India-Bangladesh relations

Source- Indian Express

Syllabus- GS 2-  India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Synopsis – This article signifies the importance of the Indian Prime Minister’s recent visit to Bangladesh.

Introduction-

  • The Indian Prime Minister visits Bangladesh to commemorate two significant events: the country’s 50th anniversary of independence and Mujibur Rehman’s 100th birthday.
  • The other events are the celebration of 50 years of Bangladesh Liberation and the establishment of diplomatic ties between India and Bangladesh.
  • Despite the remarkable progress, the water sharing issue looms large.

Issues not discussed-

  • Water-related issue-
      • Teesta water sharing issues remain unattended. India and Bangladesh have been engaged in a long-standing dispute over water-sharing in the Teesta.
      • Lack of movement with regard to Feni, Kushiyara.
      • In 2015, the Indian Prime Minister’s visit to Dhaka generated expectations to take forward the issue however, it still remains unresolved.
  • Border Management and illegal migration-
  • Furore over implementation of the National Register of Citizens.

Positive aspect of the meeting-

  • Sub-regional connectivity-
    • Bangladesh requested India for additional road connectivity link to Nepal and rail links to Bhutan via Indian Territory.
    • Bangladesh also wants to join the India-Myanmar-Thailand (IMT) trilateral highway.
    • Bangladesh offered the use of Chattogram, Sylhet and Saidpur Airport, by the people of North East India, especially of Tripura.
  • Strengthening sub-regional cooperation in power and energy connectivity.
    • India is focusing on enhancing investments and creating capacity as well as power infrastructure

Way forward-

  • According to a World Bank report, if there is free trade and liberal connectivity, trade would expand exponentially, resulting in an increase in GDP for both India and Bangladesh.
      • It’s promising to see that the two countries are working toward a CEP.
  • There should be efforts to resolve pending issues concerning sharing of waters from both countries.
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