help in rehabilitating all manual scavengers and replace insanitary latrines with sanitary ones. 

Additional Facts: 

  • Manual scavenging: It is the practice of manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of or handling human excreta. 
  • According to the 2011 Census, there are more than 26 Lakh insanitary latrines in the country and the existence of insanitary latrines is the main reason for manual scavenging. 

 Indian Government efforts to end Manual Scavenging: 

  • Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013: The key features of the act are: 
  • It bans manual scavenging and also discharges employees who are engaged in this practice on a contractual or regular basis. 
  • It widened the definition of manual scavengers by including it in all forms of manual removal of human excreta like an open drain, pit latrine, septic tanks, manholes, and removal of excreta on the railway tracks.  
  • It lays key focus on rehabilitating the manual scavengers by providing them with ready-built houses, financial assistance & loans for taking up alternate occupation on a sustainable basis, organizing training programs for the scavengers so that they can opt for some other profession at a stipend of Rs. 3000 and offering scholarships to their children under the relevant scheme of the government. 
  • The Act makes the offense of manual scavenging cognizable and non-bailable. 
  • It calls for a survey of manual scavenging in urban & rural areas and the conversion of insanitary latrines into sanitary latrines. 
  • It makes it obligatory for employers to provide protective tools to the workers. 

Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS):  

  • It aims to rehabilitate manual scavengers and their dependents in alternative occupations, in a time bound manner. 
  • Under this, manual scavengers are provided rehabilitation benefits which include  
  • One Time cash assistance of Rs.40000/-. 
  • Loans up to Rs. 15.00 lacs at concessional rate of interest. 
  • Credit linked back end capital subsidy up to Rs. 3,25,000/-. 
  • Skill Development Training up to two years with a stipend of Rs.3000/- per month. 
Posted in daily news, Daily News Updates, SCHEMESTagged

Cabinet Approves changes In Post-Matric Scholarship Scheme For Scheduled Caste Students

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Source: The Hindu

News: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved changes to the post-matric scholarship scheme for students from the Scheduled Castes.

Facts:

  • Changes are aimed to benefit more than 4 Crore SC students in the next 5 years so that they can successfully complete their higher education.
  • Post Matric Scholarship scheme For Scheduled Caste Students: The Scheme aims to provide financial assistance to the Scheduled Caste students studying at post matriculation or post-secondary stage to enable them to complete their education.
  • Eligibility: These scholarships are available for studies in India only and are awarded by the government of the State/Union Territory to which the applicant actually belongs i.e. permanently settled.
  • Funding: It is a Centrally Sponsored scheme with a funding pattern of 60-40 for the Centre and States.
    • This replaces the existing ”committed liability” system and brings greater involvement of the Central government in this scheme.
  • Income Ceiling: Scholarships will be paid to the students whose parents/guardians’ income from all sources does not exceed Rs. 2,50,000/- (Rupees two lakh fifty thousand only).
    Read Also :-GS Paper 1 Previous year Questions
  • Transparency: The scheme will be run on an online platform with cyber security measures that would assure transparency, accountability, efficiency, and timely delivery of the assistance without any delays.
  • Community Audit: The community audits of the scheme would be conducted to make sure the benefits were reaching the students.
Posted in SCHEMESTagged ,

North Eastern Region Power System Improvement Project

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Source: PIB

News: Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the Revised Cost Estimate (RCE) for the North Eastern Region Power System Improvement Project (NERPSIP).

Facts:

  • NERPSIP Scheme: The Scheme was initially approved in 2014 as a Central Sector Plan Scheme of the Ministry of Power.
  • Funding: The scheme is being funded with the assistance of the World Bank fund and by the Government of India through the Budget support of the Ministry of Power on a 50:50 basis.
  • Objective: Government’s commitment for the total economic development of the North Eastern Region and to strengthen the Intra-State Transmission & Distribution Infrastructure in the North East Region.
  • Implementation: The scheme is being implemented through Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID).
  • Beneficiary States: Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura and is targeted to be commissioned by December 2021.
Posted in SCHEMESTagged

Govt approves inclusion of four indigenous sports in Khelo India Youth Games 2021

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Source: Click here

News: Sports Ministry has approved the inclusion of four indigenous Games to be a part of Khelo India Youth Games 2021.The games include Gatka, Kalaripayattu, Thang-Ta and Mallakhamba.

