News: Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) for the first time compiled the list of migratory species of India under the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS).
- Globally, more than 650 species are listed under the CMS appendices
- The total number of migratory fauna from India is 457 species with birds comprising 83% (380 species) of this figure. Further, there are 46 migratory mammal species and 24 migratory fish species.
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) or the Bonn Convention
- It is an intergovernmental treaty, concluded under the aegis of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). It acts as a framework convention and encourages its States Parties to conclude global or regional agreements.
- It was signed in 1979 in Bonn, Germany, and entered into force in 1983
- Aim: conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats
- It is the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes.
- Appendices of CMS:
- Appendix I – Threatened Migratory Species
- Appendix II – Migratory Species requiring international cooperation
- Parties to the Convention: 129 parties including India
Zoological Survey of India
- It is an organization for zoological research and studies to promote the survey, exploration, and research of the fauna in India.
- It was established in 1916. It is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal.
- It functions under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate.
Did you Know? India has three flyways (flight paths used by birds): the Central Asian flyway, East Asian flyway and East Asian–Australasian flyway.