India launches 40th Scientific expedition to Antarctica

News: India has launched the 40th scientific expedition to Antarctica. This Indian expedition marks four decades of the country’s scientific endeavour to the Antarctica.

Facts:

  • India’s Antarctic Expeditions: The Indian Antarctic expeditions began in 1981.The first trip consisted of a team of 21 scientists and support staff led by Dr SZ Qasim.
  • Research Base Stations: Indian Antarctic programme has built three permanent research base stations in Antarctica—named Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri, and Bharati. Currently, India has two operational research stations in Antarctica named Maitri and Bharati.
  • Nodal agency: The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) manages the entire Indian Antarctic program.

40th Antarctic Expedition:

  • The 40th expedition journey will be flagged off from Goa.The chartered ice-class vessel MV Vasiliy Golovnin will make this journey and will reach Antarctica.
  • Focus: The focus is to support the ongoing scientific projects on climate change, geology, ocean observations, electric and magnetic flux measurements, environmental monitoring; resupplying of food, fuel, provisions and spare; and accomplishing the return of the winter crew.
  • The expedition will duly follow all protocols for the deployment of men and material as per Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs (COMNAP).

Additional Facts:

Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs(COMNAP):

  • It is an international association formed in 1988, which brings together the National Antarctic Programs.
    • National Antarctic Programs are those organizations that have responsibility for delivering and supporting scientific research in the Antarctic Treaty Area on behalf of their governments.
  • Primary Function: To exchange practical, operational information to help all National Programs fulfill their various missions, together or independently.
  • Secretariat: Christchurch, New Zealand.

Read  more:-current affairs for UPSC 

National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research(NCPOR):

  • Former Name: It wasformerly known as the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research(NCAOR).
  • Ministry: It is an autonomous Institution of the Department of Ocean Development (DOD), Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • Purpose: It is responsible for administering the Indian Antarctic Programme and maintains the Indian government’s Antarctic research stations, Bharati and Maitri.
  • Situated in: Goa

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