Facts:

  • Gatka: It is a traditional martial art form originated from Punjab.It is associated with the Nihang Sikh Warriors and is used both as self-defense as well as a sport.
  • Kalaripayattu also known as Kalari is an Indian martial art that originated in Kerala.It is believed to be the oldest surviving martial art in India.
  • Thang-Ta also known as Huyen Lallong is a martial art form of Manipur and has been practised by the Meiteis. It is dedicated to fighting skill and worship.
  • Mallakhamba: It is a traditional sport from Indian subcontinent and has been well-known in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.It involves gymnasts performing aerial yoga or gymnastic postures and wrestling grips in concert with a vertical stationary or hanging wooden pole, cane, or rope.

What is Khelo India?

  • Khelo India Programme: It was introduced by the Ministry of Sports and Youth affairs.
  • Aim: To revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports played in our country and establish India as a great sporting nation.
  • Objectives:
    • Mass participation of youth in annual sports competitions through a structured competition;
    • Identification of talent
    • Guidance and nurturing of the talent through existing sports academies and new set up either by the central Government or State Government or in PPP mode.
    • Creation of Sports Infrastructure at mofussil, Tehsil, District, State levels among others.
  • Merger: The scheme is a merger of three schemes namely:
    • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan: Infrastructure in rural areas and encouraging sports through competitions
    • Urban Infrastructure Scheme: Development of Infrastructure in urban areas.
    • National Sports Talent Search: Identifying sports talent.
  • Key Features of the Scheme:
    • Under the scheme, Talented players identified in priority sports disciplines at various levels by the High-Powered Committee will be provided annual financial assistance of INR 5 lakh per annum for 8 years.
    • State wise budget allocation is not made and projects are sanctioned based on their viability. Funds are released project wise.
  • Verticals: To meet the objectives of Khelo India, the entire programme is divided in 12 verticals as mentioned in the below picture:

Khelo India 1

Note: Sports being a State subject, the responsibility of promotion of sports, including identification of young talent and its nurturing rests with State Governments. Government of India supplements the efforts of State Governments through its various schemes.

Posted in PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

PM-WANI: Revolutionise the way India accesses the internet

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Context: PM-WANI has the potential to revolutionise the way India accesses the internet.

What are the key features of Pradhan Mantri Wireless Access Network Interface (PM-WANI)?

  • Bring large scale deployment of Wi-Fi hotspots through the country to drive up connectivity options and improve digital access.
  • The scheme envisages setting up of public Wi-Fi networks and access points by local Kirana and neighbourhood shops through public data offices (PDO will be set up on the lines of Public Call Offices (PCOs)) that will not involve any licence, fee or registration.

What are the needs of PM-WANI?

  • To create value for the consumer.
  • To quickly reach countrymen in the remotest areas.
  • India’s tele-density of landlines never exceeded 7 per 100 people but due to mobile it exceeded to 90 per 100 people.
  • India grew from 302 million internet subscribers to 750 million.
  • India is one of the fastest growing internet markets in the world.
  • To deliver a resilient and reliable connection to every Indian and reliable access everywhere.
  • Despite excellent advances in 4G technology, wired connections still offer superior quality, reliability and throughput.

How PM-Wani can revolutionise access to internet?

  • UPI created common payments infrastructure that unbundled whose app you use to pay from which bank your money was in.
  • This resulted in 3 Cs — greater convenience, higher confidence and lower costs.
  • PM-WANI unbundles whose wired connection you use from who you pay to use that connection.
  • It allows them to interoperate and focus on connecting the last user. It is built on unbundling three as — access, authorisation and accounting.

What are the dimensions along which PM-WANI has broken away from the past?

  • PM-WANI has liberalised the resale of bandwidth. Earlier only licensed players could become Internet Service Providers and resell bandwidth.
  • This has led to the top 5 ISPs owning 75 per cent of the volume of all wired subscribers.
  • PM-WANI allows anyone — a kirana shop owner, a tea-stall vendor, or a Common Service Centre to resell internet to its customers without a licence and without fees.
  • By installing a wireless router, they can get on the PM-WANI network and start selling connectivity.
  • These small vendors will be called Public Data Offices (PDOs), in a deliberate hark back to the Public Call Offices of yore.
  • Due to this deregulation, the distribution of endpoints of PM-WANI will be selected by entrepreneurs rather than being decided top-down.

