India moves two ranks in climate performance index

Source: The post is based on the article “India moves two ranks in climate performance index” published in Indian Express on 16th November 2022

What is the News?

The Climate Change Performance Index 2023 has been released by Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute and the Climate Action Network.

What is the Climate Change Performance Index?

Climate Change Performance Index(CCPI) is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the climate protection performance of 59 countries and the European Union which together generate over 92% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Aim: To enhance transparency in international climate politics and enable comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.

Parameters: CCPI assesses each country’s performance in four categories: GHG Emissions (40% of the overall ranking), Renewable Energy (20%), Energy Use (20%) and Climate Policy (20%).

What are the key findings of CCPI 2023?

India’s Ranking: India has been ranked 8th amongst a group of 59 countries and the European Union. It has risen two spots since last year.

– Parameter-wise, India has earned a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories with a medium for Climate Policy and Renewable Energy.

Observations made on India: India had increased its climate targets in the NDC (nationally determined contributions) and also announced a net zero target for 2070. 

– However, India’s climate actions were still not consistent with the 1.5 degree Celsius goal. For instance, India has plans to increase its oil and gas production by over 5% by 2030. This is incompatible with the 1.5-degree Celsius target.

Globally: Denmark and Sweden have been assessed to be the top performers this year as well.

– China has been ranked 51st. It has dropped 13 places mainly because of the country’s continued reliance on coal and lack of clarity on long-term climate policies. 

– The United States has been ranked 52nd. It has risen three ranks because of the recent climate measures announced by the US administration.

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