India faces worst water crisis: NITI Aayog
- According to NITI Aayog report, India is facing its ‘worst’ water crisis in history
2. The study:
- Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) has been used to evaluate 28 states.
- The index is based on 9 broad sectors comprising of 28 different indicators
- Few indicators include: restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance
- The states were divided into two groups: Non-Himalayan states and North-Eastern and Himalayan states
3. Key observations:
- Depletion of Critical groundwater resources is very high. Further 70% of the water supply is contaminated.
- If steps are not taken, the demand for potable water will exceed supply by 2030
- Each year about 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress
- About 2, 00,000 people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water
- 21 cities are estimated to run out of groundwater by 2020. Among them are Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad
- 60% of total states were designated as low performers
- Top three performers among Non-Himalayan states: Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
- These states have performed well due to restoration of surface water bodies, watershed development activities and rural water supply provision.
- Bottom three performers among the Non-Himalayan States: Jharkhand, Bihar and Haryana
- The other poor performing states: Uttar Pradesh, Odhisa, and Chhattisgarh
- Worst performer among North-eastern and Himalayan states: Himachal Pradesh
- The report highlights that given the pace of groundwater depletion and limited policy action, India might face food security risk.