How PM-WANI is forward-looking in its design?

  • Presence of robust identity infrastructure in the form of Aadhaar and DigiLocker. It will help to authenticate its users.
  • This architecture also allows a central data balance and central KYC, that users can use inter-operably across all PDOs.
  • The network operators then settle accounting between them, much like how telecom operators settle call termination charges.
  • Indians can log in once and enjoy access on all available WiFi networks.
  • It also allows international travellers to take advantage of India’s connectivity, without paying exorbitant roaming charges to their home networks.
Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, daily news, Daily News Updates, PUBLIC, SCHEMESTagged ,

QCI Launches Recognition Scheme for Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies

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Source: Click here

News: Quality Council of India(QCI) at the behest of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India(FSSAI) has launched a “Scheme for approval of Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies”.

Facts:

  • Objective: To scale up Hygiene Rating by increasing the number of recognised Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies in the country.

Additional Facts:

  • Food Hygiene Rating Scheme: It is a certification system by FSSAI for food businesses supplying food directly to consumers, either on or off premise.The food establishments are rated based on food hygiene and safety conditions observed at the time of audit.
  • Quality Council of India (QCI): It was set up in 1997 jointly by the Government of India and the Indian Industry to establish and operate national accreditation structure and promote quality through National Quality Campaign.
    • Nodal Ministry: Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce & Industry is the nodal department for QCI.
    • Chairman: The Chairman of QCI is appointed by the Prime Minister on the recommendation of the industry to the government.
  • FSSAI: It is a statutory, autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.It is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.

Read Also :-indian economy quiz

Posted in SCHEMESTagged

Declare exotic pets, avoid prosecution: how one-time scheme works

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Source: Click here

News: The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change(MoEFCC) has come out with an advisory on a one-time voluntary disclosure scheme that allows owners of exotic live species that have been acquired illegally or without documents to declare their stock to the government.

Facts:

  • Aim of the scheme: To address the challenge of zoonotic diseases, develop an inventory of exotic live species for better compliance under the CITES and regulate their import.In its current form, the amnesty scheme is just an advisory and not a law.
  • Exotic wildlife covered under scheme: The advisory has defined exotic live species as animals named under the Appendices I, II and III of the CITES.It does not include species from the Schedules of the Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972.The advisory excludes exotic birds from the amnesty scheme.
  • Process for disclosure: The disclosure has to be done online through MoEFCC’s Parivesh portal The owner of the animal(s) will have to declare the stock to the Chief Wildlife Warden (CWLW) of the concerned state or Union Territory.This will be followed by a physical verification of the animals.

Additional Facts:

  • Exotics Animals: These are those species that are mentioned under the Appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) but not under the schedules of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Pro Active Responsive facilitation by Interactive and Virtuous Environmental Single window Hub(PARIVESH) Portal: It is a Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change initiative for single window clearances of Environment, Forests and Wildlife and Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ) Clearances.
  • CITES: It is an international agreement between governments to ensure that international trade in wild animals, birds and plants does not endanger them. India is a member. Appendices I, II and III of CITES list 5,950 species as protected against over-exploitation through international trade.
Posted in SCHEMESTagged

PM-WANI: Cabinet approves setting up of public WiFi networks

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News: Union Cabinet has approved a public Wi-Fi access network called PM-WANI (Wi-Fi Access Network Interface).

Facts:

  • Aim: To enable easily accessible public Wi-Fi hotspots spread across the country.
  • Stakeholders: PM-WANI will be operated by different players as described herein under:
    • Public Data Office(PDO): It will establish, maintain, and operate only WANI compliant Wi-Fi Access Points and deliver broadband services to subscribers.

Read Also :-GS Paper 1 Previous year Questions

    • Public Data Office Aggregator(PDOA): It will be an aggregator of PDOs and perform the functions relating to Authorization and Accounting.
    • App Provider: It will develop an App to register users and discover WANI compliant Wi-Fi hotspots in the nearby area and display the same within the App for accessing the internet service.
    • Central Registry: It will maintain the details of App Providers, PDOAs and PDOs. To begin with, the Central Registry will be maintained by the Centre for Development of Telematic (C-DOT).
  • Other Features:
    • There would be no license fee for providing broadband internet through these public Wi-Fi networks.

 

Posted in SCHEMES

Federal Water Governance Ecosystem

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Context- Importance of Centre-States coordination to deal with the emerging challenges of inter-state water governance.

How the two bills on water can attend the longstanding issue of inter-state externalities

  1. The Interstate River Water Disputes Amendment Bill 2019– The bill seeks to improve the inter-state water disputes resolution by setting up a permanent tribunal supported by a deliberative mechanism, the dispute resolution committee.
  2. The Dam Safety Bill, 2019– The bills provides for the surveillance, inspection, operation, and maintenance of specified dams, with the help of a comprehensive federal institutional framework comprising committees and authorities for dam safety at national and state levels.
  • It also provides for an institutional mechanism to ensure the safety of such dams.

However, these two bills were passed by Lok Sabha and are pending in Rajya Sabha.

What is the importance of Jal Jeevan Mission JJM?

  • The chief objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural and urban households by 2024.
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.
  • The central assistance through JJM is an opportunity to open a dialogue with the States to address federal water governance gap.

Why a coordinated response from the Centre and states is vital?

  1. Systematic federal response– Emerging concerns of long-term national water security and sustainability, the risks of climate change, and the growing environmental challenges, including river pollution needs systematic federal response where the Centre and the states need to work in a partnership mode.
  2. For implementation of current national projects– Centre-States coordination is also crucial for pursuing the national projects. For example Ganga river rejuvenation or inland navigation or inter-basin transfers.
  3. Critical for Jal Jeevan Mission’s success.
  4. To pursue development and sustainability goals

What is the way forward?

  1. Absence of authoritative water data- Data systems related to water in the country are limited in their coverage, robustness and efficiency. The sector suffers from the following key data problems-
  2. Limited coverage,
  3. Unreliable data
  4. Limited co-ordination and sharing.

Therefore, the Centre can work with the states in building a credible institutional architecture for gathering data and producing knowledge about water resources.

  1. Jal Jeevan Mission presents an opportunity to get states on board for a dialogue towards stronger Centre-states coordination and federal water governance ecosystem.

Federal Structure of Indian Polity

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Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana

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News: Finance minister has announced the Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana scheme.

Facts:

  • Aim: To incentivize the creation of new employment opportunities during the Covid-19 economic recovery phase.
  • Beneficiaries (new employees) under Scheme:
    • Any new employee joining employment in EPF registered establishments on monthly wages less than Rs 15,000.
    • EPF members drawing a monthly wage of less than Rs 15,000 who made exit from employment during covid-19 pandemic from March 1, 2020, to September 30, 2020 and are employed on or after October 1, 2020.
  • Government Contribution: Central Government will provide subsidy for two years in respect of new eligible employees engaged on or after 01.10.2020 at following scale:
    • Establishments employing up to 1000 employees: Employee’s contributions (12% of Wages) & Employer’s contributions (12% of wages) totalling 24% of wages
    • Establishments employing more than 1000 employees: Only Employee’s EPF contributions (12% of EPF wages)
  • Duration of the Scheme: The scheme will be operational till June 30, 2021.

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Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, SCHEMESTagged

Production-Linked Incentive(PLI) Scheme

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The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has given its approval to introduce the Production-Linked Incentive(PLI) Scheme for 10 key sectors.

Facts:

  • Aim: To help encourage domestic manufacturing, reduce imports, and generate employment.
  • Features: Under the Scheme, companies will get incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in domestic units.
  • Implementation: The scheme will be implemented by the concerned ministries/departments.
  • 10 Key Sectors (and Implementing Ministry/Department):
    • Advance Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery: NITI Aayog and Department of Heavy Industries.
    • Electronic/Technology Products: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
    • Automobiles & Auto Components: Department of Heavy Industries.
    • Pharmaceuticals drugs: Department of Pharmaceuticals
    • Telecom & Networking Products: Department of Telecom
    • Textile Products (MMF segment and technical textiles): Ministry of Textiles
    • Food Products: Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
    • High Efficiency Solar PV Modules: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
    • White Goods (ACs & LED): Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.
    • Speciality Steel: Ministry of Steel.
  • Note: The above sectors will be in addition to the already notified PLI schemes in the following sectors:
    • Mobile Manufacturing and Specified Electronic Components: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY).
    • Critical Drug Intermediaries, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Manufacturing of Medical Devices: Department of Pharmaceuticals.
Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, SCHEMESTagged ,

‘Back to Village’ programme in J&K

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Back to Village(B2V) programme

News: Jammu and Kashmir Government announced the third phase of ambitious Back to Village(B2V) programme.

Facts:

  • Back to Village(B2V) programme: The programme aims to involve the people of the state and government officials in a joint effort to deliver the mission of equitable development. It also aims to energize Panchayats and direct development efforts in rural areas through community participation.
  • Four main goals:
    • energising panchayats.
    • collecting feedback on the delivery of government schemes and programmes.
    • capturing specific economic potential.
    • undertaking assessment of needs of villages.
  • Phases:
    • Phase I: To understand people’s grievances and demands.
    • Phase-II: It focused on the devolution of powers to panchayats and tried to understand how these panchayats are functioning and what are the grievances and demands
    • Phase-III: It has been designed on the format for grievance redressal.
  • Features of Back to Village(B2V) programme.:
    1. As part of the programme, each gazetted officer will be assigned a gram panchayat where he/she will interact and obtain feedback from the panchayat representatives about their concerns, developmental needs and economic potential of the area.

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The feedback obtained will help the government in needs assessment and subsequently to tailor the various central and state government schemes/programmes in improving the delivery of village-specific services and making the village life better in terms improved amenities and economic upliftment.

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Union Cabinet approves Mission Karmayogi

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News: The Union Cabinet approved the Mission Karmayogi – National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB).

Facts:

  • Mission Karmayogi: It is a nationwide programme to lay the foundation for capacity building of civil servants so that they remain entrenched in Indian Culture while they learn the best practices across the world.
  • Aim: To prepare Indian civil servants for the future by making them more creative, constructive, imaginative, proactive, innovative, progressive, professional, energetic, transparent and technology enabled.
  • How will Mission Karmayogi unfold?
    • iGOT Karmayogi: The mission will be delivered by Integrated Government Online Training-iGOT Karmayogi Platform. It will act as a launchpad for National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building to enable a comprehensive reform of the capacity building apparatus at the individual, institutional and process levels.
    • Human Resources Council: It will be set up under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister comprising select Union Ministers, Chief Ministers who will provide strategic direction to the task of Civil Services Reform and capacity building.
    • Coordination Unit: It will be headed by Cabinet Secretary consisting of select secretaries and cadre controlling authorities.
    • Capacity Building Commission: It will include experts in related fields and global professionals. This commission will prepare and monitor annual capacity building plans and audit human resources available in the government.
    • Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV): It will be a “not-for-profit” company under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013. It will own and manage iGOT-Karmayogi platform to create and operationalise the content, market place and manage key business services of iGOT platform.
  • Funding: To cover around 46 lakh central employees, a sum of Rs 510 crore will be spent over a period of 5 years from 2020-21 to 2024-25. The expenditure is partly funded by multilateral assistance to the tune of $50 million.

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Five Star Villages Scheme

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  • Aim: To ensure universal coverage of flagship postal schemes in rural areas of the country by increasing public awareness and reach of postal products and services.
  • Schemes Covered under the Five Star scheme include:
    • Savings Bank accounts, Recurring Deposit Accounts, NSC / KVP certificates
    • Sukanya Samriddhi Accounts/ PPF Accounts
    • Funded Post Office Savings Account linked India Post Payments Bank Accounts
    • Postal Life Insurance Policy and
    • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana Account / Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana Account.

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  • Rating System: One Scheme is equal to one star of rating. Therefore, if a village attains universal coverage for four schemes from the above list, then that village gets four-star status and so on.
  • Pilot Implementation: The scheme is being launched on pilot basis in Maharashtra; based on the experience here, it will be implemented nation-wide.
  • Implementation: The scheme will be implemented by a team of five Gramin Dak Sevaks who will be assigned a village for marketing of all products savings and insurance schemes of the Department of Posts.
    • This team will be headed by the Branch Post Master of the concerned Branch Office.
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E-Gopala App

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  • It is a comprehensive breed improvement marketplace and information portal for direct use of farmers.
  • Features: The app will provide solutions on the aspects of:
    • Managing livestock including buying and selling of disease-free germplasm in all forms (semen, embryos, etc.).
    • Availability of quality breeding services (Artificial Insemination, veterinary first aid, vaccination, treatment, etc.).
    • Guiding farmers for animal nutrition and treatment of animals using appropriate ayurvedic medicine/ethnoveterinary medicine.
    • Providing a mechanism to send alerts and inform farmers about various government schemes and campaigns in the area.
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Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

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Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

  • It is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country as a part of the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
  • Nodal Ministry: Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.
  • Aim:
    • Enhance fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne and increase fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.
    • Double the incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
    • Reduce post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%.
    • Generate an additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in the fisheries sector and allied activities.
  • Investment and Duration: An estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for a period of 5 years from financial year (FY) 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.
  • Components: The scheme has two components — Central Sector Scheme (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).
  • Other significant Features:
    • The scheme Adopt ‘Cluster or Area-based Approaches’ and create fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.
    • It focuses especially on employment generation activities such as seaweed and ornamental fish cultivation.

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Posted in Daily News Updates, SCHEMESTagged

Guru shishya parampara scheme

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Guru Shishya Parampara Scheme

  • Government of India and Department of Culture launched a Scheme called ‘Guru Shishya Parampara Scheme’through Zonal Cultural Centre to preserve and promote rare and vanishing art forms whether classical or folk/tribal.
  • Objective of the scheme was to nurture the young talents to acquire skills in their chosen field of art through some financial assistance by the ZCCs in the form of scholarship under the guidance of Experts and Masters in these fields.
  • This scheme has provided security to a large number of old and retired artistes. Most of the artistes covered under this scheme are from rural areas and teaching shishyas from within reasonable catchment area of their residence.
  • A Monitoring Workshop-cum-Presentations of Gurus and Shishyas is organised for reviewing and evaluating the progress made in this direction. An Expert Committee comprising eminent Art Experts is constituted for this purpose.
  • To implement this scheme, Great Masters (Gurus) of different art forms of constituent states of NZCC, who are capable to train the interested shishyas are identified.
  • The committee is constituted to process, evaluate and recommend the candidature of expert (Guru) and each Guru is expected to train five to eight shishyas.
  • A small scholarship is provided to the learner and an honorarium to the Master (Guru) as per the norms fixed by Ministry of Culture to motivate them, which are as follows:
    • Guru (Master): @ Rs.5000/- per month
    • Accompanist: @ Rs.2500/- each per month
    • Shishya: @ Rs.1000/- each per month

What are the positives in the guru shishya learning? 

  • The guru shishya parampara provides intimate learning and sharing that goes beyond the syllabus.
  • There are students and teachers who share a bond that goes beyond what the university demanded of them.
  • There are stories of great gurus and famous shishyas across disciplines and geographies.

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What are the issues associated with the guru shishya parampara? 

  • Like most relationships, the guru shishya relationship is grounded in a power imbalance, but here, crucially, the inequality is celebrated.
  • A need to be subservient to and indeed submit to, the master is an unspoken necessity.
  • Structurally flawed: students are forced to commit to hours of household chores just to receive those few moments of wisdom, it is celebrated as sacrifice and commitment and endurance.
  • Lack of evidence: Proof is hard to come by because assault takes place in closed rooms without security cameras or witnesses.
  • Marginalisation of the poor: It is also true that abuse increases exponentially when the student comes from an economically poor or socially marginalized community.
Posted in Art and Culture, SCHEMES

Ayushman Sahakar Scheme

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Ayushman Sahakar Scheme

Launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare to assist cooperatives in the creation of healthcare infrastructure. Cooperatives at the present run around 52 hospitals across the country having cumulative bed strength of more than 5,000.
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National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)Nodal Body: The scheme has been formulated by the National Cooperative Development Corporation(NCDC).

  • Aim: To extend term loans to prospective cooperatives to the tune of Rs. 10,000 Crore for the setting up of healthcare-related infrastructure, education and services.
  • Eligibility: Any Cooperative Society with a suitable provision in its bylaws to undertake healthcare-related activities would be able to access the NCDC fund.
  • Incentives: The scheme provides interest subvention of 1% to women majority cooperatives.
  • NCDC: It is an apex level statutory autonomous institution set up by the Government of India under an Act of the Parliament in 1963. It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
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Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Scheme

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Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Scheme

  • Under the scheme, a fixed amount of subsidy, based on the nutrient content present in them is provided on each grade of subsidized Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizer except Urea.
  • It was expected that the NBS scheme will control farmers from applying too much urea containing only nitrogen.

Method of providing subsidies under Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Scheme

    • In the case of non-urea fertilisers, MRP has been De-regularised and the government pays a flat per-tonne subsidy on the basis of nutrients mix in the fertiliser, to ensure they are priced at “reasonable levels”.
    • The per-tonne subsidy is currently Rs 10,231 for di-ammonium phosphate (DAP), Rs 6,070 for muriate of potash (MOP) and Rs 8,380 for the popular ‘10:26:26’ complex fertiliser, due to their mix of nutrients. That is why the decontrolled fertilisers price way above the Urea.

Process of claiming subsidy

    • Before 2018, fertiliser companies were receiving subsidies after their bagged material had been dispatched and received at a district’s railhead point or approved godown.
    • In 2018, Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system was introduced. Now, Fertiliser companies receive subsidies after the actual sales of fertilisers to farmers.
    • Around 2.3 lakh retailers all around the country have point-of-sale (PoS) machinery. PoS machines are linked to the Department of Fertilisers’ e-Urvarak DBT portal.
    • Anyone buying fertilisers has to provide their Aadhaar unique identity or Kisan Credit Card number. PoS devices will capture details like quantities of the individual fertilisers purchased, along with the buyer’s name and biometric authentication.
    • Now on the basis of this registered information on the e-Urvarak platform, a company can claim the subsidy.

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What is SVAMITVA Scheme

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What is SVAMITVA scheme?

SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) scheme is a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India.

Aim – To provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India for setting the boundaries of the rural lands and also provides the record of right to village household owners.

  1. It is a scheme for mapping the land parcels in rural inhabited areas using drone technology and Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) and prepares GIS based maps for each village.
  2. Implementation– The mapping will be done across the country in a phase-wise manner over a period of four years – from 2020 to 2024.
  3. After physical verification and dispute resolution, property cards or Sampatti patrak will be made available on digital platforms or as hard copies to the village household owners.

Technology used– The Survey of India will use technology for topographical mapping, including satellite imageries and drone platforms.

What are the advantages of digital mapping?

Digital mapping will help raise rural productivity and incomes in various ways-
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  1. Smoother implication– The digitization of agricultural land records has contributed to the smooth implementation of the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana, Fasal Bima Yojana and Rythu Bnadhu.
  2. Tax collection– The database will help in determination of property tax, which would accrue to the Gram Panchayats directly in states where they are empowered to collect such taxes.
    • The scheme will help in streamlining planning and revenue collection in rural areas and ensuring clarity on property rights.
  3. Digitization of personal identity and agriculture land, and now residential property in rural areas through SVAMITVA, will facilitate transparent transactions in land parcels
  4. Non-farm related activity– This will benefit from clear title and the removal of land supply constraints. Clear title records, accompanied by legalization of land leasing, will improve their access to credit, insurance and support services.
  5. Enhances Liquidity of assets– The cards will help increase liquidity of land parcels in the market and increase the financial credit availability to the village.
  6. Creation of better GPDPs– The scheme will enable creation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDPs), using the maps created under this programme.

Way forward-

SVAMITVA scheme is a welcome step for transparency and accountability. By proper co-ordination between Centre and state, smooth working of dispute settlement systems and training the youth for proper implication is required.

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC, SCHEMES

MSME Udyam Process

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Source: Indian Express

Syllabus:Gs3: Inclusive Growth and issues arising from it.

Context: Udyam initiative is promising in terms of capturing reliable and verified information about MSMEs but it can impact some MSME’s from accessing formal finance

Why the information available on MSME’s are not adequate?

  • Reliable and updated information regarding small businesses in India is absent.
  • Also, a dedicated census for MSME sector was not conducted in last 13 years.
  • Now, basic information available on MSME units is scattered across various databases such as the UAM, MSME Databank, and GSTN.
  • UAM, MSME Databank contain self-certified, voluntary information provided by a fraction of MSMEs
  • Whereas the GSTN has information on businesses with a turnover of more than Rs 40 lakh, the minimum requirement to be registered on it.

What is Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum?

  • An online filing system for MSMEs notified by the government in 2015.
  • The registration process is free, paperless and awarded instant registration.
  • It was based on the self-declaration and self-certification of basic information regarding the enterprise’s existence and functioning.
  • In 2016, the government notified rules under which MSMEs had to furnish information relating to their enterprises, online, in an MSME databank.

Why Udyam registration process?

  • Compared to UAM, the Udyam registration stress on importance of generating a verified database of MSME units.
  • Under the Udyam registration process, Aadhaar is made mandatory for proprietors
  • Irrespective of the number of manufacturing and service activities provided, every enterprise can have only one Udyam Registration Number,
  • The Income Tax department database and the GSTN is used to verify the self-declared information regarding investment and turnover.
  • The government has integrated the Udyam system with the Trade Receivables Electronic Discounting System (TReDS) and the Government e-Marketplace (GeM), In an attempt to nudge more enterprises.
  • This will significantly benefit MSMEs by offering a free and automatic route to onboard bill discounting mechanisms and the government’s online procurement system.

How Udyam process can affect MSME’s Financial inclusion?

  • RBI has clarified that all lenders may now obtain the Udyam Registration Certificate from entrepreneurs.
  • It is clear that in future financial institutions can make the Udyam registration mandatory for lending purposes.
  • Whereas most of the MSME has characteristic features of household enterprises and operate with less than five workers.
  • Most of these firms are not formally registered as being invisible benefits these firms from paying income tax or getting registered under the GST, Also the cost of formalisation and compliance are high.
  • With Udyam registration being the only valid proof for an entity to be recognised as an MSME as per the revised definition invisible MSME’s will lack legal backing to source finance from the financial institutions

 Read also Government Schemes

What is the way forward?

  • In 2018, the International Finance Corporation estimated that the finance from formal sources met only one-third of the credit demand of the MSME sector.
  • Due to their inability to meet documentation protocols, inadequate collateral, disorganised book-keeping etc. these businesses prefer relying on informal sources for financing.
  • So, the government and RBI should consider to exempt registration of units with investment and turnover in the lower end. Such that institutional lending initiatives continue to remain accessible for all businesses, formal and informal.
Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, Economy, SCHEMESTagged ,

States may have to fund for MGNREGA wages

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States may have to fund for MGNREGA wages

Welfare schemes

News

According to the Centre, the states may have to fund MGNREGA wages.

Important facts

Financial issues

  1. The financial statement of MGNREGA scheme shows that as on January 30, 19 States and Union Territories had liabilities.
  2. Nationally, the scheme has a negative net balance of ₹4,101 crore.
  3. The Rural Development Ministry received a supplementary additional allocation of ₹6,084 crore. However, this is not adequate as after paying off liabilities, states would be left with a small amount.
  4. The fund crunch has already resulted in extensive wage payment delays. MGNREGA data shows that 81% of Fund Transfer Orders (FTOs) generated in January 2019 and 43% of FTOs from December 2018 still remain unprocessed by the Centre.
  5. This might necessitate states to fund MGNREGA themselves. West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka are among the States that are likely to use their own funds to pay workers
Posted in SCHEMES

MGNREGS has raised welfare, brought down inequality, says study

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MGNREGS has raised welfare, brought down inequality, says study

Government schemes

News

According to a research published in World Development journal, MGNREGS have improved the well-being of beneficiaries significantly in Andhra Pradesh

Important facts

About MGNERGS

  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) was launched in 2006 to provide 100 days of employment to villagers in the lean season. It has worked as a conditional cash transfer programme.

Findings of the study:

  1. The MGNREGS participants had improved energy and protein intake within a year of participation in the scheme.
  2. Beneficiaries with a two-year exposure to the scheme were also able to accumulate more household assets and livestock.
  3. The benefits were most pronounced for disadvantaged groups such as scheduled castes (SCs), scheduled tribes (STs) and poor households.
  4. Families which had differently abled members and women as head of the household were also significantly benefitted.
Posted in SCHEMES